• Title, Summary, Keyword: 태도

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An Analysis of Structural Relationship Among Positive Parenting Attitudes, Attitudes Toward Science, Science Inquiry Skills, and Science Achievements perceived by Middle School Students (중학생이 지각한 부모의 긍정적 양육 태도·과학 태도 및 과학 탐구 능력과 과학 학업 성취도의 구조적 관계 분석)

  • Park, Kirak;Choi, Hyosik;Yeon, Eun Mo
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.669-677
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to estimate the direct and indirect effects of relevant variables on students' science achievements. Path analysis was conducted with data from middle school to examine the effects of perceived positive parenting attitudes, attitudes toward science, science inquiry skills on the science achievements of middle school students. A total of 502 middle school students from the metropolitan area participated in this study. Results suggest that students' perceptions of positive parenting attitudes had no direct influence on their science inquiry skills. However, the students' attitudes toward science and science inquiry skills were found to have meaningful direct effects on their achievements. Students' perception of positive parenting attitudes also presented a significant direct effect on their attitude toward science. In addition, the students' perceived positive parenting attitude revealed an indirect effect on science achievement, through their own attitudes toward science and science inquiry skills. Research findings called for more educational programs and teaching methods considering students' attitudes toward science and science inquiry skills to improve their science achievements. At home, parents need to have positive parenting attitudes to influence their children's attitudes regarding science.

The Relation of Intelligence, Self-esteem, Mathematical Attitudes, and Scientific Attitudes of Gifted Students from Low-income Families (소외계층 영재의 지능과 자아존중감, 수학적 태도 및 과학적 태도의 관계)

  • Song, Kyung Ae
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.1039-1051
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to measure intelligence (cognitive characteristics), self-esteem, mathematical attitudes, and scientific attitudes (affective characteristics) of gifted students from low-income families, and to identify the relationship among these variables. 147 students in the lower grades of elementary schools who were enrolled to university-based gifted education centers were participants of the study. The results showed that the percentile scores of each variable were 85% for intelligence, 75.6% for self-esteem, 73.3% for mathematical attitudes, and 71.3% for mathematical attitudes. There was no statistically significant relationship between intelligence and the affective characteristics (i.e., self-esteem, mathematical attitudes, and scientific attitudes), while statistically significant relationships were shown between self-esteem and mathematical attitudes (r=.448, p=.000), between self-esteem and scientific attitudes (r=.522, p=.000), and between mathematical attitudes and scientific attitudes (r=.448, p=.000). The results suggest that although the gifted students from low-income families show lower levels compared to other gifted student groups, their potential level of giftedness is considerably high, which calls for appropriate educational support systems designed for this population.

Dance Attitude Differences between Gender, Majors, and Grades (무용전공 대학생들의 무용 태도 분석)

  • Choi, Youn-Sun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.148-156
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dance attitude differences between gender, majors, and grades. Attitudes-towards-dance inventory(Jadranka et al., 2004) which covered affective, cognitive, and action aspects of attitudes, as well as to reflect, in a similar number of items, both the positive and negative attitude towards dance was used to investigate dance attitude for 483 dancers who are collegian. Male students were more positive attitude in the affective area among dance attitudes than female students(p<.05). Dancers who major practical dances revealed more positive attitude in the affective area than dancers majoring ballet and Korean treditional dance(p<.05). In addition, freshmen have a more positive dance attitude in the affective area compared with seniors. It was suggested that more subjects should be studied from considering major, local university as future study.

An empirical study on the roles of attitudes and attitude strength in stimulus-based decision-making (자극기반 의사결정과정에서 태도와 태도강도의 역할에 관한 실증연구)

  • Beom, Sang-Kyu;Song, Kyun-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.563-575
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    • 2009
  • This research has found logical data directly influencing forming consideration set and attitude and attitude strength under the choosing situation based on memory-base proposed by Priester et. al (2004). We've examined the possibility of model extension through physical salient strength according to the location of product display as an external stimulate factor and attitude and attitude strength, consideration set and role on variable choice. Especially, this research practically proposed the method measuring directly the attitude on behavior instead of seeing the intension of behavior or behavior by measuring the behavior itself based on existing experiment methods and applied logistics regression analysis. In conclusion, this research confirmed the possibility of generalization of this model by verifying appropriateness through logical background and actual analysis based on stimulus-base proposed model characters as an integrated model relation between attitude in stimulus-based relation and decision-making.

