• Title/Summary/Keyword: 실리카

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Crack and Cutting Resistance Properties of Natural Rubber(NR) Compounds with Silica/Carbon Black Dual Phase Filler (Silica/Carbon Black이 충전된 NR 가황물의 내Crack 및 내Cutting 특성)

  • Son, Woo-Jung;Cho, Ur-Ryung;Kim, Won-Ho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.86-98
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    • 2002
  • The application of silica/carbon black dual phase fillers to natural rubber(NR) compound was investigated. When the amounts of filler content were restricted to 60phr, the optimum ratio of dual phase fillers were 25phr/35phr of silica/carbon black. It was found that these new fillers give better overall performance in comparison with carbon black in tear strength, crack resistance, and cutting resistance. Also the thermal degradation resistance of NR vulcanizates which were filled with dual phase fillers was better than that of the carbon black. Dual phase fillers filled NR vulcanizates showed better viscoelastic properties, like tan${\delta}$, for the wet skid resistance and rolling resistance of motor vehicle tires.

Synthesis and Characterization of Silica/Polystyrene Composite Nanoparticles by in situ Miniemulsion Polymerization (In situ 미니에멀젼중합에 의한 실리카/폴리스타이렌 복합체 나노입자의 합성과 특성)

  • Patole, Archana S.;Patole, S.P.;Song, Mi-Hyang;Yoon, Joo-Young;Kim, Jin-Hwan;Kim, Tae-Ho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.34-40
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    • 2009
  • New coupling agent or surface modified agent (9-decenoic acid) was used to enhance the compatibility between silica and polystyrene in silica/polystyrene hybrid nanocomposite, synthesized by in situ miniemulsion polymerization. Composites contain well dispersed nanosize silica particles. Related tests and analyses confirmed the success of synthesis. Functionalization of silica by 9-decenoic acid and silica on the polystyrene was confirmed by FTIR. TGA showed presence and amount of silica in final latex. The glass transition temperature of the hybrid nanocomposite was increased with the silica amount. SEM and TEM analysis showed the spherical morphology of PS and composite with an average diameter of 55 nm. The presence of silica within composite was confirmed by EDS attached to the existing TEM.

Influence of Hydrophobic Silica on Physical Properties of Epoxy Nanocomposites for Epoxy Molding Compounds (에폭시 몰딩 컴파운드를 위한 에폭시 나노복합재료의 소수성 실리카의 영향)

  • Kim, Ki-Seok;Oh, Sang-Yeob;Kim, Eun-Sung;Shin, Hun-Choong;Park, Soo-Jin
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.12-16
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    • 2010
  • In this work, the effect of hydrophobic treated silica on the water absorption, thermal stabilities, and mechanical properties of the epoxy nanocomposites were investigated as a function of the silica content. As filler, fumed silica treated by dimethyldichlorosilane was used. It was found that the silica was well dispersed in the epoxy resins by the melt-mixing method with the addition of a silane coupling agent. The water absorption of the nanocomposites decreased with an increase of the silica content due to the effect of hydrophobic treated silica. The thermal properties, such as thermal degradation temperature, glass transition temperature ($T_g$), and coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), of the nanocomposites were improved by the addition of silica. Furthermore, the mechanical properties of the nanocomposites, that is, the tensile strength and modulus, were enhanced with increasing silica content. This was attributed to the physically strong interaction between silica and epoxy resins.

Spectroscopic Studies on the Reaction between Amino Groups on Silica Nanoparticle Surface and Glycidyl Methacrylate (실리카 나노입자 표면에 결합된 아미노기와 Glycidyl Methacrylate의 반응에 관한 분광학적 연구)

  • Lee, Sangmi;Ha, KiRyong
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.777-783
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    • 2013
  • We used dipodal type bis[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl]amine (BTMA) silane coupling agent to modify silica nanoparticles to introduce secondary amino groups on the silica surface. These grafted N-H groups were reacted with glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) to introduce polymerizable methacrylate groups on the silica surface. After modification reaction, we used several analytical techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), elemental analysis (EA) and solid state $^{13}C$ cross-polarization magic angle spinning (CP/MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) to analyze the effects of reaction time, reaction temperature and used GMA concentration on the modification degree between N-H groups on the silica surface and epoxide groups of GMA. We found increased introduction of methacrylate groups on the silica surface by ring opening reaction of epoxide groups of GMA with N-H groups on BTMA treated silica with increased reaction time, reaction temperature and used GMA concentration within our experimental conditions.

