• Title, Summary, Keyword: 샌드위치보

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A Double Cantilever Sandwich Beam Method far Evaluating Frequency Dependence of Dynamic Modulus and Damping Factor of Rubber Materials (고무의 동탄성계수와 손실계수의 주파수 의존성을 평가하기 위한 양팔 샌드위치보 시험법의 연구)

  • 김광우;박진택;이덕보;최낙삼
    • Composites Research
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2001
  • This paper proposes a double cantilever sandwich-beam method fur evaluating the frequency dependence of dynamic characteristics of rubbers. The flexural vibration of a double cantilever sandwich-beam specimen with an inserted rubber layer was studied using a finite element simulation in combination with the sine-sweep test. Quadratic relationships of dynamic elastic modulus and material loss factor of rubbers with frequency were suggested employing the least square error method.

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Vibration Analysis of Three Layer Sandwich Beam (3층 샌드위치보의 진동해석)

  • 박철휴;김원철;양보석
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.157-170
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    • 1998
  • This paper proposes a new technique to formulate the finite element model of a sandwich beam by using GHM (Golla-Hughes-McTavish) internal auxiliary coordinates to account for frequency dependence. Through the use of auxiliary coordinates, the equation of motion of undamped mass and stiffness matrix form is extended to encompass viscoelastic damping matrix. However, this methods all suffer from an increase in order of the final finite element model which is undesirable in many applications. Here we propose to combine the GHM method with model reduction techniques to remove the objection of increased model order.

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Influence of Design Variables on Failure Loads of Sandwich Beam (설계변수에 대한 샌드위치 보의 파손하중)

  • Jongman Kim
    • Composites Research
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 2003
  • Sandwich structures have been widely used in the applications of vessel industry, where high structural stiffness is required with small addition of weight. It is so significant to think of the effect of the variables in the design process of the sandwich structure for the concentrated loads. This paper describes the influence of design variables, such as core density, core thickness and face thickness ratio, on the strength of sandwich beam. The theoretical failure loads based on the 2-D elasticity theory agree well with the experimental yield or failure loads, which are measured at the three point bending laboratory test using AS4/3501-6 facing and polyurethane foam core sandwich beam. The comparison of those yield or failure loads was also done with the ratio of the top to bottom face thickness. The theoretical optimum condition is obtained by finding the intersection point of failure modes involved, which gives optimum core density of the sandwich beam for strength and stiffness. In the addition, the effect of unequal face thickness for the optimized and off-optimized sandwich beams for the strength was compared with the ratio of loading length to beam length, and the variations of strength and stiffness were discussed with the relative ratio of core to face mass.

Low Velocity Impact Monitoring for a Composite Sandwich Beam Using Piezo Thin Film Sensors (압전필름센서를 이용한 복합재 샌드위치 보의 저속충격 모니터링)

  • Park, Chan Ik;Lee, Gwan Ho;Kim, In Geol;Lee, Yeong Sin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2003
  • The piezoelectric thin film(PVDF: polyvinylidene fluoride) sensors having good dynamic sensing charachteristics can be used to monitor low vwlocit impact on composite structures. The impact response function for composite sandwich beam was derved. The impact tests at low energy without inducing damage were performed on the instrumented drop weight impact tester. The measured signals of PVDF sensors attached on the surface of the beam agreed well with the simulated signals. And the inverse technique was applied to reconstruct the impact forces from the PVDF sensor signals. Most of reconstructed impact forces showed good agreement with the measured forces. The comparison results showed that the piezoelectric thin film sensor can be used to monitor the low velocity impact on composite sandwich structures.

Characteristics of Sound Insulation in Sandwich Plates with Orthotropic Skin Plate (이방성판을 사용한 샌드위치판의 차음특성)

  • Kang, Hyun-Ju;Kim, Bong-Ki;Kim, Jae-Seung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.853-856
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    • 2004
  • This study presents a prediction method for sound insulation of sandwich plate which consists of orthotropic plates as skin and mineral wool as core. Prediction by classic theory, which considers orthotropic effects, requires considerably complex and cumbersome process and moreover many assumption. However, experimental results of the sandwich plate with orthotropic plates as skin show that the orthotropic effects are disappeared or fade out. Hence, predictions by using sandwich model are conducted by a simple modelling that substitutes an orthotropic plate into an equivalent flat plate. Comparative results show that sandwich model gives a good agreements with theoretical prediction.

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A study on the material mechanical properties and the flexural wrinkling of foam-filled sandwich beams (포옴심재를 갖는 샌드위치 보의 재료 기계적 성질 및 굽힘 국소좌굴에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Dong Ju;Hong, Chang Seon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.44-54
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    • 2003
  • The experiments are performed to evaluate mechanical properties about foam and face materials of sandwich beams. These results are applied to the flexural wrinkling estimation of sandwich beam. The 3 point bending test shows that it is reasonable to include pre-buckling behavior in flexural wrinkling analysis, which is closer to experimental result. It is also conducted to survey the wrinkling behavior.

