• Title/Summary/Keyword: 대학생

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대학생의 개인적, 환경적, 교육적 특성이 창업의도에 미치는 영향 - 전공에 따른 조절효과를 중심으로 -

  • Choe, Seo-Yun;Hwang, Bo-Yun
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2017.04a
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    • pp.63-63
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    • 2017
  • 국내 경제상황의 어려움으로 인한 기업의 고용감소와 그에 따른 일자리 부족 때문에 청년 실업문제가 사회적 이슈로 대두되었고, 일자리에 대한 취업의 다른 대안으로 창업에 대한 관심이 고조되고 있다. 청년 일자리를 해결하기 위해서는 청년층의 중심이라 할 수 있는 대학생의 창업을 활성화할 필요가 있고, 이를 위해서는 다양한 분야를 전공하고 있는 대학생의 학문적 특성을 고려하여 대학생의 창업의도를 높이는 것이 필요하다. 해외의 경우 다양한 계층에 대한 연구를 통해 계층별 창업의도에 미치는 영향요인을 파악하고 이를 관련 정책 및 교육에 반영함으로써 창업의도를 지속적으로 향상시키고 있다. 본 논문에서는 현재 교양과목으로 이루어진 창업강좌를 수강하는 국내 대학생들이 전공에 따른 창업의지에 대한 생각을 살펴보고자 하며, 그들의 창업의지를 보다 고취시키기 위해 필요한 방안들을 도출하고자 한다. 연구방법으로 국내 창업교육을 받고 있는 대학생을 대상으로 설문조사를 진행하였고, 설문조사결과에 대한 신뢰성 및 타당성을 분석한 후 구조방정식을 통해 본 연구에서 설계한 가설을 검증하며, 가설 검증 결과를 분석하게 된다. 독립변수로는 잠재적 창업가의 특성을 파악할 수 있는 개인적 특성 요인(성취욕구, 위험감수성향, 혁신성), 환경적인식 요인(네트워크, 정부의 창업지원제도), 교육적인식 요인(창업강좌, 창업멘토링)을 선정하였고, 조절변수로서 대학생 전공(이공계와 비이공계), 그리고 종속변수로서 창업의지를 설정하여 연구모형을 구성했다. 본 연구를 통해 대학생들의 전공(이공계와 비이공계)에 따른 창업의지 확인과 함께 창업교육에 대한 교과목 설계, 목표설정, 학습 방향 및 방법들을 보완할 수 있는 기회를 얻을 수 있음을 제시하고자 한다.

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The Impact of Venture Creation Education on Entrepreneurship -Focusing on Comparison of College Students with Junior College Students- (창업교육이 벤처정신과 자질에 미치는 영향 -4년제 대학생과 2년제 대학생 비교 중심으로-)

  • 장대성
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.171-182
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    • 2000
  • This research was performed at Kyonggi University and Osan College to find the pedagogical effects of venture creation class on the entrepreneurship. The results of this study show that the education of venture creation is effective in motivating students to create new business and to change their majors to venture creation. However, there is no difference in confidence of creating new business between venture creation taking students and non-takers.

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A Case Study on Startup Practice of Entrepreneurship Education at a University in Anhui Province, China (중국 안휘성 소속 대학교 창업교육의 창업 실천 사례연구)

  • Wang, Jinling;Fu, Ting;Yang, Man
    • Journal of the International Relations & Interdisciplinary Education
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.91-101
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    • 2021
  • With the rapid development of the Chinese economy, it is particularly important to strengthen the development of start-up innovation among Chinese university students, that is, public innovation is no longer a slogan.College student start-ups can promote the constant development of society, provide more jobs to society, diversify college students' experiences, and help college students gain experience.However, currently, there are problems such as an imbalance in economic and educational development in China, which affects the aggressiveness of college student start-ups. This study aims to contribute to the development of innovative start-ups in Chinese university students by analyzing the influencing factors of innovative start-ups for college students and presenting solutions.

