• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지진 진동

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Nonlinear Seismic Estimates of Recorded and Simulated Ground Motions Normalized by the Seismic Design Spectrum (설계용 탄성응답스펙트럼으로 규준화된 인공지진동과 기록지진동의 비선형 지진응답)

  • Jun, Dae-Han;Kang, Pyeong-Doo;Kim, Jae-Ung
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2011
  • In the nonlinear response history analysis of building structures, the input ground accelerations have considerable effect on the nonlinear response characteristics of structural systems. As the properties of the ground motion, using time history analysis, are interrelated with many factors such as the fault mechanism, the seismic wave propagation from source to site, and the amplification characteristics of the soil, it is difficult to properly select the input ground motions for seismic response analysis. In this paper, the most unfavourable real seismic design ground motions were selected as input motions. The artificial earthquake waves were generated according to these earthquake events. The artificial waves have identical phase angles to the recorded earthquake waves, and their overall response spectra are compatible with the seismic design spectrum with 5% of critical viscous damping. It is concluded that the artificial earthquake waves simulated in this paper are applicable as input ground motions for a seismic response analysis of building structures.

Shaking Table Tests of Base-Isolated Steel Frame (지진격리된 철골구조물의 진동대 실험)

  • 윤정방
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.136-143
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    • 1997
  • 본 연구에서는 철골구조물을 대상으로 지진격리(Base-Isolation)를 사용하였을 때의 진동감소 효과를 분석하기 위하여 지진하중에 대한 진동대 실험을 수행하였다. 실험 대상구조물은 $\frac{1}{4}$축소모형의 3층 철골구조물이며, 입력지진은 여러 계측기록과 UBC 설계스펙트럼으로부터 3가지 지반조건에 대하여 작성한 인공지진기록을 사용하였다. 축소 실험모형은 기초가 고정된 일반적인 철골구조물과 적층고무받침(Laminated Rubber Bearing) 형식의 지진격리장치(Base Isolator)를 사용한 구조물을 동시에 설치하여 그 지진응답을 비교 관찰하였다. 대부분의 하중하에서 지진격리장치가 사용된 철골구조물의 경우에 지진응답이 현저히 감소하는 것을 알 수 있으나, 장주기파의 성분이 강한 지반운동에 대해서는 오히려 지진응답이 증가하였다. 그러나 여러 지반조건에 대하여 UBC 시방서에서 규정한 설계하중에 대하여는 진동감소효과가 우수함을 보인다.

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Shaking Table Tests of a 1/4-Scaled Steel Frame with Base Isolators (1/4축소 철골구조물을 이용한 건물 기초분리장치의 진동대실험)

  • 송영훈;김진구
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 1997
  • New form of base isolators made of steel spring coated with both natural and artficial rubber were manufactured and tested for material properties. Shaking table experiments were performed using a model structure attached with the bearings. The model structure used in the test is a 1/4 scaled steel structure, and earthquake records were used to check the lateral and vertical stability and effectiveness of the isolators. According to the results all three types of isolators turned out to be effective in reducing the acceleration induced by the earthquake vibration.

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Seismic Response of R/C Structures Subjected to Artificial Ground Motions Compatible with Design Spectrum (설계용 스펙트럼에 적합한 인공지진동을 입력한 철근콘크리트 구조물의 지진응답 특성의 고찰)

  • Jun, Dae-Han;Kang, Ho-Geun
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2008
  • In seismic response analysis of building structures, the input ground accelerations have considerable effect on the nonlinear response characteristics of structures. The characteristics of soil and the locality of the site where those ground motions were recorded affect on the contents of earthquake waves. Therefore, it is difficult to select appropriate input ground motions for seismic response analysis. This study describes a generation of artificial earthquake wave compatible with seismic design spectrum, and also evaluates the seismic response values of multistory reinforced concrete structures by the simulated earthquake motions. The artificial earthquake wave are generated according to the previously recorded earthquake waves in past major earthquake events. The artificial wave have identical phase angles to the recorded earthquake wave, and their overall response spectra are compatible with seismic design spectrum with 5% critical viscous damping. The input ground motions applied to this study have identical elastic acceleration response spectra, but have different phase angles. The purpose of this study is to investigate their validity as input ground motion for nonlinear seismic response analysis. As expected, the response quantifies by simulated earthquake waves present better stable than those by real recording of ground motion. It was concluded that the artificial earthquake waves generated in this paper are applicable as input ground motions for a seismic response analysis of building structures. It was also found that strength of input ground motions for seismic analysis are suitable to be normalize as elastic acceleration spectra.

Nonlinear Response Spectra of Artificial Earthquake Waves Compatible with Design Spectrum (설계용 스펙트럼에 적합한 인공지진파에 의한 비선형 응답 특성의 분석)

  • Jun, Dae-Han;Kang, Pyeong-Doo;Kim, Jae-Ung
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2006
  • In seismic response analysis of building structures, the input ground accelerations have considerable effect on the nonlinear response characteristics of structures. The characteristics of soil and the locality of the site where those ground motions were recorded affect on the contents of earthquake waves. Therefore, it is difficult to select appropriate input ground motions for seismic response analysis. This study describes a generation of artificial earthquake wave compatible with seismic design spectrum, and also evaluates the nonlinear response spectra by the simulated earthquake motions. The artificial earthquake wave are generated according to the previously recorded earthquake waves in past earthquake events. The artificial wave have identical phase angles to the recorded earthquake wave, and their overall response spectra are compatible with seismic design spectrum with 5% critical viscous damping. Each simulated earthquake wave has a identical phase angles to the original recorded ground acceleration, and match to design spectra in the range of period from 0.02 to 10.0 seconds. The seismic response analysis is performed to examine the nonlinear response characteristics of SDOF system subjected to the simulated earthquake waves. It was concluded that the artificial earthquake waves simulated in this paper are applicable as input ground motions for a seismic response analysis of building structures.

