• Title/Summary/Keyword: 혼잡도 지수

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인천항 항로 혼잡도 개선방안 연구

  • Gu, Ja-Yun;Kim, Seok-Jae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • 2007.12a
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    • pp.344-346
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    • 2007
  • 제2차 인천항 기본계획 수정계획(2006.12, 해양수산부)에 의거하여 인천항의 향후 물동량 추정과 이에 따른 항만개발계획이 수정 수립되었다. 특히 2009년 인천대교가 완공 계획됨에 따라 팔미도북서 출항항로의 설치 운영 등 항내 항로의 교통흐름에 큰 변화가 예견됨에 따라 각 항로별 교통 혼잡도를 분석하여 교통흐름을 원활하게 개선할 수 있는 방안을 제시하였다.

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Relation between Helicobacter pylori Infection and Socioeconomic Status in Korean Adolescents (Helicobacter pylori 감염과 사회경제적 요인에 대한 연구)

  • Jung, Min-Kyong;Kwon, Young-Se;Choe, Hyon;Choe, Yon-Ho;Hong, Yun-Chul
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2000
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the association between H. pylori infection and socioeconomic status and to determine the current prevalence of H. pylori infection in Korean adolescents. Methods: A structured questionnaire was sent to the children's parents to obtain demographic information on the parents and environmental information. Of the 532 questionnaires sent out, 375 (70.5%; 170 girls and 205 boys) were returned. Their ages ranged from 10 to 15 years (mean, 12.9 years). After collecting blood samples, we measured serum IgG antibody to H. pylori using ELISA method. The association of risk factors such as age, sex, socioeconomic class, type of house, and crowding index with H. pylori infection were analyzed by multiple regression analysis. Socioeconomic status was estimated from the parents' education and occupation using a modified Hollingshead index. Results: The prevalence rate of H. pylori infection was 16.8% (63/375). It increased with age (10.3% at 10~11 years, 15.9% at 12~13 years, and 20.7% at 14~15 years). The H. pylori infection was inversely related to the socioeconomic class (6.3% for the upper class, 16.0% for the middle class, and 20.0% for the lower calss). Crowding condition and type of house did not affect significantly on seroprevalence of H. pylori infection. After logistic regression, we found that the odds ratio for age was 2.2 (95% confidence interval 0.9~5.4), and for socioeconomic status, 3.6 (95% confidence interval 0.5~28.9). Conclusion: The prevalence of H. pylori infection in Korean adolescents was 16.8%. It related inversely to socioeconomic status but was not statistically significant. Socioeconomic status based on parents' education and occupation seemed to affect more on H. pylori seroprevalence than crowding or type of house did.

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