• Title, Summary, Keyword: 피로손상 감시

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원자력 발전소 종합 진단감시시스템 개발

  • 노희영;황경모;진태은
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.532-537
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    • 1997
  • 최근 세계 각 국에서는 노후된 원전의 연장운전과 관련하여 주요기기의 손상진단 또는 수명평가를 통한 지속적인 안전성 보장과 원전의 정비계획 수립, 효율적인 원전이용 등을 위하여 기기의 손상평가 및 성능감시를 수행할 수 있는 각종 감시시스템을 개발하고 있다. 국내의 경우도 발전소 가동년수 증가와 함께 안정적인 전력수급을 위해 연장운전에 대한 타당성 검토를 수행한 바 있으며, 그 후속연구도 진행될 예정으로 있어 발전소를 구성하고 있는 주요 기기의 안전성 확보와 신뢰도 향상이 요구되고 있다. 이러한 측면에서 Prototype 형태로 기기 건전성 평가에 활용할 수 있는 과도상태, 조사취화, 피로손상, 균열성장 및 부식손상 평가모듈을 개발하고, 이를 통합하여 원자력 발전소 종합 진단감시시스템을 구축하였다.

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Current Status on the Development and Application of Fatigue Monitoring System for Nuclear Power Plants (원전 피로 감시 시스템 개발 및 적용 현황)

  • Boo, Myung Hwan;Lee, Kyoung Soo;Oh, Chang Kyun;Kim, Hyun Su
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Pressure Vessels and Piping
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2017
  • Metal fatigue is an important aging mechanism that material characteristics can be deteriorated when even a small load is applied repeatedly. An accurate fatigue evaluation is very important for component structural integrity and reliability. In the design stage of a nuclear power plant, the fatigue evaluations of the Class 1 components have to be performed. However, operating experience shows that the design evaluation can be very conservative due to conservatism in the transient severity and number of occurrence. Therefore, the fatigue monitoring system has been considered as a practical mean to ensure safe operation of the nuclear power plants. The fatigue monitoring system can quantify accumulated fatigue damage up to date for various plant conditions. The purpose of this paper is to describe the fatigue monitoring procedure and to introduce the fatigue monitoring program developed by the authors. The feasibility of the fatigue monitoring program is demonstrated by comparing with the actual operating data and finite element analysis results.

Monitoring of Fatigue Damage of Composite Laminates Using Embedded Intensity-Based Optical Fiber Sensors (광강도형 광섬유 센서를 이용한 복합재 적충판의 피로손상 감시)

  • 이동춘;이정주;서대철
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.124-127
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    • 2000
  • In this study, a technique for monitoring of fatigue damage of composite laminates by measuring the stiffness change using embedded intensity-based optical fiber sensors was investigated. Firstly, the underlying measurement principle and structure of intensity-based sensors and then a simple stiffness conversion process was explained. The monitoring technique was evaluated by fatigue tests of composite laminates with an embedded intensity-based sensor. From the test results, the response of the intensity-based sensor showed good correlation with that of surface mounted extensometer. Therefore, it can be concluded that the intensity-based sensors have good potential for the monitoring of fatigue damage of composite structures under fatigue loading. In addition, it could be confirmed that the intensity-based sensors have higher resistance to fatigue than the commercial electrical strain gauge.

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Effect on the structural integrity and fatigue damage monitoring of smart composite structures with embedded intensity based optical fiber sensors (삽입된 광강도형 광섬유센서가 지능형 복합재 구조물의 건전성에 미치는 영향 및 피로손상 감시)

  • Lee, Dong-Chun;Lee, Jung-Ju;Seo, Dae-Cheol;Huh, Jeung-Soo
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.42-51
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    • 2001
  • In this study, the effects of embedded optical fibers on the static properties under tensile load and dynamic properties under fatigue load of composite laminates were investigated by experimental tests and finite element analysis. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the embedded optical fiber sensors do not have significant effects on the structural integrity of the smart composite structures except when the sensors are embedded perpendicular to the adjacent reinforcing fibers under fatigue loading. An intensity-based optical fiber sensor was embedded in the crossply composite laminates to monitor the fatigue damage by detecting the stiffness changes of the laminates. The result of this experiment has shown that the intensity-based optical fiber sensor has large potential to monitor the fatigue damage of composite structures by detecting the stiffness changes of the structures with simple and inexpensive instruments and without complex post-processing of measured signals. In addition, the optical fiber sensor showed good resistance to fatigue loading and wide sensing ranges of stiffness.

