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Converged Research on the Difference of Learning Style According to Sasang Constitution and Major and Brain Dominance (사상체질과 전공에 따른 학습스타일의 차이 및 뇌의 우세성에 관한 융합 연구)

  • Lee, Mi-kyung;Kim, Yun-Joo;Noh, Byoung Ho;Park, Young-MI
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.145-153
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to suggest a suitable learning style for 300 college students who are attending Duniversity in Jeonnam providence according to QSSC(Questionnaire of Sasang Contribution Classification), major and brain dominance after finding out the difference of learning style according to Sasang constitution and major and brain dominance according to major. First, Soyangin's learning style was found out extroversion -type, but soeumin's learning style was found out introvert type. There was difference on physical type on learning style according to major. Third, there were found difference for a few questionnaire of the dominance of brain. According to above findings, The results of study suggest that we need to develop a unique teaching method which based on learners constitution and major instead of uniform teaching method.

Ayurvedic Shiro-Abhyanga and Relaxation of women's stress (아유르베딕 시로아비앙가가 성인여성의 스트레스 완화에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jung-Myung;Choi, Yoon-Jung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.1800-1805
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    • 2008
  • Shiro-abhyanga is one of treatments of Ayurveda, which is the ancient system of health care and medicine in India. In this essay, I examined the effect of Shiro-abhyanga for relaxing stress of women in twentieth by the means of the brain wave test. The brain wave test showed that Shiro-abhyanga reduced Delta and Theta waves of the left brain but increased $\alpha$, SMR, Low-$\beta$ waves of the right brain. Delta and Theta waves are usually found in sleeping time. Their high measurement in awakening instructs the stress and depressing situations of objects. However the treatment of Shiro-abhyanga made the decrease of Delta and Theta waves and the increase of Alpha wave in working time. Alpha wave appears while objects are comfortable and peaceful from the relaxation of body and mind. Therefore the growth of Alpha wave says that the treatment of Shiro-abhyanga has an effect on mitigation of stress.

The whole-brained English teaching (영어교육에서의 좌-우뇌 통합 교수법)

  • Kwon, Na-Young
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • no.5
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    • pp.103-122
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    • 1999
  • In this paper, I will argue that in teaching L2, it is important to take a holistic teaching method considering various learning styles of the learners and the nature of L2 learning. Under the situation that most of the school education is centered on the left brain activity, learners with the right brain preference tend to get only to the lower proficiency than they really can. To prove this, I conducted a experiment on two classes of high school students. I decided the hemispheric preference of each students using HMI (hemispheric mode indicator) Then I compared the hemispheric preferences of students with their scores in English tests. The students with right hemispheric preference show significantly lower scores than the ones with left preference. It is implied that the current English education should adapted to address various learning and cognitive styles and whole-brain L2 teaching method should replace the left-centered instruction in the learning environment.

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Study on the Characteristics of EEG in Resting State on Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Performance (시공간 작업기억 수행능력에 따른 안정상태에서의 뇌파 특성 연구)

  • Jung, Chul-Woo;Lee, Hyeob-Eui;Wi, Hyun-Wook;Choi, Nam-Sook;Park, Pyong-Woon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.351-360
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to predict visual-spatial working memory performance through the characteristics of an electroencephalogram (EEG) in the resting state. The 31 study participants, middle school students with various to academic performance, were underwent visual-spatial working memory test in the Comprehensive Attention Test (CAT) on December in 2014. Each 7 and 6 participants were divided into an Excellent Working Memory (EWM) group and Poor Working Memory (PWM) group depending on the forward/backward working memory scores. The EEG measurements and analysis of the data from a Brain Function Tester were performed by the two groups. A Mann-Whitney Test was used to examine the statistical differences between them. The activation of high beta (${\beta}H$) at the Fp1 and Fp2 sites in the left and right hemisphere, and that of the low beta (${\beta}L$) in the right hemisphere in the EWM group was significantly higher than that in the PWM group. In conclusion, there is a correlation between the visual-spatial working memory performance and the activation of ${\beta}H$ and ${\beta}L$ in the resting state and a close correlation that of ${\beta}L$ in the right hemisphere in terms of mental activity and faculty. Therefore, the visual-spatial working memory performance can be predicted by the activation of ${\beta}H$ and ${\beta}L$ in the resting state. The activation of EEG can be applied as an assessment tool and provide basis data for visual-spatial working memory performance.

