• Title/Summary/Keyword: 복부지방률

Search Result 20, Processing Time 0.215 seconds

Effects of the Short-Term Weight Control Program on Periodontal Health in the University Students: A Pilot Study (일개 대학생의 단기 체중조절 프로그램이 치주건강에 미치는 영향: 사전연구)

  • Koong, Hwa-Soo;Son, Soo-Jung;Park, Hoo-Seob;Seo, Hyung-Seok;Hwang, Soo-Jeong
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.413-418
    • /
    • 2015
  • Recent cross-sectional studies indicate that obesity is a risk factor for periodontal disease. This study was aimed to investigate whether the four-week weight control program including caloric restriction and exercise training could have an effect on periodontal health. Forty-one obese (body mass index [BMI] ${\geq}25.0$) and five overweight ($23.0{\leq}BMI<25.0$) students participated in the weight control program. Anthropometric data and oral examination data were collected at the baseline and at the 27th day. BMI, waist hip ratio (WHR), and percent of body fat (PBF) of the subjects decreased significantly, but gingival index, sites with bleeding on probing (BOP), and sites with shallow pocket depth didn't show the significant changes in paired t-test. There was no difference in the outcomes according to smoking, drinking alcohol, and sex. Nevertheless, PBF and sites with BOP (r=0.777) and WHR and sites with shallow pocket depth (r=0.444) showed positive correlations. PBF accounted for 58.9% of the variance in sites of BOP in regression analysis. We suggested that obesity might relate with periodontal health, although it was not clear whether weight control could influence on periodontal health directly.

Golden Ratio and Obesity of Korean University Students (한국 대학생의 신체 황금비율과 비만)

  • Choi, Seung-Hoe;Lee, Kum-Won;Yu, Yong-Jin;Kim, Yong-Heon
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.939-947
    • /
    • 2010
  • The Golden ratio which was started to be use by Eudoxos, Greek mathematician, is being used as a tool to explain beauty in various fields like architecture, art, society, nature and so on. In addition, people not only use the golden ratio, also use obesity to consider a standard of beauty. This study's subjects are students of H university. We researched their Golden ratios of their whole body, upper body and lower body. Also, to research their obesity levels, we used Obesity degree, Waist-hip ratio and Percent body fat. According to different features of the subjects, we study differences between the golden ratio and obesity and how the golden ratio of body affects obesity.

Effects of Lower Body Meridian Hand Therapy on Change in Obese Women's Body Composition and Blood Lipid (하체 경락 수기요법이 비만 여성들의 신체구성과 혈중지질 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kwang-Soo;Han, Gil-Soo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.11 no.11
    • /
    • pp.561-571
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to examine the impacts of lower body meridian hand therapy on changes in obese women's body composition and blood lipid. 30 obese women participated in the experiment carried out twice a week for 5 weeks on 15 subjects in lower body meridian hand therapy group and 15 lower-body bathing/lower body meridian hand therapy group. For changes in body composition, BMI, body fat and waist-hip ratio decreased in both groups, while for changes in blood lipid, TC, LDL-C and TG decreased while HDL-C increased by 0.98% in the former group while 1.12% in the latter group. Thus, the 5-week treatment of lower body meridian hand therapy was effective for improving body composition, decrease of blood lipid and of middle-aged obese women, so which can be recommended as lower body obesity management program in esthetics.

The effect of walking on body composition and hematological index in hemodialysis patients (혈액투석환자에서 걷기가 체성분 및 혈액학적 지수에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Young-Joo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.18 no.11
    • /
    • pp.433-441
    • /
    • 2020
  • The specific purpose was to determine the effect of walking on the body composition and hematological index of hemodialysis patients in order to confirm the relationship between activity and health level of hemodialysis patients. The research method is a cross-sectional descriptive survey conducted in hemodialysis patients.The subjects were 66 hemodialysis patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment in B city. As a result of the study, walking was decreased in hemodialysis patients, and there was a difference in hematological index according to walking, but there was no difference in body composition. As body weight increased, skeletal mass, body fat mass, body mass index, abdominal fat percentage, basal metabolism, and protein increased, but total cholesterol and high-density cholesterol decreased. This study proposes to expand the number of subjects of hemodialysis patients to investigate by adding nutritional intake in addition to walking, body composition and hematological index.

