• Title/Summary/Keyword: 메조구조체

Search Result 19, Processing Time 0.223 seconds

Phosphate Adsorption Characteristics of Zirconium Mesostructure Synthesized under Different Conditions (지르코늄 메조구조체의 합성조건 변화에 따른 인 흡착 특성)

  • Lee, Seung-Hak;Lee, Kwan-Yong;Lee, Sang-Hyup;Choi, Yong-Su
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
    • /
    • v.28 no.6
    • /
    • pp.583-587
    • /
    • 2006
  • In this study, the phosphate adsorption characteristics of zirconium mesostructures synthesized under different conditions were estimated. X-ray diffraction analysis, phosphate adsorption isotherm test and kinetic test was performed for the zirconium mesostructures synthesized at different inorganic/surfactant molar ratio and with different surfactant templates. The test results were analyzed with adsorption models. From this work, it was found that at the inorganic/surfactant molar ratio of 1/0.50($0.013{\cdot}Zr(SO_4){_2}:0.068{\cdot}surfactant:5.55{\cdot}H_2O$), the meso-pores in the material could be most uniformly and clearly formed and thus the adsorption capacity and reaction rate of material could be maximized. And the pore size in the mesostructure increased with the chain length of surfactant template used, and maximum phosphate adsorption amount and reaction rate could be achieved with the zirconium mesostructure synthesized with the surfactant template of dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide.

악티늄족 및 란탄족 원소 회수를 위한 기능성 고분자-탄소 나노 구조체

  • Jeong, Yong-Ju;Sim, Jun-Bo;Baek, Seung-U;Kim, Si-Hyeong;Gwon, Sang-Un;Kim, Gwang-Rak;Jeong, Heung-Seok;An, Do-Hui
    • Proceedings of the Korean Radioactive Waste Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.198-199
    • /
    • 2009
  • 킬레이팅 고분자를 메조기공 탄소 표면 위에 흡착시킴으로써 금속이온과 착물을 형성할 수 있는 기능성 나노구조체를 제조하였다. 악티늄족 원소를 단일입자 내에 영구처분을 위한 예비연구로서 Eu을 대용물(surrogate)로 사용하여 기능성 나노 구조체에 주입한 후 메조기공 입구를 고분자반응을 통해 봉쇄함으로써 Eu의 단일입자 내 고정화를 시도하였다. 시간에 따라 침출현상을 분석한 결과, 고분자로 메조기공을 blocking 하였을 때 Eu의 침출현상이 크게 완화되는 것을 확인하였다. 이는 시멘트화나 유리화 등과 같은 고비용 공정을 거치지 않고도 단일입자 내 유해 금속의 영구처분이 가능하다는 것을 의미한다. 더 나아가, 이러한 접근방법은 지지체로 메조기공 탄소에 국한되지 않고 실리카와 같은 다른 메조기공 금속산화물에 적용될 수 있다는 점에서 큰 강점이 있다.

  • PDF

Characteristics of Phosphorus Adsorption on Titanium Meso-structure Synthesized under Various Conditions of Surfactant (계면활성제의 다양한 조건에서 합성된 티타늄 메조구조체를 이용한 수중의 인 흡착 특성 연구)

  • Choi, Jae-Woo;Choi, Ji-Youn;Lee, Seung-Yeon;Lee, Sang-Hyup
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.413-423
    • /
    • 2010
  • Eutrophication caused by the excessive supply of phosphorus to water has been considered as one of the most important environmental problems. In this study, the titanium mesostrcture, which was prepared with the template of different surfactant, was tested to confirm the applicability as an adsorbent for phosphorus removal and evaluate the phosphorus removal efficiency. X-ray diffraction analysis, phosphorus adsorption istotherm and kinetic test were performed for the titanium mesostructure, synthesized at various base material/surfactant molar ratio and with different surfactant templates. From the results, we found that mesostructure was synthesized at the base material/surfactant molar ratio of 1/0.25 was most uniformly and clearly formed and thus the adsorption capacity was also maximized.

Phosphate removal in water by mesostructure based on titanium and silica (티타늄과 실리콘 기반의 메조구조체를 이용한 수중의 인 제거)

  • Lee, Seung-Yeon;Choi, Jae-Woo;Lee, Sang-Hyup;Lee, Ki-Bong;Hong, Seok-Won
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
    • /
    • v.25 no.5
    • /
    • pp.725-730
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this study, it was investigated that the feasibility of utilizing inorganic mesostructures for removal of phosphate in water. The comparison of the efficiency for phosphate adsorption between inorganic mesostructures was conducted. X-ray diffraction(XRD) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller(BET) methods were used to characterize these mesostructures. The efficiencies of silica and titanium mesostructures for the removal of phosphate from aqueous solution were investigated. Equilibrium data were analyzed using the Langmuir isotherm. The maximum adsorption capacities of mesostructure adsorbents were found to be 49.3 and 19.5 mg $g^{-1}$ for the titanium and silica mesostructures, respectively. The adsorption kinetics was described by a pseudo third-order kinetic model. The results from this study indicated that the titanium mesostructure has the potential to be utilized for the cost-effective removal of phosphate from wastewater.

