• Title, Summary, Keyword: 에너지 소산

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Behavioral Characteristics and Energy Dissipation Capacity of Short Coupling Beams with Various Reinforcement Layouts (다양한 배근상세를 갖는 짧은 연결보의 주기거동 특성과 에너지소산능력의 평가)

  • Eom, Tae-Sung;Park, Hong-Gun;Kang, Su-Min
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.203-212
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    • 2008
  • The cyclic behavior and energy dissipation mechanism of short coupling beams with various reinforcement layouts were studied. For numerical analysis of coupling beams, nonlinear truss model was used. The results of numerical analysis showed that the coupling beams with conventional reinforcement layout showed pinched cyclic behavior without significant energy dissipation, whereas the coupling beams with diagonal reinforcement exhibited stable cyclic behavior without pinching. The energy dissipation of the coupling beams was developed mainly by diagonal reinforcing bars developing large plastic strains rather than concrete which is a brittle material Based on this result, simplified equations for evaluating the energy dissipation of coupling beams were developed. For verification, the predicted energy dissipation was compared with the test results. The results showed that the simplified equations can predict the energy dissipation of short coupling beams with shear span-to-depth ratio less than 1.25 with reasonable precision, addressing various design parameters such as reinforcement layout, shear span-to-depth ratio, and the magnitude of inelastic displacement. The proposed energy equations can be easily applied to performance-based seismic evaluation and design of reinforced concrete structures and members.

An Energy-Dissipation-Ratio Based Structural Health Monitoring System (에너지소산률을 이용한 구조물의 건전도 모니터링에 관한 연구)

  • Heo, Gwang-Hee;Shin, Heung-Chul;Shin, Jae-Chul
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.165-174
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    • 2004
  • This research develops a technique which uses energy dissipation ratio in order to monitor the structural health on real time basis. For real-time monitoring, we employ the NExT and the ERA which enable us to obtain real-time data. Energy dissipation ratio is calculated from those data only with the damping and natural frequency of the structure, and from the calculated values we develop an algorithm (Energy dissipation method) which decides the damage degree of structure. The Energy dissipation method developed in this research is proved to be valid by comparison with other methods like the eigenparameter method and the MAC. Especially this method enables us to save measuring time and data which are the most important in real-time monitoring, and its use of the ambient vibration also makes it easy to monitor the whole structure and its damage points.

Equations for Estimating Energy Dissipation Capacity of Flexure-Dominated RC Members (철근콘크리트 휨재에 대한 에너지 소산능력 산정식의 개발)

  • 엄태성;박홍근
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.989-1000
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    • 2002
  • As advanced earthquake design methods using nonlinear static analysis are developed, it is required to estimate precisely the cyclic behavior of reinforced concrete members that is characterized by strength, deformability, and energy dissipation. In a recent study, a simplified method which can estimate accurately the energy dissipation capacity of flexure-dominated RC members subjected to repeated cyclic load was developed. Based on the previously developed method, in the present study, simple equations that can be used for calculating the energy dissipation capacity were derived and verified by the comparison with experimental results. Through parametric study using the proposed equations, effects of axial load, reinforcement ratio, rebar arrangement, md ductility on the dissipated energy were investigated. The proposed equations can accurately estimate the energy dissipation capacity compared with the existing empirical equations, and therefore they will be useful for the nonlinear static analysis/design methods.

Seismic Fragility Analysis of a Cable-stayed Bridge with Energy Dissipation Devices (에너지 소산장치를 장착한 사장교의 지진 취약도 해석)

  • Park, Won-Suk;Kim, Dong-Seok;Choi, Hyun-Sok;Koh, Hyun-Moo
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents a seismic fragility analysis method for a cable-stayed bridge with energy dissipation devices. Model uncertainties represented by random variables include input ground motions, characteristics of energy dissipation devices and the stiffness of cable-stayed bridge. Using linear regression, we established demand models for the fragility analysis from the relationship between maximum responses and the intensity of input ground motions. For capacity models, we considered the moment and shear force of the main tower, longitudinal displacement of the girder, deviation of the stay cables tension and the local buckling of the main steel tower as the limit states for cable-stayed bridge. As a numerical example, fragility analysis results for the 2nd Jindo bridge are presented. The effect of energy dissipation devices is also briefly discussed.

Earthquake Design Method for Structural Walls Based on Energy Dissipation Capacity (에너지 소산능력을 고려한 전단벽의 내진설계)

  • 박홍근;엄태성
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2003
  • Recently, performance-based analysis/design methods such as the capacity spectrum method and the direct displacement-based design method were developed. In these methods, estimation of energy dissipation capacity of RC structures depends on empirical equations which are not sufficiently accurate, On the other hand, in a recent study, a simplified method for evaluating energy dissipation capacity was developed. In the present study, based on the evaluation method, a new seismic design method for flexure-dominated RC walls was developed. In determination of earthquake load, the proposed design method can address variations of energy dissipation capacity with design parameters such as dimensions and shapes of cross-sections, axial force, and reinforcement ratio and arrangement, The proposed design method was compared with the current performance-based design methods. The applicability of the proposed method was discussed.

