• Title/Summary/Keyword: 생리적 스트레스

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은연어의 해수순치시 스트레스 반응의 경시적 변화

  • 전중균;김병기;명정구;박용주;김유희;김종만
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.314-315
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    • 2000
  • 이미 작년 양식학회에서 은연어를 대상으로 한 그물작업 및 운반에 따른 스트레스 반응을 조사하여 보고한 바 있다. 따라서, 본 연구에서는 은연어를 해수 순치 하는 과정에서 나타나는 스트레스 반응의 변화를 살펴보고자 하였다. 자연산 은연어와는 달리 양식산은 담수에서 스몰트까지 사육하였다가 해수로 옮겨 사육하는데, 이 때 짧은 기간동안 해수 순치 과정을 거치는 것이 일반적이다. 해수 순치를 하는 동안 은연어는 해수에 적응하기 위해 체내에서 생리적으로 스트레스 반응을 조절할 것이라 여겨지지만, 이에 관한 연구는 많지 않다(Nikinmaa et al., 1983; Franklin et al., 1992). (중략)

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Changing Temperature Affects Anesthetic Effects and Physiological Stress Responses in Marine Medaka, Oryzias dancena (해산송사리, Oryzias dancena의 수온 변화에 의한 마취 효과와 생리적 스트레스 반응)

  • Park, In-Seok;Kim, Young-Ju;Goo, In-Bon;Kong, Hee-Jung;Kim, Bong-Seok
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.270-283
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    • 2014
  • 본 연구는 온도 변화에 따른 해산송사리, Oryzias dancena의 마취 효과 및 생리적 스트레스 반응을 평가하고, 고온 및 저온에서 최적의 마취 수온을 구명하였다. 해산송사리에서 고온 실험($36{\sim}42^{\circ}C$)과 저온 실험($4{\sim}10^{\circ}C$)을 통해 마취 효과를 조사하였으며, 각 마취수온에서 전어체의 cortisol과 glucose를 측정하였다. 각 수온 마취 실험 후, 전개체는 모두 생존하였으며, 해산송사리의 마취시간은 고온 실험에서 고온 일수록, 저온 실험에서는 저온 일수록 유의적으로 빨랐다(P<0.05). 회복 시간은 유의하게 고온 실험에서 수온이 감소할수록, 저온 실험에서는 수온이 증가할수록 유의적으로 느렸다(P<0.05). 아가미 운동수는, 고온 실험에서 수온이 증가함에 따라 빨랐으며, 저온 실험에서는 수온이 감소할때 빨랐다(P<0.05). 수온이 $38^{\circ}C$$8^{\circ}C$ 일때의 마취 조건에서 실험직후 전어체 cortisol이 최대치로, 실험후 6시간까지 점진적으로 감소한 반면, 전어체 glucose는 실험후 1시간에 최고치를 보이고 실험후 2시간까지는 감소하였다. 기존의 마취제를 쓰지 않은 본 연구로 인해, 해산송사리의 여타 연구에서 샘플 및 사용자가 보다 더 안전하고 용이한 샘플 취급이 가능할 것으로 사료된다.

Effect of Autogenic Training for Stress Response: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (아우토겐 트레이닝이 스트레스반응에 미치는 효과: 체계적 문헌고찰 및 메타분석)

  • Seo, Eunju;Kim, Soukyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.361-374
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of autogenic training on stress responses through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: A systematic search was conducted using eight core electronic databases (Embase, CENTRAL, Medline, CINAHL, PsycInfo, DBpia, KISS, and RISS). To estimate the effect size, a meta-analysis of the studies was performed using RevMan 5.3.5 program. Results: A total 21 studies out of 950 studies were included in the review, and 11 were included for meta-analysis. These studies showed that autogenic training decreased anxiety and depression, and increased the high frequency of heart rate variability. Calculations to understand the effect of autogenic training on anxiety, through a meta-analysis, observed a reduction effect of anxiety score by 1.37 points (n=85, SMD=-1.37: 95% CI -2.07 to -0.67), in the studies on short-term intervention targeting healthy adults. On the other hand, similar calculations to understand the effect of autogenic training on depression observed, a reduction effect on the depression score by 0.29 point (n=327, SMD=-0.29: 95% CI -0.50 to -0.07), in the studies on long term intervention targeting the patient group. Conclusion: Autogenic training is effective for adults' stress management, and nurses will be able to effectively perform autogenic training programs for workers' stress relief at the workplace.

