• Title, Summary, Keyword: 통합능력

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Effects of Process-Based Integrated Mathematics.Science Activities on Children's Science Process Skills and Scientific Attitudes (수.과학의 과정중심 통합 활동이 유아의 과학적 탐구능력과 태도에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Yong-Sook;Ham, Eun-Sook;Seo, Eui-Jung
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.153-157
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구는 수 과학의 과정중심 통합 활동이 유아들의 과학적 탐구능력과 태도에 미치는 영향에 대해 알아보고 현장에서의 효율적인 교수학습 및 환경구성을 마련하는데 연구의 목적을 두고 있다. 연구대상은 전라북도 I시에 위치한 W대학 부속 유치원 만3세 만5세 유아 89명을 대상으로 각 연령별 주제를 선정하여(만3세 유아는 알, 콩, 열매, 과자, 만5세 유아는 공룡, 감자, 물, 그림자, 색깔이라는 주제 선정) 수 과학의 과정중심 통합 활동을 실행하였다. 자료 분석은 SPSS for Windows 프로그램을 이용하여 대응표본 t검증을 실시하였다. 수 과학의 과정중심 통합 활동을 실시한 결과 과학적 탐구 능력과 과학적 태도를 구성하고 있는 각 하위 요인들이 연령별, 성별로 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 수 과학 과정중심 통합 활동이 만3세 5세 유아들에게 긍정적인 영향을 주는 활동임을 시사하고 있다.

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A Predictive Model of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living in Community-dwelling Elderly Based on ICF Model (ICF 모델에 근거한 재가노인의 도구적 일상생활수행능력 구조 모형)

  • Park, Yong-Kyung;Suh, Soon-Rim
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.113-123
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to construct and test a structural equation model of instrumental activities of daily living(IADL) in community-dwelling elderly. The model was based on ICF(International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) model. The participants were 260 elderly who were more than 65 years old. Physical and psychological function, visual-motor integration and social activities had direct effects on IADL. That is, the better the subjective health status, the lower the depression and the less chronic illness, the better IADL. Personal factor, social support and social activities had indirect effect on IADL. This model explained 32% of the variance in IADL.

The effects of PNF combined patterns training on balance ability and functional ability of hockey players (PNF 통합패턴 트레이닝이 하키선수들의 균형능력과 기능적 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Ann, Yong Duk;Park, Jong Hang
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.521-528
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to examine effects of PNF combined pattern training on balance ability and functional ability of hockey players. In order to achieve this purpose, total 28 participants were separated into two group: 14 comparison group and 14 experiment group, and the experiment group performed PNF combined pattern training for 12 week, 3 times a week, 60 minutes a day. Each group was measured beforehand, after 6 week and 12 week. balance ability was measured using GOOD BALANCE system and functional ability was measured using carioca and shuttle-run test. For statistically verifying above measured values, repeated measure analysis of variance was analyzed and have following results. As the comparing results of balance ability, normal standing eye close(NSEC) was ant-post and velocity moment of experiment group showed significant differences(p<.05). And one leg right eye close(OLREC) was ant-post, med-lat and velocity moment of experiment group showed significant differences (p<.05). Also, dynamic balance ability was ant-post and velocity moment of experiment groups showed significant differences(p<.05). As the comparing results of functional ability, shuttle-run of experiment group sowed significant differences(p<.05). From above results, balance ability of hockey players was shown to be improved through symmetric training of PNF combined pattern applied to hockey players, and it can be considered that this is actively recommended for training method to improve athletic performance of hockey players.

Clinical Competence and Self-confidence of New Graduate Nurses with an Integrated Nursing Curriculum of Simulation with Problem-Based Learning (문제중심학습 연계 시뮬레이션 기반 통합간호교육과정을 이수한 신졸업간호사의 간호수행능력과 자신감)

  • Roh, Young Sook;Kim, Sunghee;Yang, Sun Hee;Kang, Yoon Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.3349-3357
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the effectiveness of an integrated nursing curriculum based on simulation with problem-based learning (PBL) by comparing the clinical competence and the self-confidence of newly graduated nurses. A non-equivalent control group post-test design was employed to compare the clinical competence and the self-confidence in the clinical performance examination using standardized patients between 39 newly graduated nurses with the traditional nursing curriculum and 35 with the integrated nursing curriculum. Data analysis involved Fisher's exact test, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and ANCOVA with the SPSS 19.0 program. The total clinical competence mean score graded by the standardized patients was not different between the two groups. However, the total clinical competence mean score graded by faculty was significantly higher in the integrated curriculum group than the traditional curriculum group. The mean self-confidence score was significantly higher in the integrated curriculum group than the traditional curriculum group. Active teaching-learning strategies including simulation or PBL in the nursing curriculum could benefit for nursing students by inducing favorable clinical competence and self-confidence. Longitudinal follow-up studies based on observation are needed to explore the patient outcomes in addition to the learner outcomes in clinical settings.

