• Title, Summary, Keyword: 비선형 해석

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Geometrically Non-linear Model in Flexibility Method (유연도법에서의 기하학적 비선형 모델)

  • Kwon, Min-Ho;Kim, Jin-Sup
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.63-66
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    • 2011
  • 유연도법 기반의 공식화에서는 변위영역의 형상함수를 라그랑지언(Lagrangian)보간법에 의한 곡률로부터 횡방향 변위를 유도한다. 곡률변위보간법으로 유도한 매트릭스를 사용한 기하학적 비선형 해석방법과 강성도법을 기반으로 한 비선형 기존의 유한요소 해석 프로그램의 결과를 비교하여 적용이 가능함을 확인하였고, Spacone의 이론을 확장시켜 기하학적 비선형 거동을 예측할 수 있는 유연도법의 알고리즘을 제안하였다. 예제를 통하여 실제 문제에 대한 기하학적 비선형 해석을 수행하였다.

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Large Deformation and Inelastic Analysis of API X80 Steel (API X80 강의 대변형 비선형 해석)

  • Lee, Seung-Jung;Yoon, Young-Cheol;Zi, Goang-Seup;Cho, Woo-Yeon;Yu, Seong-Mun
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.375-378
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    • 2009
  • 본 논문에서는 API X80 강의 대변형 비선형 거동을 모사하기 위해 비선형 유한요소해석을 수행하였다. 고강도 강재의 거동을 모사하기 위해 GTN(Gurson-Tvergaad-Needleman) 모델을 사용하였으며, 비선형 해석을 위해 범용 유한요소해석 프로그램인 ABAQUS와 User Subroutine의 사용자 재료모델(UMAT)을 연계하여 사용하였다. 해석결과와 인장실험의 결과와의 비교를 통해 GTN 모델에서 사용되는 재료모델 상수를 도출하였고, 도출된 값들은 개발된 사용자 재료모델과 함께 API X80 강의 각종 실험을 모사하고 대변형 상황의 강재 파이프의 거동을 분석하는데 유용하게 사용될 수 있다.

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A New Hybrid Method for Nonlinear Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis (비선형 지반-구조물 상호작용해석을 위한 새로운 복합법)

  • 김재민;최준성;이종세
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents a novel hybrid time-frequency-domain method for nonlinear soil-structure interaction(SSI) analysis. It employs, in a practical manner, a computer code for equivalent linear SSI analysis and a general-purpose nonlinear finite element program. The proposed method first (calculates dynamic responses on a truncated finite element boundary utilizing an equivalent linear SSI program in the frequency domain. Then, a general purpose nonlinear finite element program is employed to analyze the nonlinear SSI problem in the time domain, in which boundary conditions at the truncated boundary are imposed with the responses calculated in the previous frequency domain SSI analysis, In order to validate the proposed method, seismic response analyses are carried out for a 2-D underground subway station in a multi-layered half-space, For the analyses, a equivalent linear SSI code KIESSI-2D is coupled to ANSYS program. The numerical results indicate that the proposed methodology can be a viable solution for nonlinear SSI problems.

Case Study on Influential Factors of Nonlinear Response History Analysis - Focused on 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake - (비선형 응답이력해석의 영향인자에 대한 사례연구 - 1989 Loma Prieta 지진 계측기록을 중심으로 -)

  • Liu, Qihang;Lee, Jin-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.33 no.12
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    • pp.45-58
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    • 2017
  • As many seismic codes for various facilities are changed into a performance based design code, demand for a reliable nonlinear response-history analysis (RHA) arises. However, the equivalent linear analysis has been used as a standard approach since 1970 in the field of site response analysis. So, the reliability of nonlinear RHA should be provided to be adopted in replace of equivalent linear analysis. In this paper, the reliability of nonlinear RHA is reviewed for a layered soil layer using Loma Prieta earthquake records in 1989. For this purpose, the appropriate way for selecting nonlinear soil models and the effect of base boundary condition for 3D analysis are evaluated. As a result, there is no significant differences between equivalent linear and nonlinear RHA. In case of 3D analysis, absorbing boundary condition should be applied at base to prevent rocking motion of the whole model.

Chaotic Response and Stability Analysis for Multi-input Nonlinear Systems (다주파수 입력을 갖는 비선형 시스템의 안정성 및 Chaos 해석)

  • 김영배
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.123-131
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    • 1995
  • 다주파수 입력을 갖는 강한 비선형 시스템의 유사주기 (quasi-periodic) 해를 해석하기 위하여 개선된 고정 점법(FPA:Fixed Point Alogrithm)을 개발하였다. 안정성 및 천이 특성을 판별하기 위하여 사용되어지는 Floquest 지수인 해석적 자코비언을 구하기 위하여 Poincare 맵상에서 이산 적분법을 새로이 고안, 사용하였다. 본 방법의 우수성을 입증하기 위하여 2개의 주파수 입력을 갖는 선형 시스템과 비선형 시스템을 예로 사용하였다. 본 방법을 이용하여 비선형 시스템에서 발생한 복잡한 chaos 현상을 체계적으로 해석하였다.