Correlations among Life Stress, Sleep, Anthropometric Measurement and Nutrient Intakes of College Students (일부 지역 대학생의 생활 스트레스와 수면, 신체계측, 영양소섭취 상태와의 상관관계)

  • Sung, Min-Jung;Chang, Kyung-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.36 no.7
    • /
    • pp.840-848
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was performed in order to investigate the stress levels, sleep, anthropometric measurement and nutrient intakes their correlations of college students. General characteristics, stress scores using a stress test, sleep scores using a sleep test, anthropometric measurement, body composition using Inbody 3.0 and nutrient intakes using 3-day recalls were measured in 353 subjects (183 males and 170 females). Mean total stress score of the male students was 68.2${\pm}$45.0 and that of the female students was 86.5${\pm}$48.7. Stress for study, future, economic and value-related factors were higher than other factors in both male and female students. Female students were more stressed than male in friend, family, study, future and value-related factors. Mean sleeping time and sleep scores of the male students were 7.0 hrs and 40.6${\pm}$5.7, respectively and that of the female students were 7.1 hrs and 41.5${\pm}$5.3, respectively. Mean height, weight, percent body fat (PBF) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) of the male students were 174.8 cm, 73.3 kg, 19.0% and 0.84, respectively. Mean height, weight, PBF, and WHR of the female students were 161.7 cm, 55.3 kg, 28.7% and 0.81, respectively. Mean energy and protein intakes of the male students were 2026.3 kcal (77.9% EER) and 83.0 g (150.9% RI) and those of the female students were 1538.2 kcal (73.2% EER) and 60.7 g (134.9% RI), respectively. In male students, sleep duration, professor and future problem showed significantly negative correlation (p<0.05). For both male and female students, in correlations between sleep scores, life stress experience frequency and importance, the total scores showed significantly negative correlation (p<0.01). Sleep scores (sleep quality) have more significant correlation than sleep duration in life stress. In male students, correlations between economic problem and weight, waist circumference and hip circumference showed significantly negative correlation. In female students, correlations between different gender problem and body mass index (p<0.05), PBF (p<0.01), WHR (p<0.01) and obesity degree (p<0.05) showed significantly negative correlation while correlation between study problem and PBF (p<0.05), WHR (p<0.05) showed significantly positive correlation. In male students, there were significantly positive correlations between life stress experience frequency and carbohydrate calcium, iron, vitamin A; correlation between importance and calcium, iron as well as correlation between total life stress scores and iron (p<0.05). In female students, correlation between life stress experience frequency and thiamin along with correlation between importance and thiamin showed significant negative correlation (p<0.05). College students need to practice good life habits for the purpose of correctly managing life stress.

