• Title/Summary/Keyword: 레이저 용접

검색결과 603건 처리시간 0.048초

원심 주조된 타이타늄과 타이타늄 합금의 레이저 용접 특성 (MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF LASER-WELDED CAST TITANIUM AND TITANIUM ALLOY)

  • 윤미경;김현승;양홍서;방몽숙;박상원;박하옥;이광민
    • 대한치과보철학회지
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.642-653
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    • 2006
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the output energy(voltage) of laser welding on the strength and properties of joint of cast titanium(CP Gr II) and titanium alloy(Ti-6Al-4V). Material and method : Cast titanium and its alloy rods(ISO6871) were prepared and perpendicularly cut at the center of the rod. After the cut halves were fixed in a jig, and the joints welded with a laser-welding machine at several levels of output voltage of $200V{\sim}280V$. Uncut specimens served as the non-welded control specimens The pulse duration and pulse spot size employed in this study were 10ms and 1.0mm respectively. Tensile testing was conducted at a crosshead speed of 0.5mm/min. The ultimate tensile strength(MPa) was recorded, and the data (n=6) were statistically analyzed by one-way analysis of variance(ANOVA) and Scheffe's test at ${\alpha}$=0.05. The fracture surface of specimens investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Vickers microhardness was measured under 500g load of 15seconds with the optimal condition of output voltage 280V. Results : The results of this study were obtained as follows, 1. When the pulse duration and spot size were fixed at 10ms and 1.0mm respectively, increasing the output energy(voltage) increased UTS values and penetration depth of laser welded to titanium and titanium alloy. 2. For the commercial titanium grade II, ultimate tensile strength(665.3MPa) of the specimens laser-welded at voltage of 280V were not statistically(p>0.05) different from the non-welded control specimens (680.2MPa). 3. For the titanium alloy(Ti-6Al-4V), ultimate tensile strength(988.3MPa) of the specimens laser-welded at voltage of 280V were statistically(p<0.05) different from the non-welded control specimens (665.0MPa). 4. The commercial titanium grade II and titanium alloy(Ti-6Al-4V) were Vickers microhardness values were increased in the fusion zone and there were no significant differences in base metal, heat-affected zone.

스캐너와 산업용 로봇을 이용한 고속 레이저 용접에 관한 연구 (A Study on High Speed Laser Welding by using Scanner and Industrial Robot)

  • 강희신;서정;김종수;김정오;조택동
    • 대한용접접합학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.29-29
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    • 2009
  • On this research, laser welding technology for manufacturing automobile body is studied. Laser welding technology is one of the important technologies used in the manufacturing of lighter, safer automotive bodies at a high level of productivity; the leading automotive manufacturers have replaced spot welding with laser welding in the process of car body assembly. Korean auto manufacturers are developing and applying the laser welding technology using a high output power Nd:YAG laser and a 6-axes industrial robot. On the other hand, the robot-based remote laser welding system was equipped with a long focal laser scanner system in robotic end effect. Laser system, robot system, and scanner system are used for realizing the high speed laser welding system. The remote laser welding system and industrial robotic system are used to consist of robot-based remote laser welding system. The robot-based remote laser welding system is flexible and able to improve laser welding speed compared with traditional welding as spot welding and laser welding. The robot-based remote laser systems used in this study were Trumpf's 4kW Nd:YAG laser (HL4006D) and IPG's 1.6kW Fiber laser (YLR-1600), while the robot systems were of ABB's IRB6400R (payload:120kg) and Hyundai Heavy Industry's HX130-02 (payload:130kg). In addition, a study of quality evaluation and monitoring technology for the remote laser welding was conducted. The welding joints of steel plate and steel plate coated with zinc were butt and lapped joints. The quality testing of the laser welding was conducted by observing the shape of the beads on the plate and the cross-section of the welded parts, analyzing the results of mechanical tension test, and monitoring the plasma intensity and temperature by using UV and IR detectors. Over the past years, Trumf's 4kW Nd:YAG laser and ABB's IRB6400R robot system was used. Nowadays, the new laser source, robot and laser scanner system are used to increase the processing speed and to improve the efficiency of processes. This paper proposes the robot-based remote laser welding system as a means of resolving the limited welding speed and accuracy of conventional laser welding systems.

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$CO_2$ 레이저를 이용한 GTD111DS 초합금 용접부의 미세조직과 기계적 성질 (Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of GTD 111DS Welds by $CO_2$ Laser Welding)

  • 이택운;양성호;김상훈
    • 대한용접접합학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.108-108
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    • 2009
  • 니켈기지의 석출강화 초내열합금은 가스터빈의 고온부 부품 제조에 널리 사용되고 있다. 장시간 동안 부품의 강성 유지와 구조적 안정성을 확보하기 위해서는 니켈기지의 합금에 감마프라임 생성을 위한 원소를 첨가하는데 이에 따른 용접성의 저하 때문에 보통 초합금의 용접은 고온에서 수행하게 된다. 그러나 레이저용접의 경우는 용접변수 및 입열제어가 용이해 상온에서 초합금의 용접이 가능한 장점이 있다. 본 연구에서는 일반적인 재료로 연성이 좋은 STS304 판재와 실제 블레이드의 재료로 사용되는 니켈계 석출강화 합금인 GTD 111DS 모재에 $CO_2$ 레이저를 이용하여 용접을 실시하였고 적용파우더와 파워, 용접속도 및 파우더 공급량 등을 달리 하였다. STS304 판재 사용시 Rene 80과 IN 625 파우더 모두 용접부에서 균열이 발생하지 않았다. 그러나 GTD 111DS 모재의 경우 IN 625 파우더에서는 결함이 없었으나 Rene 80 파우더를 사용시에는 용접부에 균열이 발생하였다. IN 625 파우더는 모재보다 기계적 성질이 떨어지는 문제가 있으나 Rene 80은 모재와 동등 이상의 기계적 성질을 보유하고 있기 때문에 Rene 80 의 적용을 위해 균열이 발생하지 않는 용접변수의 제어를 시도하였다. 용접변수의 조정 결과 레이저 파워와 파우더 공급량을 낮추고 용접속도를 높여 균열이 발생하지 않는 최적의 용접변수를 설정할 수 있었다. 최적화된 용접변수를 적용, 용접한 시편의 인장값을 보면 GTD 111DS 모재에 Rene 80 파우더로 용접된 시편의 인장강도가 상온/고온($760^{\circ}C$)의 조건에서 각각 GTD 111DS 모재의 인장강도 보다 높은 값을 나타내었다.

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