• Title, Summary, Keyword: 비선형 동적해석

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A Parallel Axial-Flexural Hinge Model for Nonlinear Dynamic Progressive Collapse Analysis of Welded Steel Moment Frames (용접 철골모멘트골조의 비선형 동적 연쇄붕괴해석을 위한 병렬 소성힌지 모델의 개발)

  • Lee, Cheol Ho;Kim, Seon Woong;Lee, Kyung Koo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.155-164
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    • 2009
  • In this study, a computationally efficient parallel axial-flexural plastic hinge model is proposed for nonlinear dynamic progressive collapse analysis of welded steel moment frames. To this end, post-yield flexural behavior and the interaction of bending moment and axial force of the double-span beams in the column's missing event was first investigated by using material and geometric nonlinear parametric finite element analysis. A piece-wise linear parallel point hinge model that captures the moment-axial tension interaction was then proposed and applied to nonlinear dynamic progressive collapse analysis of welded steel moment frames with the use of the OpenSees Program. The accuracy as well as the efficiency of the proposed model was verified based on the inelastic dynamic finite element analysis results. The importance of including the catenary action effects for proper progressive collapse resistant analysis and design was also emphasized.

Structural Parameters and Modeling Technique for Prediction of Dynamic Response of a One-story Building with a Flexible Diaphragm (유연한 지붕을 갖는 단층 건물의 동적응답 예측을 위한 해석모델링 방법과 구조변수의 설정)

  • ;Donald W. White
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.271-280
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of the study presented in this paper is to develope the general model for capture of the linear and nonlinear response of a flexible diaphragm building in which there are significant contributions from the out-of-plane walls. Two single-story single-diaphragm half scale reinforced masonry buildings were tested by researchers at the United States Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL). The first had a metal deck diaphragm. The second specimen had a diaphragm with a single layer of diagonal lumber sheathing, A multiple degree of freedom (MDOF) approach is adopted in this paper. The required stiffnesses and strengths of the components within this model are determined.

A Study on the Prediction of the Response of Stochastic Dynamic System (확률적 동적계의 응답 예측에 관한 연구)

  • 남성현;김호룡
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 1994
  • 본 연구에서는 계의 변수들이 불확실성을 갖고 비정상확률입력을 받는 비선형 동적계를 포함한 일반적인 확률적 선형/비선형 동적계의 해석을 수행하기 위하여 동적계의 확률적 모델과 새로운 확률과정근사법을 이용한 확률해석을 제시하고, 그 타당성을 Monte Carlo 시뮬레이션으로 검증하고자 한다.

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A New Hybrid Method for Nonlinear Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis (비선형 지반-구조물 상호작용해석을 위한 새로운 복합법)

  • 김재민;최준성;이종세
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents a novel hybrid time-frequency-domain method for nonlinear soil-structure interaction(SSI) analysis. It employs, in a practical manner, a computer code for equivalent linear SSI analysis and a general-purpose nonlinear finite element program. The proposed method first (calculates dynamic responses on a truncated finite element boundary utilizing an equivalent linear SSI program in the frequency domain. Then, a general purpose nonlinear finite element program is employed to analyze the nonlinear SSI problem in the time domain, in which boundary conditions at the truncated boundary are imposed with the responses calculated in the previous frequency domain SSI analysis, In order to validate the proposed method, seismic response analyses are carried out for a 2-D underground subway station in a multi-layered half-space, For the analyses, a equivalent linear SSI code KIESSI-2D is coupled to ANSYS program. The numerical results indicate that the proposed methodology can be a viable solution for nonlinear SSI problems.

Comparison of Approximate Nonlinear Methods for Incremental Dynamic Analysis of Seismic Performance (내진성능의 증분동적해석을 위한 비선형 약산법의 비교 검토)

  • Bae, Kyeong-Geun;Yu, Myeong-Hwa;Kang, Pyeong-Doo;Kim, Jae-Ung
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2008
  • Seismic performance evaluation of structure requires an estimation of the structural performance in terms of displacement demand imposed by earthquakes on the structure. Incremental Dynamic Analysis(IDA) is a analysis method that has recently emerged to estimate structural performance under earthquakes. This method can obtained the entire range of structural performance from the linear elastic stage to yielding and finally collapse by subjecting the structure to increasing levels of ground acceleration. Most structures are expected to deform beyond the limit of linearly elastic behavior when subjected to strong ground motion. The nonlinear response history analysis(NRHA) among various nonlinear analysis methods is the most accurate to compute seismic performance of structures, but it is time-consuming and necessitate more efforts. The nonlinear approximate methods, which is more practical and reliable tools for predicting seismic behavior of structures, are extensively studied. The uncoupled modal response history analysis(UMRHA) is a method which can find the nonlinear reponse of the structures for ESDF from the pushover curve using NRHA or response spectrum. The direct spectrum analysis(DSA) is approximate nonlinear method to evaluate nonlinear response of structures, without iterative computations, given by the structural linear vibration period and yield strength from the pushover analysis. In this study, the practicality and the reliability of seismic performance of approximate nonlinear methods for incremental dynamic analysis of mixed building structures are to be compared.

