• Title, Summary, Keyword: 암세포 증식억제 효과

Search Result 357, Processing Time 0.048 seconds

In vitro Comparision of Biological Activities of Solvent Fraction Extracts from Orostachys japonicus (와송(Orostachys japonicus) 용매별 분획 추출물의 항산화, 항균 및 암세포 독성 비교)

  • Kim, Seung Mi;Park, Jeong Hun;Boo, Hee Ock;Song, Sang Gi;Park, Hyeon Yong
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
    • /
    • v.30 no.2
    • /
    • pp.133-143
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the contents of total polyphenol and flavonoid, and the effect of antioxidant, antimicrobial activities and cytotoxicity in vitro by different solvent fractions from Orostachys japonicus. The ethylacetate fraction extract for O. japonicus contained $634.48{\mu}g/g$ polyphenol and $205.20{\mu}g/g$ flavonoid. The ABTS radical scavenging ability of ethylacetate fraction extract at 1 mg/ml was higher than 95% which is comparable to ascorbic acid of 97%. The APX enzymatic activity and CAT activity were $1125.89{\mu}mol$ ascorbate oxidized/min/mg protein and 119.87 H2O2 decomposed/min/mg protein, respectively. In disc agar plate diffusion assay, the extract gave rise to a larger inhibition circle with Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus and Malassezia furfur strains compared with antibiotics kanamycin suggestive of high antibiotic activity. The cytotoxicity of extracts of O. japonicus was significant differences between solvent fractions. That is, the cytotoxic effect against human cancer cell was higher in ethylacetate fraction extract than other fraction extracts. These results suggest that fraction extract of O. japonicus might be very effective and economical in developing natural antioxidant and antimicrobial.

The Antiproliferative Effects of Compounds Isolated from Schisandra chinensis (오미자로부터 분리된 화합물의 암세포 증식 억제 효과)

  • Suh, Won-Se;Park, So Yeon;Min, Byung Sun;Kim, Sea Hyun;Song, Jeong Ho;Shim, Sang Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.46 no.6
    • /
    • pp.665-670
    • /
    • 2014
  • We isolated twelve lignans and three terpenoids were isolated from the n-hexane fraction of Schisandra chinensis extract. Using spectroscopic data and comparison with available literature, the following compounds were identified: (1) wuweizisu C, (2) gomisin N, (3) deoxyschisandrin, (4) gomisin A, (5) schisandrin, (6) chamigrenal, (7) schisanlactone D, (8) methylgomisin O, (9) angeloylgomisin O, (10) (-)-gomisin $L_2$, (11) schisandronic acid, (12) (-)-gomisin $L_1$, (13) (+)-gomisin $K_3$, (14) gomisin J, and (15) tigloylgomisin H. Notably, this was the first finding that compound (8) was isolated from this plant. Each compound was evaluated for its in vitro cytotoxic activities toward HL-60 (human leukemia), HeLa (human cervical carcinoma), and MCF-7 (breast cancer) cell lines. Compounds (7), (8), and (9) exhibited strong cytotoxic effects on HL-60 ($IC_{50}$ 7.37, 6.60, and $8.00{\mu}M$, respectively), whereas compound (6) exhibited weak cytotoxicity towards MCF-7 ($IC_{50}$ $30.50{\mu}M$). In addition, compound (8) showed the strongest activity towards HeLa cells ($IC_{50}$ $1.46{\mu}M$).

Structural Disorganization of Intestinal Tumor Spheroid by Microbial Ribotoxins (방사선 모사 미생물 유래 리보솜 스트레스에 의한 대장암 스페로이드 구조 결함 유발)