지진감시설비의 과도진동에 대한 원인 분석

  • 주광호;전규식;이종림
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.352-358
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    • 1996
  • 원자력발전소의 지진에 대한 절대안전성을 확보하기 위하여 설치된 지진감시설비망에 과도진동이 유발되는 사례가 자주 발생하여, 이에 대한 원인을 분석하고 대책을 강구하는 연구를 수행하였다. 현재 울진1,2호기 배관상에 설치되어 있는 가속도계 및 응답스펙트럼기록기에 작업자의 실수로 인한 인위적인 충격이나 배관진동에 의해 과도한 진동이 발생할 수 있다는 개연성을 밝혀 내고 이러한 지진감시설비의 개선 및 적합한 설치장소에 대하여 의견을 제시할 수 있는 계기를 마련하였다.

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지진의 성질과 내진설계

  • 홍갑표
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.6-10
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    • 1995
  • 본 글에서는 지진의 기본적인 성질, 지진파의 특성, 스펙트럼 및 내진설게시 고려되어아 할 사향에 대하여 알아보았다. 점점 고층화되어가는 건축구조물에 대한 내진설계의 필요성이 더욱 커지고 있는 때에, 발생한 일본 고베 지진의 피해는 국내 의 건축구조 학자와 저눈가에 큰 영향을 주었을 것으로 생각된다. 예를 들어, 콘크 리트 건물의 설계시 기둥의 대근(hoop)의 중요성이 드러났으며, 질량이 무거운 건물 이 관성력을 더 많이 받게 되어 큰 피해가 발생한 것을 알 수 있었다. 구조물의 재료 적인 성질의 변화와 구조시스템의 변화를 이용한 내진설계에 대한 연구가 더욱 활발 히 진행될 것으로 생각되며, 또한 지진에 따른 건물의 진동을 조절하기 위한 진동 제어분야도 더 많은 연구가 필요하다고 생각된다.

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Porewater Pressure Buildup Mode Induced in Near-field of Open-ended Pipe Pile during Earthquake and Sequake (지진과 해진시 개단강관말뚝 주변에 유발된 간극수압의 발생 양상)

  • 최용규
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 1998
  • During an earthquake, there are three components of excitation : horizontal excitation of the ground, vertical excitation of the pile due to superstructure feedback produced by vertical excitation of the ground, and the seawater excitation by the vertical ground shaking, that is, "the seaquake." These excitations could have effects on the pore pressure buildup mode induced in the near-field of open-ended pile and the soil plugs in open-ended pipe piles installed at offshore sites. While the ground and pile excitation could be modeled by exciting the soil and pile with simulated motions, seaquake excitation induced by the vertical ground shaking can be modeled by pulsing the water pressure at the seabed. The objectives of this study were to observe buildup trend for the porewater pressures developed in near-field of open-ended pipe pile installed in the calibration chamber during the simulated earthquake and seaquake and, also to confirm the cause for reduction of soil plugging according to pore pressure buildup. During the simulated horizontal seismic motion, there was no upward flow through soil plug because the similar magnitude of excess porewater pressure were occurred at the top and under the toe of soil plug. During the horizontal seismic motion, relatively higher hydraulic gradients caused upward flow in the soil plug and then the degradation of plugging resistance was about 20%. During seaquake, in the case of the open-ended pile installed in a deep sea with more than 220m of water depth, soil plug failed completely because of high upward hydraulic gradients through soil plug.soil plug.

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Effect of Fluid Added Mass on Vibration Characteristics and Seismic Responses of Immersed Concentric Cylinders (유체속에 잠긴 동축원통 구조물의 진동특성 및 지진응답에 대한 유체부가질량 영향)

  • 구경회;이재한
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.5 no.5
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2001
  • For the seismic design and analysis of LMR(liquid metal reactor) being developed in Korea, it is necessary to develop the simple seismic analysis model including the fluid-structure interaction effects. In this paper, the theoretical backgrounds for the fluid added mass of the immersed concentric cylinders are investigated and the seismic analysis code using the Runge-Kutta algorithm, which can consider the fluid added mass matrix in system matrix, are developed to perform the time history seismic analysis. Form the coupled modal analysis and the seismic analysis for the simple immersed concentric cylinders, it is verified that the fluid added mass significantly affect the vibration characteristics and the seismic responses. Therefore the fluid coupled effects should be carefully considered in seismic response analysis of the immersed concentric cylinders.

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Analysis of Amplification Factor Spectrum Using Strong Ground Motions Compatible to the Domestic Seismotectonic Characteristics (유사 강지진동을 이용한 수평 및 수직지반응답의 Amplification Factor 스펙트럼 분석)

  • 김준경;박창업;조봉곤;지헌철
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.25-29
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    • 1997
  • Amplication factor spectrum, using the observed strong ground motions database, has been obtained and compared with Standard Response Spectrum. The observed ground motions from the Miramichi, Nohanni, Sagueray and New Madrid Earthquake (19 vertical components, 36 horizontal components), which are estimated to represent domestic seismotectonic characteristics such as seismic sources, attenuation, and site effect, are used for the analysis of amplification factor spectrum. Amplication factors have been calculated by comparing the observed peak ground motions with results form responses to the observed horizontal and vertical ground motions. The comparison shows that the amplification factors resultant from this study exceed those of Standard Response Spectrum of relatively higher frequencies. The result implles that the characteristics of the seismic strong ground motion, which may represent the domestic seismotectonic characteristics differ from of standard Response Spectrum, especillay of higher frequencies.

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