The affective effect of odor products in relaxation and working contexts (휴식 및 집중 환경에서 방향 제품의 감성적 영향)

  • Suk, Hyeon-Jeong;Lee, Eun-Sol;Kim, Gok-Mi;Han, Sang-Ho
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.395-402
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    • 2011
  • As the consumer market for odor products grows, companies producing healthcare products are beginning to pay more attention to the emotional aspect of an odor product in order to differentiate their products from competitors. In the following research, the affective effect of odor product was investigated while focusing on relaxation and working contexts using orange and pine scents, since these are typical odors in current domestic market. Two empirical studies were carried out. First, in experiment I, 18 subjects, all of whom were university students, spent 20 minutes sitting comfortably on a sofa while electrocardiogram assessments were made. After a five-minute break, in experiment II, the same subjects were provided with both arithmetic and geometric questions and their electroencephalogram readings was recorded from eight channels. All subjects participated in three sessions - no odor, an orange scent, and then a pine scent - with a minimum time interval of 24 hours. The results show that in the context of a pine scent, both the activation ratio of subjects' parasympathetic system and those of the Sensory Motor Rhythm waves and Mid Beta waves were at the highest peak. Therefore, the pine scent helped the subjects to feel more comfortable and more focused at the same time. In other words, it gave them a state of meditated attention. In addition, it was found that the right brain was activated twice the intensity when the subjects worked through the geometric questions, whereas both sides of the brain were activated in equal magnitude during the process of arithmetic tasks. This replicates previous studies of the functional aspect of the right brain - being responsible for spatial and creative thinking.

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Acoustic differences according to the epileptic focus in benign partial epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes patients (양성 부분 간질 환아에서 간질 발생 위치에 따른 음성언어 분석)

  • Kim, Jung Tae;Choi, Sang Hoon;Kim, Sun Jun
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.50 no.9
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    • pp.896-900
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    • 2007
  • Purpose : The aim of this study was to investigate the speech problems in benign rolandic epilepsy (BRE) according to the seizure focus in EEG and semiology. Methods : Twenty three patients [right origin (13 patients) or left side (10 patients)] who met the BRE criteria by International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) were prospectively enrolled. We excluded the patients who had abnormal MRI or showed both side spikes in EEG. Computerized Speech Lab was used to assess the speech characteristics of the patients. Results : The error pattern of laryngeal articulation in BRE was exclusively substitution of stop consonants, these errors showed more frequent in the left group (16.0% vs 25.5%). Voice onset time (VOT) of stop consonants and Total duration (TD) of word in both groups were prolonged than normal control group, especially in left group (P<0.05). The first formant of vowel /o/ and second formant of /e/ were significantly decreased in left group (P<0.05). The right group scored wider on pitch range ($192.9{\pm}54.0Hz$) and energy range in spontaneous speech ($14.2{\pm}6.4db$) than the left group ($233.3{\pm}12.5Hz$, $19.4{\pm}9.3db$, respectively, P>0.05). Duration of counting (5 to 9) in left group slower than right group ($8.6{\pm}1.7$ vs $7.9{\pm}1.8sec$). Conclusion : Our data suggested that interictal spikes and seizures in either centrotemporal sides, especially left side group, may induce speech problems. We recommend the logopedic and phoniatric evaluations of speech in BRE patients.

Convergent Web-based Education Program to Prevent Dementia (웹기반의 치매 예방용 융합교육 프로그램 개발)

  • Park, Kyung-Soon;Park, Jae-Seong;Ban, Keum-Ok;Kim, Kyoung-Oak
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.322-331
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of the present study was to develop a convergent education contents for dementia prevention, operating on the web network applying modern information technology(IT). At the preparation stage, local and worldwide literatures related to dementia were analyzed followed by surveying industry demands, based on which the program was designed and developed. In the following enhancement stage, the program was modified as much as possible by advices obtained from experts in various fields. Development results of the present program are summarized as follows. Firstly, 645 intellect development model to prevent dementia was established through peer review and verification of convergent education theories by expert groups. This model was named as "Garisani" meaning "cognition capable of judging objects" in the Korean language. Secondly, 'Find a way' and 'Connect a line' modules were developed in the numeric field as well as 'Identify a letter(I, II)' modules, in the language field for web-based left brain training program. Thirdly, 'Find my car' and 'Vision training' modules in the attention field and 'Object inference' and 'Compare pictures' modules in the cognition field were developed for web-based right brain training program. Fourth, 'Pentomino' and 'BQmaze'(Brain Quotient and maze) modules in the space perception field and 'Visual training' in the memory field were developed for web-based left and right brains training. Fifth, all results were integrated leading to a 52 week Garisani convergent education program for dementia prevention.

