• Title, Summary, Keyword: 뽕잎

Search Result 274, Processing Time 0.049 seconds

뽕잎의 기능성 효과구명

  • 김선여
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
    • /
    • v.41 no.S2
    • /
    • pp.21-42
    • /
    • 1999
  • 뽕잎의 지금까지 박ㄹ혀진 생리활성은 중금속 흡착과 해독효과, 황산화 효과, 혈중지질 억제효과 및 혈당강하 효과를 들 수 있는데, 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1) 뽕잎이 Cd과 Pb같은 중금속에 대한 흡착 및 해독작용에 미치는 영향을 조사해 본 결과, 납중독으로 인하여 감소된 Hb와 Haematocritcl가 뽕잎 투여로 증가되었고 특히 gpa합성에 관여하는 DALAD효소 활성을 증가시켰다. 또한 뇨로의 Pb의 배설 효과가 뽕잎 투여로 증진되었으며 각 조직으로의 Pb축적을 감소시켰다. Cdwndehr으로 중독시킨 흰쥐에서도 감소된 Hd와 Haematocritcl가 뽕잎투여로 증가되었고, 특히 간조직 중의 Cd축적을 61%로 감소시켜 유의성있게 감소시켰다. 또한 뽕잎투여로 인하여 변으로의 Cd의 배설효과는 38%였고 이는 녹차투여 효솨보다는 낮은 수준이었다. 2)뽕잎의 향산화 효과는 녹차와 거의 비슷하였고 특히 혐기 처리함으로써 그 활성이 증가하였다. 또한 뽕잎중의 황산화 활성 성분은 10여종 flavonoidfb 이었고 그 중 quercetin이 가장 높은 황산화 활성을 나타냈다. 특히 dlavonidfb 화합물 중 kaempferol계열의 화합뭉이 황산화 효과가 높음을 알수 있었다. 3) 뽕잎의 고지혈 억제작용에 미치는 영향을 알아본 결과 뽕잎은 혈중 총 콜레스테롤이 차지하는 비율을 보였고 특히 혈중 중성지질 함량을 감소시킴으로써 정상의 80%수준까지 회복시켰다. 또한 콜레스테롤 생합성에 관여하는 효소활성을 뽕잎의 메탄올 추출물 중 물분획뭉이 59.9%수준으로 억제시켰고 지방분해효소 활성은 유의적인 수준은 아니었지만 16% 증가시켰다. 4) 뽕잎의 혈당강하 효과는 뽕잎을 질소가스를 이용하여 혐기처리하는 경우 유의적으로 그 효과가 증강되었다. 또한 뽕잎은 대조약물인 acarbose의 10배 용량에서 대조약물보다 23% 이상의 혈당강하 효과를 나타냈다. 이들의 혈당강하 효과는 같은 농도에서 인슐린 함량을 27%회복시켰으며 특히 surcrose와 maltose와 같은 이당류를 부하시켰을 때 혈당 강하 효과는 유의적이었다. 이는 뽕잎의 혈당강화 효과는 인슐린생합성 증가에 의한 것보다는 glucosidase의 활성을 억제시키는 기전이 더 많이 관여하는 것으로 판단할수 있었다. 또한 뽕잎 중의 혈당강하 성분으로 알려진 1-deoxynojirimycin 함량은 혐기처리로 인하여 그 함량이 5%정도 증가됨을 확인할 수 있었다. 이러한 뽕잎의 생리활성 결과에 기초할 때, 뽕잎은 고지혈증을 포함한 성인병 질환의 예방과 회복에 관련되는 조절기능을 생체에 충분히 발휘할수 있는 기능성 식품의 중요한 자원으로 이용될 수 있으리라 판단된다.

