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Status of Brain-based Artistic Education Fusion Study - Basic Study for Animation Drawing Education (뇌기반 예술교육 융합연구의 현황 - 애니메이션 드로잉 교육을 위한 기초연구)

  • Lee, Sun Ju;Park, Sung Won
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.237-257
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    • 2014
  • This study is the process of performing the interdisciplinary fusion study between multiple fields by identifying the status on the previous artistic education considering the brain scientific mechanism of image creativity and brain-based learning principles. In recent years, producing the educational methods of each field as the fusion study activities are emerging as the trend and thanks to such, the results of brain-based educational fusion studies are being presented for each field. It includes artistic fields such as music, art and dance. In other words, the perspective is that by understanding the operating principles of the brain while creativity and learning is taking place, when applying various principles that can develop the corresponding functions as a teaching method, it can effectively increase the artistic performance ability and creativity. Since the animation drawing should be able to intuitively recognize the elements of movement and produce the communication with the target beyond the delineative perspective of simply drawing the objects to look the same, it requires the development of systematic educational method including the methods of communication, elements of higher cognitive senses as well as the cognitive perspective of form implementation. Therefore, this study proposes a literature study results on the artistic education applied with brain-based principles in order to design the educational model considering the professional characteristics of animation drawing. Therefore, the overseas and domestic trends of the cases of brain-based artistic education were extracted and analyzed. In addition, the cases of artistic education studies applied with brain-based principles and study results from cases of drawing related education were analyzed. According to the analyzed results, the brain-based learning related to the drawing has shown a common effect of promoting the creativity and changes of positive emotion related to the observation, concentration and image expression through the training of the right brain. In addition, there was a case of overseas educational application through the brain wave training where the timing ability and artistic expression have shown an enhancement effect through the HRV training, SMR, Beta 1 and neuro feedback training that strengthens the alpha/seta wave and it was proposing that slow brain wave neuro feedback training contributes significantly in overcoming the stress and enhancing the creative artistic performance ability. The meaning of this study result is significant in the fact that it was the case that have shown the successful application of neuro feedback training in the environment of artistic live education beyond the range of laboratory but the use of the machine was shown to have limitations for being applied to the teaching methods so its significance can be found in providing the analytical foundation for applying and designing the brain-based learning principles for future animation drawing teaching methods.

Neurological Outcome of Ischemic Stroke in Children: a Single Center Study (소아 허혈성 뇌졸중의 신경학적 예후: 단일 기관 연구)

  • Hong, Seung Hee;Chang, Seong Hwan;Jung, Eui Seok;Kim, Young Ok;Choi, Young Youn;Woo, Young Jong
    • Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.152-158
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Ischemic stroke is rarely seen in children, but it could cause mortality and result in developmental disabilities such as motor paralysis, cognitive dysfunction, and epilepsy. In this study, the neurological outcomes of ischemic stroke in children were reviewed and the factors associated with the neurological outcomes were to be analyzed. Methods: Medical records of patients younger than 15 years of age who were newly diagnosed with ischemic stroke between January 2006 and December 2016 in Chonnam National University Hospital were reviewed. Results: This study consisted of 38 patients with ischemic stroke (male/female= 18/20, mean age=6 years 1 month ${\pm}4years$ 8 months). Neurological outcomes assessment was done at least 1 year after the onset of ischemic stroke. 10 patients (26.3%) had no neurological impairments. Motor paralysis was noted in 22 (57.9%), cognitive dysfunction was in 9 (23.7%), and epilepsy in 20 (52.6%). Among the possible risk factors for neurological impairments (age, sex, early seizures, characteristics of the infarcted lesions, abnormal electroencephalogram (EEG) findings), abnormalities on EEG findings were significantly associated with cognitive dysfunction (P=0.026) and the occurrence of early seizures with epilepsy (P=0.000). Conclusion: Neurological impairments were remained in 73.7% of children one year after ischemic stroke. Cognitive dysfunction was associated with abnormalities on EEG findings within 2 weeks after the onset of ischemic stroke and epilepsy with the occurrence of early seizures.