A Study on the Brain Scientific Mechanism of Drawing Education - Focusing on the Animated Drawing (드로잉 교육의 뇌과학적 기제 연구 - 애니메이션 드로잉을 중심으로)

  • Park, Sung Won
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.217-236
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    • 2014
  • This study is a literature analytical process for studying the drawing teaching methods considering the professional characteristics of animation and a principle analytical process for studying the perspective that when teaching methods that consider the function, learning and creative mechanisms of the brain are applied, the animation drawing ability will be effectively increased. In recent years, as an alternative discussion on the educational method of each field, study results applied with brain-based learning principles are being presented. This is not only being applied and implemented for art and drawing education but as overall educational alternatives. On the other hand, animation drawing requires artistic literacy and at the same time requires comprehensive teaching methods that can train the structural knowledge, cognitive sensation and communication method but such professional teaching methods are insufficient. Therefore, the principle of effective education is seen through the brain mechanism and the principle of demonstrating the creativity and learning by the brain is analyzed. In addition, through the fundamental relationship on the picture drawing and the function of the brain, the relationship of the drawing and the brain is identified. As a result, not only for the left brain that observes the cognitive information which can draw the structure and shapes but the right brain which is directly related to the drawing should be developed, but in order to express the creativity, teaching methods that can understand the mechanism of comprehensive brain where physical and psychological factors are expressed should be also developed. It is because the animation drawing education is teaching the methods for demonstrating the characteristics of artistic creativity required for the drawing ability. This process will not only be a foundation for identifying the difference against the previous animation drawing teaching methods, and the brain-based principles will be selected as the core strategic definition for designing the strategy and methodological model of future education.

The effects of QEEG based on neurofeedback training for anxiety disorder (불안장애의 정량화 뇌파 기반 뉴로피드백 훈련 효과)

  • Cho, Sang hee;Cho, che hyung;Park, Pyong Woon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.387-393
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of QEEG-based neurofeedback clinical tests on patients diagnosed with anxiety disorder. Researchers tested six patients with anxiety disorder using 32-channel QEEG(Quantitative electroencephalograpy) and neurofeedback training equipment. The study measured anxiety levels of patients using QEEG and BAI physiological psychology tests. Test results found hyperactive beta waves present in all six patients' temporal lobe. The intensity of the wave of the right hemisphere temporal lobe T4(M=31.07) was the higher than that of the left hemisphere temporal lobe 3(M=29.11). Following Neurofeedback training, the beta wave of the right hemisphere lobe was reduced significantly in all patients. The average anxiety level decreased from 23.57 to 12.14 after the neurofeedback training. In addition, among the two patients who were taking medication, one patient reduced his dosage while the other patient discontinued taking medication. This result implies that the QEEG neurofeedback training technique can be effectively applied to patients with anxiety disorder.

Analysis on the Effects and Influences of Mindfulness Based Breathing and Body Scan for Elderly Women's Attentive Concentration (마음챙김 호흡과 신체이완이 여성노인의 주의집중력에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Kim, Yun-Keum;Yi, Seon-Gyu
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.173-179
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    • 2015
  • This study is analized with how Mindfulness Based Breathing and Body Scan influences to elderly women's attentive concentration measured by 2-channel system EEG(Electroencephalogram) which method is objectively and determinately. The subjects in this study are 60 aged over 65years of elderly women in K city, who were divided into two groups; such as 30 of the experimental group and 30 of the control group checked by EEG before and after the treatment. The study started from March to July in 2013. The treatment was conducted by ones a week, 60minutes a time for 16 weeks. The result in experimental group is indicated as followed. The Attention Quotient Lt(69.61/70.85, p<.024) showed higher score after treatment, and Attention Quotient Rate Lt(4.22/3.75, p<.037), Attention Quotient Rate Rt(4.29/3.70, p<.019) did show statistically lower score after treatment. Attention Quotient is shown attentive concentration and awareness in the brain. Therefore, Mindfulness Based Breathing and Body Scan is proved the value and efficiency for activating elderly women's attentive concentration by a way of practical using in neuroscience.