• Title/Summary/Keyword: 실리카

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Effect of functional group on activity and stability of lipase immobilized on silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles with different functional group (실리카 코팅된 자성 나노입자로의 효소 고정화에 사용된 작용기가 리파아제의 활성과 안정성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hye Rin;Kim, Moon Il;Hong, Sang Eun;Choi, Jaeyeong;Kim, Young Min;Yoon, Kuk Ro;Lee, Seungho;Ha, Sung Ho
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 2016
  • The present study investigated the immobilization of lipases on silica nanoparticles and silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles as supports with a functional group to enhance the stability of lipase. The influence of functional groups, such as the epoxy group and the amine group, on the activity and stability of immobilized lipase was also studied. The epoxy group and the amino group were introduced onto the surface of nanoparticles by glycidyl methacrylate and aminopropyl triethoxysilane, respectively. Immobilized Candida rugosa lipase on silica nanoparticles and silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles with a functional group showed slightly lower initial enzyme activities than free enzyme; however, the immobilized Candida rugosa lipase retained over 92 % of the initial activity, even after 3 times reuse. Lipase was also immobilized on the silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles by cross-linked enzyme aggregate (CLEA) using glutaraldehyde and covalent binding, respectively, were also studied. Immobilized Candida rugosa lipase on silica nanoparticles and silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles by CLEA and covalent binding showed higher enzyme activities than free enzyme, while immobilized Candida rugosa lipase retained over 73 % of the initial activity after 5 times reuse.

Modification of Silica Nanoparticles with Bis[3-(triethoxysilylpropyl)]tetrasulfide and Their Application for SBR Nanocomposite (Bis[3-(triethoxysilylpropyl)]tetrasulfide에 의한 실리카 입자의 표면개질 반응과 SBR 나노 복합체 응용)

  • Ryu, Hyun Soo;Lee, Young Seok;Lee, Jong Cheol;Ha, KiRyong
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.308-315
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    • 2013
  • In this study, we performed surface modification of silica nanoparticles with bis[3-(triethoxysilylpropyl)]tetrasulfide (TESPT) silane coupling agent to study the effects of treatment temperature, treatment time, and amount of TESPT used on the silanization degree with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), elemental analysis (EA) and solid state $^{13}C$ and $^{29}Si$ cross-polarization magic angle spinning (CP/MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). We found peak area of isolated silanol groups at $3747cm^{-1}$ decreased, but peak area of $-CH_2$ asymmetric stretching of TESPT at $2938cm^{-1}$ increased with the amount of TESPT from FTIR measurements. We also used universal testing machine (UTM) to study mechanical properties of styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) nanocomposites with 20 phr (parts per hundred of rubber) of pristine and TESPT modified silicas, respectively. The tensile strength and 100% modulus of modified silica/SBR nanocomposite were enhanced from 5.65 to 9.38MPa, from 1.62 to 2.73 MPa, respectively, compared to those of pristine silica/SBR nanocomposite.

Silica/polymer Nanocomposite Containing High Silica Nanoparticle Content : Change in Proton Conduction and Water Swelling with Surface Property of Silica Nanoparticles (고농도의 Silica Nanoparticle을 함유한 Silica/polymer 나노복합체 : 실리카 표면 특성에 따른 수소이온 전도성 및 수팽윤도 변화)

  • Kim, Ju-Young;Kim, Seung-Jin;Na, Jae-Sik
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.514-521
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    • 2010
  • A new one-shot process was employed to fabricate proton exchange membranes (PEMs) over conventional solvent-casting process. Here, PEMs containing nano-dispersed silica nanoparticles were fabricated using one-shot process similar to the bulk-molding compounds (BMC). Different components such as reactive dispersant, urethane acrylate nonionmer (UAN), styrene, styrene sulfuric acid and silica nano particles were dissolved in a single solvent dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) followed by copolymerization within a mold in the presence of radical initiator. We have successfully studied the water-swelling and proton conductivity of obtained nanocomposite membranes which are strongly depended on the surface property of dispersed silica nano particles. In case of dispersion of hydrophilic silica nanoparticles, the nanocomposite membranes exhibited an increase in water-swelling and a decrease in methanol permeability with almost unchanged proton conductivity compared to neat polymeric membrane. The reverse observations were achieved for hydrophobic silica nanoparticles. Hence, hydrophilic and hydrophobic silica nanoparticles were effectively dispersed in hydrophilic and hydrophobic medium respectively. Hydrophobic silica nanoparticles dispersed in hydrophobic domains of PEMs largely suppressed swelling of hydrophilic domains by absorbing water without interrupting proton conduction occurred in hydrophilic membrane. Consequently, proton conductivity and water-swelling could be freely controlled by simply dispersing silica nanopartilces within the membrane.