  • PDF

뽕잎첨가농도에 따른 뽕잎쌀밥의 품질에 관한 연구

  • 노정옥;최원석;우경자;김애정
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Food and Cookery Science Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.96-96
    • /
    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 뽕잎추출액의 농도물 1.0, 1.5, 2.0%로 달리하여 일반 멥쌀에 코팅한 뽕잎쌀의 가수율을 달리하여 취반한 후 밥맛을 관능검사하여 최적가수율을 알아내고 뽕잎쌀의 수분함량, 수분흡수율, 뽕잎쌀밥의 수분함량, 색도 및 물성을 측정하고 뽕잎쌀밥의 구조를 SEM으로 관찰하여 뽕잎쌀의 최적코팅율을 알아보았다. 뽕잎쌀의 수분함량은 뽕잎추출액을 코팅하지 않은 쌀보다 낮았으며 이중 2.0%코팅한 쌀의 수분함량이 가장 낮았다. 뽕잎쌀의 최대수분흡수율은 침수 30분에 20%의 수화율을 보였으나 코팅율과 침지수온(1$0^{\circ}C$, 2$0^{\circ}C$, 3$0^{\circ}C$)에서의 유의적 차이는 없었다. (중략)

  • PDF

Comparison of Components between Mulberry Leaf Tea and Fermented Mulberry Leaf Tea (뽕잎차와 뽕잎발효차의 성분 비교)

  • Ye, Eun-Ju;Bae, Man-Jong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.39 no.3
    • /
    • pp.421-427
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to compare and analyze the active and general components between mulberry leaf tea (MLT) and fermented mulberry leaf tea (FMLT). Among the general ingredients, the crude lipids of FMLT contained higher than that of MLT, while the level of carbohydrates was higher in the MLT. Although free sugar of FMLT was a lower concentration than MLT, the value of maltose was higher in the MLT. In FMLT, maltose was not analyzed but small amount of lactose was analyzed. In addition, the level of total free amino acid of MLT was higher than that of FMLT. The level of glutamic acid was highest in MLT, while that of cystine was highest in FMLT. The value of $\gamma$-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was greater in the derivatives of amino acids, and the content was similar for both MLT and FMLT. FMLT also contained a lower level of unsaturated fatty acids than MLT. In addition, the content of total mineral was higher in FMLT, and the level of K was the highest and similar in both teas.

Effects of Mulberry Leaf Powder on Physicochemical Properties of Bread Dough (뽕잎분말 첨가가 빵반죽의 이화학적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-Ho;Cho, Nam-Ji
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.42 no.6
    • /
    • pp.705-713
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the physicochemical properties of bread dough with added mulberry leaf powder. The crude protein, fiber and ash contents of the mulberry leaf powder were 21.25%, 7.70% and 9.27% respectively. The mulberry leaf-mixed powder showed low lightness and redness values and high yellowness. Farinograph water absorption increased as the mulberry leaf powder content increased. Both arrival and development times of the mulberry leaf powder-added dough were longer than those of wheat flour dough. As the mulberry leaf powder content increased, the degree of weakness increased. Maximum viscosity by amylograph analysis increased gradually with the addition of mulberry leaf powder, while gelatinization temperature was not affected. Degree of extension decreased as shown in extensograph analysis with increasing content of mulberry leaf powder.