Variation of nitric oxide concentrations in response to shaking stress in the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum (일산화질소 (nitric oxide) 정량을 통한 바지락(Ruditapes philippinarum) 의 흔들림 스트레스 측정)

  • Park, Kyung-Il
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2013
  • This study aimed to evaluate the effects of shaking stress in the hemolymph of the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum by quantification of nitric oxide (NO) levels. The clams were divided into 3 groups as follows: clams placed in a plain container (control), clams injected with nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (NAME, an NO inhibitor), and clams in a container filled with nylon fiber at a density of $1kg/m^3$. Subsequently, each group was placed in sea water and shaken at 100 rpm for 6 h. The concentration of NO was quantified by using DAF assay and Griess assay. Both the assays showed that while shaking significantly increased the NO concentration, the NO inhibitor reduced the NO concentration in the hemolymph of the clams tested. In addition, the nylon fiber, which was used as a filler, effectively prevented the increase in NO concentration. This result suggests that measurement of NO concentration is a useful tool for evaluation of physiological stress in marine bivalves. In addition, it should be considered that a filler is necessary when dredge fishing or the suspended clam culture method is developed.

The Effects of Neurofeedback Training on Physical, Psychoemotional Stress Response and Self-Regulation for Late Adolescence: A Non-Randomized Trial (뉴로피드백 훈련이 후기청소년의 신체적, 정서심리적 스트레스 반응과 자기조절에 미치는 효과: 비무작위 연구)

  • Choi, Moon-Ji;Park, Wan-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.208-220
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of neurofeedback training for reducing stress and enhancing self-regulation in late adolescence to identify the possibility of use for nursing intervention. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pre-post quasi-experimental design was used. Participants were 78 late adolescents assigned to the experimental group (n=39) that received the neurofeedback training and the control group (n=39). Data were collected on heart rate variability (HRV) and skin conductance level (SCL) to assess stress-biomarker response. The questionnaire contained 164 items from: Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and Self-regulatory Ability scale. The neurofeedback training was based on the general adaptation syndrome and body-mind medicine. The intervention was conducted in a total of 10 sessions for 30 minutes per session with high-beta, theta and sensory motor rhythm training on scalp at central zero. Results: There were significant difference in standard deviation of normal to normal interval (p=.036) in HRV and SCL (p=.029) of stress-biomarker response between the two groups. Negative affect (p=.036) in PANAS and obsessive compulsive (p=.023) and depression (p<.001) in SCL-90-R were statistically significant. Self-regulation mode (p=.004) in self-regulation ability scale showed a significant difference between the two groups. Conclusion: The results indicated that the neurofeedback training is effective in stress-biomarkers, psychoemotional stress response and self-regulation. Therefore, neurofeedback training using neuroscientific approach based on brain-mind-body model can be used as an effective nursing intervention for late adolescents in clinics and communities for effective stress responses.

Biochemical Analysis of Physiological Stress Induced by High Frequency Sound Treatment in the Beet Armyworm, Spodoptera exigua (고주파 처리에 따른 파밤나방(Spodoptera exigua)의 생리적 스트레스의 생화학적 분석)

  • Kim, Yong-Gyun;Son, Ye-Rim;Seo, Sam-Yeol;Park, Bok-Ri;Park, Jung-A
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.255-263
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    • 2012
  • High frequency sounds disrupt physiological processes, such as feeding behavior, development and immune responses of Spodoptera exigua. We analyzed high frequency sounds with respect to biochemical changes in S. exigua. High frequency sound (5,000 Hz, 95 dB) suppressed protein synthesis and secretion of midgut epithelium. It also significantly inhibited a digestive enzyme activity of phospholipase $A_2$. The gene expression of three different heat shock proteins and apolipophorin III was altered, particularly in midgut tissue in response to high frequency sound treatments. High frequency sound treatments significantly increased sugar and lipid levels in hemolymph plasma. These results suggest that high frequency sounds are a physiological stress that induces biochemical changes in S. exigua.

The Effectiveness of Stress Intervention Program for Hemodialysis Patients in Korea: A meta-analysis (국내 혈액투석환자의 스트레스 중재에 대한 효과 연구: 메타분석)

  • Bae, Yeon Hee;Lee, Ko Woon;Yeom, Hye Ah
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.361-373
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to meta-analyze the stress intervention program applied to patients with hemodialysis in Korea to confirm the effectiveness of the stress intervention program and to identify the characteristics and trends of the stress intervention method. A total of 10 studies were selected, and Quality Assessment tool was used MINORS and the data was analyzed using Comprehensive Meta Analysis Version 3.0 and Review manager version 5.3 The Quality Assessment score of studies was 21.2 points, and the effect size on the psychological stress was medium(g=-.72), and the effect size on cortisol of the physiological stress was also medium(g=-.52). Subgroup analysis showed that Music therapy and aromatherapy, individual providing, over 60 minutes per session and total of 10-20 times were more effectively reduced stress. Findings of this meta-analysis would be helpful for health professionals to provide more effective stress intervention program. Further randomized controlled trials of stress intervention program for patients with hemodialysis are more needed.