Dynamic Analysis of Geometric Nonlinear Behavior of Suspension Bridges under Random Wind Loads (랜덤풍하중에 대한 현수교의 기하학적 비선형 거동의 동적해석)

  • Yun, Chung Bang;Hyun, Chang Hun;Yoo, Je Nam
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.185-196
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    • 1988
  • In this study, a method of nonlinear dynamic analysis of suspension bridges subjected to random wind loads is pre.sented. The nonlinearity considered is the one due to the interaction between the motion of the bridge girder and the tertsion variation of the main cables. The equation of motion is formulated using a continuum approach. The coupling between the vertical and torsional motions are included in the analysis. The equation of motion is solved by using the mode superposition method. The analysis is carried out in the frequency domain utilizing the stochastic linearization technique on to the modal equations. In the linearization procedure, the nonlinear terms are approximated as linear ones with constant terms. The verification of the method has been performed on a case with four modal degrees of freedom. Example analyses are carried out on two suspension bridges for various wind speeds and wind force parameters. Numerical results indicate that, by including the nonlinearity into the analysis, the dynamic responses of the bridges, particularly in the vertical direction, change considerably.

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Modified Earthquake resistant design for a concrete bridge in the Low to moderated seismic Region (중약진지역에 위치한 콘크리트교량의 수정내진 설계)

  • 국승규
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2000
  • 구조물에 내진설계를 적용하는 목적은 지진에 노출되는 구조물에 안전성과 경제성을 고려한 파괴메카니즘을 부여하는 것이다. 내진설계에 보편적으로 적용하고 있는 응답스펙트럼해석법은 선형해석법으로 구조물의 비선형 동적거동에 의한 영향은 특정 계수로 반영한다. 그러나 기존의 내진설계시방서들이 강진지역에 있는 나라들에 의해 제정 및 개정되어 왔기 때문에 응답스펙트럼 해석법 뿐만 아니라 기타의 적용규정이 강진지역에 위치한 구조물의 상황만을 고려하여 제시되었다. 따라서 중약진지역에 위치한 구조물의 내진설계에 대한 별도의 연구가 요구되고 있다. 이 연구에서는 중약진지역에 위치한 콘크리트 교량을 선정하여 비선형 동적거동을 반영하는 계수를 결정하고 응답스펙트럼 해석법을 적용하였다. 연구 결과 바탕으로 중약진지역의 교량에 대해 내진설계의 목적을 만족하는 개선된 내진설계 절차를 제시하였다.

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A Study of Shape Finding of Equally Stressed Surface for Membrane Structures by Dynamic Relaxation Method (동적이완법에 의한 막구조의 등장력곡면 형태해석에 관한 연구)

  • 한상을;이경수
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.321-330
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    • 1998
  • 막구조의 초기형상을 결정하기 위하여 막요소의 기하학적 비선형을 고려한 평형방정식을 유도하고, 등장력곡면(equally stressed surface)을 결정하기 위한 알고리즘을 정식화한다. 막구조는 대변형에 의한 기하학적 비선형성을 포함하고, 막구조의 특성상 초기장력에 의한 초기변형을 고려해야 하므로, 본 논문에서는 막구조와 같은 인장구조물의 비선형 수치해석을 수행하기 위한 해석기법으로써, 동적이완법(Dynamic Relaxation Method)에 대한 해석알고리즘을 적용하고, 이 방법에 의해 수행한 해석결과를 검토함으로써 막구조 해석에 적용 가능한 수치해석기법을 제시하고, 수치해석에 대한 예를 통해 본 해석법의 타당성을 검증한다.

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A Geometrically Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Shallow Circular Arches Using Total Lagrangian Formulation (Total Lagrangian 문제형성에 의한 낮은 원호아치의 동적 비선형거동 해석)

  • Kim, Yun Tae;Kim, Moon Kyum;Hwang, Hak Joo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 1990
  • For shallow circular arches with large dynamic loading, use of linear analysis is no longer considered as practical and accurate. In this study, a method is presented for the dynamic analysis of the shallow circular arches in which geometric nonlinearity is dominant. A program is developed for analysis of the nonlinear dynamic behavior and for evaluation of the critical buckling loads of the shallow circular arches. Geometric nonlinearity is modeled using Lagrangian description of the motion and finite element analysis procedure is used to solve the dynamic equations of motion in which Newmark method is adopted as a time marching scheme. A shallow circular arch subject to radial step load is analyzed and the results are compared with those from other researches to verify the developed program. The critical buckling loads of shallow arches are evaluated using the non-dimensional parameter. Also, the results are compared with those from linear analysis.

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A Study on Seismic Behavior of Space Frame Bridge Using Three-Dimensional Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis (3차원 비선형 동적해석을 이용한 입체라멘교의 지진거동특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김익현
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2002
  • The characteristics of nonlinear seismic behavior and failure mechanism of RC space frame in railroad viaducts have been studied by the numerical analysis in time domain. The structure concerned is modeled in 3 dimensional extent and the RC frame elements consisting of fibers are employed for the columns. The fibers are characterized as RC zone and PC one to distinguish the different energy release after cracking resulted from the bond characteristic between concrete and re-bar. Due to the deviation of the mass center and the stiffness center of the entire structure the complex behavior is shown under seismic actions. The excessive shear force is concentrated on the column beside flexible one relatively, which leads to the failure of bridge concerned.