  • Kim, Juil;Kim, Joongkon;Yu, Mira;Moon, Yuseok
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.47 no.1
    • /
    • pp.164-171
    • /
    • 2019
  • Radiation therapy has many side effects, such as digestive mucosal ulcers, without regard to its efficacy. The purpose of this study is to address an alternative method to replace the limitation of radiation therapy using radiomimetic microbial ribotoxins. In the evaluation of cancer therapy, we analyzed the formation of colorectal cancer (CRC) cell spheroids, which can take into account the heterogeneous cellular constitution, tumor stem cells, and the surrounding microenvironment. Ribotoxic stress interfered with the spheroid structure composed of relatively small clusters. Spheroids under ribotoxic stress were structurally sparse and their shrinkage was very slow. In the control group, the clusters of strongly aggregated cells were resistant to physical stress, but the ribotoxic stress-exposed spheroids were easily broken up by the physical stress. Moreover, the ribosome-insulted CRC cells slowly migrated to form clusters and the cell-cell junctional points in the ribosome-insulted spheroids were rarer than those in the control CRC spheroid. Moreover, levels of the cell-to-cell junctional protein E-cadherin were suppressed by ribotoxic stress in both allograft and xenograft spheroids. In conclusion, the radiomimetic microbial ribotoxins induced structural defects in CRC cell spheroids via retardation of migration and cell-cell junction in the formation of three-dimensional structures, and provides a basis for the mechanism of pharmacological radiomimetic anticancer actions as an alternate to radiotherapy against cancer.

Mechanism Underlying a Proteasome Inhibitor, Lactacystin-Induced Apoptosis on SCC25 Human Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells (사람혀편평상피세포암종세포에서 proteasome 억제제인 lactacystin에 의해 유도된 세포자멸사의 기전에 대한 연구)

  • Baek, Chul-Jung;Kim, Gyoo-Cheon;Kim, In-Ryoung;Lee, Seung-Eun;Kwak, Hyun-Ho;Park, Bong-Soo;Tae, Il-Ho;Ko, Myung-Yun;Ahn, Yong-Woo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
    • /
    • v.34 no.3
    • /
    • pp.261-276
    • /
    • 2009
  • Lactacystin, a microbial natural product synthesized by Streptomyces, has been commonly used as a selective proteasome inhibitor in many studies. Proteasome inhibitors is known to be preventing the proliferation of cancer cells in vivo as well as in vitro. Furthermore, proteasome inhibitors, as single or combined with other anticancer agents, are suggested as a new class of potential anticancer agents. This study was undertaken to examine in vitro effects of cytotoxicity and growth inhibition, and the molecular mechanism underlying induction of apoptosis in SCC25 human tongue sqaumous cell carcinoma cell line treated with lactacystin. The viability of SCC25 cells, human normal keratinocytes (HaCaT cells) and human gingiva fibroblasts (HGF-1 cells), and the growth inhibition of SCC25 cells were assessed by MTT assay and clonogenic assay respectively. The hoechst staining, hemacolor staining and TUNEL staining were conducted to observe SCC25 cells undergoing apoptosis. SCC25 cells were treated with lactacystin, and Western blotting, immunocytochemistry, confocal microscopy, FAScan flow cytometry, MMP activity, and proteasome activity were performed. Lactacystin treatment of SCC25 cells resulted in a time- and does-dependent decrease of cell viability and a does-dependent inhibition of cell growth, and induced apoptotic cell death. Interestingly, lactacytin remarkably revealed cytotoxicity in SCC25 cells but not normal cells. And tested SCC25 cells showed several lines of apoptotic manifestation such as nuclear condensation, DNA fragmentation, the reduction of MMP and proteasome activity, the decrease of DNA contents, the release of cytochrome c into cytosol, the translocation of AIF and DFF40 (CAD) onto nuclei, the up-regulation of Bax, and the activation of caspase-7, caspase-3, PARP, lamin A/C and DFF45 (ICAD). Flow cytometric analysis revealed that lactacystin resulted in G1 arrest in cell cycle progression which was associated with up-regulation in the protein expression of CDK inhibitors, $p21^{WAF1/CIP1}$ and $p27^{KIP1}$. We presented data indicating that lactacystin induces G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptois via proteasome, mitochondria and caspase pathway in SCC25 cells. Therefore our data provide the possibility that lactacystin could be as a novel therapeutic strategy for human tongue squamous cell carcinoma.