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Convergence Analysis of the Factors Influencing Terminal Care Attitude (임종간호 태도에 영향을 미치는 융합적인 요인분석)

  • Yang, Seung Ae
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.73-88
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to identify factors influencing on nurses' Terminal Care Attitude. Methods: A sample of convenience of 190 nurses. Instrument included perception of death, death anxiety, terminal care stress, death attitude, burnout, terminal care attitude. Results: A significant positive correlation was found among terminal care attitude, perception of death, terminal care stress. In addition, a significant negative correlation was found among terminal care attitude, death anxiety, death attitude, burnout. Perception of death, death anxiety, terminal care stress & death attitude were significant predictive variables. This variables accounted for 32.7% of the variance in terminal care attitude. Conclusions: Based on the Findings of this study, it can be used to develop educational programs for Terminal Care.

Quantitative Prediction of Landslide Probability in Gyeonggi Province, Korea (경기지역 산사태 발생가능성의 정량적 예측)

  • 김원영;김경수;채병곤;조용찬
    • Proceedings of the KSEG Conference
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    • pp.33-44
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    • 2001
  • 경기지역에 발생한 약 1,600개의 산사태를 1:50,000 지형도와 1:5,000 지형도를 이용해 정밀 조사하였다. 대부분의 산사태는 토석류(debris flow)로 분류되지만, 산사태 시작부는 전이형(translational) 사태의 성격을 띤다. 강우 이외에 산사태를 발생시키는 지질학적 요인을 찾고자 하루동안 250-300mm의 강우량을 가진 6개 지역을 세부연구지역으로 선정하였다. 이 지역 내 198개의 산사태를 대상으로 현장정밀 조사와 실내실험을 실시한 후, 이를 바탕으로 지구통계학 기법을 이용해 사태발생 원인을 선정하였고, 이에 대한 정량적 가중치를 각각 결정하였다. 분석결과에 의하면 7개 요소가 산사태 발생원인으로 선정되었고, 원인별 정량적 가중치를 부여한 산사태 발생확률을 계산식을 도출했다. 이를 통해 일부지역의 산사태 발생 확률을 구한 후, 실제 발생기록과 비교한 결과 90.74%의 정확성을 나타냈다.

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The Effects of Trust and Perceived Risk in Internet Shopping Malls on Attitude and Purchase Intension (인터넷 쇼핑몰에서 신뢰와 지각된 위험이 태도 및 구매의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Myeong-Hui
    • Proceedings of the Korea Association of Information Systems Conference
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    • pp.19-34
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    • 2005
  • 본 연구는 불확실하고 덜 검증된 인터넷 쇼핑몰 환경에서 거래당사자간의 심장역할을 하는 신뢰의 선행요인을 확인하고, 신뢰와 지각된 위험, 태도, 구매의도간의 관계를 실증분석 하였다. 똔 연구모형을 검증한 결과 신뢰의 선행요인일 것으로 예상했던 이해타산 기반의 믿음, 구조적 보장, 상황적 규범, e-벤더에 대한 친숙함이라는 4가지 요인 중 구조적 보장, 상황적 규범, e-벤더에 대한 친숙함은 신뢰에 영향을 미치는 요인으로 확인되었다. 선행요인을 기반으로 구축된 신뢰는 지각된 위험을 낮추고 낮아진 지각된 위험은 고객의 호의적인 태도에 영향을 미칠 것으로 기대했지만, 실증분석 결과를 보면 신뢰가 지각된 위험은 낮추지만, 지각된 위험이 태도에 직접적으로 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 즉 신뢰와 지각된 위험은 부(-)의 관계가 확인되었고, 지각된 위험과 태도의 관계는 통계적으로 유의성을 찾기가 힘이 들었다. 또한 신뢰는 호의적인 태도에 긍정적인 영향이 확인되었으며, 호의적인 태도 역시 구매의도에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인되었다. 신뢰가 태도를 매개로 구매의도에 영향을 미칠 뿐만 아니라 신뢰가 태도에도 직접적으로 영향을 미치는 관계도 확인되었다.

