• Title/Summary/Keyword: 대학생

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청년기 여성의 의류상표선택과 가정환경과의 관계 연구

  • 이은실;이명희
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Costume Conference
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    • 2001.04a
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    • pp.46-47
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구의 목적은 청년기 여성의 국내 및 외국 의 류상표선태과 가정의 가치지향성 및 물리적 가정환 경과의 관계를 조사하며. 상표선택에 따른 상표결정 동기의 차이를 파악하고 의복구매 후 만족도에 영향을 주는 특성을 조사하는 데 있다. 연구방법은 질문지법을 사용하였으며, 조사대상은 서울시내 여고생과 여자대학생 408명이었다(여고생 224명, 여대생 184명). 가정환경변인 측정도구는 정원식의 '가정환경진단검사'중에서 가정의 가치지향 성을 사용하였으며. 사회상승주의, 물질주의, 전통주 의에 관한 내용을 포함하였다. 상표선택은 최근에 구 입한 캐주얼웨어의 상표에 대한 내용과 구입희망 상 표를 조사하였으며, 상표결정동기는 5점 척도의 10 문항을 사용하였다. 가정의 물리적 환경은 부모의 학력, 사회계층, 주거공간을 조사하였으며, 인구통계적인 변인으로 학년, 연령, 용돈을 조사하였다. 조사기 간은 2000년 4월이었다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 여고생 및 여대생이 구입한 의류상표는 국 내상표가 24.0%. 외국 상표가 37.5%. 상표명을 기억 하지 않는 상표무관심 집단이 38.5%였다. 구입희망 상표는 외국상표가 48.8%. 국내상표가 26.0%. 무관 심집단이 25.2%로서 구입한 상표보다 구입희망상표 의 경우 외국상표가 더 높은 비율을 나타냈다. 둘째, 가정의 가치지향성은 국내 및 외국의류상표 구입집단에 따라 유의한 차이가 없었다. 그러나 가정 의 가치지향성 중에서 사회상승주의는 구입희망 집 단에 따라 유의한 차이가 있어, 외국상표 구입희망 집단은 가정의 사회상승주의가 높았고, 상표무관심 집단은 사회상승주의가 낮았다. 따라서 사회적 지위 상승을 추구하는 가치관을 지닌 가정의 청소년들은 부모의 가치관에 영향을 받아 외국상표 의류를 희망 하여 의복을 통해 신분상승을 추구하려는 정도가 높은 것으로 해석된다. 셋째, 국내 및 외국 의류상표 구입집단운 부모의 학력, 가정의 사회계층 및 주거공간과 유의 한 관계가 있었다. 아버지와 어머니의 학력이 대졸 이상의 경우 는 외국상표를 더 많이 구입하였고, 부모띄 학력이 고졸인 청소년은 상표 무관심집단이 많았다. 또 상류 층은 외국상표 및 국내상표를 구매한 비율씨 비슷하 게 높았으나 하류층은 상표 무관심집단이 더 많은 편이었다. 구입회망상표와 사회계층 및 주거공간과 는 유의한 관계가 없었다. 따라서 청년기 여성은 가정의 사회계층과 관계없이 외국상표의 구입을 희망 하는 정도가 높다고 할 수 있다. 넷째, 외국상표 구입 집단은 국내상표 구입 집단 보다 상표를 미리 결정하는 경우가 더 많았고. 백화 점에서 구입하는 정도가 더 높았다. 또한 여대생은 의류상표선택과 용돈이 유의한 관계가 없었으나 여고생은 유의한 관계가 있었다. 다섯째. 외국상표 구입집단은 국내상표 구입집단 보다 주위 사람의 상표와 상표의 명성이 더 높은 구입동기로 작용하였으나. 품질, 유행, 할인가, 디자인, 가격, 착용감은 유의한 차이가 없었다. 여섯째, 상표결정동기 중 할인가 구매는 가정의 사회상승주의 및 물질지향주의와 유의한 정적 관계 가 있었고, 적절한 가격도 물질지향주의와 정적 관계 를 나타냈다. 가정의 전통주의는 의복의 디자인과 부 정적인 관계, 상점의 위치와는 정적관계가 있었다. 따라서 전통주의적인 가치관을 지닌 가정의 자녀는 편리한 상점의 위치가 상표결정동기로 작용하는 데 영향을 주는 특성임을 알 수 있다. 일곱째, 의복만족에 동시에 영향을 주는 요인은 디자인, 면안성, 타인의 착용( - ). 상표의 명성, 외국 상표선택, 의복품질로 나타났으며. 6개 변인을 통한 설명력은 24.4%였다. 즉 상표를 결정할 때 디자인, 편안성, 상표의 명성, 의복품질을 고려하며. 주위사람들이 착용한 상표를 고려하지 않을수록 만족도가 높았으며, 외국상표를 선택한 집단일수록 만족도가 높았다. 종합적으로 볼 때 가정의 사회상승주의가 높은 청년기 여성은 외국상표 구입을 희망하는 비율이 높고 부모의 사회경제적 지위가 높을수록 외국상표 구입 빈도가 높았으며. 외국상표를 구입한 여성은 의복구 매 후 만족도가 높았다. 또한 청소년들이 외국 의류 상표를 구매하는 데에는 상표의 명성과 타인의 옷차 림이 영향을 주었으나, 타인의 착용에 영향을 받는 정도가 높을수록 의복 구매 후 만족도는 낮아진다고 할 수 있다.

