• Title, Summary, Keyword: 승선원

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Risk Analysis Based on Accident-Category for Railway Work Zones (철도건설현장의 사고유형기반 위험도 분석)

  • Park, Mi-Yun;Choi, Eun-Soo;Park, Joo-Nam;Choi, Seung-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.260-266
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    • 2009
  • The theory of risk is applied frequently in analysis of railway accidents. The aim of risk analysis is to search potential causes and contribution factors of accidents by checking the total system of construction field. This paper analyze a pattern and a cause of accident occupied in construction field, calculate risk index considering accident frequency and severity, and then provide the relative risk assessment. Based on this, this paper will provide the methodology of qualitative risk assessment guiding to reach a consistency of risk index with risk assessment.

Effect of Germination on Alisma plantago by Pellet Coating Materials (펠렛코팅 재료가 택사종자의 발아에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Byung-Sun;Jang, Young-Seok;Choi, Seung-Sun
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.50 no.spc1
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    • pp.239-241
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    • 2005
  • Alisma plantago seeds have some difficulties for mechanical sowing because of small, irregular and shrunken shapes. Thus it was intended to make seed pelleting for Alisma piantago seeds to solve these problem. The main object of this study was to find the best materials for Alisma plantago seeds pelleting. The most desirable shapes which provide a spherical and smooth surface of the pelleted seeds that enhance mechanical singling was made from the mixture of SDZ + DE + CA $0.4\%$. The pelleted seeds were easily broken after absorbing water and the germination rate of those was $95.3\%$ in lab.

새로운 식품소재로서의 의곡류 amarans, quinoa의 제빵 특성에 관하여

  • Morita, Naofumi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
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    • pp.6-7
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    • 2000
  • 개발도상국의 급격한 인구 증가에 의해 세계 60억 이라는 인구도 2050년을 맞아 약 100억에 도달할 것이라고 일컬어진다. 이로 인한 장래의 식량 위기에 대비하여 벼, 밀, 옥수수 등의 증산, 품종 개발도 물론 필요하지만 선진국을 중심으로 시장성 높은 작물의 소비가 우선되어지는 상황에 맞추어 세계적으로 주식이 될 수 있는 새로운 곡류의 확보와 생산체제도 중요한 문제이다. 한편으로 생활의 향상에 따른 식물의 다양화와 건강지향의 관점으로 본 다 품목 소량형의 식생활을 하는 것이 식물성 allergy의 방지 측면으로서의 곡류 특히 잡곡류의 유효 이용이 부각되어진다. 이들 중 amarans, quinoa는 벼과 식물에 비교해서 광합성능이 좋은 C4식물로서 생장이 빠르고 동시에 비타민, 무기질, 지질이 풍부하고 구성 단백질 중에 필수 아미노산을 많이 함유하여 아미노산 등급도 높고 특히 영양 발란스도 우수하다. 또 cholesterol 저하작용, 식물섬유에 의한 대장암의 억제 작용 등이 잘 알려져 있다. 그리l고 quinoa에 대해서는 아메리카 항공우주국(NASA)에서 CELSS(Controlled Ecological Life Support System; 장기간 우주특무비행의 승선원을 위한 공기중의 이산화탄소를 제거하고 식량·산소·물을 만들어 내기 위해 식물을 이용하는 방법)에 적합한 작물 후보로써 선택되어 신규 식품소재로써 주목받고 있다. 이상과 같은 견지로부터 amarans, quinoa를 일상식화되고 있는 빵에 이용하기 위해 제빵성 및 혼합중의 반죽의 모든 성질에 대해서 검토했다. amarans는 초과의 Amaranthus에 속하고 주요 생산국은 아메리카, 멕시코, 페루등이지만 일본에서는 주로 A.hypochondriacus가 수입되어 이용 되어지고 있다.amarans의 가루는 단독으로는 점탄성 있는 반죽을 형성하지 않기 때문에 밀가루에 일부를 대용한 wheat flour dough를 사용하고 가정용 제빵기로 구워 최종 단계에까지의 제빵성 결과를 산출했다. amarans folur 5%의 대체에는 빵의 비용적이 비교적 증대했지만 그 이상 amarans flour을 대처하면 확연히 비용적은 감소했다. amarans flour 10% 대체에 hemicellulase 1250U 이상을 첨가하면 비용적은 눈에 띄게 증대했다. farinograph에 있어서 반죽의 안정성은 amarans flour 10% 대용에 현저히 감소했다. 반죽의 점탄성(아축응력, 탄성률, 점성계수)는 amarans flour 10%를 대용한 것이 무첨가한 것보다 많이 단단해졌음을 알 수 있었다. 혼합중의 반죽의 조사형 전자현미경 관찰로 amarans flour로 대체한 gluten이 단단해졌음을 알수 있었다. 유화제 stearly 칼슘, 혹은 hemicellulase를 amarans 10% 대체한 밀가루에 첨가하면 확연히 비용적을 증대시킬 수 있다는 사실을 알 수 있었다. quinoa는 명아주과 Chenopodium에 속하고 페루, 볼리비아 등의 고산지에서 재배 되어지는 것을 시료로 사용하였다. quinoa 분말은 중량의 5-20%을 quinoa를 대체하고 더욱이 분말중량에 대하여 0-200ppm의 lipase를 lipid(밀가루의 2-3배)에 대하여 품질개량제로서 이용했다. 그 결과 quinoa 대량 7.5%에서 비용적, gas cell이 가장 긍정적 결과를 산출했고 반죽의 조직구조가 강화되었다. 또 quinoa 대체에 의해 전분-지질 복합제의 흡열량이 증대된 것으로부터 전분-지질복합제의 형성 촉진이 시사되었다.이것으로 인하여 호화억제에 의한 노화 방지효과가 기대되었지만 실제로 빵의 노화는 현저히 진행되었다. 이것은 quinua 대체량 증가에 따른 반죽의 안정성이 저하되어 버린 것으로 생각되어진다. 더욱이 lipase를 첨가하면 반죽이 분화하는 경향이 보여졌지만 첨가량 75ppm에 있어서 상당히 비용적의 증대가 보였다. 이것은 lipase의 가수분해에 의해 생긴 monogliceride에 의한 유화각 일어나서 보존성이 개선되어진 것으로 quinoa를 보다 많이 빨에 이용하기 위해서는 lipaserk 품질개량제로서 유효하다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 또 lipase는 quinoa의 대체량이 비교적 많은 10-20%의 섭취가 곧 allergy 질환 문제의 개선책이 되는 것은 물론 amarans, quinoa에는 lysine, 함황아미노산이 많고 지질중의 지방산조성도 좋고 무기질도 많이 함유되어 있다. 이와같이 우리들 개인의 건강에 대한 배려도 있고 amarans, quinoa등의 식품재료를 적극적으로 사용할 수 있도록 유념해 두었으면 하는 바램이다.

