• Title/Summary/Keyword: 체지방률

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The Clinical Significance of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis for The Diagnosis of Obesity on Elementary Students (초등학교 아동의 비만 진단에 있어서 생체 전기저항 분석법의 의의)

  • Choi, Ki-Cheol;Ahn, Young-Jun;Yang, Eun-Seok;Park, Sang-Kee;Park, Jong;Moon, Kyung-Rye
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 1998
  • Purpose: The purpose of our study is to provide useful information for me-asurement methods of childhood obesity and to provide clinical significance of bioelectrical impedance analysis. Methods: We measured height, weight, waist to hip ratio, skinfold thickness and bioelectrical impedance from 206 elementary students in Kwangju from May to July 1997. Results: In males; 1) There were statistically high correlations between tri-ceps skinfold thickness and body mass index (BMI), percentage of body fat (%BF), weight, Rohler index (RI), total fat weight (TFW), waist to hip (W/H) ratio, height, lean body mass (LBM) (all, p<0.001). 2) There were statistically high correlations between subscapular skinfold thickness and BMI, RI, weig-ht, %BF, TBW (all, p<0.001). 3) There were statistically high correlations between %BF and BMI, triceps skinfold thickness, RI, TFW, subscapular skinfold thickness, weight (all, p<0.001). In females; 4) There were statistically high correlations between triceps skinfold thickness and BMI, weight, LBM, height, %BF (all, p<0.001). 5) There were statistically significant correlations between subscapular skinfold thickness and BMI, weight, LBM, RI, height. 6) There were statistically high correlations between percentage of body fat and BMI, RI, triceps skinfold thickness. The percentage of body fat according to the bioelectrical impedance analysis highly correlated with that calculated by skinfold thickness in males (r=0.57, p<0.01) and in females (r=0.30, p<0.01). Conclusion: The results of our study suggests that bioelectrical impedance analysis is a useful method of estimating body fat in the childhood obesity.

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A Study on the Levels of Leptin, Insulin and Serum Lipids of Primary School Boys Depending on %Fat (초등학교 남학생의 체지방률에 따른 렙틴, 인슐린 및 혈청지질에 관한 연구)

  • 서국은
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.226-232
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    • 2002
  • In this study, the researcher classified primary school boys with obesity into light(% fat : 20∼24.9%), moderate(25∼29.9%) and heavy(30% or more) obese group and then analyzed and evaluated their own levels of insulin, leptin and lipids in blood. The level of insulin was significantly high in primary school students with heavy obese rather than in the other two groups. While that of leptin, significantly high in those children with moderate and heavy obese rather than in the other group of light obese. The level of T-C was significantly high in primary school students with light obese rather than in those students with heavy obese. HDL-C tended to increase as %fat went up, but there was no significant difference. The level of TG was significantly high in the group of heavy obese compared to the other groups. LDL-C tended to increase gradually as %fat became high. Thus, depending on %fat, primary school students with obesity were significantly different with each other in insulin, leptin T-C and TG levels. This suggests the urgent necessity of developing systematic and separate programs to treat such obese children.

Study on the Difference of Body Composition, Metabolic Factor, and Blood Components according to Job Form and Stress Level for Security Guard Workers (경호업 종사자의 직무형태와 스트레스 수준에 따른 신체구성, 대사적 변인, 혈액성분의 차이 연구)

  • Kim, Kyong-Tae;Lee, Chang-Han
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.22
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the difference of body composition, metabolic factor, and blood components according to job forms which are job period and job type and stress level for security guard workers. The conclusion is as follows. 1. There were lower level for the body fat with short term and higher level for the lactate with long term according to the job period. 2. There were lower level for the body fat with the field service and higher level for the lactate and stress with the field service according to the job type. In conclusion, it needs to have a continuous physical activity behavior for the security guard workers to manage for their effective health and to have a rest for the field service workers to decrease their physical and mental stress.

