• Title/Summary/Keyword: 중등 과학 교과서

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The Analysis of Analogies in Chemistry Content of Secondary School Science Textbooks Based on the 7th National Curriculum (제7차 중등 과학 교과서의 화학 영역에 사용된 비유 분석)

  • Cha, Jeong-Ho;Byun, Soon-Hwa;Noh, Tae-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.629-637
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    • 2004
  • 제7차 교육과정에 따른 중등 과학 교과서 중 화학 영역에 사용된 비유를 분석하였다. 전체 35권의 교과서에서 비유 사용 빈도는 325회로 13쪽마다 평균 1회 사용되었고, 단 한 번만 사용된 비유가 많았다. 유형별로는 기능적 비유, 언어와 그림을 모두 사용한 비유, 추상적 목표물을 구체적 비유물로 설명한 비유, 단순 비유와 부연 비유, 교사 중심 비유, 체계성이 낮은 비유가 많았고, 일상 비유와 작위적 비유가 비슷하게 사용되었다. 교과서 본문 중에 '비유‘라는 용어를 사용한 경우는 적었으며, 제한점에 대한 언급은 거의 없었다. 제6차 교육과정에 따른 과학 교과서에 비하여 쪽 당 비유의 수는 증가하였으나, 표현 방식, 작위성, 학습자 참여성을 제외한 모든 유형에서 비슷한 경향을 나타내었다. 이 결과들에 대한 교육적 시사점을 논의하였다.

중등 수학 및 컴퓨터과학 교육에서 컴퓨터 교육의 연결성 및 통합성

  • Jeong, Chi-Bong
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.10
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    • pp.303-324
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    • 2000
  • 수학 교육에서 새로운 정보기술의 교육적 사용의 범위는 커지고 교육 모형은 다양해지고 있다. 특히 중등 수학교육에서의 변화에 대한 기대도 커지고 있다. 본 논문은 미국 및 한국의 수학 교육계의 폭넓은 지지를 받는 NCTM의 컴퓨터 및 정보기술 활용에 관한 규준들의 교육적 의미, 방법, 효용 등을 정리하였다. 이어서 컴퓨터과학 교과과정에 포함된 수학 분야에 대한 컴퓨터과학자 Hamming의 견해를 소개하였다. 본 논문은 한국의 중등 교육에도 컴퓨터과학 교과가 시행될 것을 예정하면서 수학 교사들이 미리 컴퓨터과학을 교과과정을 이해함으로 통합 교과적 요소, 특성 그리고 역할 관계를 알아보았다.

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A Comparative Study on the Connection between Elementary and Secondary Science Contents of DPRK and Republic of Korea (한국과 북한의 초·중등학교 지구과학 내용의 연계성에 대한 비교연구)

  • Jang, Moon-Soo;Kwon, Chi-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.25 no.7
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    • pp.558-564
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    • 2004
  • This research investigated the connection between science textbook contents in Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and those in Republic of Korea (ROK). Both text books in the field of earth science were analyzed and classified into 70 categories based on the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). Comparison was specifically made between the elementary and middle school text books of both countries; the result are as follows: First, the scope and the level of the textbooks' contents are quite different between DPRK and ROK. Text books in the South are much limited in concepts and terms than those in the North. In contrast, textbooks in DPRK are written mainly to explain concepts. Second, there are many common contents of the textbooks in DPRK and Republic of Korea. The level and scope of the contents in Republic of Korea are more inquisitive, quantitative and detailed than those in DPRK. Third, we found content connections in science textbooks between primary and secondary schools in both countries: 27 items (38.5%) are related in ROK and 19 items (27.1%) in DPRK.

An Analysis of Illustrations from Secondary Science Textbooks Developed under the 7th National Curriculum in Aspect of Gender-Role Stereotyping (성역할 고정관념의 측면에서 제7차 교육과정에 따른 중등 과학 교과서의 삽화 분석)

  • Cha, Jeong-Ho;Kim, So-Yeon;Noh, Tae-Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.1181-1188
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    • 2004
  • In this study, 25 science textbooks developed under the 7th National Curriculum were analyzed for gender-role stereotyping. A total of 3549 (17.9%) illustrations including persons were selected from 19810 illustrations from the textbooks. The frequencies of men and women appearing in them were counted, and the types of activities and the characters of people in them were analyzed. Male pupils and adults appearing in the textbooks were more frequently than female, and the difference between male and female adults was very great. However, the characters of pupils and adults were found to be active regardless of their age and gender. The jobs of male adults were depicted to be more diversified than those of female. Scientists appearing in the textbook illustrations also were mostly male.

High School Science Teachers' Understanding of the Contents Related to the Geologic Time in the Secondary School Science Textbooks and the Guidebooks for Teachers (고등학교 과학 교사들의 지질 시대 관련 개념들에 대한 이해: 중등 교과서와 지도서를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Kyung-Soo;Kim, Jeong-Yul
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.32-48
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    • 2006
  • The purposes of this study can divided into three parts: First, to investigate high school science teachers' understanding concerning geologic time; second, to analyze contents related to geologic time in the secondary school science textbooks and teachers' guidebooks; and third, to compare the response type of science teachers using the results of the contents. Forty high school science teachers in the Chungbuk province are chosen to answer to the questionnaire. Many teachers (50%) think that the age of Earth is simply measured by radioisotope. However, most of them do not know the measuring method in detail. The over 50% of the teachers think that the uniformitarianism, law of superposition, law of faunal succession law of unconformity, and law of intrusion are the great five laws of historical geology. Many part of the contents related to geologic time in the textbooks and guidebooks are incorrect and described distinctly from each other. Such content includes the age of Earth, age of the oldest rock in Earth, definition and range of geologic time, measuring method of the Earth's age, and law of historical geology. Many of the science teachers do not have a complete understanding of the contents related to geologic time. This study suggests that the reason lies heavily on the contents described in the textbooks and guidebooks. Therefore, it is necessary to review and revise the contents related to geologic time in the textbooks and guidebooks.