Experimental and Theoretical Study on Silica Gel Regeneration (실리카 젤의 재생에 관한 실험적 및 이론적 연구)

  • 고학균;정도섭
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 1977
  • 현재 선진국에서 널리 이용되고있는 곡물의 화력건조는 곡물의 품질을 손상시킬 뿐만 아니라 손실을 증가시키고 있다. 화력에 의한 건조는 또한 연료의 절약면에서 볼 때 역시 문제점을 내포하고있다.l 이러한 문제점들을 해결하기 위하여 근래에는 실리카 젤과 같은 흡습성의 건조제를 사용한 곡물의 건조 실험이 진행 중에 있으며 좋은 결과를 보여주고 있다. 실리카겔은 그 자체무게의 40% 까지 동적 및 정적하에서 수분을 흡수하는 성질을 가지고 있으며 일단 포화상태가 되면 수천번 재생이 가능하다. 본 연구에서는 이와같은 실리카텍의 재생실험을 일차적으로 실내에서 공기의 온도를 일정하게 한 상태에서 실시하였으며 일반적으로 실리카 젤은 $300^{\circ}F$에서 완전재생이 가능하나 본 실험에서 사용된 재생온도는 평면식 태양열 집열기로부터 얻을 수 있는 $150^{\circ}F$ 내외에서 시도하였다. 본실험과 병행하여 건조중 공기와 실리카 젤의 에너지 및 질량변화에 따른 이론식을 만들어 주어진 여러 가지 조건에 대하여 4개의 미분방정식을 컴퓨터에 의하여 해결하였으며 건조(재생) 시간에 따른 공기의 온도와 흡습 및 실리카 젤의 함수량을 구하였다. 위의 이론적인 분석결과는 후에 태양열집열기를 이용한 재생실험을 분석하는데 적용될 것이다. 본 연구결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. 본 연구에서 유도한 이론식은 실리카 젤의 재생온도를 만족스럽게 표시하였으며 재생시간에 따른 공기의 온도와 흡습 및 실리카 젤의 함수량변화의 이론치는 실험치와 근사하였다. 2. 이론치와 실험치를 일치시키기위하여 흡착온도에서 산출된 열 및 질량 전달계수를 1/5로 조정 사용하였다. 3. 실리카 젤은 $120^{\circ}F$에서 9 %, $180^{\circ}F$에서 1% 내외로 재생이 가능하였다. 4. 본 연구에서 유도된 이론적 분석방법은 다른 여러 가지 형태의 물질 및 건조 또는 냉각 과정을 분석하는데 사용될 수 있다.

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Influence of Silica Fume on Strength Properties of Alkali-Activated Slag Mortar (실리카 퓸이 알칼리 활성화 슬래그 모르타르의 강도특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Tae-Wan
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.305-312
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    • 2013
  • This paper reports the results of an investigation into the effects of silica fume on strength properties of alkali-activated slag cement (AASC) with water-binder (W/B) ratio and replacement ratio of silica fume content. The W/B ratio varied between 0.50 and 0.60 at a constant increment of 0.05. The silica fume content varied from 0% to 50% by weight of slag. The activators was used sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and the dosage of activator was 3M. The strength development with W/B ratio has been studied at different ages of 1, 3, 7 and 28 days. For mixes of AASC mortars with varying silica fume content, the flow values were lower than the control mixes (without silica fume). The flow value was decrease as the content of silica fume increase. This is because the higher surface areas of silica fume particles increase the water requirement. The analysis of these results indicates that, increasing the silica fume content in AASC mortar also increased the compressive strength. Moreover, the strength decreases with the W/B ratios increases. This is because the particle sizes of silica fume are smaller than slag. The high compressive strength of blended slag-silica fume mortars was due to both the filler effect and the activated reaction of silica fume evidently giving the mortar matrix a denser microstructure, thereby resulting in a significant gain in strength.