The Phosphorus Removal from Water by Zirconium Mesoporous Structure (지르코늄 메조기공 구조체를 이용한 수중의 인 제거)

  • Lee, Byoung-cheun;Lee, Kwan-yong;Lee, Sang-hyup;Choi, Yong-su;Park, Ki-young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.455-461
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study was designed to investigate the fundamental aspects of a possible recovery of phosphorus strategy from wastewater by using the zirconium mesoporous structured materials as a new type of ion exchangers. Zirconium mesoporous structure material was synthesized by hydro-thermal synthesis. The synthesized zirconium mesoporous structure was examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission electron micrograph (TEM). From the results of XRD and TEM, it was found out that hexagonal mesoporous structure, pore size was about $47{\AA}$, was synthesized. Experimental results showed that the complex of zirconium sulfate tetrahydrate and surfactant micelles had very high ability for capture of phosphorus. The amount of phosphate ions exchanged into the solid was as great as 3.4mmol/g-ZS. And the ion exchange reaction was occurred between $PO_4{^{3-}}$ and $SO_4{^{2-}}$ and also between $PO_4{^{3-}}$ and $OH^-$. Therefore, it is possible to get the higher removal efficiency than other ion exchange media and adsorbent.

Reproducible Synthesis of Periodic Mesoporous TiO2 Thin Film (재현성 있는 메조포러스 TiO2 박막의 제조에 대한 연구)

  • Hur, Jae Young;Lee, Hyung Ik;Park, Young-Kwon;Joo, Oh-Shim;Bae, Gwi-Nam;Kim, Ji Man
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.44 no.4
    • /
    • pp.399-403
    • /
    • 2006
  • There has been numerous reports for the synthesis of mesoporous $TiO_2$ thin films due to not only the high surface area and regular mesoscale pores but also wide band gap and photo activity. However, the synthesis has been restricted by the limited reproducibility mainly due to the extraordinarily fast hydrolysis and condensation rate of titania precursors. In this report, molar composition of reaction batch (HCl/Ti and Ti/P123) and exterior condition (humidity and temperature) during coating and anealing process. Thereafter, the mesoporous $TiO_2$ thin films were characterized by XRD and TEM

Fabrication of Double-layered Carbon Materials for Li-ion Battery (리튬이온 2차 전지용 이중층 탄소재료의 제조)

  • 임연수;정승훈;김희석
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
    • /
    • v.38 no.3
    • /
    • pp.293-299
    • /
    • 2001
  • 이중층 탄소재료가 콜타르핏치와 메조페이스 핏치, 인조흑연, 천연흑연과 코크스를 사용하여 제조되었다. 콜타르 핏치는 톨루엔이나 경유와 같은 유기용매에 용해되어 코팅재로 사용되었다. 메조페이스 핏치, 인조흑연, 천연흑연 및 코크에 대한 콜타르 핏치의 코팅은 X선 회절분석과 CHN 분석을 통해 확인하였다. 코팅된 탄소재료를 질소분위기의 800-100$0^{\circ}C$에서 열처리한 후 리튬이온 전지의 음극으로 사용하기 위하여 2$600^{\circ}C$에서 열처리하였다. 이중층 탄소재료의 성능평가는 동전형태의 반쪽전지를 통해 수행되었는데, 평가는 음극으로서의 충전과 방전을 통해 수행되었다. 이런 충.방전 능력은 탄소재료의 열처리 온도의 변화나 전구체의 종류에 따라 달리 나타났지만 코팅방법의 차이에 의해서는 큰 차이가 없었다. 열처리를 80$0^{\circ}C$에서 한 경우가 100$0^{\circ}C$에서 한 경우보다 높은 충.방전 능력을 나타내었고, 2$600^{\circ}C$에서 흑연화된 것보다 탄화된 재료들이 높은 충.방전 능력을 나타내었다. 결론적으로, 음극재료의 성능은 결정화도, 조성 및 탄소재료의 미세구조에 따라 달라짐을 알 수 있었다.

