• Title/Summary/Keyword: 저류상수

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Evaluation of Reservoir Storage Effect Using Non-linear Reservoir Model (비선형 저수지 모형을 이용한 저수지의 저류효과 평가)

  • Yoo, Chul-Sang;Jun, Chang-Hyun
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.407-416
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    • 2011
  • This study expressed the reservoir's storage-discharge relation as a non-linear reservoir model and theoretically quantified the reservoir storage effect. Among those non-linear functions like exponential function, logarithmic function and power function considered, the exponential function of the storage-discharge relation was found to be the most valid. The non-linear reservoir model proposed was applied to the Chungju Dam and the Soyang River Dam, whose storage effects during flood were estimated to be about 23 hours and 43 hours, respectively. This result indicates that the Choongju Dam, even though its size and total storage volume are similar to those of the Soyang River Dam, does not achieve enough storage effect as its basin size and the inflow amount are much larger.

Analyis of stormwater and runoff characteristics in Anseongcun basin using HEC-HMS (HEC-HMS을 이용한 안성천 유역의 강우 유출 특성 분석)

  • Hwang, Byung-Gi;Yang, Seung-Bin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 2018
  • The HEC-HMS model was applied to identify the rainfall-runoff processes for the Anseongchun basin, where the lower part of the stream has been damaged severely by tropical storms in the past. Modeling processes include incorporating with the SCS-CN model for loss, Clark's UH model for transformation, exponential recession model for baseflow, and Muskingum model for channel routing. The parameters were calibrated through an optimization technique using a trial and error method. Sensitivity analysis after calibration was performed to understand the effects of parameters, such as the time of concentration, storage coefficient, and base flow related constants. Two storm water events were simulated by the model and compared with the corresponding observations. Good accuracy in predicting the runoff volume, peak flow, and the time to peak flow was achieved using the selected methods. The results of this study can be used as a useful tool for decision makers to determine a master plan for regional flood control management.

A Sensitivity Analysis of Model Parameters involved in Clark Method on the Magnitude of Design Flood for urban Watersheds (CLARK 유역추적법에 의한 계획홍수량 산정에 미치는 매개변수의 민감도 분석)

  • Yoon, Kwang-Wonn;Wone, Seog-Yeon;Yoon, Yong-Nam
    • Water for future
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 1994
  • A Sensitivity analysis on the model parameters involved in the Clark watershed routing method is made to demonstrate the effect of each parameter on the magnitude of 50-year design flood for small urban streams. As for the rainfall parameter the time distribution pattern of design storm was selected. For short duration storms Huff, Yen & Chow and Japanese Central type distributions were selected and the Mononobe distribution of 24-hour design storm was also selected and tested for Clark method application. The effect of SCS runoff curve number for effective rainfall and the methods of subbasin division for time-area curve were also tested. The routing parameter, i.e. the storage constant(K), was found to be the dominating parameter once design storm is selected. A multiple regression formula for K correlated with the drainage area and main channel slope of the basin is proposed for the use in urban stream practice for the determination of design flood by Clark method.