Effect of Interleukin-12 on the Expression of E-selectin in Mouse Model of Lewis Lung Carcinoma (Lewis 폐암 마우스 모델에서 Interleukin-12가 E-selectin 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sang-Haak;Shin, Yoon;Yoon, Hyoung-Kyu;Lee, Sook-Young;Kim, Seok-Chan;Kwon, Soon-Seog;Kim, Young-Kyoon;Kim, Kwan-Hyoung;Moon, Hwa-Sik;Song, Jeong-Sup;Park, Sung-Hak
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
    • /
    • v.47 no.2
    • /
    • pp.161-171
    • /
    • 1999
  • Background: Interleukin-12 (IL-12) can induce antitumor effects in vivo. This antitumor effect is associated with T cell infiltration but the effect of IL-12 on the steps of T cell migration into the tumor tissue has not been fully elucidated. This study focused on the effect of IL-12 on the tumor growth and the metastasis and on the expression of E-selectin, an adhesion molecule which is activated endothelial specific in its expression. In addition, we studied whether the expression of E-selectin is associated with the TNF-$\alpha$, a cytokine that its production is increased by IL-12 and has functions inducing a variety of adhesion molecules. Methods: Mice of C57BL/6 strain were injected with Lewis lung cancer cells followed by either IL-12, TNF-$\alpha$, or normal saline by intraperitoneal route. Twenty eight days after tumor cell inoculation, metastatic nodules of lung were enumerated and immunohistochemical staining of the subcutaneous tumors were performed with monoclonal antibodies to CD4, CD8, CD16, and E-selectin. In IL-12 treated mice, the subcutaneously implanted Lewis lung tumors were decreased in size and the metastases were also decreased in number compared to control mice. On tumor tissues, increased infiltration of CD4+, CD8+, and CD16+ cells were oberved in IL-12 treated mice compared to control mice. In control mice, E-selectin was absent on tumor vessels, but the expression of E-selectin was increased on tumor vessels of IL-12 treated mice. Administration of TNF-$\alpha$ increased not only the expression of E-selectin but also infiltrations of CD4+, CD8+, and CD16+ cells on tumor tissues. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that IL-12 inhibits tumor growth and metastases through infiltrations of inflammatory cells in mouse model of Lewis lung carcinoma and E-selectin may playa role in inflammatory cell recruitment on tumor tissue following IL-12 administration. Also, TNF-$\alpha$ may have a role as a mediator responsible for the IL-12 induced expression of E-selectin.

  • PDF

Comparison of Antioxidant and Anti-proliferative Activities of Perilla (Perilla frutescens Britton) and Sesame (Seasamum indicum L.) leaf extracts (들깻잎과 참깻잎 추출물의 항산화 활성 및 대장암세포 증식 억제 활성 비교분석)

  • Kwak, Youngeun;Ki, Seoha;Noh, Eun Kyoung;Shin, Ha Neul;Han, Young-Ju;Lee, Yuna;Ju, Jihyeung
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.29 no.3
    • /
    • pp.241-248
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study was to compare the antioxidant and anti-proliferative activities of perilla (Perilla frutescens Britton) and sesame (Seasamum indicum L.) leaf extracts. The total polyphenol levels of sesame leaf ($634.7{\pm}1.2$ mg gallic acid equivalent/100 g dried leaf) were higher than those of perilla leaf ($408.7{\pm}4.6$ mg gallic acid equivalent/100 g dried leaf; p<0.001). The total flavonoid levels of sesame leaf ($166.7{\pm}17.3$ mg quercetin equivalent/100 g dried leaf) were also higher than those of perilla leaf ($108.2{\pm}3.7$ mg quercetin equivalent/100 g dried leaf; p<0.05). ABTS radical- and DPPH radical-scavenging activities of sesame leaf extracts (78.9% and 18.2%, respectively) were higher than those of perilla leaf extracts (46.0% and 9.0%, respectively; p<0.01). Both perilla and sesame leaf extracts significantly inhibited the growth of HCT116 human colon cancer cells. However, the inhibitory activities of sesame leaf extracts were more pronounced than those of perilla leaf extracts (p<0.001). These results indicate that sesame leaf extracts have higher antioxidant and anti-proliferative activities than perilla leaf extracts. More studies are needed in order to enhance the sensory value of sesame leaf and to develop sesame leaf as health/functional food ingredients.

