• Title/Summary/Keyword: 생산성 측정 모델

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Efficient Productivity Evaluation System in Construction Site (건설현장 생산성 측정의 효율적 방안 제시)

  • Jang, Hyo-Won;Kim, Soo-Yong;Kim, Dae-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • pp.666-669
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    • 2007
  • 건설 공사에 있어서 생산성은 중요한 의미를 가지고 있다. 하지만 국내 건설현장에서의 샌산성에 대한 인식은 상당히 낮은 것으로 보이며, 건설현장에서의 생산성에 대한 인식변화 및 활성화를 위한 토대를 마련하는 연구는 드물었다고 판단된다. 기존의 생산성 측정에는 많은 방법들이 사용되어지고 있으며, 이러한 측정 기법들은 생산성 측정에 있어서 결과만을 모니터링하고 보다 나은 결과물을 획득하는데 그 목적이 있어왔다. 하지만, 해외의 경우 건설 생산성의 초기투입단계에서의 관리와 노력을 통해 생산성을 향상시키고자 하고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 린 건설에 관련하여 기존의 생산성 측정보다 쉽게 생산성을 측정할수 있고 빠른 피드백을 얻을 수 있는 percent plan complete(PPC)의 기법을 적용한 새로운 생산성 관리가 어떠한 프로세스로 이루어지고 있는지 분석하고 국내 건설 현장의 새로운 생산성 관리 시스템 구축의 기반을 마련코자 한다. PPC는 계획되어진 작업계획의 신뢰성과 생산성을 측정 가능토록 해주며, 린 시스템의 적용이 필주적으로 수반되어야 한다. PPC 측정 후 작업이 실패되었을 경우 그 이유를 파악하고 원인 분석이 이루어져야 한다. 그렇게 된다면 어떤 공정에 대한 결과를 평가할 수 있고 그 과정에서 미래에 발생할수 있는 작업 실패를 예방할 수 있다.

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Development of an Automated Pavement Crack Sealing Machine and Its Economic Feasibility Analysis (크랙실링 자동화 장비의 개발 린 경제적 타당성 분석)

  • Lee, Jeong-Ho;Lee, Jun-Bok;Jeong, Hyung-Hoon;Kim, Young-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.151-164
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    • 2006
  • Numerous efforts are currently underway to automate pavementcrack and joint sealing activities. Productivity improvements, improved safety and quality, and reduced road user costs motivate these developments. Recently, an automated pavement crack sealing machine has been developed to automate the process of sealing pavement cracks and joints in Korea. This paper mainly describes the results of the economic feasibility analysis revealed through its overall performance evaluation and field tests. Finally, it is concluded that the automated machine exceeds the performance in terms of productivity, safety, and quality required in conventional method, thus making the machine economically feasible.

A Comparative Study on Productivity Analysis of Automated Pavement Crack Sealing Machines (도로면 크랙실링 자동화 장비의 작업 생산성 분석에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Seo, Won-Jung;Yoo, Hyun-Seok;Kim, Young-Suk
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.1289-1298
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    • 2014
  • Pavement crack sealing method, which is one of the methods to maintain and repair the road, prevents the extending of cracks by repairing cracks in its early occurrence and has already been applied to many roadworks in advanced foreign country for a long time. But in the conventional crack sealing method, traffic accidents occur frequently during the repair because it's commonly performed on the heavy traffic road or highway. It also has some difficulties in securing the safety of workers from the risk of burns caused by heated sealant. In an effort to solve these problems, automated pavement crack sealing machines such as ARMM, OCCSM, TTLS have been developed in advanced foreign country since early 1990s. Also APCS in 2004 and ACSTM in 2013 were already developed domestically. However, since these automated crack sealers developed from a number of research institutions have different test-bed conditions and productivity measurement models, it's difficult to compare and evaluate them objectively. In this study, the image processing time of the respective machines and the movement time of each motion on the work process were estimated by using fully autonomous mapping and semi-automatic mapping in order to measure the productivity in the same environmental conditions. In addition, the productivity measurement test-bed reflected domestic road characteristics was designed to estimate and compare the productivity of the automated crack sealing machines.

A Study on the Estimation of Change Orders Impact for the Public Construction (공공건설공사 설계변경에 따른 손실 추정에 관한 기초연구)

  • Lee, Min-Jae;Park, Bum-Jin;Im, Keon-Soon
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.28 no.3D
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    • pp.363-369
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    • 2008
  • Change is inevitable and is a reality of construction projects. Change adjustment includes the cost associated with materials, labor, etc. However, the actions of a contractor can cause a loss of productivity and furthermore can result in disruption of the whole project because of a cumulative or ripple effect. Because of its complicated nature, it becomes a complex issue to determine the cumulative impact (ripple effect) caused by single or multiple change orders. Furthermore, owners and contractors do not always agree on the adjusted contract price for the cumulative impact of the changes. What is needed is a reliable method to identify and quantify the loss of productivity caused by cumulative impact of change orders. This study survey the change orders data in domestic area for public construction and analyze to quantify change order impact. This study developed concepts of "%CO", "%Delta", "%T" to capture change order effect on project and search the relationships between them. Finally, this study find strong relationship between change order and loss.

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