• Title, Summary, Keyword: 속도 편차

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Accident Rate Forecasting Model by Using Speed on Freeway (속도를 이용한 고속도로 구간 사고율 예측 모형)

  • Jeong, Eun-Bi;O, Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2011
  • The speed is one of the significant factors affecting accident occurrence. In particular, freeway accidents are highly associated with the speed because vehicles travel on the freeway at higher speed leading to greater potential of severer injury. Efforts attempting to relating speed with accident occurrence have not been significantly made in Korea. The objective of this study is to model the relationship between speed and accident rate on freeways. Loop detector data and accident data obtained from a stretch of Kyungboo freeway during the recent five years, 2005-2009, were used to establish the model. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that median, minimum and standard deviation of speed were contributing variables in the model. The statistical significance identified by the analyses supports the feasibility of the model in evaluating various transportation policies and operations strategies in terms of traffic safety.

The study of comparisons of standardization methods (원점수 순위와 표준점수 순위 비교를 통한 표준화 방법비교)

  • Min, Dae-Kee;Jung, Ji-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.113-120
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    • 2012
  • When we evaluate prospective students in the interview process, we have to implement a system in which each student can be fairly judged. This process, the standardization of the scores which the interviewers have produced based on a student's performance, is implemented to ensure that each student receives a score that objectively translates one's performance. Although we don't know exactly how effective the standardization is in many different cases, we have researched which standardization methods are most stable and have minimum risks among the four methods such as STD, Range, MAD and IQR. These methods use scales such as standard deviation, range, maximum median and interquartile range.

Integrated Torque and Speed Control Algorithm for Motor Drive System In Continuous Strip Processing Line (연속 공정용 전동기 구동장치를 위한 통합형 토크 및 속도제어 알고리즘)

  • 송승호
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.186-193
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    • 2002
  • A new integrated torque and speed control algorithm has been proposed for the load balancing of rollers in continuous strip processing line(CSPL). Using the proposed method, the output torque and speed can be controlled to follow the reference in spite of nonideal effects such as the speed reference error and/or the controller gain difference between rolls. This new algorithm can be easily implemented in a motor drive system of each roll as it does not require the torque feedback of the others. Through the simulation and experiments for a simple CSPL consists of four driven rolls, the load balancing performance of the proposed scheme is presented and compared with that of conventional method.

The Minimum Fluidization Velocity of Gaussian Distribution Particle System According to Standard Deviation (Gaussian 분포의 입자군의 표준편차에 따른 최소유동화속도)

  • Jang, Hyun Tae;Park, Tae Sung;Cha, Wang Seog
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.567-570
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    • 2008
  • The present study investigated the applicability of the minium fludization velocity measuring method using linear regression analysis between the standard deviation of pressure fluctuation and gas velocity in multi-particle sand on a fluidized bed 0.109 in inner diameter. We measured minium fludization velocity according to the standard deviation of particle distribution in Gaussian distribution. The measured value compared with other researchers' equations. The minium fludization velocity derived from the linear regression analysis of the standard deviation of pressure fluctuation and pressure drop inside the bed. We also found that the minium fludization velocity of a multi-particle system using the standard deviation of pressure fluctuation must be measured at freely bubbling region.

Synoptic Climatological Characteristics of Dry and Wet Years in Korea in the Spring (한국의 춘계 소우년과 다우년의 종관기후학적 특성)

  • 양진석
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.659-666
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    • 2003
  • This study is a comparative analysis on the variabilities of spring precipitation and atmospheric circulations of 500hPa surfaces between dry years and wet years over the Korean Peninsula. The distribution of variabilities of precipitation in spring are different from month to month. In March, the pattern is west-high and east-low, in April, north-high and south-low, in May, east-high and west-low respectively. In the distribution of 500hPa geopotential height anomaly, dry years of March show west-high and east-low pattern in that negative anomaly zones are formed around the Korean Peninsula and western coast of the northern Pacific Ocean, and positive anomaly zones are formed in the inland of East Asia centered on Siberia. Consequently, the Korean Peninsula and neighboring regions experience dry season when the zonal flows are strong with the positive anomaly zones of zonal components. On the contrary in the wet years the westerlies are weak since the pattern is east-high and west-low in which the positive anomaly zones are formed over the Korean Peninsula centered on the Aleutian Islands and western coast of the northern Pacific Ocean and the negative anomaly zones are formed in the inland of East Asia centered on Tibet Plateau and Siberia. The dry years of April and May show north-high and south-low patterns in that negative anomaly zones are found from the center of the northern Pacific Ocean to the eastern coast of East Asia, and the positive anomaly zones are found in the center of East Asia extending from Aleutian Islands to Tibet Plateau. On the contrary, in the wet years the patterns show south-high and north-low. This study identified not only that there are contrary atmospheric circulation patterms between dry years and wet years over Korean Peninsua in spring, but also there are different atmosphric circulation patterns between early and late spring.