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Cold Pressor Response to Seasonal Variation in Winter and Summer (국소한냉자극이 전신 및 국소혈액순환에 미치는 영향 -제 2 보 : 동계 및 하계의 계절변화에 따른 한냉반응-)

  • Park, Won-Gyun;Chae, E-Up
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.93-101
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    • 1983
  • A possibility whether the appearance of adaptation to cold climate during winter could occur or not in Taegu area was evaluated by comparing the data obtained in winter with that obtained by the same method in summer. Circulatory response was induced by the immersion of one hand in the cold water. The systemic and local responses in the blood circulation from the immersed hand and the unimmersed opposite hand were observed simultaneously. In addition Galvanic skin resistance(GSR) that is influenced by the activity of autonomic nervous system and the vascular tonicity was recorded. The experiment was performed by examining sixty healthy college students in winter and fifty in summer, whose mean age was 21.0, mean weight $60.6{\pm}0.90\;kg(male)$ and $48.3{\pm}0.98\;kg(female)$. The cold stimulus was applied by immersing the left hand into the cold water of $5^{\circ}C$ for 3 minutes, and the response was observed on immersed left hand and unimmersed right hand simultaneously. The observation was made through determining mean blood pressure, heart rate, amplitude of photoelectric capillary pulse (APCP) and GSR. The results obtained are as follows: The mean blood pressure was elevated during the cold stimulation. The increase of blood pressure in summer was more remarkable than in winter. At the recovery period the blood pressure was decreased to the control level in winter but the decrease below the control level was observed in summer. The increase of heart rate in summer was more remarkable than in winter during the cold stimulation. At the recovery period heart rate in both winter and summer was decreased below the control level. During the cold stimulation the APCP was decreased on both hands in winter. However it was more prominent on left hand indicating additional direct cold effect on immersed hand. In summer, the decrease of APCP during immersion was less remarkable than that in winter, but the regain of APCP was faster than that in winter at the recovery period. And the prompt increase of APCP over the control level has been obtained at the 3 minutes of the recovery period. The GSR was remarkably increased on immersed hand but slightly decreased on unimmersed opposite hand during the cold stimulation. Thus the finding on immersed hand indicates that the local direct effect of cold water is more prominent than the systemic effect, where as the finding on unimmersed hand indicates that the circulatory response to painful stress elicited by the cold stimulation is more prominent than cold temperature itself. In summary, it seems that the systemic circulatory response to the local cold stimulation of the one hand is arised more from the secondary elicited pain sensation and less from the low water temperature. On the contrary to the report of Kim et $al^{39)}$, the adaptation phenomena in blood pressure to the relatively mild cold climate in winter was not observed in this study. The difference of circulatory response observed in this study between winter and summer may be due to the difference of the magnitude of subjective sensation of the cold water stimulation by the seasonal changes in air temperature.

