• Title/Summary/Keyword: 이동 거리

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Comparison of Pedestrian Walking Characteristics Between Highway Crosswalk and Pedestrian Underpass (횡단보도와 지하보도간의 횡단보행특성 비교)

  • 임종훈;김동녕
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.17-29
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    • 2000
  • 본 연구는 지하횡단보도 이용시 계단에서 나타나는 보행자 특성에 관한 연구로써, 교차로에서 횡단보도와 지하보도에서 보행자의 편의성을 정량화한 것이다. 지하보도 계단에서의 보행자특성에 관한 연구, 즉 속도, 밀도와 보행자교통량에 관한 연구는 비디오촬영을 통하여 수집한 자료를 분석하였다. 지하보도나 횡단보도 횡단시 이동 거리, 소요시간, 소요에너지는 보행자특성 분석에서 나온 결과와 직접 시설을 조사한 자료를 이용하여 비교하였다. 주요 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 지하보도 계단에서 보행자 속도는 상향이동시의 평균속도는 37.7m/분(또는 0.67m/초)이고, 하향이동시의 평균속도는 46.7m/분(또는 0.77m/초)으로 나타났다. 둘째, 평균 이동거리는 단순횡단의 경우 지하보도는 119m이고, 횡단보도는 78m이다. 대각횡단의 경우 지하 보도는 161m이고, 횡단보도는 111m이다. 평균 소요시간은 단순횡단의 경우 지하보도는 125.6초이고, 횡단보도는 111.3초로 나타났다. 대각횡단의 경우 지하보도는 162.3초이고, 횡단보도는 178.8초로 나타났다. 평균 소요에너지는 단순횡단의 경우 지하보도는 20.2kcal이고, 횡단보도는 4.7kcal이다. 대각횡단의 경우 지하보도는 23.5kcal이고, 횡단보도는 6.6kcal이다. 단순횡단시 지하보도가 횡단보도보다 이동거리는 평균 1.5배 더 길고, 시간은 평균 1.2배 더 소요되고, 에너지는 평균 4.5배가 더 소요된다. 대각횡단시 이동거리는 평균 1.5배 더 길고, 소요시간은 비슷하고, 에너지는 평균 3.5배 더 소요되었다. 본 연구는 기존의 교차로나 가로구간에 지하보도만 설치되어 있는 지점에 횡단보도의 설치여부에 관한 정책결정을 하는데 도움이 될 수 있을 것이다.

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Development of a Test Jig for Examination of Radial Pulse Waveform Variations at Different Hold-down Pressures (가압에 따른 요골동맥 맥파 변동 측정을 위한 테스트 지그 개발)

  • Lee, Jeon;Woo, Young-Jae;Jeon, Young-Ju;Lee, Yu-Jung;Kim, Jong-Yeol
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.203-204
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    • 2008
  • 한의학 진단의 중요 요소인 맥진을 자동화한 맥진기에서뿐만 아니라 비관혈적 심혈관 기능 평가를 위해서 요골동맥 맥파 측정이 널리 활용되고 있다. 요골동맥 맥파는 피험자의 생리적, 병리적 원인을 통제하더라도 가압력이 변함에 따라 형태가 달라지며, 어느 시점 맥파를 피험자의 상태를 대표하는 맥파로 해야 할지에 대한 명확한 기준이 없어 맥압이 최대가 되는 시점의 맥파를 사용하고 있다. 그러나, 맥파가 측정되는 가압력 범위뿐만 아니라 맥압이 최대가 되는 시점이 피험자마다 다르기 때문에 정확한 대표 맥파를 획득하기 위해서는 보다 가압력 단계를 늘려야 하며, 결과적으로 측정시간이 보다 길어지게 될 것이다. 본 논문에서는 최소한의 가압단계로도 보다 정확히 대표 맥파를 획득할 수 있는 방법을 개발할 수 있도록, 정밀 제어가 가능한 가압 로봇 축, 가압에 의해 눌리는 피부이동 거리 측정을 위한 레이저 센서, 가압에 따른 피부 반발력과 맥파를 측정할 수 있는 압력 센서로 구성된 테스트 지그를 개발하였다. 이를 통해 모터 이동 스텝 수에 따른 피부 이동 거리 특성, 피부 이동 거리에 따른 맥파 변화 특성 등을 관찰할 수 있었으며, 향후 효과적인 대표 맥파 획득 방법을 개발할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.