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Linear Analysis and Non-linear Analysis with Co-Rotational Formulation for a Cantilevered Beam under Static/Dynamic Tip Loads (정적 및 동적 하중을 받는 외팔보 거동에 관한 선형 및 CR 정식화 비선형 예측의 비교)

  • Ko, Jeong-Woo;Bin, Young-Bin;Eun, Won-Jong;Shin, Sang-Joon
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.467-475
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, the behaviour of a cantilevered beam was predicted to examine the difference between linear and non-linear static, dynamic analysis for a structure by using CR nonlinear formulation. Then, external transverse static and dynamic loads were applied at the free tip of the beam. Classical theories were used for the present linear analysis and co-rotational dynamic FEM program was used for the present nonlinear analysis. In the static analysis, effects of the load for the beam deflection were observed in both linear and nonlinear analysis. Then, normalized displacement at the tip of the beam was predicted for different frequency ratio and a significant difference was obtained in the vicinity of the resonant frequency. In addition, effects of frequency and time for the beam deflection were investigated to find the frequency delay.

Buckling analyses of flat plates through two-element plate concept by using finite element method (유한요소법을 이용한 분할판 개념하의 평판 좌굴해석)

  • 민철기;손원기;주재현;류시융
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.79-89
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    • 1995
  • Two-element plate concept is incorporated into the buckling problem in order to simplify the nonlinear distribution of stress through the thickness of plate. Finite element formulations and programs based upon the Reissner functional and the modified Reissner functional using two-element plate concept are developed for buckling analysis of plates under axial compression. The two programs have been applied to obtain the linear elastic buckling behavior of axially compressed flat plates. Excellent agreement of linear elastic-solution results with exact or approximate solutions of other authors for the same boundary conditions proves the validity of the finite element method using two-element plate theory.

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Comparison of Approximate Nonlinear Methods for Incremental Dynamic Analysis of Seismic Performance (내진성능의 증분동적해석을 위한 비선형 약산법의 비교 검토)

  • Bae, Kyeong-Geun;Yu, Myeong-Hwa;Kang, Pyeong-Doo;Kim, Jae-Ung
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2008
  • Seismic performance evaluation of structure requires an estimation of the structural performance in terms of displacement demand imposed by earthquakes on the structure. Incremental Dynamic Analysis(IDA) is a analysis method that has recently emerged to estimate structural performance under earthquakes. This method can obtained the entire range of structural performance from the linear elastic stage to yielding and finally collapse by subjecting the structure to increasing levels of ground acceleration. Most structures are expected to deform beyond the limit of linearly elastic behavior when subjected to strong ground motion. The nonlinear response history analysis(NRHA) among various nonlinear analysis methods is the most accurate to compute seismic performance of structures, but it is time-consuming and necessitate more efforts. The nonlinear approximate methods, which is more practical and reliable tools for predicting seismic behavior of structures, are extensively studied. The uncoupled modal response history analysis(UMRHA) is a method which can find the nonlinear reponse of the structures for ESDF from the pushover curve using NRHA or response spectrum. The direct spectrum analysis(DSA) is approximate nonlinear method to evaluate nonlinear response of structures, without iterative computations, given by the structural linear vibration period and yield strength from the pushover analysis. In this study, the practicality and the reliability of seismic performance of approximate nonlinear methods for incremental dynamic analysis of mixed building structures are to be compared.

The Properties of a Nonlinear Direct Spectrum Method for Estimating the Seismic Performance (내진성능평가를 위한 비선형 직접스펙트럼법의 특성)

  • 강병두;김재웅
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2002
  • It has been recognized that the damage control must become a more explicit design consideration. In an effort to develop design methods based on performance it is clear that the evaluation of the nonlinear response is required. The methods available to the design engineer today are nonlinear time history analyses, monotonic static nonlinear analyses, or equivalent static analyses with simulated nonlinear influences. Some building codes propose the capacity spectrum method based on the nonlinear static analysis(pushover analysis) to determine the earthquake-induced demand given by the structure pushover curve. These procedures are conceptually simple but iterative and time consuming with some errors. This paper presents a nonlinear direct spectrum method(NDSM) to evaluate seismic performance of structures, without iterative computations, given by the structural initial elastic period and yield strength from the pushover analysis, especially for MDF(multi degree of freedom) systems. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the accuracy and confidence of this method from a point of view of various earthquakes and unloading stiffness degradation parameters. The conclusions of this study are as follows; 1) NDSM is considered as practical method because the peak deformations of nonlinear system of MDF by NDSM are almost equal to the results of nonlinear time history analysis(NTHA) for various ground motions. 2) When the results of NDSM are compared with those of NTHA. mean of errors is the smallest in case of post-yielding stiffness factor 0.1, static force by MAD(modal adaptive distribution) and unloading stiffness degradation factor 0.2~0.3.

Development of Nonlinear Analysis Technic to Determine the Ultimate Load in Electric Transmission Tower (송전철탑의 극한하중 도출을 위한 비선형해석 기법)

  • Kim, Woo Bum;Choi, Byong Jeong;Ahn, Jin Kyu
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.389-398
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    • 2008
  • The current design practice of electric transmission tower is based on the allowable stress design. However, it is difficult to find the cause behind a transmission tower's collapse by the above design approach as the collapse is caused by large secondary deformations based on and geometrical nonlinear behavior.influence factor for the nonlinear behavior is mainly residual stress, initial imperfection and end restraints on members. In this study, the necessity of the nonlinear analysis is examined through the comparison between elastic ana the nonlinear analysis, a new analytical method (equivalent nonlinear analysis technique) is proposed. To confirm the reliability of the proposed method, the computed ultimate load of the transmission tower using the method was compared with that of the nonlinear finite element analysis. Effects of parameters, such as compressive force and the slenderness ratio of the brace member on the main post member, were investigated. The effective member length according to influential parameters was formulated in table form for practical purposes.