Robotics (6)

  • Lee, Bong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 1985
  • Servo의 안정성: Servo는 정상상태, 과도상태의 특성을 문제삼기에 앞서 먼저 안정하지 않으면 안된다. 제어량과 제어편차와 같이 제어 loop 속의 신호가 일정치에 수검하지 않는 현상을 불안정이라 한다. 제어량의 feedback을 정(positive)으로 하며 일반 목표치에는 수검하지 않고 제어편차는 단조롭게 정, 또는 부(negative)의 방향으로 발산한다. 이것은 접속 잘못에 의한 이상현상에 속한다. 이것에 대해서, 부 feeeback으로 하여도 제어 량이 목표치에 수검하지 않고 지속적으로 진동하는 불안현상도 있다. 이들은 선형발진과 비선형발진으로 구분할 수 있다.

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Correlation between Design Consistency and Accident Rates based on Standard Deviations of Highway Design Elements (도로선형설계요소의 표준편차를 이용한 설계일관성과 교통사고와의 상관성)

  • Oh, Heung-Un
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 2009
  • On freeways, factors inducing traffic accidents consist of two major elements such as driver factors and road environment factors. Research have been done and shown that there would be relationship between design elements such as radius, slopes, superelevations, and observed speeds and accident rates. The present paper confirms that these elements are correlated with accident rates. Furthermore, the paper identifies standard deviation of these elements as the design consistency and compare them with reduction of accident rates. This type of work leads to identify the fact that standard deviations based design consistency are correlated with accident rates. The results of the paper may contribute to encourage the quantified use of design consistency during highway design.

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An Analysis on Compliance of Variable Speed Limit under Foggy Conditions using Driving Simulator (차량 시뮬레이터를 이용한 안개 도로 가변제한속도 순응 경향 분석)

  • Kim, Soullam;Lee, Sukki;Kim, Yongseok
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.116-127
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    • 2017
  • A fog on road is known as a weather factor that affects traffic flow. The method in order to solve the problem, recently, Variable Speed Limit(VSL) which provide reasonable speed limit by road and weather conditions in real time is introduced. However, if drivers do not comply with VSL, the road safety more decrease than without VSL because individual vehicle's speed deviation is larger than without VSL. Therefore, this paper aims to analyze to speed limit compliance and traffic characteristics under foggy conditions with and without VSL. A test using driving simulator divides into normal and foggy condition with visibilities are 200m, 150, 50~100m. The test results showed that 70 subjects's average speed mostly obeyed speed limit, but speed deviation generally declined with VSL. Especially, the speed deviation more reduced under foggy conditions. According to this study, compliance of VSL clearly rose in low visibility and VSL helped improve road safety due to reduction of speed deviation. The results of this study are expected to make use of reasonable speed limit for reference.

Modelling and Evaluation of Traffic Flow with Variable Speed Limit on Highway (연속류 가변속도제어 모형개발 및 효과분석)

  • Cho, Hye-Rim;Kim, Young-Chan;Ha, Dong-Ik
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.16-26
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    • 2011
  • Variable speed limit(VSL) is one of the highway ITS techniques designed to prevent accidents and traffic slow down by reducing congestion or speed variation between vehicles and lanes prior to arrive at the accident location by limiting speed. In Korea, while people have recognized the need for variable speed limit beginning with Seoul's urban expressway and installed facilities in order to provide guide for speed limit per lane and lane use, there has not been enough development of algorithm for internal administration as well as research on the basic principles behind administering variable speed limit. This study is for modeling and evaluating the VSL strategies based on the traffic flow theory. Supply-Demand method of the Cell Transmission Model is applied to demonstrate the traffic features and shockwaves to upstream of the bottleneck with/without VSL. We verified the explanation of Cell Transmission Model for the numerical example. and as the result, it is found that VSL strategies can reduce the total travel time in the congested section and variation of the speed. It means VSL is useful to improve the traffic condition and the safety on highway

Development of Automatic System to Measure Transmitted Ultrasonic Speed of Raw Ginseng (수삼의 초음파 전달속도 계측 자동화 시스템 개발)

