• Title/Summary/Keyword: 인 제거

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A Comparative Study of Phophorus Removal Condition by PAC Coagulation of Membrane Effluent (MBR공정 유출수의 화학응집에 의한 인 제거 조건 비교 연구)

  • Park, In-Gun;Lee, Kang-Yu;Eom, Tae-Young;Yang, Jin-Ho;Choi, Min-A;Lim, Kyeong-Ho
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.161-164
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    • 2011
  • 본 논문에서는 MBR 공정 유출수의 화학응집에 따른 특성을 알아보고자 A2O공정 하수처리수를 대상으로 막의 공극 크기와 약품 교반시간 및 응집 침전시간에 따른 인 제거 효율을 조사하였다. 막 여과 전후의 시료에 대한 응집실험결과 막 여과 전후의 응집제 투입에 따른 인 제거효율은 막 여과 전 90%와 비교했을 때 각각 74.5, 71.2, 62.6%로 최고 37.4%까지 큰 차이를 보였으며 이것은 막 여과로 인하여 시료 내 존재하는 콜로이드성 물질들의 입자 크기가 작아져 응집반응을 위한 응집핵 형성에 영향을 주었기 때문이며 막의 공극 크기가 작을수록 인 제거 효율도 감소하는 것으로 나타났다. 완속교반과 침전시간을 길게 할수록 인 제거 효율이 증가하였다. 침전시간이 10분일 경우는 인 제거 효율이 막 여과 후의 시료에 대해서 각각 45.3, 35.1, 52.0%로 인 제거가 상당히 불안정하였고 60분일 경우에는 각각 83.4, 85.1, 80.7%로 탁월한 인 제거가 일어난 것을 알 수 있었다.

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활성슬러지법에서 알루미늄 부식에 의한 인제거

  • 정경훈;최형일;정오진;이경희;강경환
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Sciences Society Conference
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    • pp.130-131
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    • 2000
  • 알루미늄판만 있는 경우보다 구리판이 첨가되었을 때 인 제거율은 높았으나 알루미늄판만 첨가하여도 수중의 인 제거가 가능하였고, 알루미늄판 표면적이 클수록 인제거 시간이 빨랐으며, 수중 전해질농도가 높을수록 인제거 시간은 단축되었고, 알루미늄판을 재 사용하였을 때는 구리판과 전해질 농도의 영향과는 상관없이 24시간만에 제거되었으며, 또한 비폭기시에는 공식이 일어나지 않아 인이 제거피지 않고 증가됨을 알 수 있었다. 또한 인이 제거되는 과정에서 COD와 질소 제거에는 영향을 주지 않음을 알 수 있었다.

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패각을 이용한 탈인법의 연구

  • Lee, Jong-Il;Kim, U-Hang
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Sciences Society Conference
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    • pp.243-246
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    • 2006
  • 수산양식장에서 양식 후 버려지는 패각을 이용하여 인의 제거실험을 하였다. 연속식 실험에서 재순환 하지 않은 경우와 비교할 때 300% 재순환에서는 제거율이 45%정도 증가하였다. 황산알루미늄을 주입한 후 인의 제거율을 비교했을 때 인 제거율이 93%로써 약 70%가 증가하였다. 이에 재순환율의 증가와 응집제의 주입으로 인의 제거율이 크게 향상됨을 알 수 있었다.

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A Study on the Use of Oyster Shells for Phosphorus Removal (인 제거를 위한 패각의 활용법에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jong-Il;Kim, Woo-Hang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.105-109
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    • 2008
  • In our country, limiting nutrient is known as phosphorus in the most lakes. Therefore, the removal of phosphorus is a very important process in sewage treatment. However, many of the sewage treatment plants employ the conventional activated sludge process, known to remove $10{\sim}30%$ of phosphorus. Thus, additional phosphorous removal process will be needed. Oyster shells have been known to remove phosphorus in water. The removal efficiency of phosphorus was highest at smallest size of oyster shells and at the highest pH for batch test. The phosphorous removal rate with various calcium concentrations was increased by increasing calcium concentration. At the 20 mg/l of calcium, more than 90% of phosphorous was removed in two hours. The removal efficiency of phosphorous was increased greatly at 300% of recirculation rate. With 300% of recirculation rate, the removal efficiency reached 80% at pH 11. The negative effects of bicarbonate on crystallization were observed in oyster shells. The effects of bicarbonate on rate constant were also investigated by applying these results to experimental equation. The rate constant was decreased at the inverse logarithm bicarbonate concentration.