Analysis of Misconception on the North Korea Cold Current in Secondary-School Science and Earth Science Textbooks (중등학교 과학 및 지구과학 교과서 북한한류 오개념 분석)

  • Park, Kyung-Ae;Lee, Jae Yon;Lee, Eun-Young;Kim, Young Ho;Byun, Do-Seong
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.490-503
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    • 2020
  • Oceanic current and circulation have played an important role as regulators of the earth's energy distribution. The science and earth science textbooks for secondary schools based on the 2015 revised curriculum included a misconception of the seasonal variation of the North Korea Cold Current (NKCC) among the currents around the Korean Peninsula. To analyze this, the contents related to the NKCC were collected in the textbooks of five middle and six high schools, and a questionnaire survey was conducted on 30 middle school science teachers. The survey consisted of questions about whether the textbook mentions the NKCC and whether there is an error in the concept of the temporal variation of the NKCC, and the teachers' free opinions related to the NKCC were collected. The textbooks suggest that the NKCC is strongest in winter, which is not consistent with scientific findings so far. In fact, there is scientific evidence that the NKCC is the strongest in the summer. In this study, the causes and processes of misconceptions were investigated. According to an analysis of the survey, most teachers had an knowledge that the NKCC is stronger in winter. These errors began with a misconception of the terms, which teachers had imprinted on their memory as firm knowledge. These misconceptions originated from the knowledge that teachers themselves acquired from their secondary school years and have long been transferred back to teachers and students without revising the misconceptions of textbooks. This situation is expected to have a seriously recurrent structure that produces students' serious misconceptions in the future. Therefore, this study summarizes existing results on the seasonal variability of the NKCC and suggests the necessity for re-education to improve teachers' professionalism and to eliminate the misconceptions of teachers and students.

Analysis of Misconceptions on Oceanic Front and Fishing Ground in Secondary-School Science and Earth Science Textbooks (중등학교 과학 및 지구과학 교과서 조경 수역 및 어장에 관한 오개념 분석)

  • Park, Kyung-Ae;Lee, Jae Yon;Kang, Chang-Keun;Kim, Chang-Sin
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.504-519
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    • 2020
  • Oceanic fronts, which are areas where sea water with different properties meet in the ocean, play an important role in controlling weather and climate change through air-sea interactions and marine dynamics such as heat and momentum exchange and processes by which properties of sea water are mixed. Such oceanic fronts have long been described in secondary school textbooks with the term 'Jokyung water zone (JWC hereafter) or oceanic front', meaning areas where the different currents met, and were related to fishing grounds in the East Sea. However, higher education materials and marine scientists have not used this term for the past few decades; therefore, the appropriateness of the term needs to be analyzed to remove any misconceptions presented. This study analyzed 11 secondary school textbooks (5 middle school textbooks and 6 high school textbooks) based on the revised 2015 curriculum. A survey of 30 secondary school science teachers was also conducted to analyze their awareness of the problems. An analysis of the textbook contents related to the JWC and fishing grounds found several errors and misconceptions that did not correspond with scientific facts. Although the textbooks mainly uses the concept of the JWC to represent the meeting of cold and warm currents, it would be reasonable to replace it with the more comprehensive term 'oceanic front', which would indicate an area where different properties of sea water-such as its temperature, salinity, density, and velocity-interact. In the textbooks, seasonal changes in the fishing grounds are linked to seasonal changes in the North Korean Cold Current (NKCC), which moves southwards in winter and northwards in summer; this is the complete opposite of previous scientific knowledge, which describes it strengthening in summer. Fishing grounds are not limited to narrow coastal zones; they are widespread throughout the East Sea. The results of the survey of teachers demonstrated that this misconception has persisted for decades. This study emphasized the importance of using scientific knowledge to correct misconceptions related to the JWC, fishing grounds, and the NKCC and addressed the importance of transferring procedures to the curriculum. It is expected that the conclusions of this study will have an important role on textbook revision and teacher education in the future.

Analysis of Plant-related Learning Materials in Textbooks of Elementary and Secondary Schools II- Focus on Other Subject Matters Except Biology - (초.중등학교 교과서에 나타난 식물 학습 소재 분석 II- 생물영역 이외의 타 교과 중심으로 -)

  • Yeau, Sung-Hee;Chang, Nam-Kee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.451-458
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    • 1998
  • The trends of plant-related teaching and learning of elementary and secondary schools were presented in this paper. The textbooks of other subject matters except biology were analyzed for their plant-related learning contents. It was suggested that interconnection exists between biology and other subjects in the relations with plant-related learning materials. A total of 331 books were analyzed from 143 elementary schools, 117 middle schools and 71 high schools. 1. Among the learning materials, 264 species of plant were presented in elementary schools textbooks, 295 in middle schools, and 283 in high schools. Other subjcets had more various plants than biology. 2. Korean language, social study and home ecology had more plant materials than other subjects with not only simple citation but scientific concepts and inquiry activities. As this plant-related materials is considerable for school education and science curriculum. 3. The available plants in daily life - resource plants, edible plants, demonstration plants and engineering-related plants - were cited in other subjects. Interconnection of plant-related materials with biology and other subjects will provide basis of STS education and subject integration.

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