The Effects of Sensory Integrative Therapy on Vestibulo-Proprioceptive Sensory Processing of Children With Asperger Syndrome (감각통합치료가 아스퍼거 아동의 전정.고유감각 처리능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Sung;Kim, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Sensory Integration
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.35-46
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    • 2008
  • Objective : This study verifies the effects of sensory integrative (SI) therapy on vestibular- and proprioceptive sensory (BPS) processing ability of a child with Asperger Syndrome (AS). Method : A boy who is 11 years and 2 months old took the Functional Independence Measure for Children (Wee-FIM), Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), Short Sensory Profile, Bruininks-Oserestky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOT-2), and Test of Playfulness (ToP) for the baseline. The child participated in 3 evaluation sessions and 8 therapy sessions based on the AB research design. Duration of each session is 50 min and the therapy session is divided into 40 minutes for treatment and 10 minutes for evaluation. Since the vestibular sense and proprioception build up one's ability of postural control, several tests were employed to evaluate the child' postural control as outcome measure; distance from front leg of chair to heel of the child with sitting (C-H distance), angle between trunk and thigh (hip joint angle) with sitting, and the 'prone-extension posture' which is a subtest of Clinical Observation of Motor and Postural Skill (COMPS) to examine postural control embodied with integration of reflex and BPS processing. Result : During the therapy, average data of the C-H distance is decreased from 27.33cm to 11.69cm, average data of the hip joint angle is also decreased from $43.3^{\circ}$ to $20^{\circ}$, and average time for the prone-extension posture is increased from 13.15seconds to 24.84seconds. Conclusion : This result indicates that the ability to postural control in sitting and to maintain the prone-extension posture can be improved by sensory integrative therapy, with enhanced BPS processing.

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Effects of Vestibule-Oriented Sensory Integration Treatment on the Nystagmus, Visual Perception and Balancing Ability of Children with Developmental Disability (전정 중심의 감각통합치료가 발달장애아동의 안구진탕, 시지각, 균형능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ho;HwangBo, Gak;Yoo, Byung-Kook;Kim, Meung-Kwon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.290-302
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of vestibule-oriented sensory integration treatment on the nystagmus, visual perception and balancing ability of children with developmental disability. Twenty three children with developmental disability were participated in this experiment. Subjects were received the vestibule-oriented sensory integration treatment based on Ayres' sensory integration theory for 12 weeks. The effects of the treatment were evaluated by Southern California Postrotary Nystagmus Test (SCPNT), Developmental Test of Visual Perception-2 (DTVP-2), Pediatric-Clinical Test of Sensory Integration Balance (P-CTSIB), South California Sensory Integration Test (SCSIT) and the selected item in Bruininks-Oeretsky Test of motor proficiency (BOT). The collected data were analyzed by using Wilcoxon test. The result of this study was as follows that the data of the Nystagmus shown statical significant. The data of the Visual Perception and Balancing ability shown statical significant. The proposed vestibule-oriented sensory integration treatment was effective to improvement of nystagmus, the visual perception and the balancing ability in children with Developmenantal Disability.

Emotion Perception and Multisensory Integration in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Review of Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Studies (자폐 스펙트럼 장애의 다중감각 통합과 정서인식: 행동연구와 인지 신경 과학 연구에 대한 개관)

  • Cho, Hee-Joung;Kim, So-Yeon
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.77-90
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    • 2018
  • Behavioral studies of emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have yielded mixed results. Most of the studies focused on emotion recognition abilities with regard to ASD using stimuli with unisensory modality, making it difficult to determine difficulties in real life emotion perception in ASD. Herein, we review the recent behavioral and cognitive neuroscience studies on emotion recognition functions in ASD, including both unisensory and multisensory emotional information, to elucidate the possible difficulties in emotion recognition in ASD. In our study, we discovered that people with ASD have problems in the process of integrating emotional information during emotion recognition tasks. The following four points are discussed: (1) The restrictions of previous studies, (2) deficits in emotion recognition in ASD especially in recognizing multisensory information, (3) possible compensation mechanisms for emotion recognition in ASD, and (4) the possible roles of attention and language functions in emotion recognition in ASD. The compensatory mechanisms proposed herein for ASD with regard to emotion recognition abilities could contribute to a therapeutic approach for improving emotion recognition functions in ASD.