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A Study on the Analysis of Present Navigation Method at the Ulsan waterways from the viewpoint of Pilot (도선사의 관점에서 본 울산항 도선구의 통항 현황 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kei-Yel;Lee, Dong-Sup;Park, Young-Soo
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.469-475
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    • 2011
  • Ulsan pilotage is one of the most busy pilots boarding among the korean pilotages. The route layout of ulsan port is simple but the complex degree of marine traffic flow is high because there are many navigating ships from/to piers and anchorages nearby route. So, this paper is surveyed and analysised the navigating dangerous factors as to navigation danger elements in/near the route, the proper distance between piers at the ulsan waterways. And this research assures the same place where shiphandling bunder is occurred to compare the danger sense of pilot with environment stress to represented the mariner's shiphandling stress quantitatively at the ulsan route.

The Research on the Relationship between the Mental Health and the Adaptability to the Group Life (집단생활에서의 적응상태와 정신건강과의 관계 - 승선학과 학생을 중심으로 -)

  • 하해동;신한원
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Navigation
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.115-138
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    • 1986
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the nature of the relationship between several factors representing the mental health enumerated in the psychology literature and the dadaptability to group life which all of th KMU students encounter. An empirical study was carried out to examine not only the differences in mental health of 4 kinds of students groups but also the impact of interaction which mental health affects to the adaptability to group life among grades. The several factors of the mental health can be utilized in suggesting the theoretical bases for the countermeasures of the effective group life along with the motivation of KMU students. The data investigating the impact of interaction between mental health and the adaptability to group life were collected from 537 KMU students selected from 4 different kinds of population-(1) Freshman group (2) Sophomore group (3) Junior group (4) Senior group-by the use of questionnaire method and interview. The 2-way analysis of variance (MANOVA) were used to analyze the data. The results of this study were found as follows; (1) There are significant difference in the cognition of gloom, personal sensitiveness, anagonism, anxiety and total score among 4 grade groups, (2) The freshmen group and the sophomore group have perceived gloom, personal sensitiveness, antagonism, and total score more acutely than the junior group and senior group have. (3) There are significant differences in perceiving an obession and personal sensitiveness according to the adaptation types to the group life; adaopted type, non-adapted type. The non-adapted group has recognized an obsession and personal sensitiveness more seriously than the adapted group has. (4) The interaction between grades and the adaptation status doesn't have an direct influence on the mental health.