The Rheology of the Silica Dispersion System with Single and Mixed Solvent (단일 및 혼합 용매계 실리카 분산체의 점도 특성 및 유변학적 거동)

  • Ahn, Jae-Beom;Noh, Si-Tae
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.685-691
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    • 2009
  • Dispersions of fumed silica are made in 6 kinds of mono-solvents and mixed solvents which have hydroxyl group, non hydroxyl group, different polarity, and different molecular size. The viscosity and rheology behaviors of the each dispersion are investigated according to the viewpoint of solvent characteristic. The silica dispersion in polar solvent with hydroxyl group is stable and low viscous sol. The silica dispersion in non-polar solvent with non-hydroxyl group is high viscous gel. When the solvent with hydroxyl group is added to the silica dispersions with non-polar solvents, they show the reduction of viscosity with solvent content. They have minimum critical content which shows no viscosity change. The minimum critical solvent content is decreased according to the polarity of solvents with no hydroxyl group. The solvation layer which is formed on the silica surface through hydrogen bonding between hydroxyl-containing solvent and the silanol group of silica surface is the reason of stable and low viscous sol. In case of non-polar solvent, silanol on adjacent silica particles interacted directly by hydrogen bonding show high viscous and flocculated gel.

Preparation and Gas Permeation Properties of Silica Membranes on Porous Stainless Steel-Tube Supports (다공성 금속 지지체에 제조된 실리카 분리막의 기체 투과 특성)

  • Lee, Hye Ryeon;Seo, Bongkuk
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 2014
  • Silica membranes with high permeability were prepared using colloidal and polymeric silica sols on a porous stainless steel-tube support by a DRFF and SRFF method. Silica sols were derived with tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) by sol-gel method and analyzed with DLS, FE-SEM, and $N_2$ adsorption. The coating of the intermediate layer with colloidal silica sol on the stainless steel-tube support led to a denser surface morphology of the membrane along with a considerable reduction in the number of surface defect. As the polymeric silica sol enclosed the colloidal silica sol with spherical particles during the SRFF method, the separation-layer-coated silica membrane showed a denser surface than the intermediate layer. Moreover, the silica membranes showed high hydrogen gas permeability of $(6.63-9.21){\times}10^{-5}mol{\cdot}m^{-2}{\cdot}s^{-1}{\cdot}Pa^{-1}$ with low $H_2/N_2$ perm-selectivity (2.9-3.1) at room temperatures.

Superhydrophobicity of Adhesion-Enhanced SiO2 Layers by Necking (입자 necking 적용 접합력 향상된 SiO2 코팅층의 초소수 특성)

  • Kim, Jae-Hun;Kim, Ji-Yeong;Kim, Sang-Seop
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.188-189
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    • 2013
  • 전기분무 증착법(electrospray deposition)으로 형성된 실리카($SiO_2$) 코팅층의 경우 단순한 입자들의 응집체이므로 초소수성의 높은 접촉각을 보이지만 약한 접합력으로 인하여 실제 응용에 제한이 있다. 본 연구에서는 고온 열처리를 통한 실리카 입자간의 네킹(necking)현상을 이용하여 실리카 코팅층의 네킹을 유도하여 접합력이 향상된 실리카 코팅층을 얻고자 하였으며, 이 코팅층의 초소수 특성을 평가하였다. 적절한 온도 범위에서의 열처리는 표면 거칠기와 접합력 측면에서 모두 좋은 특성을 보였고, 최종적으로는 불소화 처리를 하여 접합력이 향상된 실리카 초소수성 코팅층을 형성할 수 있었다.

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A Study on Preparation and Reactivity of Supported Metallocene for Polyethylene Polymerization (메탈로센 담지촉매의 제조 및 폴리에틸렌 중합활성도 고찰)

  • 홍지녀;하진욱
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.204-208
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구에서는 여러 종류의 담체 중에서 Davison 952 실리카를 선택하여 실리카 표면의 하이드록시기의 양을 진공열처리 방법을 사용하여 조절하였다. 표면 처리된 실리카를 사용하여 담지촉매를 제조한 후 폴리에틸렌 (PE) 중합을 수행, 소성온도에 따른 실리카 표면의 하이드록시기 양의 변화와 담지되는 조촉매(MAO) 및 메탈로센 촉매의 양과의 상관관계를 조사하였고 실리카 표면처리와 중합 활성도 간의 상관관계를 고찰하였다. 폴리에틸렌(PE) 중합 결과 메탈로센 촉매가 가장 많이 담지된 200℃ 보다 400℃ 또는 600℃ 에서 메탈로센 당(g PE/mol Zr) 활성도가 높았으며, 담체에 흡착된 MAO와 메탈로센의 비율이 400℃와 600℃에서 가장 크게 나타났다.

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