Homocysteine, insulin, vitamin B12 and folic acid levels in obese children (비만아에서 혈청 호모시스테인, 인슐린, 비타민 B12, 엽산 농도에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Jee Yoon;Hong, Young Mi
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
    • /
    • v.49 no.5
    • /
    • pp.475-481
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose : As the prevalence of childhood obesity is increasing, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus have become problems. High homocysteine levels and low vitamin $B_{12}$ supplementation are acknowledged to have a role in coronary artery disease, but there are few studies on homocysteine, insulin and vitamin $B_{12}$ levels in obese children. We aimed to study whether homocysteine, insulin, vitamin $B_{12}$, folic acid levels could have any difference and relation in obese children. Methods : The disease group consisted of 27 children from 8 to 11 years old, whose obesity index was over 130. The control group consisted of 30 healthy children of the same age group. Obesity index and body mass index were calculated by height and body weight of the children, and their systolic and diastolic blood pressures at resting state were checked. Total cholesterol, triglyceride, homocysteine, insulin, vitamin $B_{12}$, folic acid levels were studied after 10 hours of fasting. Intracellular fluid, extracellular fluid, protein, mineral, muscle mass, lean body fat, fat mass and fat percentages were checked by bioelectrical impedance. Results : Homocysteine levels were higher in obese children($8.1{\pm}2.1{\mu}mol/mL$ vs. $4.9{\pm}1.0{\mu}mol/mL$). Insulin levels were also higher in obese children($26.8{\pm}11.2{\mu}IU/mL$ vs. $12.5{\pm}5.24{\mu}IUl/mL$). Vitamin $B_{12}$ was lower in obese children($798.6{\pm}174.3pg/mL$ vs. $967.8{\pm}405.0pg/mL$). But there was not a difference in the folic acid levels between the two groups. In obese children, systolic blood pressure (r=0.535), triglyceride(r=0.517), total cholesterol(r=0.408), folic acid(r=0.408), vitamin $B_{12}$(r=0.338) and abdomoanl fat %(r=0.306) had a positive correlation. Conclusion : We found definite differences of insulin, homocysteine, and vitamin $B_{12}$ plasma levels in obese children, but we need more study to use those parameters as risk factors of metabolic syndrome in pediatric obese patients.

Pulmonary Function Test and Body Composition Analysis in Obese Children (비만 소아에서 폐기능 검사와 체성분 분석에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Jee Seon;Park, Ji Hye;Kim, Ji Young;Kim, Su Jung;Hong, Young Mi
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
    • /
    • v.48 no.6
    • /
    • pp.588-593
    • /
    • 2005
  • Purpose : Obesity is associated with disturbances of ventilatory functions in adults. But few studies have evaluated the pulmonary complications of obesity in the pediatric population. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effects of obesity on pulmonary function and body composition in obese children. Methods : Forty seven obese children whose ages ranged from nine to twelve years were evaluated for their body composition(intracellular fluid, extracellular fluid, protein mass, mineral mass, soft lean mass, fat mass, percent body fat, fat distribution) by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Hemoglobin, serum glucose, aspartate aminotransferase(AST), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), total cholesterol and triglycerides were measured. Pulmonary function test was performed by spirometer. Results : Intracellular fluid, protein mass, fat mass, percent body fat and fat distribution were significantly higher in severely obese children with an obesity index of more than 150 percent compared with those with an index of less than 150 percent. Peak expiratory flow rate(PEFR) was significantly lower in severely obese children with obesity index of more than 150 percent compared with those with less than 150 percent($241.7{\pm}14.6L/sec$ vs $276.8{\pm}64.3L/sec$). PEFR, forced expiratory flow 25 percent($FEF_{25}$), mid expiratory flow rate(MEFR), forced expiratory flow 50 percent($FEF_{50}$), forced expiratory volume in 1st second($FEV_1$) and forced vital capacity(FVC) were decreased in 37.0 percent, 14.8 percent, 14.8 percent, 11.1 percent, 3.7 percent and 3.7 percent of obese children, respectively. Conclusion : PEFR was significantly decreased in obese children. Pulmonary function test must be performed in severely obese children and more extended study is needed in other age groups.

The Relationship of $VO_2$Max/Min in Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test and Fat Distribution (운동부하심폐기능검사상의 분당최대산소섭취량과 체내 지방분포와의 상관관계)

