• Title/Summary/Keyword: 소매업 경영

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Spatial Changes in the Business Organization of Retailing in the Seoul Metropolitan Area (首都圈地域 小賣業 經營의 空間的 變容)

  • Han, Ju-Seong
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.19-37
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    • 1996
  • This paper aims at examining the regional difference of changes in the business organization of retailing in the Seoul metropolitan areas, as an attempt to understand regional structure of retailing within metropolitan areas showing the trend of suburbanization. On the national level, retail sales have concentrated on the large metropolitan areas, especially on the Seoul metropolitan area, with the concentration of population and income. Within metropolitan areas, the suburbanization of retailing has made the larger structure of retail and multi-store retail appeared. In order to confirm such phenomenon, this paper is to analyze and to compare the industrial composition of retailing using industry data of 1979 and 1991. And this paper is to analyze the regional changes in the characteristics of business organization of retailing, with the index including the percentages of establishments with less than under four employees, juridical establishments, employees of ordinary times, and the annual sales per establishment of detailing. The characteristics of business organization of retailing in analyzed by principal components analysis, and the types with component in each district (city, county, ward) is analyzed by cluster analysis(Ward method). The data of 1979 were obtained from the statistics in the Census of Wholesale and Retail Trade published by the National Bureau of Statistics of Economic Planning Board, and that of 1991 were obtained from the statistics in the Report on Establishment Census (Vol.3 Wholesale and Retail Trade) published by the National Statistics Office. The following are resultant findings. 1. In Seoul metropolitan area, changes in the industrial composition of retailing with annual sales from, 1979 to 1991 show very higher composition rates of 'general merchandise stores' and 'retailing of personal transport equipment and gasoline service stations', but comparatively lower composition rates of 'retailing of food, beverages and tobacco', 'retailing of textiles, clothing, footwear and apparel accessaries', 'general retail trade, n.e.c.',and 'retailing of household fuel'. 2. The characteristics of business organization of retailing in Seoul metropolitan area presents the prevailence of small, personal business organization and especially larger employees of ordinary times. 3. Business components of retailing by principal components analysis in Seoul metropolitan area are follows: 1 All retaining industries are larger business scale. 2. Larger business take the 'retailing of taxtiles, clothing, footwear and apparel accessories', 'retailing of furniture, home furnishing and equipment', and 'retailing of jewellery and watches' is main characteristic legal organization and employees of ordinary times. 4. Types changes in business organization of retailing in Seoul metropolitan area represent legal organization and employees of ordinary times taking the 'retailing of textiles, clothing, footwear and apparel accessories', 'retailing of furniture, home furnishing and equipment',and 'retailing of jewellery and equipment', and 'retailing of jewellery and watches', and legal organization taking 'general retail trade, n.e.c.' in 1979. All retailing industries are changed into larger business scale, in 1991. These phenomena of business changes appeared southeastern regions in Kyunggi-do(province). And larger business scale taking the 'retailing of textiles, clothing, footwear and apparel accessories', 'retailing of jewellery and watches', and 'general retail trade, n.e.c.; are appeared in the legal organization in 1979. 'Retailing of personal transport equipment and gasoline service stations' are appeared in employees of ordinary times in 1991. These phenomena of business changes in appeared in eastern and northern regions in Kyunggi-do. 5. Changes in the business organization of retailing in Seoul metropolitan area is appeared in legal organization and employees of ordinary times for some industries in 1979, larger business scale of retailing and employees of ordinary times in 'retailing of personal transport equipment and gasoline service stations' are the characteristics in 1991.

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Comparative Study of the Business Organization of Retailing in the Seoul and Taegu Metropolitan Areas (소매업 경영에서 본 수도권 지역과 대구권 지역의 비교)