A Localization Method Using RF Transmission Levels in Wireless Sensor Networks (무선 센서 네트워크에서 RF 전송 레벨을 이용한 위치 측정 기법)

  • Yun, Chae-Sang;Hahn, Joo-Sun;Ha, Rhan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.366-371
    • /
    • 2007
  • 무선 센서 네트워크는 경제적, 환경적 목적으로 다양한 방면에서 활용되고 있다 이 때, 배치된 각 센서의 위치를 파악하는 것은 센서 네트워크에서 가장 기본적이며 가장 중요한 문제 중의 하나이다. 기존 논문에서 제안된 센서 위치 측정 방법은 특별한 장비를 장착하거나 특정한 환경의 지역에 한정시킨 방범으로 제한하고 있는 경우가 대부분이다. 하지만 어떠한 관심 지역의 환경은 언제라도 바뀔 수 있다. 또한, 센서가 위치할 환경의 기온, 풍속 등을 미리 안다는 것은 비현실적인 가정이다. 더구나 각각의 센서에 특별한 장비를 장착한다는 것은 비용 절감을 이유로 센서 네트워크를 운영하는 경우 오히려 그것을 이용하지 않는 경우보다 비용이 더 들 수도 있다. 이에 본 논문에서는 센서 노드의 기본적인 통신 기능은 이용하여, 환경에 순응적으로 센서의 위치를 측정할 수 있는 방법을 제안하고자 한다. 센서 노드에서 기본적으로 제공하는 통신 기능은 RF 전파를 보낼 때 전송 레벨을 달리하여 보낼 수 있다. 이러한 기본적인 기능을 이용하여 위치를 측정하게 되면 전체적인 센서 네트워크의 비용이 절감될 뿐만 아니라 환경에 순응적인 위치 측정이 가능하게 된다. 또한, 각 노드의 위치가 정해진 후 다른 노드와 통신할 때 전파의 세기를 조정함으로써 RF 통신에서 소모되는 전력량을 줄일 수 있다. 따라서 본 논문에서 제안하는 전송 레벨을 이용한 위치 측정 방법은 단순히 위치를 측정한다는 의미뿐 아니라 환경에 순응적으로 작동한다는 장점이 있다. 향후 네트워크 내에서 통신에 소비되는 전력을 줄일 수 있다는 점에서도 중요한 의미를 지닌다.를 집행하는 caspase의 활성 형태인 cleaved caspase-8, -9, -7, -3의 단백질 수준이 목향 헥산추출물의 처리에 의해 증가하였고 caspase-3의 표적 단백질 중 하나인 PARP의 불활성 형태인 cleaved PARP의 단백질 수준도 현저하게 증가하였다. 이 결과들은 목향 헥산 추출물이 LNCaP 세포의 apoptosis를 유도함으로써 전립선 암세포의 증식을 억제함을 보여주는 것이며 목향 헥산추출물에 의한 apoptosis 유도는 caspase 활성 증가와 Bak 및 t-Bid 단백질의 증가에 의한 것임을 제시한다. 따라서 앞으로 항암효과를 나타내는 성분의 동정 및 동물실험을 통하여 좀 더 면밀한 기전 연구가 수행된다면 목향 헥산추출물은 화학적 암예방 물질이나 치료제로 개발될 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.적 분해층과 마모질이가 가장 깊은 것으로 나타났으며 flowable type의 복합레진과 컴포머는 표면 경도와 마모도에서 양호한 결과를 보였다. 이상의 결과 복합레진과 컴포머의 평가요소로서 마모도와 함께 가수분해도 고려되어야 할 것으로 사료된다.증후군 환자에서 대조군에 비해 높은 비율을 보였다.er thinning은 3 군모두에서 관찰되었고 항암 3 일군이 가장 심하게 나타났다. 이상의 실험결과를 보면 술전 항암제투여가 초기에 시행한 경우에는 조직의 치유에 초기 5 일정도까지는 영향을 미치나 7 일이 지나면 정상범주로 회복함을 알수 있었고 실험결과 항암제 투여후 3 일째 피판 형성한 군에서 피판치유가 늦어진 것으로 관찰되어 인체에서 항암 투여후 수술시기는 인체면역계가 회복하는 시기를 3