A Study on Situations of Safety Education in Universities and University Students' Awareness of Coping Methods for Safety Accidents (대학의 안전교육 현황 및 대학생의 안전사고 대처방법 인식에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Sung-Il;Oh, Jae-Yeon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.518-529
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    • 2016
  • This study researched methods for coping with safety accidents by university students, after considering the situation of safety education by universities in Korea. For this study, a survey of 411 students of universities in the cities of Gwangju and Daejeon was conducted. According to the results, the ratio was high for answers such as willingness to participate in safety education beginning with the departments of engineering, art and physical training, education, art and humanity, social sciences and natural sciences, and medical sciences. It was found that university students most preferred first aid among the contents of safety education. University students of all departments answered that they had experienced safety education, but were afraid to be embarrassed in the case of actual safety accidents, as was found through the results of investigations of their awareness of coping methods with safety accidents. It was verified that many times their suffered skin and other wound in an earlier safety accident that they had experienced. This study suggests that safety education needs to be accomplished in the university curriculum, predicting and practicing for causes and factors of danger in advance, in order to improve the level of safety awareness and safety competence among university students.

A Comparison of Alcohol-related Problems between Men and Women in Korean University Students (대학생의 성별에 따른 음주 이유와 문제음주 관련요인)

  • Sung, Ki-Wol;Kim, Mi-Han
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.85-95
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    • 2009
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the reasons for drinking and alcohol-related problems, and to identify the factors related with alcohol problems by gender among university students in Korea. Methods: A total of 472 students (47% men; 53% women) in four universities in Korea participated in this study. The following instruments were used the Reasons for Drinking Questionnaire (RFDQ) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Results: In results the mean AUDIT was 9.6 (${\pm}5.4$) for men and 6.4 (${\pm}4.7$) for women, and there were high correlations between the AUDIT score and the reasons for drinking. The factors related with AUDIT score were age, the age of first smoking, and social reasons for drinking in men, but religion, age of first smoking, and negative reasons for drinking in women. Conclusion: This study reveals the reasons for drinking and alcohol related problems were different from drinking by gender among university students in Korea.

Apparel Impulse Buying and Shopping Emotion: Does It Differ between Korea and the US? (의복충동구매와 쇼핑감정: 한국과 미국 간의 차이가 있는가?)

  • Park, Eun-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.401-412
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    • 2011
  • 국가들 간의 차이는 국제적 소비자행동 연구의 근간이 되며 글로벌기업의 전략 구상에 중요한 변수로 작용한다. 본 연구에서는 의복충동구매에 대한 국가간 이해를 증진시키기 위해 한국과 미국의 대학생들을 대상으로 의복충동구매와 구매에 영향을 미치는 쇼핑감정에 차이가 있는지를 살펴보고 쇼핑감정이 의복충동구매에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지를 살펴보고자 한다. 선행연구를 바탕으로 질문지를 개발하였고, 한국(N = 412)과 미국(N = 290) 각각의 대도시에 위치한 대학교를 무작위 선정하여 정규강의시간 전후에 자원자들을 대상으로 자료를 수집하였다. 분석 결과, 미국대학생들에 비해 한국대학생들은 구체적 구매의도가 없는 상태에서 점포를 둘러본 후에 구매할 것을 결정하는 등의 계획적 충동구매나 다른 목적으로 점포에 들렀다가 계획에 없었던 필요한 것 혹은 기억나는 의류제품을 구매하는 등의 상기된 충동구매를 더 많이 하는 경향이 있었다. 그러나 미국 대학생들의 경우, 구매의도는 없었으나 새로운 스타일이나 최신 의류제품을 보았을 때 충동적으로 구매를 하는 패션지향적 충동구매가 한국대학생들에 비해 더 많이 나타나는 경향이 있었다. 또한 소비자들이 쇼핑할 때 느끼는 쇼핑감정 중 긍정적인 쇼핑감정은 미국대학생들이 한국대학생들보다 더 많이 느끼는 것으로 나타났다. 한국과 미국 대학생들은 모두 쇼핑과정에서 긍정적 감정을 느낄 때 여러 유형의 의복충동구매 가능성이 높게 나타났으나 부정적 쇼핑감정이 발생했을 때는 한국 대학생들만이 패션지향적인 충동구매를 하는 경향이 있었다. 이러한 결과는 의류제품을 쇼핑할 때 두 나라 대학생 모두에게 쇼핑감정 특히, 긍정적 감정은 구매의도를 자극하여 충동구매를 조장하는 중요한 역할을 담당함을 보여주었다. 이러한 연구결과는 의복충동구매와 쇼핑감정 간의 관계를 이해하고자하는 연구자들과 리테일러들에게 필요한 정보들을 제공해준다.

