• Title/Summary/Keyword: 제7차 교육과정

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Comparison with the 6th and 7th Science Curricular for Inquiry Skill Elements in the Elementary and Secondary School (초.중.고등학교 탐구 기능 요소에 대한 6차와 7차 과학 교육 과정의 비교)

  • Ha, So-Hyun;Kwack, Dae-Oh;Sung, Min-Wung
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.102-113
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    • 2001
  • In order to compare with the 6th and 7th science curricular for the inquiry skill elements in the elementary and secondary school, we divided skill domains into five classes which were process skill, step skill for inquiry instruction, inquiry activity skill, manipulative skill and breeding-farming skill. And then we investigated the kinds and frequencies for the inquiry skill elements of the 6th and 7th curricular in the elementary and secondary school. The results were as follows: 1. The total kinds of inquiry skill element showed 17 kinds in the 6th curriculum and 23 kinds in the 7th. Therefore, the 7th curriculum was higher 1.4 times than the 6th curriculum in the kinds of skill elements. 2. The total frequencies for the inquiry skill elements of the 6th curriculum were 408 and those of the 7th were 729. Therefore, the 7th curriculum was about 1.8 times as many as the 6th. 3. In the kinds of inquiry skill elements according to the school levels, the course of the elementary school showed 14 kinds in the 6th curriculum and 18 kinds in the 7th. The course of middle school showed 7 kinds in 6th and 16 kinds in 7th. The integrated science course of high school was 10 kinds in the 6th and 10 kinds in the 7th. The skill elements in four science curricular of the high school course showed total 11 kinds in the 6th and 21 kinds in the 7th. And then the kinds of inquiry skill elements of the 7th curriculum in the middle and high school course showed about 2 times as many as the 6th curriculum. In the school level, the increase of skill elements showed the highest in the middle school course, and then in the high school course. 4. The total skill elements from the elementary school to the high school in the 6th science curriculum showed 17 kinds and in the order from the highest to the lowest rates, such as experimenting 20%, observing 15%, interpreting and analyzing data 13%, investigating 9%, measuring 7%, drawing a conclusion and assessment 7%, discussion 6%, communicating 5%, classifying 4%, recognizing problems and formulating hypothesis 4%, predicting 3%, designing and carrying out an experiment 3%, collecting and treating data 2%, manipulating skill 1%, modeling 0.5%, breeding and farming 0.3% and inferring 0.2%. 5. The total skill elements from the elementary school to the high school in the 7th curriculum appeared 23 kinds and in the order from the highest to the lowest rates, such as drawing a conclusion and assessment 31%, investigating 14%, collecting and treating data 8%, observing 7%, experimenting 7%, recognizing problems and formulating hypothesis 6%, interpreting and analyzing data 4%, measuring 3%, discussion 3%, manipulating skill 3%, modeling 3%, classifying 2%, project 2%, educational visits 1%, controlling variables 1%, predicting 1%, inferring 1%, operational definition 1%, communicating 1%, designing and carrying out an experiment 0.3%, breeding and farming 0.3%, applicating a number 0.2% and relating with time and space 0.2%. In the conclusion, the 7th curriculum was added 6 kinds of skill elements to the 6th curriculum, such as operational definition, applicating a number, relating with time and space, controlling variables, educational visits and project.

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초등학교 수학 문제해결 교육에 관한 연구

  • Bang, Seung-Jin;Lee, Sang-Won;Hwang, Dong-Ju
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.14
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    • pp.1-25
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    • 2001
  • ${\cdot}$중등학교 수학교육에 있어서 문제해결에 대한 관심은 전세계적으로 점점 높아지고 있다. 우리 나라 에서는 문제해결 교육을 제 4차 교육과정 개정부터 시작하여 제 7차 교육과정에서도 아주 중요시 하고있다. 이렇게 교육과정의 변화에도 불구하고 수학 교육헌장에서 교사들의 문제해결에 대하여 갖는 인식도나 실천적 의지는 매우 부족하다. 이런 관점에서 첫째는 문제해결력에 관한 제 7차교육과정의 교과서를 분석함으로써 문제해결 지도에 사용되고 있는 문제의 유형을 분석하였다. 둘째는 교사들의 설문지를 통하여 수학 교육에서 문제해결을 위한 교사의 신념을 조사하여 교육 현장에서 문제해결력의 문제점을 분석하여 앞으로의 개선책을 알아본다.

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An Analysis of Instructional Sequences Related to Spatial Sense (공간 감각 관련 지도 내용 계열 분석)

  • Choi Kyung Suk;Paik Seok Yoon
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.63-87
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    • 2004
  • This study was composed of series of guidance contents in the sub-field of spatial sense from the 7th curriculum according to the series theory by the level by Gagne & Briggs. As for the guidance contents in this field, this study discovered that it had ‘experiencing the various space senses’,‘operating it mentally (internalization)’, and ‘utilizing and expressing the space sense mathematically’ in order largely. The contents of series constitution by the subject and by the stage, a result of this research, will be helpful to the establishment of achievement standard and valuation standard by the stage.