  • 한주성
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.21-42
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    • 1998
  • This paper aims at examining the regional comparison of the business organization of retailing in the Seoul and Taegu metropolitan areas, as an attempt to understand regional structure of retailing within metropolitan areas which represents the suburbanization. On the national level, retail sales have concentrated on larger metropolitan area, the Seoul metroplitan area, the first largest metropolitan area, having higher sales for population scale. While the Taegu metropolitan area, the third largest metropolitan area, appears to lower retail sales for population scale. In order to confirm such phenomenon, this paper is to analyze and to compare the industrial composition of retailing by industry in 1991 of Seoul with that of Taegu. And this paper is to analyze the regional comparison of business organization of retailing: the percents of establishments under four employees, of juridical establishments, of employees of ordinary times, the annual sales per establishment of retailing. And the characteristics of business organization of retailing by industry are analyzed by principal components analysis, and the explanation of the types with component in each district(city, county, ward) is analyzed by cluster analysis(Ward method). The data of 1991 were obtained from the statistics in the Report on Establishment Census(Vol.3 Wholesale and Retail Trade) published by the National Statistics Office. The results are as follows: 1. The composition of retailing by industry in Seoul metropolitan area by annual sales in 1991 is characterized as appeared very higher composition rates of retailing of textiles, clothing, footwear and apparel accessaries', ‘retailing of furniture, home furnishings and equipment’, retailing of jewellery and watches’, ‘retailing of printed matter and stationery’, ‘retailing of personal transport equipment and gasoline service stations’, and ‘general merchandise stores’. But in Taegu metropolitan area, ‘retailing of food, beverages and tobacco’, ‘retailing of drugs, cosmetics and other chemical goods’, 'retailing household fuel’, and ‘genernal retail trade, n.e.c.’appears very high. Therefore Seoul metropolitan area has larger business scale and retailing of shopping goods has developed than Taegu metropolitan area.

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환경변화에 따른 새로운 소매전략의 전개방향에 관한 연구 -일본 소비자의 업태선택행동을 중심으로-

  • Sin, Mun-Sik
    • Journal of Global Scholars of Marketing Science
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    • v.4
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    • pp.133-151
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    • 1999
  • 소매업이 영속기업 으로서 생존하고 지속적으로 성장하기 위해서는 무엇보다도 경쟁상대와의 사이에서 차별화가 가능한 경쟁 업태전략의 전개가 필요하다. 왜냐하면 소매업의 역사는 소매업의 혁신에 의한 경쟁과 구조의 변화과정이라고 볼 수 있는데 그 과정 속에는 소매업 그 자신이 제공하는 제품 서비스의 특징과 소비자의 구매행동과 의식의 변화가 있었기 때문이다. 연구는 주로 소매업에 있어서의 소비자와 경쟁이라는 2가지 요인을 줌심으로 이론 검토를 행함과 동시에 소비자의 소매업태 선택행동에 관한 질문표 조사연구를 실시함으로서 소매전략의 전개 방향성을 제시하려 하였으며 그 예로서 업태개발 전환을 포함하는 소비자 지향의 새로운 소매전략의 전개와 점포로열티 강화전략을 들고있다.

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A Comparative Study on the Performance of Retailers in Korea: Focus on the Growth of Non-­store e-­commerce Business (우리나라 소매업태 간의 경영성과에 관한 비교 연구 - 무점포통신판매업의 성장을 중심으로 -)

  • Koo, Kyoungmo
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.39-56
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    • 2019
  • This study addresses the management performance of the retail industry in Korea. The Non-store e-commerce business, consisting of TV home shopping and online shopping, grew very fast during the 2000s. For roughly six years in the 2010s, the diversification of online shopping business models, intensifying competition, and the proliferation of competition accelerated the entry of offline shopping retailers. During the analysis period from 2001 to 2016, the performance of the Non-­store e-commerce business was statistically better than that of the offline shopping retail business, department stores, general retailers, and small­-sized retailers. As expected, a significant difference between performance and some of the indicators of growth and activity could be seen because of the capital and operating structure of the retail industry. In particular, the Non-store e-commerce businesses have diverse sales media and heterogeneous business models. In this study, we have presented the significance of the differences in the indicators of operating profit and inventory turnover, as well as the discussion required for managing in the future.

Study on Management Strategies of Small and Medium Distribution and Logistics Centers (중소유통물류센터의 경영전략에 대한 연구)

  • Rim, Yong Jae;Lee, Minjung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.331-332
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    • 2021
  • 1990년 중반 이후 외국계 기업과 국내 대기업의 적극적인 유통산업진출은 중소 소매업을 어렵게 하고 있다. 또한 대기업 편의점의 급속한 확장 역시 골목상권 환경을 열악하게 하여, 중소 소매업 점포수의 폐점을 가속화하고 있다. 2003년 중소 소매업의 경쟁력 강화 및 자생력을 확보하고자 정부는 중소유통공동도매물류센터(이하, 중소유통물류센터)를 건립하였다. 하지만 급변하는 유통환경과 온라인 쇼핑의 급속한 발전 속에서 중소유통물류센터는 갈수록 점점 어려워지는 현상에서 중소유통물류센터의 역량강화를 위한 현상분석 및 문제점 도출을 통하여 경쟁력 강화 및 효율적 운영방안을 위한 전략을 제시하고자 한다.