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알루미늄판 부식을 이용한 합성폐수중의 인 제거

  • 정경훈;최형일;정오진;박상일;김용현;정종령
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Sciences Society Conference
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    • pp.69-70
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    • 2001
  • 알루미늄판의 보호피막을 제거하였을 때, 은판의 표면적이 넓을수록, 알루미늄판 표면적이 넓을수록, 염화물 농도가 높을수록 인 제거에 효과적이었고 연속식 실험에서는 HRT 12시간에서도 $PO_4$-P 1mg/$\ell$ 이하로 제거되었다.

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Nickel recovery and phosphorus removal from spent electroless Nickel-plating solution (무전해 니켈도금 폐액으로부터 니켈회수와 인의 제거방법)

  • Kim, Yu-Sang;Jeong, Gwang-Mi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.312-313
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    • 2015
  • 무전해 도금은 석출응력이 낮고 작업하기가 용이하기 때문에 산업분야에 있어서 중요한 역할을 한다. 무전해 도금 공정에 있어서, 니켈금속은 차아인산염, 아미노보레인 혹은 수소화붕소 화합물($HBF_4$)에 의한 니켈이온의 화학적 환원에 의해 도금된다. 환원반응이 진행함에 따라서 도금액 중에서 니켈과 차아인산염 이온은 감소한다. 이에 이러한 이온을 보충하기 위하여 도금액 중에 황산니켈과 차아인산나트륨이 일반적으로 첨가된다. 하지만 축적된 인산염, 황산염, 나트륨과 이외의 물질이 전착 박막의 품질을 떨어뜨리고 도금액은 폐기되기도 한다. 니켈회수 속도는 종래의 50% 이하였던 것이 90%이상으로 향상되었다. 이온교환법은 니켈도금 폐액으로부터 니켈회수에 필요한 친환경적이고 원가절감의 기술이라고 사료된다. 특히, 갈탄이 저렴하고 양이온 교환성능이 뛰어나다. 이유는 -COOH, -OH 등의 기능성 그룹을 갖기 때문이다. Fe-P 화합물은 식물에 유용하지 못하고 마그네슘과 칼슘 기반의 석출물은 저렴하고 취급이 용이하며 비료와 같이 재활용이 가능하기 때문에 일반적인 인의 제거 수단이 될 수 있다. 본고에서는 니켈도금 폐액으로부터 인을 제거하는 데 $Ca(OH)_2$, $CaCl_2$$CaCO_3$를 채택하여 인이 제거되는 정도를 비교하였고 니켈회수율을 높이기 위하여 갈탄을 사용하였다.

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Removal Mechanism of Phosphorus in Wastewater Effluent using Coagulation Process (응집공정을 이용한 하수처리수 중의 인 제거 Mechanism)

  • Han, Seung-Woo;Kang, Lim-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.32 no.8
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    • pp.774-779
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    • 2010
  • The experimental results for the analysis of aluminum hydrolysis species with PACls (polyaluminum chloride) prepared by different basicity (r value) showed that monomeric Al species were reduced while polymeric Al species were increased with an increase in basicity for PACls. The PACl with 2.2 of r value contained the highest amount of polymeric Al species. According to the experimental results for the phosphorus removal, the alum and PACl (r=0), which consisted of mainly monomeric Al species, were the most effective for phosphorus removal. Therefore, it was concluded that the Al coagulant containing higher amount of monomeric or lower molecular Al species would be more beneficial for phosphorus removal.

