• Title, Summary, Keyword: 요양보호사

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The Effect of Income Support Allowance for Care Workers on Their Wage Increase (요양보호사 처우개선비 정책이 임금인상에 미친 효과)

  • Na, Young-Kyoon;Jeong, Hyoung-Sun
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.92-99
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    • 2020
  • Background: The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of the income support allowance policy for the care workers on wage level. Methods: The analysis data was constructed using database (DB) of long-term care institution, DB of long-term care personnel status, and DB of health insurance qualification and contribution possessed by National Health Insurance Services. We analyzed the wage status of care workers 2009 to 2016 through basic analysis. We used the difference-in-difference analysis method for the workers who worked in the same institution from 2012 to 2013, The effects of the income allowance policy on wage increase were analyzed. Results: As a result of the net effect of the income support allowance policy, the monthly average wage of the care worker increased by 25,676 won and the hourly wage increased by 478 won. As a result of the analysis, it can be confirmed that the income support allowance policy has achieved some of the goals of raising the wage level of the care workers, and the effect of raising wages for other occupations in the long-term care business can be confirmed. Conclusion: The low wage problem of long-term care workers such as care workers is not the only problem in Korea. In other countries, there are various wage support policies for employees. In particular, it is necessary to refer to the improvement in the treatment of care workers in Japan and wage pass-through in the United States. In addition to wages, there is a need to promote policies to provide employment motivation through efforts to improve their social status and improve their job status and career development for employees in long-term care facilities.

The Effects of Symptoms of the Dementia Elderly on the Primary Caregivers' Care-Stress: The Expert Support and the Family Support as a Moderator (주부양자가 인지한 치매환자의 증상정도가 케어스트레스에 미치는 영향: 전문가지지 및 가족지지의 보호효과 검증)

  • Kim, Jaeyop;Kwak, Juyeon;Choi, Yoonhee
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.1127-1148
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    • 2018
  • Care-stress among the dementia caregivers has been an important issue. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the dementia elderly's symptoms on the primary caregivers'care -stress. In addition, the moderators, the expert support and the family support, were used to examine the moderating effects between the symptoms and the care-stress. The data was obtained at 10 day-care facilities and services in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Busan province in South Korea. A total of 191 participants were analyzed. They were the spouses or the adult children of the dementia elderly who were diagnosed with dementia within five years. This study was conducted in multiple regression analysis. The main findings are as follows. First of all, the symptoms that the dementia elderly show were significantly associated with the primary caregivers' care-stress. Also, the interactive variable with the expert support was statistically significant. However, it was not significant with the family support. This means that only the expert support from doctors, nurses or social workers decreased the caregivers' care-stress. The implications of this study are 1) the necessities of the education that covers the specific symptoms of the dementia patients', 2) the extension of the supportive policies for caregivers' care-stress, 3) the necessities of more allocation of the dementia specialists in the practical settings and cooperative systems among the dementia specialists in various fields, and 4) the enhancement of the family function among families who have a dementia elderly as a family member.

Impact Of Convergence on the psychosocial well-being levels : On Some Care Service Providers (직무만족이 정신사회적 안녕수준에 미치는 융합적 영향 : 돌봄 사회 서비스)

  • Kim, Hyang-nyeong;Noh, Eun-Kyung;Kim, Seung-Hee;Jun, Mee-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to identify the Convergence influence of job satisfaction of care service providers on their psycho-social well-being status. A study subjects were 308 care service providers employed in local self-support centers for Social Service in Gwangju, Jeonam Jeonbuk province, from whom data was collected using self-administrated structured questionnaire after regular holiday education. In consequence hierarchical multiple regression analysis, research findings; adjusting general and occupational characteristics, the higher they perceived sub-dimensions of job satisfaction such as relationship with job demands(${\beta}=0.393$, p=.063), clients(${\beta}=0.669$, p=.000), relationship with peers and supervisors(${\beta}=0.229$, p=.068) the better their psychosocial well-being status was. And psychosocial well-being status of those who held certificate of care provider(${\beta}=4.815$, p=.003), helpers for neonate and mother(${\beta}=4.348$, p=.011) were higher than that of those who did not, which reflexed difference in their clients. As a results, promote mental health of care providers, it would be necessary to provide them training programs for facilitating human relationships with clients, peers and supervisors.

