• Title/Summary/Keyword: 이동 거리

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Studies on Prevalence of Meat Allergy and Potential Beef Allergens (식육알레르기 발생 경향 및 잠재적 우육알레르겐에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Bo-Young;Kim, Dong-Yeop;Fan, Jiang Ping;Chung, Hyun-Chae;Han, Gi-Dong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.151-156
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    • 2009
  • The prevalence of food allergies was investigated using questionnaires with 300 subjects whose ages ranged from 19 to 24 years old and the causative food allergens was analyzed using immunological analysis with serum of the subjects who answered that they have/had food allergy. The questionnaire showed that 11.33% of subjects have/had experience of food hypersensitivity, where the main causative foods were fish, beef, chicken, milk, egg, and pork in order. The meat allergy shared 4.65% (2.33% for beef, 1.66% for chicken, 0.66% for pork) in the prevalence of food allergies. The causative beef allergens were investigated with the serum of 6 subjects who have had beef allergy. Western blots were carried out with the serum of P6 subject who showed a positive reaction to beef extract in ELISA. The two specific bands were detected in beef extract on the PVDF membrane, and no band was detected in extracts of pork and chicken. A calculation of the distance of migration by SDS-PAGE enabled the molecular masses of the two bands to be estimated as 67kDa and 31kDa, respectively. The 67kDa was revealed as bovine serum albumin (BSA) which is one of the important beef allergens as reported previously though an analysis of the N-terminal amino acid sequence. However we could not identify the sequence of 31kDa, probably because they comprised several subunits and were modified proteins such as glycoprotein that were unlikely to be easily degraded by the Edman method. The 31kDa band were dyed with the PAS (periodic acid-schiff reagent), suggesting that it might be a glycoprotein. These results suggested that the 31kDa might be considered as a novel potential beef allergen which is not reported previously, although further studies are needed.

Second-Look Arthroscopy after ACL Reconstruction with Autograft Tendons (자가건을 이용한 전방 십자 인대 재건술 후 이차 관절경 검사)

  • Fang, Zhen-Zhu;Yoo, Moon-Jib;Kim, Myung-Ho;Bahng, Seung-Chu;Kim, You-Jin;Park, Hee-Gon
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.38-44
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: To evaluate status of reconstructed ACL and changes around graft through second-look arthroscopy after arthroscopic reconstruction of the ACL with autograft tendons. Material and Methods: Between Jun. 2003 and Feb. 2007, the second look arthroscopy was performed on 22 cases. Second-look arthroscopy was conducted on average 15.1 $(7\sim31)$ months after reconstruction. 15 cases received hamstring tendon autograft, 7 cases received bone-patellar tendonbone autograft. We measured graft tension using displacement by probing, synovial coverage by visual analysis at second-look arthroscopy The assay in Lysholm score, Lachmann test and KT-2000 arthrometer were evaluated status of reconstructed ACL. Results: The hamstring tendon group showed normal tension in 11 cases and lax tension in 4 cases. The patellar tendon group showed normal tension in 3 cases, lax tension in 2 cases and partial tear in 2 cases. In the hamstring tendon group, synovial coverage was good in 11 cases, half in 3 cases and pale in 1 case, and the bone-patellar tendon-bone group was good in 4 cases and half in 3 cases. The patellar tendon group was superior to the hamstring tendon group in Lysholm score (p<0.05), but insignificance difference in KT-2000 arthrometer results statistically. Conclusion: The hamstring tendon group was superior to the bone-patellar tendon-bone group in second-look arthroscopy after ACL reconstruction with autograft tendons results, but long term follow up will be necessary to further evaluated.

