• Title, Summary, Keyword: 환축추 관절

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Radiological Diagnosis and Surgical Stabilization of the Atlantoaxial Subluxation in a dog (개의 환축추 아탁구의 방사선진단 및 외과적 고정)

  • 김남수
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.126-130
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    • 1997
  • 10개월경의 그리폰 벤딘 수컷 강아지가 8개월경부터 점점 운동 실조 및 마비증상을 나타내어 머독대학 동물병원에 내원 하였다. 내원 했을 때 주변에 매우 민감한 반응과 경계를 늦추지 않았지만 호흡과 심박수 및 체온은 정상이었다. 일반 방사선 사진 및 척수조영사진(myelography)을 촬영하여 확인한 결과 환축추의 불안정에 따른 척수의 복측 압박을 확인할 수 있었다. 외과적 고정은 복측 접근을 통하여 2개의 키르크너 강선(Kirschner wire)과 자가골이식을 실시하였으며 8주동안 외부 고정을 하였다. 수술 후 5개월 동안 지켜본 결과 증상은 꾸준히 좋아졌으며 환축추 관절으 관절고정술(arthrodesis)은 완벽한 고정을 유지하고 있었다.

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Atlantoaxial Joint Syndrome Misconceived as an Idiopathic Neuralgia -A case report- (특발성 신경통으로 오인된 환축추관절 증후군 -증례 보고-)

  • Hong, Seong Joon;Lee, Jeong Beom;Jung, Seung Won;Kim, II Seok;Lim, So Young;Shin, Keun Man
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.48-51
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    • 2005
  • Although the atlantoaxial joint is the most common site of rheumatoid arthritis, our patient had no symptoms or signs suggestive of rheumatoid arthritis. The atlantoaxial joint is frequently involved in degenerative osteoarthritis, especially in elderly patients. An 81-year old man presented with severe intermittent electric shock like, lancinating pain from the occipital to the temporal and parietofrontal areas. He also had neck pain and a limited range of motion. After many examinations and laboratory tests, at the department of neurology and neurosurgery, he was diagnosed with idiopathic neuralgia. The diagnosis of atlantoaxial joint syndrome was confirmed, and treated successfully with atlantoaxial joint block.

Diagnosis of C2 Spondylotic Radiculopathy by Physical Examination and Imaging Studies and Treatment by Microscopic Posterior Foraminotomy - A Case Report - (제 2경추증성 신경근증: 이학적 소견 및 영상촬영을 이용한 진단 및 현미경적 추간공 감압술을 통한 치료 - 증례 보고 -)

  • Jung, Yu-Hun;Lee, Young-Sang;Eun, Dong-Chan;Lee, Joon-Ha
    • Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.128-132
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    • 2018
  • Study Design: Case report. Objectives: We report the case of a patient with C2 spondylotic radiculopathy who was treated by microscopic posterior foraminotomy. Summary of Literature Review: C2 spondylotic radiculopathy is rare, but it can occur due to spondylosis, compression by a venous plexus or vertebral artery, or hypertrophy of the atlantoepistrophic ligament. Materials and Methods: A 64-year-old woman was hospitalized with severe occipital pain radiating toward the left cervical area and posterior to the left ear. It started 3 years previously, and became aggravated 3 months previously. Foraminal stenosis of C1-2 was observed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and degenerative changes of the facet joint of C1-2 and osteophytes originating from the left atlantoaxial joint were shown on computed tomography (CT). Dynamic rotational CT showed narrowing of the left C1-2 neural foramen when it was rotated to the left. Selective C2 root block was done, but the pain was aggravated. Thus, we decompressed the C2 nerve root by microscopic posterior laminotomy of the C1 vertebra. After surgery, the patient's occipitocervical pain mostly resolved. By the 6-month follow up, pain had not recurred, and instability was not observed on plain radiographs. Results: C2 Spondylotic radiculopathy was diagnosed by physical examination and imaging studies and it was treated by a surgical approach. Conclusions: C2 spondylotic radiculopathy should be considered when a patient complains of occipitocervical pain triggered by cervical rotation and C1-2 foraminal stenosis is observed on MRI and CT.