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A study on applying of the ITC-Hulls & ISM Code for the Accident of Foundering Ship (선박침몰사고에 따른 ITC약관 및 ISM Code 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dae-Hae;Kim, Se-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.117-118
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    • 2007
  • This paper was provided to apply the ITC-Hulls Clauses & ISM Code for the accident of sunken ship which was occurred by seamen's barratry. For the causes of the sunken accident, the underwriter insisted that shipowner submerged the vessel intentionally for the purpose of the insured amounts, while shipowner protests that the ship was submerged because of crews faults. In this connection, the judge sentenced that this accident was caused by humans errors as the Provisions of 6.2.4 of ITC-Hulls, however shipowner is responsible for hiring onboard qualified seafarers and carrying out the due diligence for performing ISM Code for ensuring ship's safety and seaworthiness.

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Development of Evaluation System for the Cognitive Performance of Marine Officers (항해사 인지능력 평가시스템)

  • Kim, Hong-Tae;Hong, Seoung-Kwon;Barnett, Mike
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.650-653
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    • 2009
  • Decrease in crew performance is frequently cited as a major causal factor in maritime accidents. Although considerable researches on working hours undertaken by seafarers have been conducted through interviews and record analyses, experimental studies on the effects of factors, such as high workload, shift patterns, stress, sleep deprivation, and disturbance on the cognitive performance of mariners have been limited. Other safety-critical transport industries, such as aviation and rail, have developed fatigue management tools to help managements in the work patterns of their operators. Such tools for mariners would assist shipboard crews, marine pilots, and shore managers for planning and improving work schedules. The overall aim of this paper is to determine a fatigue factor that can be applied to human performance data as a part of a software program that calculates total cognitive performance. This program enables us to establish the levels of cognitive performance in a group of marine pilots in order to test a decision-making task based on radar information. This paper addresses one of the factors that may contribute to the determination of various fatigue factors: the effects of different work patterns on the cognitive performance of a marine pilot.

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Risk Research on Chemical Product Styrene Monomer Shipped in a Vessel (선박적재 화학물 Styrene Monomer의 위해성 조사)

  • Park, Seung-Ho;Kim, Dae-Jeong;Yim, Jeong-Bin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.268-268
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the risk of chemical product, Styrene Monomer(SM), shipped in a vessel. SM is harmful chemical product which can make injury, explosion and/or fire in a vessel. The understand of SM risk is very important to protect seafarer's body and vessel safety. This research can be expected that the understanding of SM risk by a seafarer's to prevent accidents by SM explosion and/or fire.

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A Study on Indoor Air Quality in new Ship (새로 건조된 선박의 실내공기환경 조사 연구)

  • Doe, Geun-Young;Lee, Han-Seok;Lee, Yun-Gyu;Lee, Hyong-Ki
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.427-434
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    • 2007
  • Indoor air pollution has been a critical issue as a new environmental problem and a significant amount of research has been performed on the indoor air pollution in buildings as well us those in mean of transport such as automobiles, subways, and buses. The actual condition of indoor air pollution in ships, however, was not investigated. Because airtightness of a ship is very higher than a general building and the crew spend almost all the time in indoor space of the ship during underway, indoor air quality(IAQ) of the ship is very important for their comfortableness and health. In this paper, indoor air quality of a new ship is measured and analyzed for the improvement of IAQ in ships.

A study on applying of the ITC-Hulls & ISM Code for the Accident of the Foundering Ship (선박침몰사고에 따른 ITC 협회약관 및 ISM Code 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Se-Won;Kim, Dae-Hae
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.229-235
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    • 2008
  • This paper was provided to apply the ITC-Hulls Clauses & ISM Code for the accident of sunken ship which was occurred by seamen's barratry. For the causes of the sunken accident, the underwriter insisted toot shipowner submerged the vessel intentionally for the purpose of the insured amounts, while shipowner protests toot the ship was submerged because of crews faults. In this connection, the judge sentenced toot this accident was caused by humans errors as the Provisions of 6.2.4 of ITC-Hulls, however shipowner is responsible for hiring onboard qualified seafarers and carrying out the due diligence for performing ISM Code for ensuring ship's safety and seaworthiness.