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Measurements of Setup Error and Physiological Movement of Liver by Using Electronic Portal Imaging Device in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma (간암환자에서 Electronic Portal Imaging Device(EPID)를 이용한 자세 오차 및 종양 이동 거리의 객관적 측정)

  • Keum Ki Chang;Lee Sang-wook;Shin Hyun Soo;Kim Gwi Eon;Sung Jinsil Seong;Lee Chang Geol;Chu Sung Sil;Chang Sei-Kyung;Suh Chang Ok
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.107-113
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    • 2000
  • Purpose : The goal of this study 닌as to improve the accuracy of three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3-D CRT) by measuring the treatment setup error and physiological movement of liver based on the analysis of images which were obtained by electronic portal imaging device (EPID). Materials and Methods : For 10 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, 4-7 portal images were obtained by using EPID during the radiotherapy from each patient daiiy. We analyzed the setup error and physiological movement of liver based on the verification data. We also determined the safety margin of the tumor in 3-D CRT through the analysis of physiological movement. Results : The setup errors were measured as 3mm with standard deviation 1.70 mm in x direction and 3.7 mm with standard deviation 1.88 mm in y direction respectively. Hence, deviation were smaller than 5mm from the center of each axis. The measured range of liver movement due to the physiological motion was 8.63 mm on the average. Considering the motion of liver and setup error, the safety margin of tumor was at least 15 mm. Conclusion : EPID is a very useful device for the determination of the optimal margin of the tumor, and thus enhance the accuracy and stability of the 3-D CRT in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

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Development of Conformal Radiotherapy with Respiratory Gate Device (호흡주기에 따른 방사선입체조형치료법의 개발)

  • Chu Sung Sil;Cho Kwang Hwan;Lee Chang Geol;Suh Chang Ok
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.41-52
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : 3D conformal radiotherapy, the optimum dose delivered to the tumor and provided the risk of normal tissue unless marginal miss, was restricted by organ motion. For tumors in the thorax and abdomen, the planning target volume (PTV) is decided including the margin for movement of tumor volumes during treatment due to patients breathing. We designed the respiratory gating radiotherapy device (RGRD) for using during CT simulation, dose planning and beam delivery at identical breathing period conditions. Using RGRD, reducing the treatment margin for organ (thorax or abdomen) motion due to breathing and improve dose distribution for 3D conformal radiotherapy. Materials and Methods : The internal organ motion data for lung cancer patients were obtained by examining the diaphragm in the supine position to find the position dependency. We made a respiratory gating radiotherapy device (RGRD) that is composed of a strip band, drug sensor, micro switch, and a connected on-off switch in a LINAC control box. During same breathing period by RGRD, spiral CT scan, virtual simulation, and 3D dose planing for lung cancer patients were peformed, without an extended PTV margin for free breathing, and then the dose was delivered at the same positions. We calculated effective volumes and normal tissue complication probabilities (NTCP) using dose volume histograms for normal lung, and analyzed changes in doses associated with selected NTCP levels and tumor control probabilities (TCP) at these new dose levels. The effects of 3D conformal radiotherapy by RGRD were evaluated with DVH (Dose Volume Histogram), TCP, NTCP and dose statistics. Results : The average movement of a diaphragm was 1.5 cm in the supine position when patients breathed freely. Depending on the location of the tumor, the magnitude of the PTV margin needs to be extended from 1 cm to 3 cm, which can greatly increase normal tissue irradiation, and hence, results in increase of the normal tissue complications probabiliy. Simple and precise RGRD is very easy to setup on patients and is sensitive to length variation (+2 mm), it also delivers on-off information to patients and the LINAC machine. We evaluated the treatment plans of patients who had received conformal partial organ lung irradiation for the treatment of thorax malignancies. Using RGRD, the PTV margin by free breathing can be reduced about 2 cm for moving organs by breathing. TCP values are almost the same values $(4\~5\%\;increased)$ for lung cancer regardless of increasing the PTV margin to 2.0 cm but NTCP values are rapidly increased $(50\~70\%\;increased)$ for upon extending PTV margins by 2.0 cm. Conclusion : Internal organ motion due to breathing can be reduced effectively using our simple RGRD. This method can be used in clinical treatments to reduce organ motion induced margin, thereby reducing normal tissue irradiation. Using treatment planning software, the dose to normal tissues was analyzed by comparing dose statistics with and without RGRD. Potential benefits of radiotherapy derived from reduction or elimination of planning target volume (PTV) margins associated with patient breathing through the evaluation of the lung cancer patients treated with 3D conformal radiotherapy.