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A study on the Derivation of GIUH-Clark Model (GIUH-Clark 모형의 유도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Byung Woon;Jang, Dae Won;Kim, Hung Soo;Seoh, Byung Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.731-736
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    • 2004
  • 강우-유출과정의 수문학적 현상을 보다 정확히 분석하고 예측하는 기법으로 강우에 의한 유출의 반응을 나타내는 지체시간, 도달시간 등 수문학적 반응시간을 유역의 지형형태학적 인자들과 연계하는 방법이 많이 이용되고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 Clark방법과 지형형태학적 순간단위도(GIUH)를 이용하여 계측유역의 강우-유출반응을 모의하였고, 이를 관측된 값과 비교하여 미계측유역의 적용성 여부를 검토해보았다. 대상 유역의 하상지형인자 및 지형형태학적 특성은 Arc-View를 이용하여 구하였으며, 이를 기존의 문헌자료와 비교해보았다. Clark방법의 매개변수의 결정에 있어서 시간-면적곡선은 HEC-1의 무차원 식을 이용하였고, 도달시간은 Kirpich 공식을 이용하여 구하였으며, 저류상수는 Clark방법에 의해 추정된 순간단위도의 첨두유량이 Horton의 차수비의 함수로 구한 철두유량과 같아지는 값으로 결정하였다. 본 연구는 전적비교를 출구점으로하는 유역면적 $8.5km^2$인 설마천을 대상유역으로 하였으며, 모의된 강우-유출반응과 비교하기 위해 사용된 강우사상은 2002년의 8월 4일과 2002년 10월 6일의 10분 단위 우량이다. Clark방법과 GIUH를 이용하여 모의한 유출곡선과 관측된 유출곡선을 비교해본 결과 첨두유량은 8월의 강우사상 때는 $21\%$크게, 10월의 강우사상 때는 $35\%$작게 나타났다. 첨두시간은 모의된 경우가 각각 10분, 20분 빨리 도달하였다. 또한 이러한 결과는 유역의 도달시긴에 가장 민감하게 반응함을 알 수 있었다. 따라서, 유역의 도달시간 산정에 주의를 요한다면 프랙탈 차원이 유사한 미계측유역의 수문곡선 산정에 있어서 Clark방법과 GIUH를 이용하는 방법도 유용하다고 사료된다. 주는 각 수문인자 중 강우시간분포와 유효우량 산정방법 그리고 유출모형에 대해 자자 검토하였으며, 최종적으로 면적에 따른 임계지속기간과 유출량의 변화를 검토해 보았다.이를 각각의 경우의 해석해 결과와 비교${\cdot}$분석하였다. 후방추적 퍼프모형은 전방추적 퍼프모형에 비하여 사용된 퍼프수와 관계없이 작은 오차를 발생하였으며, 전체적으로 퍼프 모형이 입자모형보다는 훨씬 적은 수의 계산을 통해서도 작은 오차를 나타낼 수 있다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 그러나 Gaussian 분포를 갖는 퍼프모형은 전단흐름에서의 긴 유선형 농도분포를 모의할 수 없었고, 이에 관한 오차는 전단계수가 증가함에 따라 비선형적으로 증가하였다. 향후, 보다 다양한 흐름영역에서 장${\cdot}$단점 분석 및 오차해석을 수행한 후에 각각의 Lagrangian 모형의 장점만을 갖는 모형결합 방법을 제시할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.mm/$m^{2}$로 감소한 소견을 보였다. 승모판 성형술은 전 승모판엽 탈출증이 있는 두 환아에서 동시에 시행하였다. 수술 후 1년 내 시행한 심초음파에서 모든 환아에서 단지 경등도 이하의 승모판 폐쇄 부전 소견을 보였다. 수술 후 조기 사망은 없었으며, 합병증으로는 유미흉이 한 명에서 있었다. 술 후 10개월째 허혈성 확장성 심근증이 호전되지 않아 Dor 술식을 시행한 후 사망한 예를 제외한 나머지 6명은 특이 증상 없이 정상 생활 중이다 결론: 좌관상동맥 페동맥이상 기시증은 드물기는 하나, 영유아기에 심근경색 및 허혈성 심근증 또는 선천성 승모판 폐쇄 부전등을 초래하는 심각한 선천성 심질환이다. 그러나 진단 즉시 직접 좌관상동맥-대동맥 이식술로 수술적 교정을 해줌으로써 좋은 성적을 기대할 수 있음을 보여주었다.특히 교사들이 중요하

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Development of Runoff Hydrograph Model for the Derivation of Optimal Design Flood of Agricultural Hydraulic Structures(1) (농업수리구조물의 적정설계홍수량 유도를 위한 유출수문곡선모형의 개발(I))