Microbial Communities of Activated Sludge in an Anaerobic/Aerobic Sequencing Batch Reactor using Slot Hybridization (Slot Hybridization을 이용한 연속 회분식 반응기내 미생물 분포 조사)

  • Jeon, Che Ok;Shin, Kum-Joo;Lee, Dae Sung;Suh, Pann-Ghill;Park, Jong Moon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.939-947
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    • 2000
  • Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) was performed in an anaerobic/aerobic sequencing batch reactor (SBR). Influent was a synthetic wastewater based on acetate as a carbon source. The sludge age and hydraulic retention time were kept at 10 days and 16 hrs, respectively, Phosphate release during the anaerobic period and phosphate uptake in aerobic period were increased gradually with time. and after about 200 days, steady-state operation could be achieved with complete removal of influent phosphate. Number distribution of microbial community in the sludge performing EBPR was investigated during the steady state operation. 17 rRNA targeted oligonucleotide probes were designed and slot hybridization technique was used to determine the number distribution of each microorganism. In the acetate fed SBR, rRNA belonging to the beta subclass of proteobacteria was the most dominant in total rRNA and rRNA matching to CTE probe was the second, rRNAs of Acinetobacter, Aeromonas and Pseudomonas, which are usually thought as phosphorus accumulating organisms in EBPR processes, constituted less than 10% of total rRNA. From this community analysis, it was inferred that microorganisms belong to the beta subclass of proteobacteia (BET) and CTE such as Rhodocyclus group were important in biological phosphorus removal. Therefore, the role of Acinetobacter, Aeromonas and Pseudomonas in the EBPR might have been overestimated.

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Effects of CellCaSi and Inorganic Additives on Phosphorus Removal in Water (규산질다공체와 무기첨가물의 수중 인 제거 효과)

  • Park, Myung-Hwan;Han, Myung-Soo;Lee, Seog-June;Ahn, Chi-Yong;Yoon, Byung-Dae;Oh, Hee-Mock
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2002
  • The CellCaSi, a porous silicate material, was tested for the removal of phosphorus (P as phosphate) in water. The effect of the CellCaSi was investigated on the basis of both particle size (under 1,2, and 4 mm) and added amount (0, 1, 2.5, 5, and 10 g/1) of the CellCaSi. The removal efficiency of phosphorus was highest with a particle size of under 1 mm and also increased with an increasing amount of the CellCaSi. The pH change showed little effect on the phosphorus removal of the CellCaSi. The calcium ion was eluted from the CellCaSi into the water, while the aluminium and iron were not. The eluted calcium ion was combined with dissolved phosphorus and then precipitated. The highest removal efficiency of phosphorus was obtained by the combined addition of the CellCaSi, calcium chloride, and ferric chloride. That is, the phosphorus concentrations of 0.10 and 1.0 mg/1 decreased to 0.03 and 0.47 mg/l by the addition of the CellCaSi (1 g/l), calcium ion (30 mg/l), and ferric ion (1 mg/l) at day 8 after treatment. The water qualities at the end of the experiment were as follows: pH was 8.1 and conductivity was 318 ${\mu}$S/cm (a registered maximum conductivity of 500${\mu}$S/cm for raw and potable wafers).

The Removal of Algae and Phosphorus in Eutrophic Waters Using Various Filter Media (몇 가지 여재를 이용한 부영양수 내의 조류 및 인 제거효과)

  • Park, Chae-Hong;Park, Myung-Hwan;Choi, Dong-Ho;Lee, Joon-Heon;Lee, Myung-Hoon;Hwang, Soon-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.102-109
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    • 2012
  • In this study, the four different filter media (sponge, volcanic stone, activated carbon and magnesium hydroxide) were tested for the removal of algae and phosphorus in the two eutrophic water samples (natural water and artificial algal culture with BG-11 medium). These filter media were used in the column device as single or combined applications. The effect of the $Mg(OH)_2$ on phosphorus removal was examined using different particle sizes (<2 mm and >2 mm) and concentrations (0, 10, 50 and 100 g $L^{-1}$) of magnesium hydroxide. The removal efficiency of phosphate by magnesium hydroxide was increased with longer experimental time and higher concentration. However, there was no significant difference in the degree of phosphorus removal between any two particle sizes (1 mg P $L^{-1}$: F=0.109, P=0.685; 10 mg P $L^{-1}$: F=1.542, P=0.355). Among the four media, activated carbon showed the most potent effect on the removal of both algae and phosphorus. The highest removal efficiency of algae and phosphorus was obtained by combining four columns of each filter medium. Interestingly, integration of four filter columns showed higher removal efficiency than activated carbon alone. The highest removal efficiency by integrated filter columns seemed to be caused by a synergistic effect of combined activated carbon and magnesium hydroxide.