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Development and Research for the Professional Brand of TV Broadcasting Program -By focusing the actually proved study for news program brand- (TV 방송 프로그램의 전문 브랜드 개발 연구 -뉴스 프로그램 브랜드의 실증연구를 중심으로-)

  • Jeong, Bong-Keum;Chang, Dong-Ryun
    • Archives of design research
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    • v.18 no.1 s.59
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2005
  • In the age of digital culture, TV broadcasting is exercising more influence as a information and communication medium compared to past. With the appearance of satellite broadcasting service in 2002, the broadcasting environment became a diversified field of local TV, cable TV, satellite, internet, etc. and created the time of multi-media and multi-channel. This ongoing change of broadcasting environment made the passive audience of the past, active image makers and new accepters, participants and users of communications, who know how to choose and use media as the active centerpiece, The active acceptor as the centerpiece of channel selections has become the center of the broadcasting, whereby they pick up and enjoy their favorite TV programs and came to remember the list of their favorite channels and zap them finally. In this point of spotting their favorite channels and improving the degree of recognition for the channels, the development of the noticeable brand for a particular program has made a great contribution. The aim of this study, therefore, is to recognize the factors, which are important in the habits of watching TV and to develop professional brands for TV broadcasting programs. The range of the survey for this study was home news programs and broadcasting stations abroad, which were on air from March to May in 2004. The focus of the survey was universal and professional news programs. Through this study, it was ascertained that, in the case of news, developing a brand for an anchor as well as for a professional brand of TV program could be an important element.

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The Comparison of Knowledge and Attitude of AIDS between the Sex Group with a Prostitute and the Non-sex Group in Unmarried Young Men (젊은 미혼 남성에서의 매춘부와 성관계를 한 경험이 있는 집단과 매춘부와 성관계를 한 경험이 없는 집단 사이에서의 에이즈에 대한 지식과 태도 비교)

  • Yeom, Chang-Hwan;Choi, Youn-Seon;Choi, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.122-129
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    • 2001
  • Purpose : After Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is known to be a fatal disease, efforts and studies are made to determine the cause, treatment method and method of preventing infection. However, no treatment method is present and vaccine development has not been made. Therefore, the most effective treatment method is prevention, and almost 100% prevention is possible when correct preventive measures are taken. We suggest effective prevention education by comparing knowledge and attitude of those unmarried men who had sexual encounters with prostitutes (high risk group) and those with no sexual encounters with prostitutes (low risk group). Methods : From January 1, 2000 to June 30, 2000, a survey was done in 516 unmarried soldiers and college students. With the collected data, chi-square test was used to compare and analyze the demographic characteristic, knowledge on AIDS, and attitude on AIDS between the high risk group and low risk group. One-way ANOVA test was used to compare and analyze the scores on knowledge between these two groups. Results : Among 516 unmarried men, 256 men (49.6%) fell into the high risk group and 260 men (50.4%) into the low risk group. Both groups showed that they heard of AIDS during their middle school years. The main route of obtaining knowledge on AIDS was through TV programs with 124 men(48.4%) in the high risk group and 167 men (64.2%) in the low risk group (P=0.002). Among 20 items, the average score on knowledge was $13.9{\pm}1.9$ in the high risk group and $14.1{\pm}1.8$ in the low risk group with no statistical difference between these two groups (P=0.191). Two items showed statistical significance in the low risk group compared with the high risk group; these were the item of AIDS being transmitted through transfusion (P=0.014) and through mosquitoes (P=0.009). As for attitude, statistical significance was present in the item stating that AIDS patients should be isolated in the high risk group compared with the low risk group (P=0.029). Conclusions : The present study showed that both the high risk group and low risk group obtained knowledge on AIDS through TV. No statistical difference was present between the two groups other than the high risk group showed statistically high results in two items on knowledge and one item on attitude. Thus, these results showed that exposure to AIDS can be lowered with better knowledge and the attitude of those with a low risk of infection was more positive.

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Change of Phoria and Subjective Symptoms after Watching 2D and 3D Image (2D와 3D 영상 시청 후 나타난 사위도 및 자각증상의 변화)