The Effect of an 8-week Shoulder Strengthening Exercise on Shoulder Muscle Strength of Caregivers (8주간의 어깨 강화 운동이 요양보호사들의 어깨 근력에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Jae-Wook;Lee, Seung-Min;Jung, Dae-Youn;Kim, Dong-In;Park, Jae-Sung;Lee, Byeong-Soo;Song, Se-Hee;Park, Lee-Dae;Kim, Moon-Jeong;Kim, No-Yong;Lee, Kwang-Hoon;Kim, Jae-Yong
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study examined the effects of a shoulder-strengthening exercise on muscle strength of shoulder flexors and extensors of caregivers. Methods: The study consisted of 19 caregivers (2 males and 17 females) employed by Medical Center B. All the participants took part in an 8-week shoulder muscle strengthening exercise, based on previous studies. In the first week, the subjects took part in a stretching exercise enhance the range of motion. In the second week, they participated in an exercise aimed at improving shoulder blade stability. From the third to seventh weeks, a resistance exercise of different intensities was applied in a phased manner. Finally, in the eight week, the subjects took part in plyometric exercise. Peak torque, average power, and total work of shoulder flexors and extensors in both sides were measured before and after the exercise at an angular speed of 120deg/sec using an isokinetic device. Wilcoxon's singed-ranks test was conducted to analyze differences in muscle strength before and after the intervention. Results: After the exercise, there was a significant improvement in peak torque and average power of flexors of the right arm. After the exercise, peak torque, total work, and average power showed a significant improvement in the flexors of the left arm (p<0.05). However, there was no statistically significant difference in extensor muscle strength in either arm after the exercise. Conclusion: Shoulder flexors of caregivers are utilized frequently in the workplace. Implementation of extensor-strengthening exercises, in addition to flexor-strengthening exercises, can contribute to reducing the incidence rate of shoulder injuries among caregivers.

A Study on the Distribution of Heavy Metal Elements in Arc Welding Fume (아크용접 Fume의 중금속 분포에 관한 연구)

  • 채현병;김정한
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.343-343
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    • 1999
  • 아크용접은 산업전반에 걸쳐 그 생산기반에 없어서는 안될 필수기술로써 자동차 및 조선, 항공우주산업에 이르기까지 경제기반에 미치는 파급효과가 매우 크다. 그러나 이 아크용접을 하게 되면 각종 가스와 미세입자로 이루어진 흄이 발생하게 되는데 이들은 작업자들의 건강에 많은 영향을 미치는 것으로 보고되어 있다. 용접흄에는 용접재료 및 용접공정에 따라 다양한 유해원소가 포함되어 있고 그 종류에 따라 인체에 미치는 잠재적 독성효과도 매우 광범위하다. 최근 국내에서는 용접사들 중에 용접흄에 포함된 중금속 중 Mn중독에 의한 파킨스씨병 환자들과 Cr중독에 의하여 콧속 연골에 구멍이 뚫리는 비중격천공(鼻中隔穿孔) 환자들이 직업병으로 판정 받아 산재요양이 승인된 사례가 있다. 이러한 계기로 인하여 용접사들의 용접기피 현상이 심화되고 작업환경에 대한 법적규제는 선진 외국뿐만 아니라 국내에서도 한층 엄격하게 강화되고 있는 실정이다. 따라서 이제는 작업자와 사용자 모두 용접흄에 대한 인식의 전환이 요구되는 때이며 여러 분야에서 이러한 용접흄에 대한 연구가 활발히 진행되어야 한다. 해외에서는 이미 용접흄에 대한 연구가 활발히 진행되어 왔으나 국내의 경우는 매우 미비한 상태이며 용접산업의 미래 영향력이나 필요성을 고려할 때 국내에서도 적극적인 관심을 가져야 할 부분으로 판단된다. 본 연구에서는 아크용접공정에서 발생하는 흄의 특정 중금속 성분이 인체에 치명적인 악영향을 미치는 것에 착안하여 여러 종류의 용접재료에서 발생되는 용접흄의 중금속 분포를 조사하여 비교하였다. 이것은 향후 용접재료별 및 용접공정별 발생되는 흄의 유해원소를 저감시킬 수 있고 또한 각종 유해원소의 노출기준 및 평가기준을 마련할 수 있는 기초data로써 도움이 되리라 사료된다.동, 공정중재고가 줄어드는 결과를 보였고, 가동률 수준이 높을수록 ORR 방법간의 차이가 크게 나타났다. 그리고 부하평준화 기능은 Order Release 정책의 유효성에 별 영향을 주지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 결론적으로, Order Release 방법은 우선순위규칙간의 성능차이를 줄이거나, 대체할 수 통제 기법이라기보다는 우선순위규칙을 보완하여 공정중재고와 작업현장에서의 리드타임, 리드타임의 편차를 줄여주는 역할을 한다고 볼 수 있다. 그리고, 계획시스템이 존재하여 계획오더가 일정기간간격으로 이송되는 환경에서 특히 유용하다는 결론을 얻었다. 알 수 있었다. 것인데, 제조업에서의 심각한 고비용, 저효율 문제 를 해결하기 위해 필수적으로 도입해야만 하는 실정이다. 또한 소비자의 다양한 요구로 인 하여 제품의 종류와 사양면에서 심한 변동을 보이는 시장 수요에, 신속한 정보처리로 대응 하는데도 크게 기여하고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는, 자동차 Job Shop의 동기화 생산방식을 지원하는 동기화 생산시스템의 구축 모델을 제시하고자 한다.과로 여겨지며, 또한 혈청중의 ALT, ALP 및 LDH활성을 유의성있게 감소시키므로서 감잎 phenolic compounds가 에탄올에 의한 간세포 손상에 대한 해독 및 보호작용이 있는 것으로 사료된다.반적으로 홍삼 제조시 내공의 발생은 제조공정에서 나타나는 경우가 많으며, 내백의 경우는 홍삼으로 가공되면서 발생하는 경우가 있고, 인삼이 성장될 때 부분적인 영양상태의 불충분이나 기후 등에 따른 영향을 받을 수 있기 때문에 앞으로 이에 대한 많은 연구가 이루어져야할 것으로 판단된다.태에도 불구하고 [-wh]의미의 겹의문사는 병렬적 관계의 합성어가 아니라 내부구조를 지니지 않은 단순한 단어(min

