• Title/Summary/Keyword: 세공충진막

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Preparation of pore-filling membranes for polymer electrolyte fuel cells and their cell performances (고체 알칼리 연료전지용 음이온 교환 세공충진막의 제조 및 특성)

  • Choi, Young-Woo;Park, Gu-Gon;Yim, Sung-Dae;Lee, Mi-Soon;Yang, Tae-Hyun;Kim, Chang-Soo
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.150-153
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    • 2009
  • Anion exchange polymer electrolyte pore-filling membranes consisting of the whole hydrocarbon materials were prepared by photo polymerization with various quaternary ammonium cationic monomers and characterized on the properties for applying to solid alkali fuel cell (SAFC). Hydrocarbon porous substrates such as polyethylene were used for the preparation of the pore-filling membranes. The hydroxyl ion conductivity of the polymer electrolyte membranes prepared in this research was dependent on the composition ratio of an electrolyte monomer and crosslinking agents used for polymerization. Furthermore, these pore-filling membranes have commonly excellent properties such as smaller dimensional affects when swollen in solvents, higher mechanical strength, lower fuel crossover through the membranes, and easier preparation process than those of traditional cast membranes.

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Preparation of pore-filling membranes for polymer electrolyte fuel cells and their cell performances (고분자 연료전지용 세공충진막의 제조 및 연료전지 특성)

  • Choi, Young-Woo;Park, Jin-Soo;Lee, Mi-Soon;Park, Seok-Hee;Yang, Tae-Hyun;Kim, Chang-Soo
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.278-281
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    • 2009
  • Proton exchange membrane is the key material for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). Currently widely-used perfluorosulfonic acid membranes have some disadvantages, such as low thermal stability, easy swelling, excessive crossover of methanol and high price etc. Other membranes, including sulfonated polymer, radiation grafted membranes, organic-inorganic hybrids and acid-base blends, do not satisfy the criteria for PEMFC, which set a barrier to the development and commercialization of PEMFC. Pore-filling type proton exchange membrane is a new proton exchange membrane, which is formed by filling porous substrate with electrolytes. Compared with traditional perfluorosulfonic acid membranes, pore-filling type proton exchange membranes have many advantages, such as non- swelling, low methanol permeation, high proton conductivity, low cost and a wide range of materials to choose. In this research, preparation methodology of pore-filling membranes by particularly using all hydrocarbon polymers and fuel cell performances with the membranes are evaluated.

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Development of cathode catalyst layer using non-Pt catalyst for SAFC (비백금 촉매를 이용한 알칼리 연료전지 캐소드 전극 개발)

  • Park, SeokHee;Choi, YoungWoo;Yim, SungDae;Kim, ChangSoo;Park, Seung Bin
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.97.1-97.1
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    • 2011
  • 저온에서 양이온 고분자막을 사용하는 고분자 연료전지의 경우 뛰어난 성능과 다양한 응용분야로 인해 많은 연구와 실증이 이루어지고 있지만 공기극에서의 느린 산소 환원반응으로 인해 백금과 같은 귀금속의 사용이 불가피하고 백금의 제한된 매장량과 높은 가격으로 인해 상용화가 늦어지고 있다. 그래서 많은 연구자들이 합금 촉매 또는 비귀금속 촉매를 이용한 전극 개발에 집중하고 있다. 알칼리 분위기에서 저가의 전이 금속들이 백금과 비슷한 활성을 보이고 고체 음이온 교환막이 개발됨에 따라 최근 알칼리 연료전지가 다시금 큰 주목을 받고 있다. 그러나 고분자 연료전지와는 달리 아직 촉매나 전해질막, 이오노머의 특성 및 메커니즘에 관해 별로 알려진 것이 없다. 본 연구에서는 직접 개발한 세공충진막 형태의 탄화수소계의 음이온 교환막과 비귀금속 공기극 촉매를 이용하여 막전극접합체(MEA)를 개발하였고 촉매 및 이오노머 함량과 같은 전극 조성, 막전극접합체의 제조 및 체결, 가습이나 가스조성 등의 단위전지 운전조건과 같은 다양한 변수에 대해에 최적 조건을 도출하고자 하였다. 공기극 촉매는 Cu-Fe/C를 이용한 상용 촉매를 이용하였고 이오노머의 경우는 탄화수소계의 상용 제품을 사용하였으며 음이온 교환막에 전극층을 형성하기 위해서는 스프레이 공정을 이용하였다. 단위전지를 통해 성능을 확인하였고 임피던스 및 CV를 통해 전기화학적인 특성을 규명하였다. 조건의 최적화를 통해 상당한 성능 향상을 이루었으나 추가적인 성능 향상 및 내구성 확보 등에 대해 계속적인 실험을 진행할 예정이다.