Development of HRI integration technology to improve dependability for Home/Public Service Robot (가정/공공용 서비스로봇의 신뢰성 향상을 위한 HRI통합기술의 개발)

  • Shin, Dong-Wook;Baek, Seung-Min;Lee, Jang-Won;Lee, Suk-Han
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 2008
  • 최근의 로봇에 대한 연구를 살펴보면 인간-로봇 상호작용과 시스템의 통합에 관련된 연구가 증가하고 있음을 알 수 있다. 또한 인식 및 인지에 관련된 요소기술들은 이미 상당한 수준에 올라서 있다. 이를 바탕으로 전 세계적인 로봇연구의 추세는 요소기술들의 통합을 통하여 완전한 개체로서의 로봇을 만들려고 하고 있으며 상업화된 시장으로 끌어내려는 쪽으로 변화하고 있다. 그러나 로봇을 상업화된 시장으로 끌어내기 위한 다양한 연구와 노력에도 불구하고 많은 부분에서 부족한 것이 현실이며, 지금까지 개별적으로 개발된 각 요소기술의 통합 또한 필수적이다. 특히 인간과 비슷한 인지능력의 확보를 위한 불확실성 극복능력과 개별적인 요소기술의 성능에만 의지하지 않는 인식능력의 확보는 서비스로봇의 신뢰성 향상을 위하여 필수적이다. 본 논문에서는 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위해서 행위적 인지 개념을 제안하였으며 Cognitive Robotic Engine을 통하여 이를 구현하여 상용화된 서비스로봇 플랫폼에 적용하여 실험하였다.

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Instructional Design for Teaching Integrated Essay on Home Economics Education (가정과 수업에서 통합 논술형 수업의 개발 방안)

  • Yoon, Ji-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.21-44
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to analyse the possibilities and legitimacies for using integrated essay on Home Economics Education, and to suggest the instructional design. Integrated Essay consisted with three composers, subject(students), object(texts), and strategy(thinking abilities). The results of theoretical analysis, socio-constructionalism by Vygotsky, the deconstructional literacy criticism by Derrida, and cognitive psychological approach by Beyer, Wood et al, Hayes were supported the integrated essay in instruction for Home Economics Education. Also, essay tests types of university entrance exams in Korea, previous researches of thinking ability in Home Economics Education, and essay questions in textbook were analysed. As results, theoretical framework, instruction process, and instruction design for integrated essay in Home Economics Education were developed. The possibility of integrated essay is high but it's real estimate will success when Home Economics Education realize it's nature.

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The Effects of Convergence Design Thinking on Preliminary Health Administrators' Social Problem Solving Competency: Intrapreneurship Integrated Curriculum (융복합 디자인씽킹 교육이 예비보건행정가의 사회적 문제해결능력에 미치는 영향: 사내기업가정신 통합교과 교육방안)

  • Yoo, Jin-Yeong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.271-283
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of the study is to verify the effectiveness the preliminary Health Administrators' Social Problem Solving Competency(SPSC) through the application of the learner-centered program Convergence Design Thinking(CDT) conducted by undergraduate school of Intrapreneurship the integrated curriculum, and evaluation of SPSC improvement effect. A pre-post-questionnaire survey was carried out that started March to June 2016 among the forty-five second-year college students from the Health Administration Department who participated in the CDT during the 15 weeks training. The main results are as follows. CDT were positive influenced on the improvement of Negative problem orientation, Impulsive careless style(ICS) and Avoidance coping style of the preliminary Health Administrators' SPSC. Especially, female college student or the absence of working experience, it was effective on the improvement of ICS of the participants. This CDT program identified having positive effects on their participation, SPSC. To further improve SPSC, The development of integrated curriculum and application of creative teaching method like this CDT is highly recommended.