• Title, Summary, Keyword: 승선원

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A Study on the Marine Accidents' Prevention of Korean Fishing Vessel which Foreign Seafarers are on board (외국인선원 승선 한국어선의 해양사고 예방에 관한 고찰)

  • Chong, Dae-Yul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2015
  • Foreign seafarers have embarked on the fishing vessels as industrial trainees since 1990s and the total number of foreign seafarers on merchant ships and fishing vessels marked 21,327 as of the end of 2013. Especially, in case of deep-sea fishing vessels and coastal/inshore fishing vessels, although the number of fishing vessels decreased, the number of foreign seafarers nearly doubled during recent 5 years. Looking at the marine accidents occurred to fishing vessels, after multinational seafarers are joining on board fishing vessels, difficulties in communication among seafarers has become a major issue. And the safety rules which could be understandable by foreign seafarers are not provided and the education and training for foreign seafarers are not properly conducted either. Consequently, the risk of marine accidents during fishing operation on fishing vessels has increased and emergency response under the captain's control was not effective enough to cope with such emergency situation. Several forced labour issues were also reported resulting from abusive words and assault committed by Korean seafarers. Therefore, This study aims first to review the cases of marine accidents on board fishing vessels which foreign seafarers are working and, the problems concerning employment and education for those foreign seafarers, and then to point out the necessity of conducting training on the safety rules and regular emergency drills for the foreign seafarers in order to prevent marine accidents.

A Study on Piracy Matters and Introduction of the Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel on Board Ships (해적사건 대응을 위한 무장경비원제도 도입방안에 관한 연구)

  • Roh, Ho-Rae
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.41
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    • pp.293-326
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    • 2014
  • Piracy is a worldwide issue, but the deteriorating security situation in the seas off Somalia, the Gulf of Aden and the wider Western Indian Ocean between 2005 and 2012 and in the increasing number of attacks in the Gulf of Guinea are a major problem. The depth of concern for the problem internationally is amply demonstrated by the levels of co-operation and coordination among naval and other forces from several countries that have assembled in the west Indian Ocean region and the Gulf of Aden to escort ships carrying humanitarian aid to Somalia and to protect vulnerable shipping. Notwithstanding this unprecedented effort, the vast sea area in which the pirates now operate makes it difficult to patrol and monitor effectively, particularly with the limited resources available. More resources, in the form of naval vessels and aircraft, are needed and at every opportunity the IMO encourages Member Governments to make greater efforts to provide the additional naval, aerial surveillance and other resources needed through every means possible. IMO provide interim guidance and recommendations to be taken into account when considering the use of PCASP(privately contracted armed security personnel) if and when a flag State determines that such a measure would be lawful and, following a full risk assessment, appropriate. The interim guidance and recommendations of IMO are not intended to endorse or institutionalize the use of armed guards. Therefore, they do not represent any fundamental change of policy by the Organization in this regard. It is for each flag State, individually, to decide whether or not PCASP should be authorized for use on board ships flying their flag. If a flag State decides to permit this practice, it is up to that State to determine the conditions under which authorization will be granted. Therefore, Korea should be introduced rationally PCASP for safe shipping. PCASP on board ships is much the same to special guard personnel of security services industry act. Act plan of Oceans and fisheries ministry on PCASP collides with special guard personnel system of National Police Agency. Rather than new law making, PCASP regukations have to be included in security services industry act. Management Agency of PCASP is to not Oceans and fisheries ministry, but Central Headquarters Korea Coast Guard of Public Safety and Security Ministry because of specialty and closely connection.

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Studies on the Officer's Feeling Response Data when the Ship Encounter Situaitons (선박 조우상황시 느끼는 해기사 반응 데이터의 통계처리에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dae-Sik;Kim, Deug-Bong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.202-204
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    • 2015
  • 2010년부터 최근 5년간 해양안전심판원의 충돌사고 통계분석 결과에 따르면 98%가 인적과실이 원인이 될 정도로 경계소홀 등 해기사에 의한 운항과실이 해양사고의 대부분을 차지하고 있으나 그동안 외국뿐만 아니라 국내에서도 이에 대한 연구는 극히 미흡한 실정이다. 본 연구는 항해중인 선박이 타 선박과 6가지 유형(Head-on, $045^{\circ}$, $090^{\circ}$, $135^{\circ}$, Overtaking, Overtaken)의 다른 방위각으로 조우 상황시 양 선박의 거리가 가까워지면서 거리별 항해당직사관인 해기사가 느끼는 스트레스(주관적 위험도)를 실제 항해중인 선박에 승선하여 실험하였고 획득한 데이터를 통계적으로 분석 및 처리하였다. 데이터를 곡선적합(Curve fitting) 적용 결과 6가지 조우각도별 거리에 따른 연속 데이터 획득이 가능 하였고 인적과실의 주요 원인 중의 하나인 타 선박 조우 상황시 해기사가 느끼는 스트레스 일반화 모델을 위한 기초 식을 제안하였다. 이러한 결과는 향후 해기사의 인적과실을 줄여 해양사고 예방을 위한 기초 자료로 활용 할 수 있을 것이다.

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The Study for Stress Calculation of Slip Damage between Propeller Boss and Shaft on the Large Vessel (대형선 프로펠러보스 슬립 손상부에 대한 응력 계산에 관한 연구)

  • Baik, Shin-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.291-294
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    • 2011
  • The accident of Slip damage which arose between propeller boss and shaft will be a great problem of safety and economical due to the loss of propulsion power. In this study, the cause of slip damage on the large vessel was surveyed by meeting with officers of troubled ship, checking of drawings on the new built and surveyor report of adjuster company. Additionally, the material of propeller had been compression tested for confirming the impact strength. The result of this studies would be promote the design strength for contact force for keyless propeller, and futhermore reduce the accident of propeller slip between propeller boss and shaft.

해양 분야에 사이버 대학 교육시스템 도입 방향

  • No, Chang-Gyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.113-115
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    • 2012
  • 미래 사회는 사이버 교육 시스템 발전과 수요 증대로 대학 및 전문 교육과정이 오프라인 환경에서 온라인 교육과정으로 환경 변화가 급속히 진행되고 있는 반면에 해상분야는 통신시스템 제약으로 온라인 교육시스템 도입에 어려움이 많다. 사이버 대학 교육시스템 제도를 해양계열에 도입하고자 하는 취지는 승선하면서 즉 경력을 쌓으면서 학위나 자격증을 더 취득함으로써 업무 효율을 증대하고 경쟁력을 강화코자 함이다. 평생교육원과 사이버 해양수산대학 설립 필요성을 조사한 결과에서도 선원을 비롯 해양수산 및 조선분야 관계자를 위해 사이버 학위과정은 단계적으로 도입 필요성을 제시하고 있다.

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