Effects of Water-Soluble Extract from Leaves of Morus alba and Cudrania tricuspidata on the Lipid Peroxidation in Tissues of Rats (뽕나무(Morus alba) 및 꾸지뽕나무(Cudrania tricuspidata) 잎의 수용성 추출물이 흰쥐 각 조직중의 지질 과산화물 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • 차재영;김현정;조영수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.29 no.3
    • /
    • pp.531-536
    • /
    • 2000
  • 뽕나무 (Morus alba) 및 꾸지뽕나무(Cudrania tricuspidata) 잎으로부터 추출한 수용성 물질을 0.5% 콜레스테롤 투여 식이에 1%(w/w) 수준으로 첨가하여 각 조직에서의 지질 과산화물 생성정도를 나타내는 TBARS 측정법으로 항산화 활성을 검토하였다. 흰쥐의 체중 및 식이 섭취량은 실험군 간의 유의적인 차이는 없었다. 간장 및 뇌 조직 중량은 뽕잎 추출물군에서 증가하였다. 신장의 지질 과산화물 함량은 대조군에 비해서 뽕잎 추출물군에서 유의적으로 감소하였다. 뇌 및 심장의 지질 과산화에서 유의적으로 감소하였다. 뇌 및 심장의 지질 과산화물 함량은 대조군에 비교해서 꾸지뽕잎 추출물군에서 유의적으로 증가하였다. 간장 및 비장의 경우에는 각 실험군 간에 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 각 조직의 microsomes 분획으 지질 과산화물은 심장과 비장에서 뽕잎 및 꾸지뽕잎 추출물군에서 감소하였으나, 다른 조직에서는 현저한 차이가 없었다. 한편, 각 조직의 microsomes 분획을 얻어서 Fe2+/ascorbate로 지질 과산화물을 유도하기 위하여 37$^{\circ}C$에서 한시간 반응을 시킨 결과, 뽕잎 및 꾸지뽕잎 추출물군에서 약 절반 정도 감소하였으며, 상대적 증가량은 뇌조직 microsomes에서 현저하였다. 본 실험의 결과 신장조직 및 간장 microsome막 지질 과산화물 함량은 뽕잎 및 꾸지뽕잎 수용성 추출물에 의해 감소되었으며, 뇌 및 심장조직의 지질 과산화물 함량은 꾸지뽕잎 수용성 추출물에 의해 증가됨으로써 봉잎 추출물간의 차이를 나타내었다.

  • PDF

Anti-diabetic effect of the mixture of mulberry leaf and green tea powder in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes (뽕잎과 녹차혼합분말의 급여가 streptozotocin 유발 당뇨쥐의 항당뇨효과)

  • Son, Hee-Kyoung;Han, Ju-Hee;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.549-559
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study investigated the hypoglycemic effects of mulberry leaf (M), green tea (G), and a mixture of mulberry leaf and green tea (MG) in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the non-diabetic (N) and diabetic groups. The experimental animals were divided into four groups and fed the following for four weeks: a normal diet (N), the STZ+normal diet (STZ), the STZ+5% mulberry leaf (STZ-M), STZ+5% green tea (STZ-G), and the STZ+5% mixture of mulberry leaf and green tea (STZ-MG). The whole blood glucose level of the STZ-M, STZ-G and STZ-MG groups significantly decreased compared to the STZ group two weeks later. The serum glucose and fructosamine, and urine glucose levels in the STZ-M, STZ-G and STZ-MG groups were lower than in the STZ group. The levels of serum insulin were higher in the STZ-M, STZ-G and STZ-MG groups than in the STZ group. However, serum glucose, fructosamine and insulin levels, and urine glucose levels were not significantly different among the STZ-M, STZ-G and STZ-MG groups. These results indicate that mulberry leaf, green tea, and their mixture help prevent or attenuate the progression of diabetes in rats with STZ-induced diabetes.

Anti-allergy Activity and in vivo for S-180 Solid Anti-cancer Effects in Manufacturing Fermented Mulberry Leaf Tea (뽕잎발효차 제조에 따른 in vivo 상에서의 S-180 항암 및 항알레르기 효과)

  • Ye, Eun-Ju;Yee, Sung-Tae;Bae, Man-Jong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.39 no.3
    • /
    • pp.337-342
    • /
    • 2010
  • The principal objective of this study was to compare and analyze the qualitative properties of MLT (mulberry leaf tea) and FMLT (fermented mulberry leaf tea) on the basis of the anti-cancer and anti-allergy activities of various extracts. The inhibitory effect against S-180 solid cancer in vivo were measured as 16.67% for FMLT and 17.78% for MLT. When the anti-allergy effects of the extracts of MLT and FMLT were evaluated, the hot water extract was shown to block histamine secretion more effectively than the ethanol extract for both groups. Furthermore, when the levels of the inflammatory cytokine of HMC-1 were measured, the ethanol extract was found to inhibit the inflammatory cytokine more effectively than the hot water extract, and the FMLT group was more effective than the MLT group.

