• Title, Summary, Keyword: 레이저 용접

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Investigation of Regraphitization during Cam Shaft Remelting (캠 샤프트 재용융 처리시 재흑연화 현상에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Young-Kun;Kim, Gwang-Soo;Koh, Jin-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.8 no.7
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    • pp.648-652
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    • 1998
  • TIG remelting was performed to harden the surface of automobile earn shaft. Multipass remelting was conducted in longitudinal direction under argon gas atmosphere. The microstructure of as-east earn shaft was gray iron which consisted of flake graphite and pearlitic matrix. The remelted area had microstructue of both fine pearlite and ledeburite structure that consisted of globular austenite and $Fe_3C$. Hardness for as-cast earn shaft had HRc 25~28, however it increased at remelted area to HRc 53~55. Black line was found at heat affected zone next to the fusion line, that is remelt area of previous pass, during multipass remelting. Black line was identified as graphite, which was transformed from $Fe_3C$. in the ledeburite structure. It is observed that all graphites were nucleated at $Fe_3C$. and matrix interface. High density energy laser remelting process was also applied to verify whether black line could be eliminated. However, black line was still existed as observed in TIG remelting process. Regraphitization was simulated on the ledeburitic structure specimen using Gleeble 1500 with conditions of 1100 and 100$0^{\circ}C$ for 0.5, I, 3, 5 and 1Osee. From the fact that graphite was formed even at the simulation condition of 100$0^{\circ}C$ for 0.5sec, it is seen that regraphitization is an inevitable phenomenon generated whatever processes used during multipass overlap remelting.

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Design and Fabrication of APD-FET Module for 2.5 Gbps Optical Communicating System (광통신용 APD-FET 광수신모듈 설계 및 제작)

  • 강승구;송민규;윤형진;박경현;박찬용;박형무;윤태열;이창희;심창섭
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.166-172
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    • 1994
  • The fiber optic receiver, ETRI APD-FET 1.0, is developed for the application of optical communication. This fiber optic receiver includes PD sub-module and pre-amplifier case. A single lens system is introduced for the PD sub-module. The sub-module consists of the avalenche photodiode(APD), GRIN rod lens, and a single mode fiber. The above components are enclosed into the stainless steel 304L housings. By bevelling the fiber end, the single mode fiber provides less than ~ 28 dB of optical return loss. The area of image focus is controlled by adjusting the length of spacer located in-between the fiber and the GRIN rod lens. The laser welding technique is applied to achieve the maximum coupling efficiency for the joining of each housing. In the pre-amplifier case, GaAs FET pre-amplifier workes for photocurrent amplification and the thermister is mounted to control the APD bias. The performance of ETRI APD-FET1.0 shows the sensitivity of - 30.3 dBm at $10^{-10}$ BER(bit error rate) and 2.5 Gbps optical random signal of $2^{23}-1$ word length. The fiber optic receiver is one of the essensial parts of the transmission module for B-ISDN. Also, the above optical packaging technology will be adapted for the developement of 10 Gbps transmission application 2.5 Gbps 5 Gbps

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Mechanical Properties of Precious Metal-Ceramic Alloy Joined by the Laser-Welding and the Soldering Method (레이저 용접과 납착법으로 연결된 귀금속성 금속-도재 합금의 물리적 성질)

  • Oh, Jung-Ran;Lee, Seok-Hyung;Woo, Yi-Hyung
    • Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.269-279
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    • 2003
  • This study investigated the mechanical properties of precious metal-ceramic alloy joined by the laser-welding and the soldering compared with the parent metal. Twenty-four tensile specimens were cast in precious metal-ceramic alloy and divided into three groups of eight. All specimens in the control group(group 1) were left in the as-cast condition. Group 2 and 3 were the test specimens, which were sectioned at the center. Eight of sectioned specimens were joined by soldering with a propane-oxygen torch, and the remaining specimens were joined by laser-welding. After joining, each joint diameter was measured, and then tested to tensile failure on an Instron machine. Failure loads were recorded, and then fracture stress(ultimate tensile strength), 0.2% yield strength and % elongation calculated. These data for three groups were subjected to a one-way analysis of variance(ANOVA). Neuman-Keuls post hoc test was then used to determine any significant differences between groups. The fracture locations, fracture surfaces were examined by SEM(scanning electron microscope). The results were as follows: 1) The tensile strength and 0.2% yield strength of the soldered group($280.28{\pm}49.35MPa$, $160.24{\pm}26.67MPa$) were significantly less than both the as-cast group($410.99{\pm}13.07MPa$, $217.82{\pm}17.99MPa$) and the laser-welded group($383.56{\pm}59.08MPa$, $217.18{\pm}12.96MPa$). 2) The tensile strength and 0.2% yield strength of the laser-welded group were about each 98%, 99.7% of the as-cast group. There were no statistically significant differences in these two groups(p<0.05). 3) The percentage elongations of the soldered group($3.94{\pm}2.32%$) and the laser-welded group($5.06{\pm}1.08%$) were significantly less than the as-cast group($14.25{\pm}4.05%$) (p<0.05). 4) The fracture of the soldered specimens occurred in the solder material and many porosities were showed at the fracture site. 5) The fracture of the laser-welded specimens occurred also in the welding area, and lack of fusion and a large void was observed at the center of the fracture surface. However, the laser-welded specimens showed a ductile failure mode like the as- cast specimens. The results of this study indicated that the tensile strengths of the laser-welded joints were comparable to those of the as-cast joints and superior to those of the soldered joints.