  • 이순혁;박명근;맹승진
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.37 no.3_4
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    • pp.34-47
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    • 1995
  • It is experienced fact as a regular annual event that the structure to he designed on unreasonable flood for the agricultural structures including reservoirs have been brought not only loss of lives, but also enormous property damage. For the solution of this problem at issue, this study was conducted to develop an optimal runoff hydrograph model by comparison of the peak flows and time to peak between observed and simulated flows derived by linear time-invariant and linear time-variant models under the condition of having a short duration of heavy rainfall with uniform rainfall intensity at nine small watersheds which are within the range of 55.9 to 140.7 square kilometers in area in Han, Geum, Nagdong and Yeongsan Rivers. The results obtained through this study can be summarized as follows. 1. Storage constants and Gamma function arguments were calculated within the range of 1.2 to 6.42 and of 1.28 to 8.05 respectively by the moment method as the parameters for the analysis of runoff hydrograph based on linear time-invariant model. 2. Parameters for both linear time-invariant and linear time-variant models were calibrated with nine gaged watershed data, using a trial and error method. The resulting parameters including Gamma function argument, N and storage constant, K for linear time-invariant model were related statistically to watershed characteristic variables such as area, slope, length of main stream and the centroid length of the basin. 3. Average relative errors of the simulated peak discharge of calibrated runoff hydrographs by using linear time-variant and linear time-invariant models were shown to be 0.75 and 5.42 percent respectively to the peak of observed runoff hydrographs. Correlation coefficients for the statistical analysis in the same condition were shown to be 0.999 and 0.978 with a high significance respectively. Therefore, it can be concluded that the accuracy of a linear time-variant model is approaching more closely to the observed runoff hydrograph than that of a linear time-invariant model in the applied watersheds. 4. Average relative errors of the time to peak of calibrated runoff hydrographs by using linear time-variant and linear time-invariant models were shown to be 16.44 and 19.89 percent respectively to the time to peak of observed runoff hydrographs. Correlation coefficients in the same condition were also shown to be 0.999 and 0.886 with a high significance respectively. 5. It can be seen that the shape of simulated hydrograph based on a linear time- variant model is getting closer to the observed runoff hydrograph than that of a linear time-invariant model in the applied watersheds. 6. Two different models were verified with different rainfall-runoff events from data for the calibration by relative error and correlation analysis. Consequently, it can be generally concluded that verification results for the peak discharge and time to peak of simulated runoff hydrographs were in good agreement with those of calibrated runoff hydrographs.

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Development of an Estimation Method for Travel Time (도달시간 산정 방법의 개발)

  • Jeong, Jong-Ho;Keum, Jong-Ho;Yoon, Yong-Nam
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.715-727
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    • 2002
  • The travel time of a flood through a river reach can be estimated by dividing the river length by the mean velocity with which the flood passes downstream. It is closely related to storage constant for the watershed routing of a flood. There are so many empirical formulas available for the estimation of travel time but the results computed generally show great different depending on individual formulas. In the present study, the mean velocity data computed in the process of water surface profile computation for a probability flood through more than 100 different river reaches were collected along with the mean river bed slope of each river reach. And then, a regression analysis is made between the mean river bed slope and the mean velocity, which showed a wide scatter along the mean regression curve, which appears to be due to the different in the magnitude of probability rainfall and size of watershed area. Therefore, methods have been developed to remove the effect of these factors and generalized empirical equation is proposed to relate the mean velocity to mean river bed slope of a reach. Hence, if the mean river bed slope of a river reach is estimated from the longitudinal river profile, the mean velocity can be computed by the generalized equation along with the probability rainfall and watershed area of the river reach under consideration, which leads to the estimation of travel time through a river reach.

Evaluation of Parameter Characteristics of the Storage Function Model Using the Kinematic Wave Model (운동파모형을 이용한 저류함수법 매개변수의 특성 평가)

  • Choi, Jong-Nam;Ahn, Won-Shik;Kim, Hung-Soo;Park, Min-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2010
  • The storage function model is one of the most commonly used models for flood forecasting and warning system in Korea. This paper studies the physical significance of the storage function model by comparing it with kinematic wave model. The results showed universal applicability of the storage function model to Korean basins. Through a comparison of the basic equations for the models, the storage function model parameters, K, P and $T_l$, are shown to be related with the kinematic wave model parameters, k and p. The analysis showed that P and p are identical and K and $T_l$ can be related to k, basin area, and coefficients of Hack's law. To apply the storage function model throughout the southern part of Korean peninsular, regional parameter relationships for K and $T_l$ were developed for watershed area using data from 17 watersheds and 101 flood events. These relationships combine the kinematic wave parameters with topographic information using Hack's Law.