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The Association between Total Body Fat and Serum Lipids Concentrations in College Students (대학생에서 혈액 지질 수준과 체지방과의 관련성)

  • Lee, Jun-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.233-238
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between body fat content and serum lipids in college students. A total of 61 (15 males and 46 females) students of W university in Iksan, between June 2015 and July 2015, were enrolled for analysis. The relationship of serum lipid with BMI, and body fat percent measured by impedance fat meter (InBody 520) was analyzed. The study population was divided into three groups according to the InBody 520's guideline. Group I accounted for 26.7% of men and 10.9% of women. Weight and BMI were significantly different among the three groups in men and women (p<0.05); whereas height was not. In men, serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hemoglobin were significantly different between the three groups (p<0.05). Conversely, in women, serum total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and alanine transferase were significantly different between the three groups (p<0.05). However, there were no differences in other variables between the three groups. BMI was significantly different among three groups in both men and women (p<0.05). In men and women, body fat percent was correlated with BMI, weight, total cholesterol, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Multiple regression analysis on total cholesterol indicates that body fat percent, BMI, and hemoglobin were not significantly independent variables in men and women. This study showed that body fat percent was significantly associated with other obesity markers and serum lipids.

The Effects of Training on Body Fat and Blood Lipid (운동효과가 체지방 및 혈중 지질에 미치는 영향)

  • 최현숙;안응남
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.563-570
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    • 1998
  • The seven (7) housewives were used as subjects at three times per weeks for twelve (12) weeks in order to find out the effects of aerobic exercise and weight training on body composition and blood lipid. Each subject's weight, lean body mass, percent body fat, BMI and blood lipid were measured immediately after the training and the results compared with the same prior to exercises were obtained as follows ; 1. The weight and percent body fat of the subjects were slightly but not significantly decreased, however the lean body mass following training was significantly increased with 1.3 %. BMI S RBW were also not significantly decreased. 2. Calory intake was 1929.9 cal before the training and 1896.0 cal after the training, which doesn't shows much difference. 3. The blood lipid such as TC and LDL-C were a little increased after the training, but HDL-C shows significant increase of 22.7 %, and HDL-C/TC was significantly increased with 13.2 % (p<.05 ) as well. However, TG shows significant decrease (p<.05 ).

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An Analysis of Body Composition and Physical Fitness of KAFA Female Cadets (공군사관학교 여생도의 신체조성 및 체력에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Sung Woo;Kwak, Jae Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.1060-1068
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    • 2019
  • The physical fitness of the cadets of the Air Force Academy, which will protect the airspace of the Republic of Korea, is of paramount importance to fulfill the given mission. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to confirm the characteristics of body composition and physical fitness of female cadets of Air Force Academy and to verify their relationship with physical fitness according to body fat % level of total female cadets. To achieve the purpose of the study, 50 female cadets of the Korea Air Force Academy (1grade 13, 2grade 18, 3grade 9, 4grade 10) were measured in body composition (skeletal strength, body fat mass, body mass index, body fat %, abdominal obesity rate, basal metabolic rate) and physical fitness (muscle strength, muscular endurance, power, agility, flexibility and balance). One way ANOVA was performed for data processing to identify body composition and physical fitness characteristics by grade and to identify differences in physical fitness according to body fat rate levels. According to the study, the 1 grade was lower in body fat mass and body fat % among female cadets, the 2 grade was lower than the 3 and 4 grades, and the body mass index was lower than the third and fourth grades. Also, there was no difference in the physical fitness of the rest of the year. The intergroup physical fitness according to the body fat rate was higher than that of those with less than 20 percent of net worth and 25 percent to less than 25.1 percent to 30 percent, while those with less than 20 percent balance were higher than those with less than 25.1 to 30 percent. The results of this study showed differences in body composition by grade in female cadets, especially in power and balance according to body fat %. Therefore, female cadets of the Air Force Academy need to manage body fat to have the power and balance capability related to the airborne mission environment.

Study on the Difference of Physical Fitness and Cardiovascular Risk Factors for the Security Guards' Working Type (경호원의 근무유형에 따른 체력과 심혈관질환 위험인자의 차이 연구)

  • Kim, Kyong-Tae;Park, Jun-Suk
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.27
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    • pp.31-49
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    • 2011
  • The subjects consisted of 60 healthy men who absence of cardiopulmonary diseases, orthopedic diseases, and metabolic diseases. The difference of physical fitness, body composition, cardiovascular risk factors, and psychological characteristics for security guards' working type were examined using one-way ANOVA through SPSS 12.0 version and was treated for the post hoc test when the difference appeared significantly. According to the result, first, there were higher level for the physical fitness according to the security guards' position and it increases body composition and cardiovascular risk factors from higher position. Second, physical fitness level is higher, body composition and cardiovascular risk factors is lower in the security guards for the field service than the security guards on inside duty according to the security guards' working type. Third, it decreases body composition and cardiovascular risk level when the physical fitness level is getting increase for the security guards. In conclusion, it needs to have a physical activity with aerobic system for the security guards of leading members and inside service to decrease the overweight or obesity and cardiovascular risk level.