Analyses of Active Components and Quality Characteristics in the Manufacturing of Fermented Mulberry Leaf (Morus alba) Tea (뽕잎발효차 제조에 따른 유효성분 분석과 품질특성)

  • Bae, Man-Jong;Ye, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.39 no.6
    • /
    • pp.859-863
    • /
    • 2010
  • The principal objective of this study was to compare and analyze the qualitative characteristics of mulberry leaf tea (MLT) and fermented mulberry leaf tea (FMLT). The concentrations of polyphenols were approximate in FMLT and MLT, with measurements of 4,022.82 mg/100 g and 3,932.32 mg/100 g, respectively. These polyphenol concentrations were relatively high and were approximate to the contents in green tea and yellow tea. Moreover, both MLT and FMLT contained small amount of vitamin C. The concentrations of caffeine were also relatively low for both MLT and FMLT, with values of 5.68 mg/100 g and 21.11 mg/100 g, respectively. When the quality of the MLT and FMLT was evaluated, we noted only minimal difference in color a (redness) values between each material; however, the b (yellowness) and the L (lightness) values were higher in the MLT than in the FMLT. When sensory tests were conducted, both materials were judged to have a bitter taste, and FMLT has a synthetic and pleasant taste.

Anti-oxidative Effect of 'Cheongilppong' with Mulberry Leaves according to Different Collection Areas and Some Kinds of Mulberry Branches (채취지역별 '청일뽕'의 뽕잎 및 뽕가지의 항산화능 비교)

  • Kim, Hyun-Bok;Koh, Seong-Hyouk;Seok, Young-Seek
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
    • /
    • v.48 no.2
    • /
    • pp.41-45
    • /
    • 2006
  • Mulberry leaves contain many natural components and are considerable resource for natural antiokidants. The antioxidant effect of 'Cheongilppong' collected from Chuncheon, Suwon and Wanju regions were investigated with minilum L-100 device and ARAW-KIT (anti-radical ability of water-soluble substance), in comparison to the ascorbic acid. The measurement parts were mulberry leaves collected from different areas and some kinds of mulberry branches. We obtained that even if samples were same variety, antioxidant capacity of those showed different results according to collected regions. Also, antioxidant effect of mulberry leaves were higher than that of branches. The order of antioxidant effect in Spring was Chuncheon > Suwon > Wanju. The antioxidant effect of mulberry leaves collected from Chuncheon, Suwon and Wanju regions of just before the coloration stage with anthocyanin in fruits were 3627.5 nmol, 2620.0 nmol 1360.7 nmol (ascorbic acid equivalents), respectively. In Autumn, the antioxidant effect and hardness quality of mulberry leaves were increased gradually until just before fallen leaves stage. Therefore, we concluded that being the most suitable period for collecting mulberry leaves as a antiokidant resource is from the latter part of May to the first ten days of June.

Quantitative Analysis of Resveratrol in Mulberry Leaves (뽕잎의 품종별.시기별 resveratrol 함량 변이)

  • Kim, Hyun-Bok;Kim, Jung-Bong;Kim, Sun-Lim;Koh, Seong-Hyouk;Seok, Young-Seek;Kim, Yong-Soon;Sung, Gyoo-Byung;Kang, Pil-Don
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
    • /
    • v.56 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-28
    • /
    • 2011
  • Resveratrol has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease and reduced cancer risk. This phytochemical has been reported in a number of plant species including grapes, peanuts and pine trees in response to stress such as fungal infection, heavy metal ions or UV irradiation. The objective of this study was to determine the resveratrol contents in leaves of mulberry varieties at different collecting times. Quantitative analysis of 16 cultivars showed a range of $102{\sim}466{\mu}g/100g$ on dry weight basis (which is equivalent to $25{\sim}116.5{\mu}g/100g$ on fresh weight basis). Resveratrol contents in mulberry leaves was higher in autumn than spring, and higher in fully matured leaves than in juvenile leaves. Among the tested samples, 'Kaeryangppong', 'Sugeppong' and 'Cheongilppong' collected in the middle of October showed high resveratrol contents of $838{\mu}g/100g$, $803{\mu}g/100g$, $800{\mu}g/100g$ on dry weight basis, respectively. Especially mulberry leaves dried in the shade showed of $1,030{\mu}g/100g$ on dry weight basis in resveratrol content, this result may contribute to utilization of mulberry leaves.