• Title/Summary/Keyword: 크라바트

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Residue Analysis of Triadimefon in Wheat by Using Test Fungus and Thin Layer Chromatography (박층(薄層) 크로마토그라피와 지표(指標) 곰팡이의 이용(利用)에 의한 밀에 있어서 Triadimefon의 잔류량 분석)

  • Bhatnagar Kalpna;Lal Thakore B.B.;Mathur Sneh;Chakravarti B.P.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.229-233
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    • 1986
  • By using the test fungus Macrophomina phaseolina, residues of triadimefon were found in straw collected after harvest from sprayed plants of wheat varieties Kharchia and Lal Bahadur but grains contain no such residues. Thin layer chromatographic method was developed to detect residues of the fungicide which was found to be present in straw of sprayed plants of both the varieties. No residues could be detected in grain samples. It was found that triadimefon was converted in triadimenol in/to host.

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A Development of Necktie Design in Western Art (서양 예술작품에 나타난 넥타이의 역사적 고찰)

  • Lee Eui-Jung;Chung Se-Hui
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.81-96
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    • 2006
  • This study aimed to investigate the sociocultural phenomena which affected to clothing change in 1650-1900 and to examine the features of men's necktie in the western art. For this study, information about historic neckwear is obtained from the visual evidence of painted or engraved portraits, contemporary written sources. The covered area of this study was Europe mainly England and France. For this process, research steps were as follows : 1. Investigating the sociocultural phenomena which affect to clothing change through 1650-1900 and analysis of men's clothing and appearance. 2. Finding the changing characteristics of neckties including it's different types, shapes, knots, colors and materials and analyzing similarities and differences of neckties by the times. 3. Examining necktie as one of important and representative icons of male gender identity. The results of the study was as follows: 1. In 1660-1900, men's fashion was simplified in color and detail due to the influence of practical Puritanism and matured civil culture. And British men's fashion spreaded throughout whole European countries and get popularity. 2. In 1650-1720, there were band, cravat and steinkirk. And expecially cravatier, a expert custodian of cravats, was appeared in that period. In 1720-1800, there were stock, solitaire and cravat. In 1800-1850, neckwear were popularized and got various sizes and types up to shape and size of chemise collars. Black stock, scarf cravat and shawl cravat were popular and terms of 'necktie' were used for an certain neckcloth shape. And abundant literature for necktie were published thanks to the development of printing technology in that period. In 1851-1900, the leady-made neckties were spreaded and there were changes in shape, length, knot of necktie up to V-zone formed with shirt's collars and vest types. Neckwear was gradually evolving through four distinct styles, bow tie, scarf or neckerchief, Ascot and four-in-hand. 3. After the mid-l7th Century, as civil culture matured and splendid and extravagant colorful men's wear disappeared, British men's fashion spreaded throughout whole European countries and got popularity. The necktie become an essential ornamental accessory of men's fashion and one of important and representative icons of male gender identity.

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