• Title, Summary, Keyword: 비선형 거동

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차분법에 의한 복합 박판에서의 비선형 응력 해석

  • 현혜정;김치경
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Industrial Safety Conference
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    • pp.429-434
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    • 2000
  • 본 연구에서는 등분포하중을 받는 laminated 박판의 거동해석을 제시하였다. 접착한 두 박판의 비선형 지배방정식을 Von Karman 식을 이용하여 유도하고 박판의 거동을 차분법을 이용하여 수치해석 한다. Interlayer에서의 전단변형을 고려하여 지배방정식에 포함시켜 하중 증분법(load incremental method)으로 기하학 비선형 해석을 수행한다. 하중 증분법에 따른 반복법을 도입하여 비선형 방정식을 해석했다. 해석방법의 타당성을 입증하기 위하여 해석결과들을 기존의 문헌의 결과와 비교, 검토함으로써 본 논문에서 제시한 이론 및 해석방법의 타당성을 입증한다. 차분법의 하중 증분법 알고리즘을 개발하여 예제문제에 대한 수치해석 결과들을 논하였다.(중략)

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Finite element analysis of the PZT 3203HD bimorph beam actuator based on material non-linear characteristics (박막형 압전재료 3203HD의 재료 비선형성을 고려한 바이모프 보 작동기의 비선형 유한 요소해석)

  • Jang, Sung-Hoon;Kim, Young-Sung;Lee, Sang-Ki;Park, Hoon-Cheol;Yoon, Kwang-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.18-23
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, material non-linear behavior of PZT wafer(3203HD, CTS) under high electric field and stress is experimentally investigated and the non-linearity of the PZT wafer is numerically simulated. Empirical functions that can represent the non-linear behavior of the PZT wafer have been extracted based on the measured piezo-strain under stress. The functions are implemented in an incremental finite element formulation for material non-linear analysis. New definition of the piezoelectric constant and the incremental strain are incorporated into the finite element formulation for a better reproduction of the non-linear behavior. With the new definition of the in incremental piero-strain the measured non-linear behavior of the PZT wafer has been accurately reproduced even for high electric field. For validation of the measured non-linear characteristics and the proposed approach, a PZT bimorph beam actuator has been numerically and experimentally tested. The predicted actuation displacement, based on the material nonlinear finite element analysis, showed a good agreement with the measured one.

Elastic Horizontal Response of a Structure to Bedrock Earthquake Considering the Nonlinearity of the Soil Layer (지반의 비선형성을 고려한 암반지진에 의한 구조물의 수평방향 탄성거동)

  • Kim, Yong-Seok
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2002
  • Site soil condition affects significantly on the seismic response of a structure and is a critical factor for the performance based seismic design of a structure. In this paper, the effects of nonlinear soil properties on the elastic response spectra of a structure including the nonlinearity of a soil due to the earthquake excitation is investigated using one step finite element approach for the entire soil structure system and approximate linear iterative procedure to simulate the nonlinear soil behavior with the Ramberg-Osgood soil model. Studies were carried out for a linear SDOF system of a variable period with and without a pile group for the 1940 CI Centro earthquake recorded on ground rather than rock. The study results showed clearly that the effect of the nonlinear behavior of soft soil is very important on the elastic seismic response of a structure suggesting the necessity of the performance based seismic design.

Nonlinear Analysis of Adhesive Tubular Joints with Composite Adherends subject to Torsion (비틀림 하중을 받는 복합재료 튜브형 접합부의 비선형 해석)

  • Oh Je-Hoon
    • Composites Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2006
  • Since composite materials have anisotropic properties that depend on their stacking angle and sequence, the analysis of joints with isotropic adherends is limited in describing the behavior of the adhesive Joint with composite adherends. In this study, the nonlinear solution for adhesive joints with composite adherends was derived by incorporating the nonlinear behavior of the adhesive into the analysis. The behavior of the laminated composite tube was first analyzed, and the stress distributions of the composite tubular adhesive joint were calculated by including the nonlinear properties of the adhesive. The effect of the stacking sequence of composite adherends and bonding length on torque capacities of joints was examined, and results of the nonlinear analysis were also compared with those of the linear analysis.

Non-linear Time History Analysis of Piloti-Type High-rise RC Buildings (필로티형 고층 RC건물의 비선형시간이력해석)

  • Ko, Dong-Woo;Lee, Han-Seon
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2009
  • Two types of piloti-type high-rise RC building structures having irregularity in the lower two stories were selected as prototypes, and nonlinear time history analysis was performed using OpenSees to verify the analysis technique and to investigate the seismic capacity of those buildings. One of the buildings studied had a symmetrical moment-resisting frame (BF), while the other had an infilled shear wall in only one of the exterior frames (ESW). A fiber model, consisting of concrete and reinforcing bar represented from the stress-strain relationship, was adapted and used to simulate the nonlinearity of members, and MVLEM (Multi Vertical Linear Element Model) was used to simulate the behavior of the wall. The analytical results simulate the behavior of piloti-type high-rise RC building structures well, including the stiffness and yield force of piloti stories, the rocking behavior of the upper structure and the variation of the axial stiffness of the column due to variation in loading condition. However, MVLEM has a limitation in simulating the abrupt increasing lateral stiffness of a wall, due to the torsional mode behavior of the building. The design force obtained from a nonlinear time history analysis was shown to be about $20{\sim}30%$ smaller than that obtained in the experiment. For this reason, further research is required to match the analytical results with real structures, in order to use nonlinear time history analysis in designing a piloti-type high-rise RC building.