A Study on the Blue Fluorescence Characteristics of Silica Nanoparticles with Different Particle Size (실리카 나노 입자의 크기에 따른 청색 형광 특성 연구)

  • Yoon, Ji-Hui;Kim, Ki-Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2019
  • Organic dye-doped silica nanoparticles are used as a promising nanomaterials for bio-labeling, bio-imaging and bio-sensing. Fluorescent silica nanoparticles(NPs) have been synthesized by the modified $St{\ddot{o}}ber$ method. In this study, dye-free fluorescent silica NPs of various sized were synthesized by Sol-Gel process as the modified $St{\ddot{o}}ber$ method. The functional material of APTES((3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane) was added as an additive during the Sol-Gel process. The as-synthesized silica NPs were calcined at $400^{\circ}C$ for 2 hours. The surface morphology and particle size of the as-synthesized silica NPs were characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy. The fluorescent characteristics of the as-synthesized silica NPs was confirmed by UV lamp irradiation of 365 nm wavelength. The photoluminescence (PL) of the as-synthesized silica NPs with different size was analyzed by fluorometry. As the results, the as-synthesized silica NPs exhibits same blue fluorescent characteristics for different NPs size. Especially, as increased of the silica NPs size, the intensity of PL was decreased. The blue fluorescence of dye-free silica NPs was attributed to linkage of $NH_2$ groups of the APTES layer and oxygen-related defects in the silica matrix skeleton.

Dispersion Characteristics of Silica Nanopowder in Aqueous Solution and Evaluation of Ni Composite Coating (실리카 나노 분말의 용액 내 분산 특성과 니켈 복합 도금에 관한 연구)

  • Park, So-Yeon;Jeong, Myeong-Won;Lee, Heung-Ryeol;Lee, Jae-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.67-67
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    • 2011
  • 퍼멀로이의 내식성, 기계적 성질 등을 증가시키기 위해 복합도금을 실시하였다. 실리카 나노분말의 분산특성을 Zeta potential을 이용하여 측정하였으며 알칼리 도금액에서 퍼멀로이-실리카 복합도금을 실시하였다. 실리카 나노분말의 응집을 최소로 하기 위하여 전극의 RPM 변화, 첨가제와 초음파의 복합처리에 따른 변화, 전류 밀도 변화를 살펴보았다.

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기술개발성공사례 - 미분말 실리카 제조에 성공한 (주)신흥규산

  • Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies
    • The Science & Technology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.78-79
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    • 1999
  • 반월공단의 한복판에 자리잡고 있는 신흥규산(주)은 기능성 미분말 실리카의 제조기술 개발에 성공, 상용화작업을 진행하고 있다. 미분말 실리카는 규산소다를 원료로 하여 생산한 2차 제품으로 석유화학과 도료 잉크산업, 제지산업 등에서 특정한 기능을 살리기 위해 첨가되는 소재이다. 62년 설립된 신흥규산(주)은 65명의 가족을 거느린 중소기업으로 올해는 미분말 실리카와 크로마토그래피용 무기소재를, 내년엔 제지보류 향상용 마이크로실리카겔을 일본을 비롯한 아시아 전역에 수출할 계획을 세우고 있다.