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Effects of Interval Training and Aerobic Exercise on Body Composition and Physical Fitness in Young Obese males

  • Ko, Min-Gyun
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.25 no.11
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2020
  • This study is proposed to the effects of interval training by different intensity on body fat, flexibility, agility, quickness, and maximal oxygen consumption. A total of 30 healthy men voluntarily participated in the study. The participants were randomized to moderate aerobic exercise(n=15) and high-intensity interval training groups(n=15). Exercise programs lasted for six weeks, with each session occurring four times per week for 50 minutes per session. There were significant differences in fat and physical fitness according to flexibility, agility, quickness, and maximal oxygen consumption within the high-intensity interval training groups(p<.05). For the moderate aerobic exercise group, there was a significant difference in fat, flexibility, maximal oxygen consumption(p<.05). There were significant differences between groups for fat, flexibility, agility and quickness(p<.05). Therefore using high-intensity interval training will significantly benefit obese young men in musculoskeletal capacity and quickness.

The Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Immune Function, Physical Fitness and Fat mass in Middle-Aged Women (유산소성 운동이 중년여성의 면역기능과 체력 및 체지방률에 미치는 영향)

  • 한성섭
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.622-631
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of aerobic exercise on immune function, physical fitness and fat mass in middle-aged women. Twenty subjects were divided into two groups : experimental group(N:10) and control group(N:10). Experimental subjects were under the exercise conditions to perform the aerobic exercise using the movement of dance-sports with intensity of 60~80% HRmax for 60 min/day, 3 times/week during 12 weeks. After the aerobic exercise, the numbers of neutrophil, Iymphocyte, eosinophil, basophil, 73, 74 and B4 were significantly different. Crip-strength and sit-up ability significantly improved and all so weight and fat mass decreased on experimental group. Therefore, the aerobic exercise using the movement of dance-sports applying to middle-aged women would contribute them healthy life and prevention of chronic disease.

Correlations of Leptin, Adiponectin and Leptin/Adiponectin Ratio with Metabolic Disorders in the Childhood Obesity (소아 비만에서 Leptin, Adiponectin 및 Leptin/Adiponectin Ratio와 대사 장애의 연관성에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Sung Jong;Kim, Eun Young;Moon, Kyung Rye
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.48-57
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: To investigate the correlation of the serum leptin, adiponectin, and leptin/adiponectin ratio with metabolic disorders in the childhood obesity. Methods: Fifty children (25 obese and 25 non-obese) were recruited in the pediatric outpatient clinic of Chosun University Hospital from January 1st to June 30th 2005. Adiponectin, leptin, anthropometric parameters, glucose, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and insulin levels were measured. The correlations of leptin and adiponectin levels with anthropometric parameters, glucose, insulin and lipids were analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficients. Results: Insulin and leptin levels of the obese group were significantly higher than those of the non-obese group (p<0.05, p<0.001 respectively). HDL-cholesterol and adiponectin levels of the obese group were significantly lower than those of the non-obese group (p<0.005, p<0.05 respectively). In the obese group, leptin level was positively correlated with BMI and the percentage of body fat, but negatively correlated with adiponectin level. Moreover, adiponectin level of the obese group was negatively correlated with BMI and the percentage of body fat, but positively correlated with leptin level. In the non-obese group, only insulin level was positively correlated with adiponectin. In the obese group, leptin/adiponectin ratio was positively correlated with the percentage of body fat and leptin level. Also, leptin/adiponectin ratio was positively correlated with BMI and the percentage of body fat in the non-obese group. Conclusion: Leptin, adiponectin, and leptin/adiponectin ratio did not appear to have a major role linking various metabolic disorders in the childhood obesity, even though they were strongly associated with obesity indices. Also, leptin/adiponectin ratio was associated with obesity indices even in non-obese children.

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