The study on the structural relation among professors' core competency, college students' cognitive learning competency and life competencies (교수의 핵심역량과 대학생의 인지역량 및 생애역량의 구조적 관계 분석)

  • Kim, Dae-Myung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 2017
  • The subjects were 500 college students in 7 provincial areas for the study on the structural relation among professors' core competency, college students' cognitive learning competency and life competencies. The statistical methods of this study were as follows: frequency analysis, descriptive statistic analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and structure equation model analysis. The results of the study are as follows. First, the lifelong learning educators' college students recognized core competency significantly affects on the college students' life competencies. Second, the lifelong learning educators' core competency significantly affects on the college students' cognitive learning competency. Third, the college students' cognitive learning competency significantly affects on life competencies. Fourth, the college students' cognitive learning competency has a significant mediating effect between the lifelong learning educators' core competency and the college students' life competencies. In other words, the lifelong learning educators' core competency based on the college students' cognitive learning competency has great effect on life competencies.

The Relationship between Perceived Parental Overprotection and Interpersonal Relationships of University Students: Focused on the Mediating effect of Shame (대학생이 지각한 부모의 과보호가 대인관계능력에 미치는 영향: 수치심의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Yu, Ji-Soo;Kim, Ju-Yeon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.677-684
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    • 2019
  • This research examined the effects of perceived parental overprotection on interpersonal relationships of university students, whether the mediating effect of shame. Questionnaire survey was conducted on total 208 1st~4th grade university students, who are enrolled in university located in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. The main results of this study were as follows: First, perceived parental overprotection, interpersonal relationships and shame showed a significant correlation. Second, perceived parental overprotection had negative effect on interpersonal relationships. Third, The higher the degree of shame, the more negative impact on interpersonal relationships. Forth, Shame was found to have a partial mediating effect between perceived parental overprotection and interpersonal relationship. This implies that perceived parental overprotection indirectly influences university students' interpersonal relationships by using shame as a mediator. Based on these findings, the limitations and implications of this research were discussed.

A study on the employment preparation cost and attitude of college student for Job-seeking (국내 대학생의 취업태도 및 취업준비 비용에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Bhum-Suk;Jeong, Hwa-Min
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2014
  • This Study focuses on the university students' job attitude and cost of employment preparation. Nowadays, many university and college students spend a big money improving their employment preparation such as studying on foreign language, getting various kinds of certificates and tooth correction, clothing etc. for employment interview. This study investigated the cost of employment preparation and Job attitude of the 484 students of universities and colleges, the analysis of the collected data was conducted with SPSS 12.0 program by using frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability assessment, correlation test, t-test, one way ANOVA. The university students paid more costs of employment preparation such as a language training abroad, a private training, and clothing than the college students. Also, Allied social science students paid more costs of the language training abroad, and clothing than allied computer science and allied design students. The female students paid more money than male students for tooth correction. The costs of language training abroad, private training and clothing are affected the students' socioeconomic background of a home. Regarding the job attitude of students, the university students are feeling more positive than the college students of the employment efficacy and cognition of the education environment. As result, the differences in the cost of employment preparation by the university type, faculty major course, their sex, and socioeconomic background of a home. The student's employment-efficacy and cognition of the education environment are also differences between the university and the college students. So, to improve the job attitude, developing their ability for employment preparation, educational programs should be arranged in school and continuous researches are needed.

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A Study on Motivations and Determinants of College Students' On-line Bookstore Utilization (대학생의 인터넷 서점 이용동기 및 결정요인에 관한 연구)

  • Jung Huyn-Wook;Kang Hyu-Young
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.59-73
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this paper was to empirically examine college students' on-line bookstore utilization status. The focus of this study was placed on three major issues. First. what are the college students' motivations in using on -line' bookstore. Second. what are the major determinants of college students' on -line bookstore utilization. Third. how book genres are related to students' on -line bookstore utilization behavior. Data were collected from 215 college students during October 10, 2005 to October 17, 2005. The analyses showed following results: First, the college students' on -line bookstore utilization motivations were grouped into three areas-convenience motivation, interaction motivation, and information collecting motivation. Second. college students who were oriented toward convenience motivation, who were more interested in on-line bookstores, and who were more satisfied with on-line services, made more frequent visits to on-line bookstore sites. Third, college students who allocated less time to book readings showed a tendency of buying books through on-line bookstores. Finally, college students who were more interested in on -line bookstores showed more satisfaction and bought such various books as literature, hobby or practical books, foreign novels, and general readings. This finding suggests that in order to activate on-line bookstore business. book industries, especially the publishers and/or distributors, have to develop new ideas which can make an appeal to college students who are believed to be critical book readers.

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