  • 서동현;김기대;강호양;김찬수;이현동
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.592-599
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구에서는 수삼의 가공전 선별을 위해 현장에서 편리하게 사용할 수 있는 초음파 전달 속도 계측 자동화 시스템을 개발하여 그 성능을 평가하고자 하였으며 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. 개발된 시스템은 제어용 컴퓨터, 시스템 구동 및 탐촉자 이동 장치, 하중 변환장치, 초음파 발생 및 송수신 장치 등으로 구성되었다. 2. 제어 및 계측용 프로그램은 압축력, 측정 대상물의 크기, 초음파 전달 시간을 순차적으로 계측하여 초음파 전달 속도를 계산하는 알고리즘을 개발하였으며, Visual Basic 6.0으로 작성되었다. 모터의 작동, A/D 변환, RS232C 통신 등과 관련된 부분은 각각의 모듈화된 함수로서 구동하고자 하였다. 3. 개발된 시스템의 속도와 거리별 이동 거리별 오차를 측정한 결과 0∼0.04mm 범위를 나타내었다. 이 값은 시스템의 허용오차인 0.17mm 오차보다는 현저히 작은 값이었고 15mm/s와 30mm/s의 이동 속도에서 모두 비슷한 크기의 오차값을 나타내었다. 4. 개발된 시스템의 속도별 반복정밀도 실험 결과 측정위치에서의 반복에 의한 정지 위치 오차는 전 구간에서 0.02mm 이내로 나타났고, 이동 평판의 이동속도가 15mm/s였을 경우에는 이동 회수 30회, 이동 거리 60mm일 때 최대 편차 0.019mm를 나타냈으며 이동속도가 30mm/s일 경우에는 이동 회수 40회, 이동거리 20mm에서 0.02mm의 최대 편차를 나타내었다. 5. 5개의 알루미늄 조각의 크기를 시스템으로 측정한 결과 측정값의 최대 편차는 0.08mm였다. 이 값은 시스템의 허용오차인 0.17mm의 50% 수준으로 시스템은 대상물의 크기 측정에 적당하다고 사료되었다. 6. 절단된 수삼의 초음파 전달속도는 평균 396.4m/s였다.를 축열재로 사용할 경우 재생기를 반으로 나누어서 가열부 쪽에 철선을, 냉각부 쪽에 철망을 삽입한 것이 반대로 삽입한 것보다 재생기 양단의 온도차는 높게 나타났고, 재생기 양단의 압력 차는 낮게 나타났다. 재생기 축열재로서 철망-철선을 사용할 경우 철선-철망 ø1.2-150이 전열 표면적은 작으나 재생기 양단의 온도차가 가장 큰 것으로 나타났으며 재생기 양단의 압력 차는 가장 낮게 나타나 공시 철망- 철선 혼합 축열재중 가장 우수함을 알 수 있다. 4. 철망사이에 철선을 삽입한 축열재의 경우, 철망사이에 삽입한 철선의 직경이 큰 것이 철선의 직경이 작은 것보다 재생기의 양단의 온도차가 높게 나타났고 재생기 양단의 압력차는 작게 나타났다. 그러므로 철망사이에 철선을 삽입한 것 중 성능이 우수한 것은 150-ø2. 0-150으로 나타났다. 5. 실험한 재생기 축열재들 중에서 성능이 우수한 것들을 비교한 결과, 복합 철선 ø1.2-1 50이 가장 성능이 좋은 것으로 나타났다.적외선.열풍 복합건조방법이 높게 나타나 이것은 곡물 표면에 원적외선 방사에의한 복사열이 전달되어 열장해를 받았기 때문으로 판단되며, 금후 더 연구하여 적정 열풍온도 및 방사체 크기를 구명해야 할 것이다.으로 보여진다 따라서 옻나무 유래 F는 포유동물의 생식기능에 중요하게 작용하는 것으로 사료된다.된다.정량 분석한 결과이다. 시편의 조성은 33.6 at% U, 66.4 at% O의 결과를 얻었다. 산화물 핵연료의 표면 관찰 및 정량 분석 시험시 시편 표면을 전도성 물질로 증착시키지 않고, Silver Paint 에 시편을 접착하는 방법으로도 만족한 시험 결과를 얻을 수 있었다.째, 회복기 중에 일어나는 입자들의 유입은 자기폭풍의 지속시간을 연장시키는 경향을 보이며 큰 자기폭풍일수

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