  • Choi, Jae-Chol;Jee, Hyun-Suk;Park, Young-Bum;Park, Sung-Jin;Yoo, Jee-Hoon;Kim, Jae-Yeol;Park, In-Won;Choi, Byoung-Whui;Hue, Sung-Ho
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
    • /
    • v.49 no.4
    • /
    • pp.495-501
    • /
    • 2000
  • Background : Cardiopulmonary exercise test is a useful test for the evaluation of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Obese subjects have an increased resting metabolic rate ($VO_2$) compared to non~obese subjects and the increase is more marked during dynamic exercise, which results in the limitation of maximal exercise in obese subjects. In this study, the influence of the obesity and fat distribution on the maximal exercise capacity were evaluated. Methods : Maximal exercise capacity was represented by maximam maximum oxygen uptake and $VO_2$ max in the cardiopulmonary test. Obesity, total fat content and abdomina1 obesity(waist to hip ratio, WHR) were measured by bioelectrical impedence method. Total of 42 volunteers (male 22, fema1e 20) were evaluated. Results : 1) Weight to height ratio (mean$\pm$SD) was 110$\pm$14.9% in men and 100$\pm$11.1% in women. 2) Fat ratio (mean$\pm$SD) was 23.3$\pm$5.2% in men and 27.55$\pm$3.9% in woman. 3) Waist to hip ratio (mean$\pm$SD) was 0.85$\pm$0.04 in men and 0.8$\pm$0.03 in woman. 4) In men, $VO_2$ max/min/Kg was negatively correlated with obesity, fat ratio, and abdominal fat distribution. 5) In woman, $VO_2$ max/Kg was negatively correlated with obesity and fat ratio, but did not show significant relationship with abdominal fat distribution. Conclusion : Obesity was a limiting factor for maximal exercise in both men and women. Abdominal obesity was a limiting factor for maximal exercise in men but its implication to women needs further evaluation.

  • PDF

Effect of Complex-exercise on Diabetes Outbreak Prediction Rate, Body Composition and Vascular Compliance in Obese smokers (비만흡연자의 복합운동이 당뇨발생예측률 및 신체조성, 혈관탄성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Seung-Suk
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.12 no.10
    • /
    • pp.587-595
    • /
    • 2014
  • This research aimed at analyzing the influence of complex-exercise on diabetes outbreak prediction rate, body composition and vascular compliance in obese smokers and suggesting effective exercise program for obese smokers' healthy life. The research object was composed of the 20 employees, obese smokers in their age of 40s, of T company, which is the subcontractor of H company in D Metropolitan City, who learned the purpose of this research enough and wrote the consent form of voluntary participation, who have no medical history and currently no special disease, as well as no experience in regular exercise. The researcher conducted an inspection on diabetes outbreak prediction rate and body composition, vascular compliance, also, implemented descriptive statistics to calculate the average and standard deviation before the test and after implementing 12 weeks' complex-exercise program, and verification on the difference between before after the test was analyzed by using Paired t-test. With statistical significance level p<.05, the research results are as follows. after participating in 12 weeks' complex-exercise program, diabetes outbreak prediction rate, weight, body fat percentage, skeletal muscle mass, abdominal fat rate and vascular compliance showed statistically meaningful level of change in upper extremities(right hand, left hand), nether extremities(right foot, left foot) p.<05.

The effects of a 24 Weeks of combined exercise programs have on physical configuration, blood components and physical strength for normal and geriatric diseased senior citizens residing in the country side (중소도시 노인들의 24주간 복합운동 프로그램이 성인병 질환자 및 정상인의 신체구성, 혈액성분, 체력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-Jin
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.431-439
    • /
    • 2013
  • This thesis is to research the before and after changes of physical configurations, blood components and physical strength for normal and geriatric diseased senior citizens at the end of 24 week of combined exercises constructed of aerobic and muscular strength training to create most suitable and effective complex exercise program for geriatric diseased patients. For this experiment 20 normal and 20 geriatric diseased patients in the age of 65 residing in "K" city were selected to carry out the 24 weeks of combined exercises in regularly. The result of the research showed that geriatric patients increased significantly in everything, but normal group showed significant change in only WHR. There was a slight improvement in the blood components for the average participants but it only differed slightly from the diseased participants so there were no major changes reflecting the outcomes from both before and after. After concluding the program both groups displayed positive improvements in stamina but no significant alterations in physical strength., agility, muscle endurance and balance. The positive factors for each groups could be that the norms were able to maintain their health and enhancement in stamina and diseased were able to prevent their condition from worsening. Additionally, over 50 percent of all senior citizens have one or more geriatric diseases but the participation of any physical activity is in the decrease. Henceforth, this is a field that still needs a lot of work and combined exercise programs should be created and followed through so it may enhance in the improvement of health and quality of life as well.