• Title, Summary, Keyword: 활주로표면

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Evaluation of Friction and Hydroplaning Characteristic in Aifield Using Dry Grooving Method (건식그루빙을 사용한 공항 활주로의 마찰 및 수막현상 특성평가)

  • Park, Tae-Soon
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2001
  • Since the advent of turbojet aircraft with their greater weight and high landing speed breaking performance on runway surface has become un critical. Under certain weather conditions(wet weather, winter) hydroplaning or unacceptable loss of traction can occur, resulting in poor braking performance and possible loss of directional control. To address this concern a number of research project me conducted by NASA, FAA, USAF. The various method which was reported the advantage of the increasing the friction and decreasing the hydroplaning effect. A-2 section of inchon international airport was grooved using drying grooving method. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the dry grooving method the surface was spray with water and measured the fiction factor and the depth of the water using Mu meter and water depth measuring device. The field test results shooed that the fiction factor nos increased and the depth of the water decreased. The dry grooving method illustrated the reduction of hydroplaning and also, no distress on the runway.

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Searching through the Legal Requirements of Airfield's Obstacle Limitation Surface for Extension of Goheung Aviation Test Center (고흥항공센터 확장을 위한 비행장 장애물 제한표면의 법적요건 조사)

  • Kim, Nan-Young;Han, Chang-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2012
  • Korea Aerospace Research Institute(KARI) has accomplished the planning study for setting up the mid-long term development plan of Goheung Aviation Test Center for the extensive use. In the future the aviation center will have a role of the complex center for the flight test, component test and R&D in Korea. KARI searches the legal requirements and informations for constructing the aviation test airfield in Goheung. Aviation law describes a lot of requirements to construct an airfield and the airfield also needs runway, equipments/facilities, obstacle limitation surfaces/distances, limitation altitudes and air space etc.. In this study the research results for the obstacle limitation Surface are mainly presented relating to the existing runway and the new large-scaled runway in Goheung.

Variation of Friction Coefficient of Airport Runway Surface by Rubber Deposits (고무 퇴적물에 의한 공항 활주로 표면 마찰계수 변화)

  • Cheon, Sung-Han;Lim, Jin-Sun;Park, Joo-Young;Jeong, Jin-Hoon
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.131-137
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, overseas criteria and research results were reviewed to develop a rational criterion proper to domestic airport runways on measurement of friction coefficient and removal of rubber deposit. The friction coefficients of the runways of the Incheon International Airport were measured by the ASFT(Airport Surface Friction Tester) from August 2007 to July 2009 and the data at intensively landed points were analyzed. Variation of the friction coefficient due to accumulation and removal of tire rubber was analyzed and seasonal influence on the variation were investigated by pavement types. The friction coefficient steadily decreased over a long term despite periodical removal of the rubber deposits. The variation of the friction coefficient in summer was larger than other seasons and asphalt pavement was more sensitive to the seasonal influence than concrete pavement. The friction coefficient of the asphalt pavement with macro texture was even larger than that of early age concrete pavement with micro texture. The variation of the friction coefficient of the asphalt pavement due to the deposit and removal of the tire rubber was also larger than that of the concrete pavement.

A Study on the Application of Runway Friction Measurements (활주로 마찰계수 측정 및 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Noh, Kun-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.62-68
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    • 2016
  • According to the accident/incident reports of aircraft runway overruns and excursions, it generally shows runway friction reduction and aircraft braking capability deterioration are the basic causes due to adverse weather. Although surface of paved runway gets wet, it also should give good friction capability. If runway surface is worn due to long time usage and friction capability is reduced due to rubber accumulation or weather conditions(snow, rain, ice etc.), airport authorities should rapidly measure friction coefficient and give them to relevant persons through aeronautical information system and support safe takeoff and landing. Operation wise, these information of friction coefficient reduction should be lead to aircraft performance adjustments, but the data from manufacturer(performance manual) are airplane braking coefficient and the data from airport authorities are vehicle measured braking coefficient. But these two data are considered as the same meaning although the definite relationship between them is not clarified yet. So I am trying to search for the technical background of these two data and suggest reasonable method to use them efficiently.