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Computation of the Shortest distance and Forecasting movement distance for Y/T Multi-Cycle System (Multi-Cycle 작업을 위한 Y/T 최단거리 및 예상 이동거리 계산)

  • Park, Tae-jin;Kim, Han-soo;Kim, Cheeyong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.127-130
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    • 2009
  • In this paper, we introduce a Y/T(Yard Tractor) Multi-Cycle System on the basis of RTLS that improves a low efficient loading and unloading. In the proposed approach, we apply the best suited algorithm looking for seeking of the optimum path and the shortest movement distance. In this paper, Our experiment results show that rate of a driving distance is reduced more than 12% compared to the average value, and that is reduced more than 23% compared to the maximum value.

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Applications of Geographic Information Systems in LIS (문헌정보학 분야에서의 지리정보시스템의 활용)

  • Park, Sung-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.163-178
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    • 2011
  • Using the library users' data in Lake County Public Library Systems, Florida, US, this study discussed how geographic information systems can be applied in LIS fields. These data were analyzed with such GIS functions as geocoding, Thiessen polygon, density, buffer, and distance measurement. Results indicate that findings from a study of these functions allowed for, not only a better understanding of the geographic locations of library users and user's library activity patterns, but also for the ability to identify library market areas for future library service planning. Additionally, results from a study of the Thiesen polygon and buffer functions indicated the distance impact on library use. Regarding the travel distance of library users, the measurement of distance using road networks was suggested.

Design of forklift status information system using Android device (안드로이드 기기를 활용한 지게차 상태 정보 시스템 설계)

  • Park, Se-il;Jang, Jong-wook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.233-235
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    • 2017
  • Forklift tend to work in place rather than moving due to work environment conditions, so they express only the engine operation time without expressing the moving distance unlike a general car's instrument panel. Therefore, various consumables constituting the forklift have a replacement cycle according to the operation time of the engine. However, it is very difficult to judge the exact replacement cycle only by the engine operation time because the working environment differs for each forklift. In this paper, we propose a system that provides position information and moving distance information of forklift to driver using GPS and IMU sensor. By using this system, it is expected that the forklift status information, which is difficult to judge by the existing instrument panel, is provided as easier information, and economic benefits for forklift management and maintenance are expected.

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The Effects of Virtual Reality Interactive Games on the Balance Ability of Elderly Women with Knee Osteoarthritis (가상현실 상호작용 게임이 무릎 골관절염 여성 노인의 균형능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Wi, Sam-Yeol;Kang, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.387-393
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    • 2012
  • 연구목적 : 본 연구는 Xbox 360 Kinetic Sensor를 사용한 가상현실 상호작용 게임이 무릎 골관절염을 앓는 여성 노인의 균형능력에 미치는 영향을 알아보는 것이다. 연구방법 : 65세 이상의 지역사회에 거주하는 여성 노인으로 무릎 골관절염으로 진단받은 40명을 대상자로 선정하였다. 대상자는 20명씩 무작위로 실험군과 대조군에 배치되었다. 실험군은 Xbox 360 Kinetic Sensor를 사용한 가상현실 상호작용 게임을 매 30분, 주 3회, 4주간 처치하였다. 대조군은 가상현실 상호작용 게임을 적용하지 않았다. 결과 측정은 눈을 뜬 상태와 눈을 감은 상태에서 신체 중심의 이동거리로 측정하였다. 연구결과 : 실험군의 신체중심 이동거리는 눈을 뜬 상태와 눈을 감은 상태 모두 중재 전보다 유의하게 증가하였다. 또한 중재후 실험군의 신체중심 이동거리는 눈을 뜬 상태와 눈을 감은 상태 모두 대조군보다 유의하게 높게 증가하였다. 결론 : Xbox 360 Kinetic Sensor를 이용한 가상현실 상호작용 게임은 무릎 골관절염을 앓는 여성 노인의 균형 능력을 증진시키는데 효과적이었다.

Decision of the Representative Moving Direction of a Storm Event (호우사상의 대표 이동방향 결정)

  • Yoo, Chul-Sang;Park, Chang-Yeol
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.91-102
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    • 2010
  • This study analyzed methodologies for determining the representative direction of a storm event. The mean direction, median direction, and modal direction of von Mises distribution were considered as representative directions. In addition, the results with and without considering the storm moving distance were also compared. As results, the modal directions of von Mises distribution were found to explain the directional characteristics of a moving storm much better than other methods. Also, it was found that the storm moving distance has a significant effect on the determination of representative directions of a moving storm, whose uncertainty can also be decreased significantly by considering the moving distance.