  • Kim, Dong-Su;Lee, Wook-Jin;Kim, Jae-Do;Yu, Dong-Sik;Jeong, Eui Tae;Son, Jeong-Sik
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.185-194
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The changes of phoria and subjective asthenopia before and after viewing were compared based on 2D image and two ways of 3D images, and presented for references of 3D image watching and production. Methods: Change in phoria was measured before and after watching 2D image, 3D-FPR and 3D-SG images for 30 minutes with a target of 41 university students at 20-30 years old (male 26, female 15). Paired t-test and Pearson correlation between changed phoria and subjective symptoms which were measured using questionnaires were evaluated by before and after watching each images. Results: Right after watching 2D image, exophoria was increased by 0.5 $\Delta$, in distance and near, but it was not a significant level. Right after watching 3D image, exophoria was increased by 1.0~1.5 $\Delta$, and 1.5~2.0 $\Delta$, in distance and near, respectively when compared with before watching. In the significant level, exophoria tended to increase. Changes in near was increased more by 0.5 $\Delta$, compared with those in distance. Changes based on way of 3D-FPR and 3D-SG image were less than 0.5 $\Delta$, and there was almost no difference. In terms of visual subjective symptoms, eye strain was increased in 3D image compared with that in 2D image. In addition, there was no difference depending on way of image. In terms of Pearson correlation between phoria change and eye strain, as exophoria was increased, eye strain was increased. Conclusions: Watching 3D image increased eye strain compared with watching 2D image, and accordingly exophoria tended to increase.

A Study and Analysis of Accommodative Convergence/Accommodation Ratio by Measuring Methods (측정방법에 따른 AC/A비의 조사 분석)

  • Park, Sang-Jae;Kwak, Hyung-Bin;Lee, Se-Hee;Kwak, Ho-Weon
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.117-123
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to propose effective data for the clinical examinations of binocular vision by comparative analysis of measuring the near horizontal phoria according to accommodative stimulations. Methods: It carried out near horizontal phorias, targeting 104 college students (50 males and 54 females) aged between 19 and 24 ($20.27{\pm}1.31$). It made a comparative analysis of changes in near horizontal phoria according to accommodative stimulations by using the von Graefe, Maddox rod and the Howell phoria methods respectively. We have also investigated the AC/A ratio in all phoria groups. Results: As the additional lenses were changed to the negative (-) diopter, the near horizontal phoria changed to the esodeviation. At this time, the rate of change in the section signifies the AC/A ratio, and the values were not consistent based on the evaluating methods or on each section. The AC/A ratio of the esophoria group appeared the largest value in all groups. As a result of analyzing AC/A ratio at the exophoria group using the von Graefe method, the AC/A ratio was $1.568{\pm}1.937$ ${\Delta}/D$ on the additional lenses +2.00 D and $2.527{\pm}2.253$ ${\Delta}/D$ on the additional lenses -1.00 D and at the esophoria group using the Howell phoria method, the AC/A ratio was $5.521{\pm}1.337$ ${\Delta}/D$, $5.593{\pm}1.623$ ${\Delta}/D$ on the additional lenses +2.00 D, +1.00 D and $4.687{\pm}1.643$ ${\Delta}/D$ on the additional lenses -2.00 D. These were significant differences statistically. Conclusions: In the exophoria group, when the (-) lenses were added, the averages of the AC/A ratio were shown to be high but in the esophoria group, when the (+) lenses were added, the of AC/A ratio was high.

Development of the Korean Form of Zung's Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (한국형 자가평가 불안척도의 개발)

  • Lee, Jung-Hoon
    • Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.279-294
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to develop a Korean language version of Zung's self-rating anxiety scale(SAS) from august, 1994 to September, 1996. The subjects consisted of 205 normal control subjects from the general population group, and 97 subjects with anxiety disorders. These 97 subjects were chosen from a group by the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV of in patients and out patients. Both normal control subjects and anxiety disorder subjects were drawn utilizing a cluster of sampling methods. In order to analyze the data on anxiety scores, Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient method was carried out, as well as reliability, factor analysis and discriminant function analysis, utilizing the SPSS/PC+ program. The results obtained were as follows: The mean average of the total anxiety scores were 32.36 + 6.35 for the normal control subjects and 50.53 + 7.67 for anxiety disorder subjects. Test-retest reliability(coefficient r=0.98, p < 0.001), and internal consistency(coefficient r=0.96, p < 0.001) were satisfactory. Factor analysis using oblique technique rotation yielded four factors. The normal control subjects scored higher concerning the symptoms such as sweating, restlessness, apprehension, insomnia and dyspnea, and lower for faintness, mental disintegration, paresthesia, dizziness and tremor. On the other hand, for the anxiety disorders, apprehension, restlessness, sweating, dyspnea and insomnia scored higher, and lower for faintness, paresthesia, nightmare, dizziness and tremor.