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Diagnosis and Monitoring of Socket Welded Pipe Damaged by Bending Fatigue Using Acoustic Emission Technique (음향방출법을 이용한 굽힘피로 손상된 소켓용접배관의 진단 및 감시)

  • Kim, C.S.;Oh, S.W.;Park, Ik-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.323-330
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    • 2008
  • High cycle bending fatigue of socket welded small bore pipe was characterized, and also the fatigue crack initiation of small bore pipe was monitored in situ by the acoustic emission (AE) technique. The STS 316L stainless steel specimens were prepared by gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) process having the artificial defect (i.e., lack of penetration) and defect free at the root. The fatigue failure was occurred at the loc for high stress and root for relatively low stress. The crack initiation cycles ($N_i$) was defined to the abrupt increase in AE counts during the fatigue test, and then the cracks were observed by the radiographic test and electron microscope before and after the fatigue crack initiation cycles. The socket welded pipe damaged by bending fatigue was studied regarding the welding defect, failure mode, and crack initiation cycles for the diagnosis and monitoring.

Leak Detection and Evaluation for Power Plant Boiler Tubes Using Acoustic Emission (음향방출을 이용한 보일러튜브 누설평가)

  • Lee, Sang-Guk
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2004
  • Boiler tubes in power plants are often leaked due to various material degradations including creep and thermal fatigue damage under severe operating conditions such as high temperature and high pressure over an extended period of time. To monitor and diagnose the tubes on site and in real time, the acoustic emission (AE) technology was applied. We developed an AE leak detection system, and used it to study the variation of AE signal from the on-site tubes in response to the changes in the boiler operation condition and to detect the locations of leakage based on it. Detection of leak was performed by acquiring and evaluating the signals in separate regimes of high and low frequency signal. As a result of these studies, we found that on-line monitoring and detection of leak location for boiler tubes is possible using the developed system. Thus, the system is expected to contribute to the safe operation of power plants, and prevent economic losses due to potential leak.

Acoustic Emission from Fatigue Crack Extension in Corroded Aluminum Alloys (부식된 알루미늄 합금의 피로균열진전에서 얻어진 음향방출)

  • Nam Kiwoo;Lee Jonnrark
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2001
  • The main objective of this study is to determine if the sources of AE in corroded specimens of aluminum could be identified iron the characteristics of the waveform signals recorded during fatigue loading. Coupons of notched 2024-T3 aluminum with or without corrosion (at the notch) were subjected to fatigue loading and the AE signals were recorded using non-resonant, flat, wide-band transducers. The time history and power spectrum of each individual wave signal recorded during fatigue crack growth were examined and classified according to their special characteristics. Five distinct types of signals were observed regardless of specimen condition. The waveform and power spectra were shown to be dependent on specimen condition. During the initial phase of crack growth, the signals obtained in the as-received specimens are most probably due to transgranular cleavage caused by extrusion and intrusion under fatigue loading. In the corroded specimen the signal are probably generated by intergranular cleavage due to embrittlement of grain boundary neat the pitting tip. The need for additional research to further validate these findings is indicated.