Effects of Maternal Genetic Potential and Parity with Pre- and Postpartum on Body Weights, Body Condition Score and Blood Metabolites in Hanwoo Cows (한우 암소의 유전능력과 산차에 따른 분만 전?후 체중, Body Condition Score 및 혈중 대사물질의 변화)

  • 권응기;조영무;최연호;박병기;정학재;최낙진;안병석;김종복
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.881-888
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to investigate effects of maternal genetic potential and parity with pre- and postpartum periods on body weights, body condition score (BCS) and blood metabolites in relation to physiological stress and nutritional metabolism in Hanwoo cows. Also, this study was designed to develop effective husbandry technique for Hanwoo cows concerning of pre- and postpartum periods, and to get basic data for it. Forty five cows were allocated into two groups, 24 cows with high maternal genetic potentials and 21 cows with low maternal genetic potentials. The average parity of experimental cows with high and low maternal genetic potentials were 2.83±1.63 and 3.00±1.77, respectively. The growth performances such as body weights, average daily gain (ADG) and BCS were not different between two groups regardless of maternal genetic potential. However, pre- and postpartum periods had effects on the growth performances (p<0.05). Parity had no effects on ADG and BCS (p>0.05), but effect on body weight of cows (p<0.05). The metabolites of physiological stress such as neutrophil, hematocrit and cortisol, and nutritional metabolites such as albumin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), triglyceride, and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations in blood of cows were affected by pre- and postpartum periods in a large scale, while those were partially affected by maternal genetic potential. However, among the metabolites in blood, only neutrophil and triglylceride concentrations were affected by different parity of cows. Therefore, the present study suggests that nutritional intake and digestion are affected by physiological stress due to the parturition, and it should need to consider different husbandry technique based on the maternal genetic potential, and pre- and postpartum periods of cows.

The Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Vitamin C and E on the Growth Performance and the Stress Response in Broiler Chickens (육계에서 비타민 C 및 E의 첨가 급여가 성장 능력과 스트레스 반응에 미치는 영향)

  • Sohn, Sea Hwan;Cho, Eun Jung;Jang, In Surk;Moon, Yang Soo
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to investigate the investigated effects of dietary supplementation of vitamin C and E on the growth performance and stress response in broiler chickens. Stress response was analyzed by the quantity of telomeric DNA, the rate of DNA damage and the expression levels of heat shock proteins (HSPs) and hydroxyl-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) genes on tissues and blood. The telomere length and telomere shortening rates were analyzed by quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization on the nuclei of lymphocytes and tissues. The DNA damage rate of lymphocytes was quantified by the comet assay. The expression levels of HSP70, HSP90s and HMGCR genes were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in lymphocytes. In results, there was no significant difference among treatments in body weight, weight gain, feed intake and mortality. The telomere shortening rate of the lymphocytes was significantly lower in the vitamin E supplemented group than the control group. The DNA damage was also decreased supplemented with vitamin C and E, as compared to the control group. The vitamin E supplemented group had a significant positive effect on the expressions of HMGCR, HSP90-${\alpha}$ and HSP90-${\beta}$ in lymphocytes, but had no significance on HSP70, as compared to the control group. We concluded that the dietary supplementation of vitamin E (100 mg/kg feed) had reduced the individual physiological stress response without stunt growth in broiler chickens.

Effect of Housing Systems of Cage and Floor on the Production Performance and Stress Response in Layer (계사 사육 형태가 산란계의 생산성과 스트레스 반응에 미치는 영향)

  • Sohn, Sea-Hwan;Jang, In-Surk;Son, Bo-Ram
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.305-313
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of housing systems on the productivity and physiological response as stress indicators in White Leghorn chickens. The chickens subjected to the conventional cages had a significantly lower viability, hen-housed egg production, egg weight and body weight compared with those to the floor pens. However, the hens housed in the conventional cages had a shorter day of the first egg and a greater egg quality compared with those housed in the floor pens. In addition, this study was also investigated to identify biological markers for assessing the physiological response of chickens under stress conditions. As biological markers, the amount of telomeric DNA was analyzed by quantitative fluorescent in situ hybridization on the nuclei of cells. The DNA damage rate of lymphocytes was also quantified by the comet assay. The amount of telomeric DNA of the lymphocytes, kidney and spleen was significantly higher in the chickens under floor pens than those under conventional cages. The DNA damage also increased in chickens raised under conventional cages, as compared to the chickens under floor pens. As results, we conclude that the chickens housed in conventional cages have a greater stressful status than those housed in floor pens.