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A Comparative Study on the Management Performance of General Retail Companies in Korea: For Department store, TV home­shopping, Internet & Mobile shopping (우리나라 종합소매업의 경영성과에 관한 비교 연구 - 백화점, TV홈쇼핑, 온라인쇼핑몰 업태를 대상으로 -)

  • Koo, Kyoungmo
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.31-50
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    • 2019
  • The retail industry has been coping with changes in the retail market environment for the past decade or so. Using a total of 14 companies, this study aims to reveal the effect of differences in sales channels and retail business styles on the management performance of retail companies. The financial statements of these companies were used to analyze the five key indicators of their management performance. As research variables, sales channels, retail business style and business period were used as factors affecting their management performance. ANOVA or MANOVA was performed to test differences in management performance between groups according to the number of factors. The effect of three factors on the management performance of retail companies was found to be significant. The multi-comparison test revealed significant differences among retail business styles in terms of the five key indicators. TV home-shopping performed better than others in terms of stability and profitability. Internet and mobile shopping companies performed poorly in terms of profitability compared to others and performed higher than department stores in terms of growth, activity, and productivity.

우수디자인제품 선정이 창업기업 경영성과에 미치는 영향

  • Yu, Jeong-Heon;Bae, Byeong-Yun;Jeon, Gi-Seok
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.93-97
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구에서는 한국디자인진흥원의 우수디자인제품 선정이 기업의 경영성과에 미치는 영향에 대하여 분석하고, 상대적으로 경쟁력이 낮은 창업기업을 중심으로 경영성과에 대하여 연구하고자 하였다. KIDP의 2013년 통계에 따르면 제품 판매에 미치는 요소 중 디자인이 27.53%로 가장 큰 비중을 차지하고 있으며, 기업 규모에서는 대기업과 중기업에 비해 소기업이 제품판매에 미치는 요소 중 디자인 요소가 제일 높은 것으로 나타나고 있다. 또한 이번 연구를 위해 수집한 데이터의 업종별 추이를 살펴보면 기술 기반 업종이 도 소매업을 비롯한 기타 업종에 비해 증가율이 상대적으로 높게 나타나고 있는 것으로 나타나고 있다. 본 연구는 어려운 경영여건에서도 디자인의 중요성을 인식하고, KIDP로부터 우수디자인제품 선정을 받은 기업 중 186개(2013년, 2014년, 2015년)를 대상으로 업력이 7년 이하인 창업기업과 업력이 7년 이상인 계속기업의 경영성과에 차이가 있는지를 실증 분석하였다. 또한 우수디자인제품 선정기업 중 디자인의 역할이 상대적으로 크게 나타나는 제조업과 비제조업 간의 경영성과(매출액)의 차이에 대해서도 분석하였다. KIDP의 우수디자인제품 선정이 기업의 경영성과에 효과가 있는지를 선정연도를 전후 비교하여 "창업기업이 계속기업에 비해 경영성과(매출액)에 더욱 긍정적 효과를 미칠 것이다"라는 가설을 설정하고 실증분석을 한 결과는 창업기업이 경영성과에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 우수디자인제품 선정이 제조업과 창업기업 내의 제조기업 경영성과에도 유의미한 영향으로 나타나고 있다.

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Estimating the Determinants for the Sales of Retail Trade:A Panel Data Model Approach (페널 데이터모형을 적용한 소매업 매출액 결정요인 추정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hee-Cheul;Shin, Hyun-Cheul
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2008
  • In respect complication of group and period, the sales of retail trade is composed of various factors. This paper studies focus on estimating the determinants of the sales of retail trade. The volume of analysis consist of 7 groups. Analyzing period be formed over a 36 point(2005. 1$\sim$2007. 12). In this paper dependent variable setting up sales of retail trade, explanatory(independent) variables composed of composite stock price index, the number of the consumer's online buying behavior company, the coincident composite index, the index of trading price of APT, employment rate, an average of the rate of operation(the manufacturing industry), the consumer price index. The result of estimating the determinants of sales of retail trade provides empirical evidences of significance positive relationships between the coincident composite index, the index of trading price of APT, employment rate, an average of the rate of operation(the manufacturing industry). However this study provides empirical evidences of significance negative relationships between the consumer price index. The explanatory variables, that is, composite stock price and the number of the consumer's online buying behavior company, are non-significance variables. Implication of these findings are discussed for content research and practices.

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