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A Development and Validation Study of the Web-based Korean Version of the Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale DSM-5 (웹 기반 한국판 섭식장애진단척도 DSM-5의 개발 및 타당화 연구)

  • Lee, Hye Rin;Kwag, Kyung Hwa;Lee, You Kyung;Han, Soo Wan;Kim, Youl-Ri
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.185-193
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to develop and to verify the Korean version of the Eating Disorder Diagnosis Scale DSM-5 (K-EDDS) as a web-based diagnostic system, which enables rapid diagnosis of patients for early intervention. Methods : A total of 119 persons participated in the study, including patients with eating disorders (n=38) and college students (n=81). Along with the paper-and-pencil SCOFF, all participants completed the web-based K-EDDS, the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionaire (EDE-Q), and the Clinical Impairment Assessment Questionnaire (CIA). The semi-structured interview using the Eating Disorder Examination Interview (EDE) was conducted for participants with two or more SCOFF scores. Within two weeks, the web-based K-EDDS, the EDE-Q, and the CIA were re-tested. Results : In the exploratory factor analysis, four factors were extracted : body dissatisfaction, binge behaviors, binge frequency and compensatory behaviors. The four subscales of the web-based K-EDDS had significant correlation with each of the four subscales of the EDE-Q. The internal consistency of the web-based K-EDDS was highly satisfactory (Cronbach's alpha=0.93). The diagnostic agreement between the web-based K-EDDS and the EDE was excellent (96.83%), and the web-based K-EDDS's test-retest diagnostic agreement was fairly good (92.86%). The web-based K-EDDS and the CIA also showed significant differences between patients and general population, supporting discriminant validity. Conclusions : This study suggested that the web-based K-EDDS is a valid tool for assisting diagnosis of eating disorders based on DSM-5 in clinical and research fields.

Effect of Myers-Briggs Type Indicator(MBTI) Personality Type, Emotional Intelligence, Sress Coping Strategies on Nursing student's Adjustment to College Life (간호대학생의 MBTI성격유형, 감성지능, 스트레스 대처방식이 대학생활적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Young-Mi;Kim, Sun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.124-134
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the MBTI personality type, emotional intelligence, and stress coping strategies of nursing students and to examine the influence of these factors on their level of college adjustment.The subjects were 267 nursing students who are located in Chonnam city. The survey was conducted from March 6th to March 31st, 2017. The level of college adjustment showed a close correlation with the emotional intelligence(r=.29, p<.001) and stress coping strategies(r=.27, p<.001), and the level of MBTI personality type was not statistically insignificant in the nursing students. It was found that the effect of the emotional intelligence and stress coping strategies on the college life adjustment was 17.5%(F=8.03, p<.001). According to the results of this study, it is necessary to develop a systematic management program to integrate the educational curriculum and extra-curricular activities(in order to enhance the) emotional intelligence and stress coping strategies in nursing students. In addition, the type of psychological function and psychological temperament of the MBTI personality type were found not to have influenced the level of college adaptation of the nursing students and this should be confirmedin a large scale sample.

The Effects of Smartphone Addiction on Nursing Students' Adaptation to College Life : Focusing on Mediation Effect of Social Support (간호대학생의 스마트폰 중독이 대학생활 적응에 미치는 영향 : 사회적지지의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, Ju Young;Park, Seong En;Park, Min Jo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.218-229
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to provide basic data on smartphone addiction intervention as well as college adaptation education and policy development by confirming the mediating effect of social support in relation to the effect of smartphone addiction on college life adaptation in nursing college students. The subjects of this study were 173 students who agreed to participate in this study among 4-year nursing college students in D city. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, One-way ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation, Hierarchical Multiple Regression, and Sobel test using the SPSS 23.0 statistical program. In the results, the number of subjects showing smartphone addiction was 47 in the high risk group, 29 in the potential risk group, and 97 in the general group, and the average level of adaptation to college life in the smartphone addiction group was statistically lower as the level of addiction increased. The average social support level of the smartphone addiction group was not significant. There was a negative correlation between students' adaptation to college life and smartphone addiction (r=-.34, p<.001) and a positive correlation with social support (r=.38, p<.001). Social support showed a significant negative correlation with smartphone addiction (r=-.17, p=.023). Moreover, social support was partially mediated. Based on the results of the study, it was found that social support and related college policies are needed to improve students' adaptation to college life.