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Development of On-Line Life Monitoring System for high-Temperature Header of Fossile Powder Plant Boiler (화력발전소 보일러 고온헤더의 실시간 수명 감시시스템 개발)

  • 윤필기;정동관;윤기봉
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.605-611
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    • 1999
  • Conventional methods for assessing remaining life of critical high temperature components in fossil power plants rely on nondestructive inspection practices and accompanying life analysis based on fracture mechanics By using these conventional methods. It has been difficult to perform uninterrupted in-service inspection for life prediction. Thus, efforts have been made for developing on-line remaining life monitoring systems employing information on the shape of structures, operating variables and material properties. In thus study, a software for on-line life monitoring system which performs real-time life evaluation of a high temperature system headers was developed. The software is capable of evaluating creep and fatigue life usage from the real-time stress data calculated by using temperatures/stress transfer Green functions derived in advance for the specific headers. The major benefits of the developed software life in determining future operating schedule, inspection interval, and replacement plan by monitoring real-time life usage based on prior operating history.

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Chronic HBV Infection in Children: The histopathologic classification and its correlation with clinical findings (소아의 만성 B형 간염: 새로운 병리조직학적 분류와 임상 소견의 상관 분석)

  • Lee, Seon-Young;Ko, Jae-Sung;Kim, Chong-Jai;Jang, Ja-June;Seo, Jeong-Kee
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.56-78
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    • 1998
  • Objective: Chronic hepatitis B infection (CHB) occurs in 6% to 10% of population in Korea. In ethinic communities where prevalence of chronic infection is high such as Korea, transmission of hepatitis B infection is either vertical (ie, by perinatal infection) or by close family contact (usually from mothers or siblings) during the first 5 years of life. The development of chronic hepatitis B infection is increasingly more common the earlier a person is exposed to the virus, particularly in fetal and neonatal life. And it progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, especially in severe liver damage and perinatal infection. Histopathology of CHB is important when evaluating the final outcomes. A numerical scoring system which is a semiquantitatively assessed objective reproducible classification of chronic viral hepatitis, is a valuable tool for statistical analysis when predicting the outcome and evaluating antiviral and other therapies. In this study, a numerical scoring system (Ludwig system) was applied and compared with the conventional histological classification of De Groute. And the comparative analysis of cinical findings, family history, serology, and liver function test by histopathological findings in chronic hepatitis B of children was done. Methods: Ninety nine patients [mean age=9 years (range=17 months to 16 years)] with clinical, biochemical, serological and histological patterns of chronic HBV infection included in this study. Five of these children had hepatocelluar carcinoma. They were 83 male and 16 female children. They all underwent liver biopsies and histologic evaluation was performed by one pathologist. The biopsy specimens were classified, according to the standard criteria of De Groute as follows: normal, chronic lobular hepatitis (CLH), chronic persistent hepatitis (CPH), mild to severe chronic active hepatitis (CAH), or active cirrhosis, inactive cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). And the biopsy specimens were also assessed and scored semiquantitatively by the numerical scoring Ludwig system. Serum HBsAg, anti-HBs, HBeAg, anti-HBe, anti-HBc (IgG, IgM), and HDV were measured by radioimunoassays. Results: Male predominated in a proportion of 5.2:1 for all patients. Of 99 patients, 2 cases had normal, 2 cases had CLH, 22 cases had CPH, 40 cases had mild CAH, 19 cases had moderate CAH, 1 case had severe CAH, 7 cases had active cirrhosis, 1 case had inactive cirrhosis, and 5 cases had HCC. The mean age, sex distribution, symptoms, signs, and family history did not differ statistically among the different histologic groups. The numerical scoring system was correlated well with the conventional histological classification. The histological activity evaluated by both the conventional classification and the scoring system was more severe as the levels of serum aminotransferases were higher. In contrast, the levels of serum aminotransferases were not useful for predicting the degree of histologic activity because of its wide range overlapping. When the histological activity was more severe and especially the cirrhosis more progressing, the prothrombin time was more prolonged. The histological severity was inversely related with the duration of seroconversion of HBeAg. Conclusions: The histological activity could not be accurately predicted by clinical and biochemical findings, but by the proper histological classification of the numerical scoring system for the biopsy specimen. The numerical scoring system was correlated well with the conventional histological classification, and it seems to be a valuable tool for the statistical analysis when predicting the outcome and evaluating effects of antiviral and other therapies in chronic hepatitis B in children.

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