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The Relations between Science Related Attitudes and Science Achievement of High School Students (고등학생의 과학에 관련된 태도와 과학 성취도와의 관계)

  • Lee, Kyung-Hoon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.415-425
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the difference and relations in science related attitudes and science achievement in highschool students. Investigated differences between science related attitudes and science achievement and evaluated variations within city type, gender, grade level group. 404 high school students in Korea were sampled by cluster sampling method. Two instruments were used in this study. The ABC inventory(affection. behavioral intention. cognition scale of attitude toward science) was developed by the researcher(Lee, 1996, 1997). And MSAS(modified scientific attitude scale) has modified previous one. The major results are as follows: 1. Highschool students' Attitude toward Science is 3.24, 5-rating summative Likert scales. It showed slightly positive and favorable. 2. Highschool students' Scientific Attitude is 3.37, 5-rating summative Likert scales. It showed slightly positive tendencies of scientific attitude. 3. Findings indicated that middle' small city's students scored higher in Attitude toward Science and Scientific Attitude than metropolitan students. 4. The relationship between Attitude Toward Science and Scientific Attitude is 0.5716. The relationship between Scientific Attitude and Science Achievement is weaker than the relationship Attitude Toward Science and Science Achievement. 5. The results of three-way ANOVA indicated that were significant group differences(p<.05) in Attitude toward Science and Scientific Attitude. 6. After adjustment for the covariate(Scientific Attitude's score), statistically significant main effects of all group were found on the Attitude toward Science(p>.05). But after adjustment for the covariate(Attitude toward Science's score), statistically no significant main effects of all group were found on the Scientific Attitude(p>.05).

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Development of the Instrument for Assessment the Attitude toward Engineering (공학에 대한 태도 측정 도구 개발)

  • Choi, Yu-Hyun;Park, Ki-Moon;Ryu, Seung-Min;Lee, Jeong-Gyun
    • 대한공업교육학회지
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.161-178
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    • 2009
  • This research was conducted to develop an assessment measure of attitude toward engineering. Based upon related document research and case studies, we came up with operational definition and category of attitude toward engineering as well as questionnaires to assess. After consulting with specialists and studying on relevant documents, we changed some of the 60 questions developed in the first phase or added new ones. One hundred and nine students who major in engineering were questioned by the 40 questions selected in the second phase. Using SPSS 14.0K statistics program, various techniques were used including factor analysis, validity analysis and correlation analysis. And the level of significance of statistical verification was 0.05. The result is as follows: Based on fundamental aspect of the attitude, this research focused on 3 different variables: cognitive variable such as 'attitude toward engineering value', affective available such as 'general attitude toward engineering and attitude toward engineering study', Behavior available such as 'participation in engineering activity'. Therefore, as a subcategory, attitude toward engineering value is classified into value as study and job, social value and personal value, general attitude toward engineering and attitude toward engineering study are divided into self-concept, self-efficacy, awareness, interest and cooperation. Also, participation in engineering activity is classified into attitude toward engineering study. After applying this measurement to the field, we integrated self-concept into self-efficacy, omitting one independent factor in the question. Finally, through Verimax, we developed 'Instrument of Assessment the Attitude toward Engineering(IAAE)' which consists of 3 variables, 9 subcategories and 39 questions.

A Study on the Attitudes of Preliminary Special Teachers toward Smart Education (스마트교육에 대한 예비특수교사들의 태도에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Min-Chae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.18-28
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study to understand attitude toward smart education of preliminary special teachers who major in special education and provide a foundation for establishing a systematic support strategy for preliminary teachers after graduation for applying smart education to their students. To this end, 230 students enrolled in special education programs were studied. The questionnaire to measure attitude toward smart education of preliminary teachers consisted of a total of 38 questions including cognitive, affective and behavioral attitudes. The questionnaire was analyzed using the SPSS Win 20.0 Program to calculated general statistic analysis such as mean and standard deviation, and the t-test, ANOVA and a post-verification method, Turkey were performed to determine if there was a difference between the individual variables. The analysis showed that the level of smart education behavior of prospective special teachers was 'moderate', and behavioral attitudes showed the highest level of behavior, and the affective attitude was the lowest. The result showed that the differences between grade is significant and attitude scores of seniors is higher than freshmen's. and there was a statistically significant difference in 'cognitive attitude' and 'behavioral attitude'as sub-factors of attitude by whether the practice teaching was conducted.