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The Present State and Curriculum Implementation Overview of the Nursing-Specialized Vocational High Schools (특성화고등학교 간호과 운영 현황 및 교육과정 운영실태 분석)

  • Yoon, In-Kyung;Jang, Myung-Hee;Lee, Hyun-Young
    • Journal of vocational education research
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.19-46
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the curriculum implementation of the Nursing-Specialized Vocational High School by researching on operation, organization and environment of the program of Nursing. This study aims to improve the curriculum of the Nursing-Specialized Vocational High School. This study has analyzed previous existing studies, Link of School info, Educational Statistics and data indicating establishment, operation and curriculum of the department of Nursing which have been collected from web sites of institutions and associations relevant to Nurse Education. The major results of this study are as follows: 1) As of the first semester of the year 2016, out of a total of thirty eight Specialized Vocational High Schools and Meister High Schools in the country, 6.4% of the schools have nursing educational programs. These schools have established the programs under various names, such as Health Nursing, Dental Health Nursing, Nursing, Nursing and Medical Tourism, Accounting in Nursing and Nursing Management, etc. Since 2012, enrollment rates have increased while post-graduation employment rates have decreased, with the average employment rate of Specialized Vocational High School graduates having reached up to 46% by 2015. 2) The Nursing-Specialized Vocational High School aims to create skilled Nurses Assistant such as Nurse Aide and Care giver. The program is successful in providing necessary courses to acquire required certification and proficient field experience but requires revisional changes in order to create a long-term program of sufficient qualification. The official requirement of 780 hours of field practice was completed during the three educational breaks from the first year of high school to the second year, while the curriculum was conducted separately in the field hospitals. 3) An average of two laboratory classrooms were available based on the facility requirement standard of Cities and Provinces Educational Policies. In order to secure proficient instructors of Nursing education, establishment of specific indicated subjects, regional placement, in-service education, research and supervision are essential for establishing excellence and continual improvement.

Existent, but Non-existent Spaces for Others Focusing on Discourse-spaces of a Korean Movie (2016) (존재하지만 존재 않는 타자들의 공간 영화 <죽여주는 여자>의 담론 공간을 중심으로)

  • Jang, Eun Mi;Han, Hee Jeong
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.84
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    • pp.99-123
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    • 2017
  • We analyzed the movie (2016/ directed by J-yong E), which is entangled in politics of gender, age, class, or sexuality, naming as "spaces of Others", using the concepts of heterotopia of Foucault. Foucault addressed three types of spaces: the realistic space where we currently live, the unrealistic and non-existent utopia, and heterotopia, which functions antithetically to reality. Thus, Foucault's heterotopia can be considered to indicate "heterogeneous spaces" in reality. The Bacchus Lady revolves a 65-year old prostitute So-Young, sells her body to old men at the parks in downtown of Seoul. Old prostitute on streets are often referred as "Bacchus Ladies", because suggest the popular energy drink a bottle of Bacchus while selling sex. The movie represents some minorities such as transgender, Tina and madam of the club, G-spot, migrant women like Camila and Aindu, and a amputee, Dohoon. Through these people's bodies, the problems such as imperials, nations, ethnics, gender, age, class are entangled in the movie. The politics of these points work and construct heterotopias in four spaces of Others. First, the spaces which ageing and death are intersected. Second, the spaces of So-Young for prostitutes, Third, the spaces of So-Young's mothering: she adopted her baby to American when he was a infant, so she have felt guilty. Fourth, the spaces for So-young's quasi-family with Minho, a Kopian boy who was abandoned by Korean father, Dohoon, who is a poor amputee, and Tina, who is a transgender singer. Fifth, the spaces of speech of So-Young as the subaltern: the subaltern does not have the language to express its own experiences. In order to listen to the words of subaltern, we must do the task of measuring the silence. This cinematic representation of So-young as the subaltern makes her speak about her situation. Finally, the spaces constructed by the movie can be connected 'heterotopia of crisis', 'heterotopia of deviation' and 'heterotopia of fantasy'. The spaces of the movie represents lives of Others, nevertheless, So-Young's Otherness through spaces of heterotopia was transformed to an absolute Other by patriarchal traits of cinematic narrative.

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