  • PDF

Ishige sinicola Extracts Induce Apoptosis via Activation of a Caspase Cascade in Human HeLa Cells (넓패 추출물이 HeLa 자궁암세포의 세포사멸에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Byoung-Ok;Ryu, Hyung-Won;So, Yang-Kang;Jin, Chang-Hyun;Byun, Myung-Woo;Kim, Wang-Geun;Jeong, Il-Yun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.41 no.7
    • /
    • pp.901-906
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to elucidate the anti-proliferative effect and the mechanisms underlying apoptosis induced by a methanol extracts from Ishige sinicola (ISE) in HeLa cells. ISE treatment for 24 hr significantly inhibited cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33258 staining and an annexin V/PI assay after 24 hr treatment. Moreover, ISE treatment triggered the cleavage of caspase-8, -9, -3, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in dose-dependent and time-dependent manners. In addition, z-VAD-fmk, a general caspase inhibitor, blocked ISE-induced cell death. Taken together, these results suggest that ISE-induced apoptosis is mediated by the activation of a caspase cascade in HeLa cells.

Anti-cancer effects of Salicornia herbacea extract in OVCAR-3 cells by induction of apoptosis pathway (함초 추출물의 세포사멸 유도에 의한 난소암세포에서 항암 효과)

  • La, Yu Ri;Lee, You Rim;Lee, Dong Seok;Kim, Soo Hwan;Lee, Hyeong Seon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.53 no.1
    • /
    • pp.34-39
    • /
    • 2021
  • This study investigated the anti-cancer effects of Salicornia herbacea L. fractions in human ovarian cancer cells (OVCAR-3). S. herbacea powder was extracted with 95% EtOH and sequentially fractionated with hexane, dichloromethane (DCM), ethyl acetate, butanol, and H2O. Further, the growth inhibitory effects of the six fractions were determined using the MTS assay. The DCM fraction dramatically decreased cell viability. Similarly, the cell cycle was arrested at the subG1 phase in DCM-treated cells. To confirm apoptosis, the cells were stained with annexin V/FITC-PI solution. Total, early, and late apoptotic cells were significantly increased in the DCM fraction. The mRNA expression of Bcl-2 was reduced, whereas the pro-apoptotic factors Bax and Bak were increased in DCM fraction-treated cells. These results indicated that the DCM fraction in S. herbacea exhibited strong apoptotic effects through the p53-dependent signaling pathway.

Induction of Apoptosis by Ethanol Extracts of Fermented Agabeans in AGS Human Gastric Carcinoma Cells (AGS 인체위암세포에서 발효된 아가콩 추출물에 의한 apoptosis 유도)

  • Kim, Sung-Ryeal;Lee, Hye-Hyeon;Kim, Min-Jeong;Seo, Min-Jeong;Hong, Su-Hyun;Choi, Yung-Hyun;Kang, Byoung-Won;Park, Jeong-Uck;Joo, Woo-Hong;Rhu, Eun-Ju;Jeong, Yong-Kee
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.20 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1872-1881
    • /
    • 2010
  • Extracts of soybeans fermented by Bacillus subtilis have a wide variety of functions, such as enhancing the body's immune function, fibrinolysis activity, anti-inflammation, anti-cancer, estrogen function and anti-infection effects. Recently, it was reported that the extracts of fermented beans exhibit strong anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties by suppressing the transcription of pro-inflammatory cytokine genes and induction of apoptosis, respectively. However, the mechanisms of their cytotoxicity in human gastric cancer cells are poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the effects of ethyl alcohol extracts from fermented soybean (FS) and yellow agabean (FYA) on cell growth and apoptosis in AGS human gastric cancer cells. A treatment of FS and FYA inhibited the growth of AGS cells in a concentration-dependent manner by inducing apoptosis. FS- and FYA-induced apoptosis were associated with down-regulation of XIAP and cIAP-2, and up-regulation of pro-apoptotic Bax expression. Moreover, a treatment of FS and FYA not only triggered an increase in the levels of death receptor (DR)4, DR5, Fas and FasL, but also induced the activation of casepase-3, -8 and -9. These findings illustrate that FS and FYA may have a therapeutic potential in human gastric AGS cells and as a functional food.