Pinching and Energy Dissipation Capacity of Flexure-Dominated RC Members (휨지배 철근콘크리트 부재의 핀칭과 에너지 소산능력)

  • Park, Hong-Gun;Eom, Tae-Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.594-605
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    • 2003
  • Pinching is an important property of reinforced concrete member which characterizes its cyclic behavior. In the present study, numerical studies were performed to investigate the characteristics of pinching behavior and the energy dissipation capacity of flexure-dominated reinforced concrete members. By investigating existing experiments and numerical results, it was found that flexural pinching which has no relation with shear action appears in RC members subject to axial compression force. However, members with specific arrangement and amount of re-bars, have the same energy dissipation capacity regardless of the magnitude of the axial force applied even though the shape of the cyclic curve varies due to the effect of the axial force. This indicates that concrete as a brittle material does not significantly contribute to the energy dissipation capacity though its effect on the behavior increases as the axial force increases, and that energy dissipation occurs primarily by re-bars. Therefore, the energy dissipation capacity of flexure-dominated member can be calculated by the analysis on the cross-section subject to pure bending, regardless of the actual compressive force applied. Based on the findings, a practical method and the related design equations for estimating energy dissipation capacity and damping modification factor was developed, and their validity was verified by the comparisons with existing experiments. The proposed method can be conveniently used in design practice because it accurately estimates energy dissipation capacity with general design parameters.

Application of Energy Dissipation Capacity to Earthquake Design (내진 설계를 위한 에너지 소산량 산정법의 활용)

  • 임혜정;박홍근;엄태성
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2003
  • Traditional nonlinear static and dynamic analyses do not accurately estimate the energy dissipation capacity of reinforced concrete structure. Recently, simple equations which can accurately calculate the energy dissipation capacity of flexure-dominated RC members, were developed in the companion study. In the present study, nonlinear static and dynamic analytical methods improved using the energy-evaluation method were developed. For nonlinear static analysis, the Capacity Spectrum Method was improved by using the energy-spectrum curve newly developed. For nonlinear dynamic analysis, a simplified energy-based cyclic model of reinforced concrete member was developed. Unlike the existing cyclic models which are the stiffness-based models, the proposed cyclic model can accurately estimate the energy dissipating during complete load-cycles. The procedure of the proposed methods was established and the computer program incorporating the analytical method was developed. The proposed analytical methods can estimate accurately the energy dissipation capacity varying with the design parameters such as shape of cross-section, reinforcement ratio and arrangement, and can address the effect of the energy dissipation capacity on the structural performance under earthquake load.

Effects of Energy-Dissipation by Stepped Gabion Slope in Rapidly Varied Flow (계단식 Gabion의 경사에 따른 급변류의 에너지 소산효과)

  • Kuem, Do-Hun;Lee, Chang-Yun;Bae, Sang-Soo;Lee, Seung-Yun;Jee, Hong-Kee
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1605-1610
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    • 2006
  • 계단식 Gabion 낙차공은 다공체 구조물로서 시공하기 쉽고 안정적이며, 하천유수에 대하여 저항성이 있어 하천구조물로서 널리 자주 사용되고 있다. Gabion은 다공체로서 유수력을 쉽게 흡수함으로써 감세지 계단표면의 위치에너지를 소산시키는데 매우 효과적이다. Stephenson은 1/10 축적을 가진(투수성이 있고 하천낙차공에만 적용되는 투수성 상류면을 가진 높이 4m까지의) 계단식 Gabion을 월류 실험한 바가 있으며, 그 연구결과가 실무에서 인용되고 있다. 그러나 본 연구에서는 급변류의 에너지 소산효과를 조사하기 위하여 중력이 다른 힘들보다 지배적이므로 Froude 상사법칙을 이용하고 1/1, 1/2, 1/3 경사를 가진 계단을 적용하였다. 실험에서는 경사를 가진 높이 4m 계단식 위어와 게비온 감세지 실험, 계단모형실험(보통구조, 층상구조, 끝단이 올라간 구조, 턱을 가진 구조), 격리수맥흐름, 부분수맥흐름으로 제안하여 경사에 따른 급변류의 에너지 소산효과에 대한 결과를 얻을 수 있었다.

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Simplifed Method for Estimating Energy-Dissipation Capacity of Flexure-Dominant RC Members (휨지배 철근콘크리트 부재의 에너지소산성능 평가 방법)

  • 엄태성;박흥근
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.566-577
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    • 2002
  • As advanced earthquake analysis/design methods such as the nonlinear static analysis are developed, it is required to estimate precisely the cyclic behavior of reinforced concrete members that is characterized by strength, deformability, and capacity of energy dissipation. However, currently, estimation of energy dissipation depends on empirical equations that are not sufficiently accurate, or experiment and sophisticated numerical analysis which are difficult to use in practice.0 the present study, nonlinear finite element analysis was performed to investigate the behavioral characteristics of flexure-dominant RC members under cyclic load. The effects of axial force, arrangement of reinforcing bars, and reinforcement ratio on the cyclic behavior were studied. Based on the investigation, a simplified method to estimate the capacity of energy dissipation was proposed, and it was verified by the comparison with the finite element analyses and experiments. The proposed method can estimate the energy dissipation of RC members more precisely than currently used empirical equations, and it is easily applicable in practice.