• Title, Summary, Keyword: 미세 천공판

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Sound absorption of micro-perforated thin plates in a duct (덕트내 미세천공 박판의 흡음)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sil;Kim, Bong-Ki;Kim, Sang-Ryul;Seo, Yun-Ho;Ma, Pyung-Sik
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.305-313
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, sound absorption of thin elastic plates installed in a rigid duct is discussed using an analytic method. The number of plates can be one or two, and each plate might have micro-perforation. Vibration of the plates and sound pressure fields inside the duct and air cavity are expressed in terms of an infinite series of modal functions. Under the plane wave assumption, a low frequency approximation is derived by including the first few plate modes. It is found that the sound absorption coefficient of the plates without micro-perforation shows sharp peaks at resonance frequencies, and due to the interaction between the plates and air cavity, the resonance frequencies move as the cavity depth changes. For the case of micro-perforated plates, it is found that the sound absorption is mainly affected by the perforation ratio. When the perforation ratio is order of few percent, the sound absorption is almost independent of plate vibration.

Sound absorption of micro-perforated elastic plates in a cylindrical impedance tube (원통형 임피던스 튜브 내 미세천공 탄성 판의 흡음)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sil;Kim, Bong-Ki;Kim, Sang-Ryul;Lee, Seong-Hyun;Ma, Pyung-Sik
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.181-187
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, sound absorption of micro-perforated elastic plates installed in an impedance tube of a circular cross-section is discussed using an analytic method. Vibration of the plates and sound pressure fields inside the duct are expressed in terms of an infinite series of modal functions, where modal functions in the radial direction is given in terms of the Bessel functions. Under the plane wave assumption, a low frequency approximation is derived by including the first few plate modes, and the sound absorption coefficient is given in terms of an equivalent impedance of a single surface. The sound absorption coefficient using the proposed formula is in excellent agreement with the result by the FEM (Finite Element Method), and shows dips and peaks at the natural frequencies of the plate. When the perforation ratio is very small, the sound absorption coefficient is dominated by the vibration effect. However, when the perforation ratio reaches a certain value, the sound absorption is mainly governed by the rigid MPP (Micro-Perforated Plate), while the vibration effect becomes very small.

Sound transmission of multi-layered micro-perforated plates in a cylindrical impedance tube (원통형 임피던스 튜브 내 다중 미세천공 판의 음향투과)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sil;Ma, Pyung-Sik;Kim, Bong-Ki;Lee, Seong-Hyun;Seo, Yun-Ho
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.270-278
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, sound transmission of Micro-Perforated Plates (MPPs) installed in an impedance tube with a circular cross-section is described using an analytic method. Vibration of the plates is expressed in terms of an infinite series of modal functions, where modal function in the radial direction is given by the Bessel function. Under the plane wave assumption, a low frequency approximation is derived, and a formula for the sound transmission coefficient of multi-layered MPPs is presented using the transfer matrix method. The Sound Transmission Losses (STLs) of single and double MPPs are computed using the proposed method and compared with those done by the Finite Element Method (FEM), which shows an excellent agreement. As the perforation increases, the STL is degraded, since the STL becomes dominated by the perforation ratio rather than by vibration of the plate. The STL shows dips at natural frequencies as well as at the mass-spring-mass resonance frequency. The proposed model for the STL prediction in this study can be applied to an arbitrary number of MPPs, where each MPP may or may not have a perforation.

Absorption Characteristics of Micro-perforated Panel Absorber According to Incident Pressure Magnitude and Its Geometric Parameters (가진 음압 및 설계 인자에 따른 미세 천공판 흡음 기구의 흡음 특성)

  • Park, Soon-Hong;Seo, Sang-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.178-185
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    • 2011
  • The micro-perforated panel absorber (MPPA) is one of promising noise control elements because of its applicability to extreme environments where general porous materials cannot be used. Since the MPPA is inherently non-porous sound absorber, it can be a good candidate of acoustic protection system of a space launcher. The overall sound pressure level inside payload fairings of commercial launch vehicles is so high (around 140 dB OASPL) that the conventional linear impedance model cannot be directly applied to the design of the acoustic protection systems. In this paper an acoustic impedance models of a micro-perforated panel absorber at high sound pressure environment were reviewed and the use of the impedance on the practical design of MPPAs was addressed. The variation of absorption characteristics of MPPA was discussed according to the design parameters, e.g., perforation ratio, the minute hole diameter, the thickness of MPP and the incident sound pressure level.

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Absorption Characteristics of Micro-perforated Panel Absorber According to High Incident Pressure Magnitude and Variation of Geometric Parameters (높은 입사 음압 및 설계 인자의 변화에 따른 미세 천공판 흡음 기구의 흡음 특성)

  • Park, Soon-Hong;Seo, Sang-Hyun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.21 no.11
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    • pp.1059-1066
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    • 2011
  • The micro-perforated panel absorber(MPPA) is one of promising noise control elements because of its applicability to extreme environments where general porous materials cannot be used. Since the MPPA is inherently non-porous sound absorber, it can be a good candidate of acoustic protection system of a space launcher. The overall sound pressure level inside payload fairings of commercial launch vehicles is so high(around 140 dB OASPL) that the conventional linear impedance model cannot be directly applied to the design of the acoustic protection systems. In this paper an acoustic impedance models of a micro-perforated panel absorber at high sound pressure environment were reviewed and the use of the impedance on the practical design of MPPAs was addressed. The variation of absorption characteristics of MPPA was discussed according to the design parameters, e.g., perforation ratio, the minute hole diameter, the thickness of MPP and the incident sound pressure level.