Analysis for Nonlinear Behavior of Concrete Panel Considering Steel Bar Buckling (철근 좌굴을 고려한 콘크리트 패널의 비선형 거동에 대한 해석)

  • Lee, Sang-Sup;Park, Keum-Sung;Bae, Kyu-Woong
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.130-137
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    • 2018
  • Many constitutive models for concrete have been developed to predict the nonlinear behavior of concrete members considerably. The constitutive model for reinforcing bar that include the tension stiffening effect due to the bond characteristics between steel bars and concrete is being studied but the bilinear model is generally used. It was found that the buckling of the longitudinal reinforcing bars is controlled the nonlinear behavior of hybrid precast concrete panel, which is being developed for core wall. In this study, the constitutive models that can consider the embedding and buckling effects of reinforcing bar are investigated and a new model combing these constitutive models is proposed. In order to verify the proposed model, the analysis results are compared with experimental results of the concrete wall and hybrid precast concrete panel. The analysis of embedding-effect-only modeling predicted that the deformation increases continually without the decrease in the load carrying capacity. However, the analysis results of proposed model showed good agreement with some experimental results, thus verifying the proposed computational model.

Non linear properties of multilayer piezoelectric actuator under compressive stress in static electric fields (기계적인 부하 인가하에서 적층형 압전 액츄에이터의 비선형 특성)

  • Ha, Mun-Su;Jeong, Soon-Jong;Ko, Jung-Hyuk;Lee, Dae-Su;Song, Jae-Sung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.684-687
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    • 2004
  • 일반적으로 적층형 압전 액츄에이터의 변위는 액츄에이터의 내부 적층수와 압전정수($d_{33}$)에 비례적으로 증가한다. 그러나 압전현상을 이용한 액츄에이터는 전기적, 기계적 부하에 의한 dipole 거동을 보이기 때문에 domain wall에 의한 압전정수의 비선형 거동을 보인다. 본 논문에서는 PMN-PZ-PT 세라믹스를 이용하여 $2{\times}3{\times}10$ (mm)의 적층형 세라믹 액츄에이터를 제조 후 1kV/mm의 일정한 전계를 인가하고 $0\sim990N$의 기계적 부하 인가하에서 적층형 세라믹 액츄에이터의 비선형 특성을 조사하였다. 압전 액츄에이터의 비선형 거동은 기계적 응력에 의한 유전 및 전왜 특성에 영향주고, 액츄에이터의 변위 특성은 유전 및 전왜 특성의 영향에 크게 의존한다.

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Parametric effects on geometrical nonlinear dynamic behaviors of laminated composite skew plates (적층된 복합소재 경사판의 기하학적 비선형 동적 거동에 미치는 매개변수 영향)

  • Lee, Sang-Youl
    • Composites Research
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.217-223
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    • 2012
  • This study investigates a geometrical nonlinear dynamic behaviors of laminated skew plates made of advanced composite materials (ACM). Based on the first-order shear deformation plate theory (FSDT), the Newmark method and Newton-Raphson iteration are used for the nonlinear dynamic solution. The effects of cutout sizes, skew angles and lay up sequences on the nonlinear dynamic response for various parameters are studied using a nonlinear dynamic finite element program developed for this study. The several numerical results were in good agreement with those reported by other investigators for square composite plates with or without central cutouts, and the new results reported in this paper show the significant interactions between the cutout, skew angles and layup sequence in the laminate. Key observation points are discussed and a brief design guideline of skew laminates is given.

Analysis of Nonlinear Behavior in Love Model with External Force (외력을 가진 사랑 모델에서 비선형 거동 해석)

  • Huang, Lyni-Un;Bae, Young-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.845-850
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    • 2015
  • Love which is one of the emotional of mankind, has been studied in sociology and psychology as a matter of great concern. Through such a research, the researchers have provided the basic mathematical model for love model, we cannot find nonlinear characteristics through the basic love model. Therefore, in this paper, in order to find nonlinear behaviors in the basic love model, we apply external force to the basic love model. Then we confirm the existence of nonlinear behaviors through time series and phase portrait. We also confirm that this nonlinear behaviors have the periodic doubling, chaotic phenomena and periodic process which are very similar to typical chaotic occurrence phenomena.

Earthquake Resistant Design of a Steel Framed Structure in Low Seismic Regions Based on the Dynamic Behaviour (동적거동에 기초한 약진지역 철골뼈대구조물의 내진설계)

  • 국승규
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2001
  • 구조물 내진설계의 개념은 기존요구조건이라는 조항으로 시방서에 규정되어 있으며 구조물이 지진발생시에 안전성과 경제성을 최대한 확보할 수 있으며 비선형시간 이력해석을 수행하여 자진시의 동적거동을 기술함으로써 확인할 수 있다. 내진설계에 보편적으로 적용하는 응답스펙트럼해석법은 선형해석법으로 구조물의 비선형동적거동의 영향을 거동계수로 반영하므로 파괴메카니즘 및 기본 요구조건의 만족여부를 거동계수를 구하는 과정으로 결정할 수 있다. 이 연구에서는 내진설계방식에 의해 설계된 약진지역에 의한 화학공장건물의 모델인 3차원 철골뼈대구조물을 선정하고 거동계수를 결정하는 과정을 수행하여 지진시의 동적거동을 확인하였다. 이 연구의 결과, 현 시방서의 응답스펙트럼해석법에 적용되는 거동계수는 강진지역의 구조물의 경우 기능성 및 안정성 한계를 제시하지만 약진지역 구조물의 경우는 실제 동적거동과 무관하다는것과 약진 지역에 위치한 구조물의 내진설계에는 시방서가 제시한 내진설계방식을 적용하는 것이 주요한 사항임을 확인하였다.

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