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The Comparative Analysis of Science Process Skills and Teaching Methods in the 6th and the 7th Elementary School Science Curricula (제 6차와 7차 초등학교 과학과 교과서에 제시된 탐구기능과 교수-학습 방법의 비교 분석)

  • Choi, Sun-Young;Kang, Ho-Kam
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.706-716
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to compare and analyze the science process skills and teaching methods between the 6th and the 7th elementary school science textbooks. For this study, science textbooks and teacher's guidebooks from the 3rd to the 6th grade were analyzed. In this research the science process skills are divided by basic process skills(BPS) and integrated process skills(IPS). The BPS is composed of observing, classifying, measuring, predicting and inferring skill, which are 5 subcategories. The IPS is composed of problem cognition, formulating hypothesis, controlling variables, transforming data, interpreting data, drawing result, and generalization, which are 7 subcategories. The results found in the analysis of science process skills in the 6th and 7th science textbooks are as follows: 1. The percentage of the BPS was increased, but the IPS was decreased in the 7th than the 6th. 2. The percentage of the IPS was higher than the BPS in the 6th science textbooks, but the BPS was higher than IPS in lower grade and the IPS was higher than the BPS in higher grade in the 7th textbooks. 3. Observing and problem cognition skill were most dominant in the 6th and 7th science textbooks. 4. The percentages of observing(24.8%), classifying(5.4%), measuring(5.6%), inferring(6.0%) in the BPS and interpreting data(4.4%) in the IPS were increased, but predicting(3.8%), formulating hypothesis(0.5%), controlling variables( 1.8%), transforming data( 1.2%), drawing result(0.8%) and generalization(0.9%) skills were decreased in the 7th. And teaching methods suggested in the curriculum are as follows: the percentages of learning by observation(19.2%) and role play(0.1 %) were decreased, but learning by experiment(6.2%), learning by discussion(2.0%), learning by investigation(4.6%) and creative learning(6,4%) were increased in the 7th than the 6th. In conclusion, it was found that the basic process skills were emphasized in the 7th science textbooks than the 6th and the science process skills in the science textbooks of the 7th curriculum were distributed by the grade level of the elementary children.

The Analysis of Analogies in Chemistry Content of Secondary School Science Textbooks Based on the 7th National Curriculum (제7차 중등 과학 교과서의 화학 영역에 사용된 비유 분석)

  • Cha, Jeong-Ho;Byun, Soon-Hwa;Noh, Tae-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.629-637
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    • 2004
  • 제7차 교육과정에 따른 중등 과학 교과서 중 화학 영역에 사용된 비유를 분석하였다. 전체 35권의 교과서에서 비유 사용 빈도는 325회로 13쪽마다 평균 1회 사용되었고, 단 한 번만 사용된 비유가 많았다. 유형별로는 기능적 비유, 언어와 그림을 모두 사용한 비유, 추상적 목표물을 구체적 비유물로 설명한 비유, 단순 비유와 부연 비유, 교사 중심 비유, 체계성이 낮은 비유가 많았고, 일상 비유와 작위적 비유가 비슷하게 사용되었다. 교과서 본문 중에 '비유‘라는 용어를 사용한 경우는 적었으며, 제한점에 대한 언급은 거의 없었다. 제6차 교육과정에 따른 과학 교과서에 비하여 쪽 당 비유의 수는 증가하였으나, 표현 방식, 작위성, 학습자 참여성을 제외한 모든 유형에서 비슷한 경향을 나타내었다. 이 결과들에 대한 교육적 시사점을 논의하였다.

A Study on Comparison of 6th Curriculum and 7th Curriculum of Home Economics Textbooks in the Middle School (제 6차와 7차 교육과정에 따른 중학교 가정 교과서 비교 연구)

  • Yoon In Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate as to how much of changes has occurred in the newly revised Home Economics Textbooks required by the 7th Curriculum as compared to those by the former 6th Curriculum. and to seek future policy direction which can be improved even better. if any. for further revision. To implement this proposal, this study employed 8 different textbooks published among 12 textbooks developed for the 7th Curriculum for data base. The results of this study were as follows: It was covered such areas of change and develope in the composition of category and system in the Home Economics Textbooks required by the 7th Curriculum as compared to those by the former 6th Curriculum. The whole system of textbook was composed of cover page, the inside of a book cover. the title page, introduction. table of contents. appendices. It was same in the total pages with the exception of table of contents. appendices. the inside of a book cover and it was much alike in contents of introduction. In the aspect of the unit system of the textbooks. their whole flows were similar to each other. but the writers' intention and the stress on the focal points had appeared well in topic introduction and texts for the units of the textbooks. In addition. it can be said desirable that much more middle school teachers took a participation in the development of textbooks as textbook writers than before. In the organizational aspect of the sub-area organization of textbooks in the 7th Curriculum, it was not dispersed in grade 1, 2, and 3, but was centralized in a certain grade to increase its efficiency. The number of activity and experiment & practice that students could try to do actually were drastically increased compared to the 6th Curriculum. but it showed a wide difference between textbooks.