Micromorphological Studies on the Perforation Plate of Korean Hardwoods(II) - The Structure of Perforation Plate - (한국산(韓國産) 활엽수재(闊葉樹材) 천공판(穿孔板)의 미세형태(微細形態)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) (II) - 천공판(穿孔板)의 구조(構造) -)

  • Kim, Dae-Young;Lee, Won-Yong
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.114-133
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    • 1997
  • Perforation plate was observed in 78 species(45 genera, 25 families) of Korean native hardwoods using SEM and it was divided into three types, i.e., simple, scalariform and multiple perforation plates, Based on occurance of these types, the species examined were classfied into the following six groups : (1) 60species(35 genera, 21 families) having exclusively simple perforation, (2) 5 species(2 genera, 1 families) having exclusively scalariform perforation plates, (3) 4 species(4 genera, 3 families) having simple and scalariform perforation plates, (4) 2 species(2 genera, 1 families) having simple and multiple perforation plates, (5) 5 species(3 genera, 3 families) having scalariform and multiple perforation plates and (6) 2 species(2 genera, 2 families) having simple, scalariform and multiple perforation plates. Mismatching perforation plates were found in two species of Betulaceae, Alnus hirsuta var. sibirica and Alnus hirsuta and peculiar substructure between the bars of the scalariform perforation plate was observed in Betulaceae, Betula davurica and Cercidiphyllaceae, Cerdiphyllum japonicum and the vestured perforation plate was found in Quercus aliena.

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Design of a Micro-perforated Panel Absorber at High Incident Sound Pressure (높은 입사 음압에서의 미세 천공판을 이용한 흡음 기구의 설계)

  • Park, Soon-Hong;Seo, Sang-Hyun;Jang, Young-Soon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.983-990
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    • 2010
  • Reduction of acoustic loads of space launch vehicles can be achieved by acoustic absorbers satisfying strict cleanness requirements. This limited the use of general porous materials and requires non-porous sound absorbers. Micro-perforated panel absorbers(MPPA) is one of promising sound absorbers satisfying the cleanness requirement for launch vehicles. However, its applicability was limited to low sound pressure levels according to the acoustic impedance model of micro-perforated panels. In this paper the applicability of micro-perforated panel absorbers at high incident sound pressure was investigated in experimental ways. The absorption characteristics of a micro-perforated panel absorber was simulated according to its design variables, e.g., minute hole diameters and aperture ratios. It was shown that optimal design can be readily done by using proposed design charts. Experiments were conducted to measure acoustic properties of the designed micro-perforated panel absorbers. The results showed that acoustic resistance increases rapidly as incident sound pressure level does but change of acoustic reactance can be neglected in a practical point of view. This caused the decrease of peak value of absorption coefficient at high incident sound pressure level, but the amount of reduction can be accepted in practice. The major advantage of the micro-perforated panel absorber(wide absorption bandwidth) was still kept at high sound pressure level.

Study on the Casting Technology and Restoration of "Sangpyong Tongbo" (상평통보 주조와 복원기술연구)

  • Yun, Yong-hyun;Cho, Nam-chul;Jeong, Yeong-sang;Lim, In-ho
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.224-243
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the materials and casting technology(cast, alloy, etc.) used in the manufacturing of bronze artifacts based on old literature such as Yongjae Chonghwa, Cheongong Geamul, and The Korea Review. In the casting experiment for restoration of Sangpyong Tongbo, a bronze and brass mother coin mold was made using the sand mold casting method described in The Korea Review. The cast was comprised of the original mold plate frame, wooden frame, and molding sand. Depending on the material of the outer frame, which contains the molding sand, the original mold plate frame can be either a wooden frame or steel frame. For the molding sand, light yellow-colored sand of the Jeonbuk Iri region was used. Next, the composition of the mother alloy used in the restoration of Sangpyong Tongbo was studied. In consideration of the evaporation of tin and lead during actual restoration, the composition of Cu 60%, Zn 30%, and Pb 10% for brass as stated in The Korea Review was modified to Cu 60%, Zn 35%, and Pb 15%. For bronze, based on the composition of Cu 80%, Sn 6%, and Pb 14% used for Haedong Tongbo, the composition was set as Cu 80%, Sn 11%, and Pb 19%. The mother coin mold was restored by first creating a wooden father coin, making a cast from the wooden frame and basic steel frame, alloying, casting, and making a mother coin. Component analysis was conducted on the mother alloy of the restored Sangpyong Tongbo, and its primary and secondary casts. The bronze mother alloy saw a 5% increase in copper and 4% reduction in lead. The brass parent alloy had a 5% increase in copper, but a 4% and 12% decrease in lead and tin respectively. Analysis of the primary and secondary mother coin molds using an energy dispersive spectrometer showed that the bronze mother coin mold had a reduced amount of lead, while the brass mother coin mold had less tin. This can be explained by the evaporation of lead and tin in the melting of the primary mother coin mold. In addition, the ${\alpha}$-phase and lead particles were found in the mother alloy of bronze and brass, as well as the microstructure of the primary and secondary coin molds. Impurities such as Al and Si were observed only in the brass mother coin mold.