Characteristics of Runout Distance of Debris Flows in Korea (한국 토석류의 이동거리 특성)

  • Choi, Dooyoung;Paik, Joongcheol
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.32 no.3B
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    • pp.193-201
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    • 2012
  • In the last decade, heavy rainfall induced debris flow events have been remarkably occurred in Korea. Consequently, debris flow is becoming one of the most dangerous natural phenomena in mountainous area. Understanding and correct predicting of the runout distance of debris flow is an essential prerequisite for developing debris flow hazard map and prevention technology. Based on the simple and widely used sled model, in this study, we analyse the net efficiency of debris flows which is a dimensionless constant (=1/R) and defined by the ratio of the horizontal runout distance L from the debris flow source to deposit and the vertical elevation H of the source above the deposit. The analysis of field data observed in total 238 debris flow events occurred from 2002 to 2011 reveals that the representative value of the net efficiency of debris flows in Korea is 4.3. The data observed in Gangwon province where is the most debris flow-prone area in Korea shows that debris flows in Inje area have the runout distance longer than those in Pyongchang and Gangneung. Overall features of the net efficiency of debris flows observed in the central Korea are similar to those in the southern Korea. The estimation based on aerial photographs and available depositional conditions appears to overestimate the net efficiency compared to estimation based on the field observations, which indicates that appropriate depositional conditions need to be developed for debris flows in Korea.

M-mode Ultrasound Assessment of Diaphragmatic Excursions in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease : Relation to Pulmonary Function Test and Mouth Pressure (만성폐쇄성 폐질환 환자에서 M-mode 초음파로 측정한 횡격막 운동)

  • Lim, Sung-Chul;Jang, Il-Gweon;Park, Hyeong-Kwan;Hwang, Jun-Hwa;Kang, Yu-Ho;Kim, Young-Chul;Park, Kyung-Ok
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.736-745
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    • 1998
  • Background: Respiratory muscle interaction is further profoundly affected by a number of pathologic conditions. Hyperinflation may be particularly severe in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) patients, in whom the functional residual capacity(FRC) often exceeds predicted total lung capacity(TLC). Hyperinflation reduces the diaphragmatic effectiveness as a pressure generator and reduces diaphragmatic contribution to chest wall motion. Ultrasonography has recently been shown to be a sensitive and reproducible method of assessing diaphragmatic excursion. This study was performed to evaluate how differences of diaphragmatic excursion measured by ultrasonography associate with normal subjects and COPD patients. Methods: We measured diaphragmatic excursions with ultrasonography on 28 healthy subjects(l6 medical students, 12 age-matched control) and 17 COPD patients. Ultrasonographic measurements were performed during tidal breathing and maximal respiratory efforts approximating vital capacity breathing using Aloka KEC-620 with 3.5 MHz transducer. Measurements were taken in the supine posture. The ultrasonographic probe was positioned transversely in the midclavicular line below the right subcostal margin. After detecting the right hemidiaphragm in the B-mode the ultrasound beam was then positioned so that it was approximately parallel to the movement of middle or posterior third of right diaphragm. Recordings in the M-mode at this position were made throughout the test. Measurements of diaphragmatic excursion on M-mode tracing were calculated by the average gap in 3 times-respiration cycle. Pulmonary function test(SensorMedics 2800), maximal inspiratory(PImax) and expiratory mouth pressure(PEmax, Vitalopower KH-101, Chest) were measured in the seated posture. Results: During the tidal breathing, diaphragmatic excursions were recorded $1.5{\pm}0.5cm$, $1.7{\pm}0.5cm$ and $1.5{\pm}0.6cm$ in medical students, age-matched control group and COPD patients, respectively. Diaphragm excursions during maximal respiratory efforts were significantly decreased in COPD patients ($3.7{\pm}1.3cm$) when compared with medical students, age-matched control group($6.7{\pm}1.3cm$, $5.8{\pm}1.2cm$, p< 0.05}. During maximal respiratory efforts in control subjects, diaphragm excursions were correlated with $FEV_1$, FEVl/FVC, PEF, PIF, and height. In COPD patients, diaphragm excursions during maximal respiratory efforts were correlated with PEmax(maximal expiratory pressure), age, and %FVC. In multiple regression analysis, the combination of PEmax and age was an independent marker of diaphragm excursions during maximal respiratory efforts with COPD patients. Conclusion: COPD subjects had smaller diaphragmatic excursions during maximal respiratory efforts than control subjects. During maximal respiratory efforts in COPD patients, diaphragm excursions were well correlated with PEmax. These results suggest that diaphragm excursions during maximal respiratory efforts with COPD patients may be valuable at predicting the pulmonary function.

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