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A Study on the Reform Plan of Computer Education Curriculum(I) - Characteristics & Learning Objectives - (컴퓨터교과 교육과정 개정 방안 연구(I) - 성격 및 목표를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Tae-Gyun;Kang, Shin-Cheon
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2007
  • Although the core of national competitiveness in the knowledge information society lies in IT, school education at the moment is failing to execute systematic and organized computer education. Recently, the 7th on-demand partial amendment of educational curriculum at national level is being executed in full-scale. Educational curriculum for elementary and middle class at national level is the systematic and organized program for cultivation of competent persons in order to foster the desired image of human kind for the future society pursued by the nation. For such reason, stabilization of program for cultivation of competent persons for establishment of true IT superpower is not irrelevant with the 7th amendment of the educational curriculum. Therefore, this thesis shall look into the 7th national level education curriculum at level of general outline as well as their particulars, and present means of amendment of computer subject educational curriculum through the means connecting the issues raised in general outline and their particulars regarding the direction of the amendment of the national level educational curriculum for establishment of true IT superpower.

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A Design of the Integrated System of Assigning Classrooms for the 7th Educational Course (제7차 교육과정을 위한 교실배정 종합시스템의 설계)

  • 양단희
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.679-681
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    • 2002
  • 제7차 교육과정은 선택과목을 확대하고 수준별 수업을 유도하고 있다. 이러한 방식에 따르면 중고등학생들이 대학에서처럼 자신이 수강신청한 과목에 따라 교실간에 이동하게 된다. 학교당국과 학생들이 기존 교실 환경내에서 이러한 교육적 변화를 적극적으로 수용할 수 있도록 소프트웨어적인 보조가 필요하다. 이를 위해 본 연구에서는 시간표 작성 , 시설 배치도 작성, 교실 배정, 교실 위치 및 시간표 보기, 그리고 민감도 분석을 위한 통합 시스템을 제안한다.

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The Analysis of Inquiry Area in Middle School Science Textbooks by the Inquiry Elements Based on the 7th Science Curriculum - On the Chemistry Field of Science in Grade 9 - (제7차의 탐구요소들에 의한 중학교 과학 3교과서의 탐구 영역 분석 - 화학 분야에 대하여 -)

  • Koo, In-Sun;Lee, Jong-Won;Kang, Dae-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.414-426
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    • 2004
  • This study analysed inquiry process and activities of the inquiry area in the chemistry field of middle school science textbooks by the inquiry elements based on the 7th science curriculum. The purpose of this study is to grasp a degree of reflecting the 7th science curriculum in the 9th grade science textbooks, and to find out educational implications for the various inquiry learning. Overall, for the analysis of inquiry elements, basic inquiry elements except classification were well reflected on the middle school science textbooks in 9th grade. However, for the integrated inquiry elements, interpreting data occupies almost half of them. This phenomenon is shown in the analysis of inquiry process and inquiry activities, as well. Especially, project and field trip introduced in the 7th science curriculum are hardly found in the textbooks. 9th grade is classified as an upper grade in the 7th science curriculum in terms of inquiry level. Integrated inquiry elements and inquiry activity types, however, are not thoroughly reflected in the 9th grade science textbooks. It is desirable that a variety of inquiry learning of 9th grade be implemented by reconstructing inquiry area based on the results of this study. Hence the degree and ratio of utilizing the integrated inquiry elements and inquiry activity types to the inquiry area of science textbook in 9th grade should be studied.

제7차 교육과정에 의한 수학 I 교과서의 통계 단원에 대한 분석 - ICT 소재의 활용성 및 접근용이성을 중심으로 -

  • Lee, Gang-Seop;Kim, So-Yeon
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.453-462
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구에서는 제7차 교육과정에 의하여 발행된 수학I 교과서의 통계단원에 수록된 ICT 소재에 대하여 활용성 및 접근용이성의 측면에서 분석하였다. 즉 각 교과서에 소개된 모든 컴퓨터 프로그램을 실행 시켜 보았으며 그 내용 및 활용의 용이성을 분석하고 소개된 사이트의 폐쇄 여부와 학생들의 활용 가능성에 관하여 조사하였다. 이와 같은 교과서의 비교분석을 통하여 통계 단원의 보완점을 모색하고, 교육현장에서 기본 자료로서 활용하도록 하였다.

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