  • PDF

Application of Hierarchically Porous Fe2O3 Nanofibers for Anode Materials of Lithium-ion Batteries (계층적 다공구조를 갖는 Fe2O3 나노섬유의 리튬 이차전지 음극소재 적용)

  • Jo, Min Su;Cho, Jung Sang
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.57 no.2
    • /
    • pp.267-273
    • /
    • 2019
  • Hierarchically porous $Fe_2O_3$ nanofibers with meso- and macro- pores are designed and synthesized by electrospinning and subsequent heat-treatment. The macro pores are generated by selectively decomposition of polystyrene as a dispersed phase in the as-spun fibers containing $Fe(acac)_3$/polyacrylonitrile continuous phases during heat-treatment. Additionally, meso-pores formed by evaporation of infiltrated water vapor during electrospinning process interconnected the macro-pores and results in the formation of hierarchically porous $Fe_2O_3$ nanofibers. The initial discharge capacity and Coulombic efficiency of the hierarchically porous $Fe_2O_3$ nanofibers at a current density of $1.0A\;g^{-1}$ are $1190mA\;h\;g^{-1}$ and 79.2%. Additionally, the discharge capacity of the nanofibers is $792mA\;h\;g^{-1}$ after 1,000 cycles. The high structural stability and morphological benefits of the hierarchically porous $Fe_2O_3$ nanofibers resulted in superior lithium ion storage performance.

Synthesis of Optically Active Monoesters via Kinetic Resolution by Chiral Co (Salen) Complex Immobilized on Mesoporous BEA (메조세공 BEA에 고정화된 키랄 Co살렌 착체의 동적분할을 통한 고광학순도의 키랄 모노에스테르 합성)

  • Choi, Seong Dae;Park, Geun Woo;Lee, Gyung Chan;Kim, Geon-Joong
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.132-137
    • /
    • 2015
  • BEA-zeolite was modified by alkaline solution to introduce mesoporosity in the crystals and the homogeneous chiral Co(III) salen was immobilized in the mesopores. The dinuclear chiral Co(salen)-$GaCl_3$ catalyst immobilized on mesoporous BEA-zeolite showed high activity for the regioselective ring opening of terminal epoxides by carboxylic acids. Various chiral monoester derivatives could be synthesized with moderate enantioselectivity (47~69 ee%) from racemic epoxides through above reaction. When the chiral (S)-ECH was used as a reactant, it was efficiently resolved by carboxylic acid with a high enantioselectivity in the presence of heterogenized chiral salen catalyst, and the ring opened product afforded optically pure monoester epoxide (R)-GB (up to 98 ee%) through the ring closing in the basic solution by elimination of HCl. The heterogeneous catalyst could be fabricated easily, and the catalytic activity was retained for several times reuse without any further regeneration step.

Design of $TiO_2$ electrode for DSSC

  • Lee, Wan-In
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.22-22
    • /
    • 2010
  • 최근 염료감응형 태양전지(DSSC)는 광변환효율 측면에서 향상 가능성이 높으며, 전기화학적 반응을 바탕으로 하므로 생산단가가 낮아 차세대 태양전지로 관심을 모우고 있다. 염료감응형 태양전지에 있어서 주요 구성성분 중의 하나는 다공성 산화물 광전극 재료이다. 다양한 반도체 물질과 비교할 때 $TiO_2$는 전도대의 위치와 전자이동성 면에서 비교적 적합하며, 유기물과의 흡착성 및 안정성 측면에서 대단히 우수하다. 염료감응형 태양전지의 $TiO_2$ 광전극이 갖추어야 할 요건은 표면적이 넓어서 염료 흡착량이 많아야 하며, 전자전달 및 전해질 이동을 위한 효율적 구조이어야 한다. $TiO_2$ 광전극 제작을 위한 재료로서는 나노입자가 널리 이용되며, 입자의 크기는 20 nm 부근이 적합한 것으로 알려져 있다. 본 발표에서는 나노입자 외에 나노막대, 나노섬유, 나노튜브, inverse-opal 구조 등과 같이 지금까지 연구되고 있는 $TiO_2$ 나노구조 관련연구를 소개 한다. 한편으로 효율적 전극구조를 제작하려면 $TiO_2$ 나노구조 제어 외에도, 투명전극과 $TiO_2$ 전극과의 계면층(interfacial layer) 제어, 빛의 효율적 이용을 위한 산란층(scattering layer) 및 $TiO_2$ 전극에서 전해질로의 전자손실 억제를 위한 blocking layer 도입 등이 필요하다. 이에 대한 기본개념을 설명하고 다른 연구자의 연구결과를 소개한다. 본 연구실의 연구 결과인, 메조 포러스 구조, 다공성 속빈구 구조와 구형구조체를 합성하고 이를 염료감응형 태양전지에 응용한 내용을 소개한다. 다공성 속빈구의 경우, 산란층으로 대단히 우수한 결과를 나타내었고, 다공성 구형구조체는 광전극 주재료로 적합한 특성을 나타내었다. 즉, 다공성 구형구조체를 적용한 광전극은 표면적이 대단히 넓고 또한 효율적 동공구조가 형성되어 전해질 이동에도 매우 효율적이다.

  • PDF