Modal Damping of the Flexural Vibration of a Sandwich Beam with Partially Inserted Viscoelastic Layer (점탄성층이 부분적으로 삽입된 샌드위치보의 횡진동모드별 감쇠특성)

  • 박진택;최낙삼
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.224-227
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    • 2000
  • Modal damping characteristics of the flexural vibration of a sandwich beam with paaially inserted viscoelastic layer have been quantitatively studied using the finite element analysis in combination with an experiment. Antisymmetric mode shapes of the flexural vibration were visualized by the holographic interferometry and agreed with those calculated by the finite element simulation. Effects of the length and thickness of partial viscoelastic layers on the system loss factor($\mu$) and resonant frequency($\omega$) were considerably latge at both symmetric and antisymmetric modes of the sandwich beam.

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Evaluation of Dynamic Characteristics of Rubber Materials Using a Double Cantilever Sandwich Beam Method (양팔 샌드위치보 시험법에 의한 EPDM고무의 동특성 평가 연구)

  • Kim, Kwang-Woo;Choi, Nak-Sam
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.1393-1400
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    • 2002
  • A double cantilever sandwich-beam method has been applied to the evaluation of the frequency dependence of dynamic elastic modulus and material loss factor of EPDM rubbers. The flexural vibration of a double cantilever sandwich-beam specimen with an inserted rubber layer was studied using a finite element simulation in combination with the sine-sweep test. Effects of the rubber layer length on the dynamic characteristics were also investigated: reliable values were measured when the length of the inserted rubber layer was larger than and equal to 50% of the effective specimen length. The values were compared with those obtained by the dynamic mechanical analysis and the simple resonant test. Relationships of the dynamic characteristics of rubbers with frequency could be determined using the least square error method.

Behavior of the Flexural Vibration Damping of a Sandwich Beam System with a Partially Inserted Viscoelastic Layer (점탄성층이 부분적으로 삽입된 샌드위치보의 횡진동 감쇠특성)

  • Park, Jin-Taek;Yu, Hyeong-Won;Jang, Seok-Won;Choe, Nak-Sam
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.225-233
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    • 2002
  • The flexural vibration characteristics of a sandwich beam system with a partially inserted viscoelastic layer have been quantitatively studied using a finite element analysis in combination with a sine-sweep test. Antisymmetric mode shapes of the flexural vibration were visualized by the holographic interferometry and agreed with those calculated by the finite element simulation. Effects of the beam thickness as well as the length and thickness of partial viscoelastic layers on the system loss factor(η$\_$s/) and resonant frequency($\omega$$\_$r/) were significantly large fur the symmetric and antisymmetric modes of the beam system.

Modeling and Vibration Control of ERF-Based Intelligent Structures via Sandwich Beam Theory (샌드위치 보 이론을 이용한 ERF 지능구조물의 모델링 및 진동제어)

  • Park, Y.K.;Choi, S.B.;Cheong, C.C.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.110-122
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    • 1996
  • 본 논문에서는 전기유동유체(Electro-Rheological Fluid : ERF)를 함유하는 지능구조물의 동적 모델링 및 진동제어를 수행하였다. 먼저 실리콘 오일을 기본용매로 하여 조성된 ERF의 복소 전단모듈러스를 전장부하와 가진 주파수의 함수로 동적 회전모드 실험을 통하여 도출한 후, 이를 샌드위치 보 이론과 연계하여 동적 모델링을 실시하였다. 도출된 6차 편미분방정식 형태의 지배 방정식을 유한요소 모델로 이산화하여 전장부하에 따른 지능구조물의 동탄성 특성값인 감쇠 고유 주파수 및 모달 손실계수를 주파수 영역에서 얻었다. 그리고 ERF를 함유한 샌드위치 형태의 지능구조물을 제작한 후 실험적으로 얻은 동탄성 특성값과 모델에 의해 예측된 동탄성 특성값을 비교 고찰하여 제시된 동적 모델에 대한 타당성을 입증하였다. 또한 모델을 통해 전장부하 함수로 예측된 주파수 응답곡선 중에서 각 주파수 대역에 대해 최소 변위가 되는 응답곡선을 요구응답으로 설정한 후, 그에 해당하는 전장부하를 선정하는 논리적인 능동 진동제어 알고리즘을 제안하였다. 제어알고리즘의 유용성을 입증하기 위해 실험적으로 수행된 능동 진동제어 결과를 주파수영역과 시간영역에서 제시하였다.

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