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Pore-filling anion conducting membranes and their cell performance for a solid alkaline fuel cell (세공충진 음이온 전도성막의 제조 및 이를 이용한 고체알칼리 연료전지 성능 평가)

  • Choi, Youngwoo;Lee, Misoon;Park, Gugon;Yim, Sungdae;Yang, Taehyun;Kim, Changsoo
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.129.2-129.2
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    • 2010
  • AEM which were used for solid alkaline fuel cell(SAFC) were prepared by photo polymerization in method pore-filling with various quaternary ammonium cationic monomers and crosslinkers without an amination process. Their specific thermal and chemical properties were characterized through various analyses and the physico-chemical properties of the prepared electrolyte membranes such as swelling behavior, ion exchange capacity and ionic conductivity were also investigated in correlation with the electrolyte composition. The polymer electrolyte membranes prepared in this study have a very wide hydroxyl ion conductivity range of 0.01 - 0.45S/cm depending on the composition ratio of the electrolyte monomer and crosslinking agent used for polymerization. However, the hydroxyl ion conductivity of the membranes was relatively higher at the whole cases than those of commercial products such as A201 membrane of Tokuyama. These pore-filling membranes have also excellent properties such as smaller dimensional affects when swollen in solvents, higher mechanical strength, lowest electrolyte crossover through the membranes, and easier preparation process compared of traditional cast membranes. The prepared membranes were then applied to solid alkaline fuel cell and it was found comparable fuel cell performance to A201 membrane of Tokuyama.

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Pore-filling membrane with ionic liquids immobilized by cross-linking for high temperature PEFCs (고온 PEFC용 수소이온 전도 향상을 위한 가교된 이온성 액체를 갖는 세공충진막)

  • Baek, Ji-Suk;Choi, Young-Woo;Lee, Mi-Soon;Yang, Tae-Hyun;Kim, Chang-Soo
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.80.2-80.2
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    • 2010
  • The development of high temperature-proton exchange fuel cell (HT-PEFC) is a key in solving the problem of carbon monoxide poisoning of the platinum at anode as well as water management in PEFCs operated below $90^{\circ}C$. In order to overcome these main issues, PEFCs must be operated at high temperature above $120^{\circ}C$. Ionic liquids are available for HT-PEFC due to exhibiting non-volatility and thermal stability. Ionic liquids are however leached out from polymeric matrix resulting in the increase of gas permeability. In this study, we have prepared and characterized the composite membranes with the ionic liquids consisting of 1-(4-vinylbenzyl)-3-butyl imidazolium chloride immobilized by the cross-linkers in pore-filling membrane to prevent to be leached out from the membrane. We confirmed that cross-linked ionic liquids were not leached out from the composite membranes through the various characteristic analyses. It was also verified that the prepared membranes are thermally stable from the result of TG analysis. The pore-filling membranes with the immobilized ionic liquids have a high proton conductivity over $10^{-2}$ S/cm at high temperature (> $120^{\circ}C$).

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Preparation and Characterizations of Ionomer-coated Pore-filled Ion-exchange Membranes for Reverse Electrodialysis (역전기투석 응용을 위한 이오노머가 코팅된 세공충진 이온교환막의 제조 및 특성분석)

  • Kim, Do-Hyeong;Kang, Moon-Sung
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we have prepared engineering polymer-based ionomers and pore-filled ion-exchange membranes (PFIEMs) employing a porous polyethylene substrate and combined them to fabricate the ionomer-PFIEM composite membranes for the reverse electrodialysis (RED) application. Both the electrochemical properties comparable to those of the commercial ion-exchange membranes (AMX/CMX, Astom Corp., Japan) and the physical stability adaptable to the practical uses have been achieved by integrating the ionomers having a high ion conductivity and the PFIEMs with an excellent mechanical strength. The RED performances have been evaluated by employing the prepared ionomer-PFIEM composite membranes and therefore excellent power generation performances were shown as the levels of 86.4% and 104.8% for the anion-exchange membrane and cation-exchange membrane, respectively, compared with those of the commercial membranes.

Development and Applications of Pore-filled Ion-exchange Membranes (세공충진 이온교환막의 개발 및 응용)

  • Kim, Do-Hyeong;Kang, Moon-Sung
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.307-319
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    • 2018
  • Ion-exchange membrane (IEM) has fixed charge groups and is a separation membrane which is capable of selectively transporting ions of the opposite polarity. Recently, the interest in IEMs has been increasing as the importance of the desalination and energy conversion processes using them as the key components has increased. Since the IEMs determine the efficiency of the above process, it is necessary to improve the separation performance and durability of them and also to lower the expensive membrane price, which is a hindrance to the widening application of the IEM process. Therefore, it is urgent to develop high-performance and low-cost IEMs. Among various types of IEMs, pore-filled membranes prepared by filling ionomer into a porous polymer substrate are intermediate forms of homogeneous membranes and heterogeneous membranes. The production cost would be cheap like the case of heterogeneous membranes because of the use of inexpensive supports and the reduction of the amount used of raw materials, and at the same time, they exhibit excellent electrochemical characteristics close to homogeneous membranes. In this review, major research and development trends of pore-filled IEMs, which are attracting attention as high-performance and low-cost IEMs, have been summarized and reported according to the application fields.