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A Study on Insulation·Fire Proof Materials Using Silica Aerogels (실리카 에어로젤을 이용한 단열·내화재 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Myung Ho;Hong, Sungchul
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.6816-6822
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    • 2015
  • In this study, silica aerogel-glass wool composites were developed for improvement of thermal conductivity and overcoming the water adsorption of glass wool boards. Silica aerogel-glass wool composites were prepared by glass wool and silica aerogel with liquid binder. Mixtures with binder were composed of CMC (carboxymethyl cellulose) and silica aerogel for glass wool board. Silica aerogel-glass wool composite boards were had $0.065g/cm^3$ density by impregnation silica aerogel where from origin glass wool board at $0.048g/cm^3$ density. Thermal conductivity of silica aerogel-glass wool composites were 0.0315 W/mK (up to 7.4% thermal resistance) and fire penetration time came to 362 seconds (up to 2.7 times stronger than origin glass wool board). In addition, hydrophobic aerogel characteristics prevented the adsorption of water onto silica aerogel-glass wool composite boards that was good for lightweight.

Surface Modification of Proton Exchange Membrane by Introduction of Excessive Amount of Nanosized Silica (과량 실리카 도입을 통한 고분자 전해질막 표면 개질)

  • Park, Chi Hoon;Kim, Ho Sang;Lee, Young Moo
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.301-310
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    • 2014
  • In this study, the silica nanoparticles were considerably chosen to improve a dimensional stability, proton transport and electrochemical performance of the resulting inorganic-organic nanocomposite membranes. For this purpose, hydrophobic silica (Aerosil$^{(R)}$ 812, Degussa) and hydrophilic silica (Aerosil$^{(R)}$ 380, Degussa) nanoparticles were, respectively, introduced into a Sulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) (SPAES) polymer matrix. The $SiO_2$ particles are evenly dispersed in a SPAES matrix by the aid of a non-ionic surfactant (Pluronics$^{(R)}$ L64). A $SiO_2$ content plays an important role in membrane microstructures and membrane properties such as proton conductivity and water uptake. Therefore, to study nanocomposite membranes with excessive amount of silica, the content of silica nanoparticles were increased up to 5 wt%. Interestingly, a hydrophobic $SiO_2$ containing nanocomposite membrane showed better electrochemical performance (29% higher than pristine SPAES) despite of low proton conductivity due to its adhesive properties with a catalyst layer in a single cell test. All the silica-SPAES membranes exhibited better performance than a pristine SPAES membrane.

A Study on Cure Behavior of an Epoxy/Anhydride System and Silica Filler Effects (에폭시-산무수물 조성물의 경화거동 및 실리카 첨가에 따른 특성변화 연구)

  • Lee, Chung Hee;Kim, Kyoung-Mahn
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.117-126
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    • 2009
  • Epoxy/anhydride systems with silica filler were studied to improve the cure behavior and characteristics. To study the curing process of epoxy/anhydride using DSC and a stress rheometer, it was observed that gelation temperature increased by increasing the thermal rate or in high isothermal conditions, while it was observed that the degree of cure at gelation decreased. Thermal stability of the epoxy/anhydride system showed any increment by increasing silica contents, except slight decrease of weight by containing humidity. The epoxy resin cured with 30% of silica filler decreased coefficient thermal expansion (CTE) about 33% to show $40ppm/^{\circ}C$. Specimens filled with 30 wt% of silica showed 60% increase in storage modulus at $30^{\circ}C$ to show 3909 MPa compared with neat resin to 2,377 MPa. Epoxy/anhydride systems with surface treated silica by silane coupling agent decreased storage modulus.

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Influence of Amine Base Dispersing Agent on Properties of Silica Filled Rubber Compounds (아민계 분산제가 실리카 고무배합물의 물성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sung-Soo;Kil, Sang-Gyu;Jang, Byung-Man;Song, Ki-Chan;Kim, Su-Kyung
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.503-511
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    • 2001
  • Present silica dispersing agents are based mainly on fatty acid derivatives of Zn, K and mixture of fatty acid and metallic soaps are used to increase activity. The viscosity of silica filled rubber is lowered by Zn-K soap type silica dispersing agent, thus fluidity of hydrocarbon chains and processibility is improved. Silica dispersing agent should not exert an influence on chracteristics of vulcanization. But scorch and curing time is shortened by Zn-K soap type silica dispersing agent. A newly developed silica dispersing agent, which is a nonmetal type agent, reduced the viscosity and hardness of silica compounding rubber, and the highly increased degree of dispersion of silica is caused by interaction of silica and rubber. Also it did not affect the curing characteristics and scorch stability of silica compounding rubber.

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