Seismic Techniques for the Integrated Assessment of Structural Integrity of Concrete Runway (콘크리트 활주로 건전도상태의 종합평가를 위한 비파괴 탄성파기법)

  • Joh Sung-Ho;Kang Tae-Ho;Cho Mi-Ra;Suh Young-Chan;Kwon Soo-Ahn
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.51-63
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    • 2005
  • Concrete pavement may suffer from material deterioration or structural problems, which lead to surface cracks and deflection of a concrete pavement. Degraded concrete pavement, when it is still under operation, should be recovered by an urgent maintenance to avoid the discontinued service leading to the significant traffic problems and economic loss. Seismic techniques are good tools to assess the structural integrity of concrete runway. It is because seismic techniques can evaluate engineering properties nondestructively and quickly and the evaluation can be extended to subgrade. In this study, a series of numerical simulations of stress-wave propagation were performed to verify feasibility of seismic techniques as an assessment tool. Based on the results of the numerical simulation, a framework of using seismic techniques was presented fur the nondestructive integrated assessment fur structural integrity of concrete runway. And the presented framework was applied to $\bigcirc\bigcirc$ concrete runway with surface cracks, which required urgent maintenance, to identify the causes of the surface cracks. The results obtained from the structural integrity assessment were compared with the measurements of the cores collected from the same runway for verification of the presented framework.

표면효과익선 관련 러시아 보유기술 조사보고

  • 이진태;김정환;김용수;주영렬;김상근
    • Bulletin of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 1995
  • 표면효과익선(WIG : Wing-In-Ground Effect Ship)은 해면 위를 낮게 비행함으로써 표면효과에 의한 양력 증가를 얻게 되어 초고속으로 운행할 수 있는 선박과 항공기의 중간형태의 차세대 해상운송 수단이다. 해면 위에 직접 이.착륙이 가능하기 때문에 별도의 활주로가 필요 없으며 수륙양용으로 사용 가능하다. 연근해 도서지방 관광 및 신선도 유지가 필수적인 신속화물의 수 송에도 사용될 수 있으며 해난사고 구난 및 해양 경비용으로도 사용가능한 해상 운송수단이다. 본 고에서는 표면효과익선의 특징을 간략히 살펴보고 21세기 고속해상운송수단으로 사용될 가 능성에 대한 경제성 검토 및 핵심애로기술을 살펴보았으며 러시아 표면효과익선의 발달과정과 개발된 선종의 특징을 조사하였다.

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Performance of Constructed Facilities: Pavement Structural Evaluation of William P Hobby Airport in Houston, Texas

  • Kim, Sung-Hee;Jeong, Jin-Hoon;Kim, Nak-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.21-25
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    • 2009
  • The results of a recent case study for material characterizations and structural evaluation to design asphalt overlay thickness of William P Hobby airport in Houston, Texas are presented herein. The existing runway 12R-30L of Hobby airport consisted of thick asphalt overlay over Portland Cement Concrete (PCC) and the localized surface shoving as evident in the closure of surface groove has been observed recently. Using the field cored asphalt concrete mixtures, measurements of percent air voids, asphalt content and aggregate gradation were conducted to find out the causations of surface shoving and groove closure. The FAA layered elastic program, LEDFAA was utilized to evaluate pavement structural conditions for new asphalt overlay. Two different composition assumptions for existing pavement were made to evaluate the pavement as followings: 1) APC, Asphalt Concrete Overlay over PCC pavement and 2) AC, Asphalt Concrete pavement. Based on laboratory testing results, a ratio of percent passing #200 to asphalt content ranged 1.1 to 2.2, which is considered a high ratio and a tendency of tender mix design was observed. Thus, the localized surface shoving and groove closure of the runway 12R-30L could be attributed to the use of excessive fine contents and tender mix design. Based on the structural evaluation results, it was ascertained that the analysis assuming the pavement structure as AC pavement gives more realistic structural life when the asphalt overlay is thicker enough compared to PCC layer because the existing PCC pavement under asphalt overlay acts more like a high quality base material.

Ground Clutter Modelling and Its Effect of Detection Performance in FOD FMCW Radar (FOD 탐지 FMCW 레이다에서 지면 클러터 모델링 및 탐지성능에 대한 영향 분석)

  • Song, Seungeon;Kim, Bong-seok;Kim, Sangdong;Kim, Minsoo;Kim, Yoonseob;Lee, Jonghun
    • Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2018
  • This paper deals with ground clutter model for FOD (foreign object debris) surveillance FMCW (frequency modulated continuous waveform) radar. In the FOD surveillance radar, it has received not only the signals reflected by FOD, but also the clutters of the surface of the runway and the grassland simultaneously. However, to detect the FOD, the clutter rejection algorithm is necessary because the RCS (radar cross section) of FOD is nearly same to RCS of the grassland. In addition, it is difficult to apply the MTI (moving target indicator) algorithm as the clutter rejection algorithm because both the FOD and the clutter coexist stationarily. Hence, to remove the stationary clutter, it is crucial to accurately generate clutter map considering the surface of road. In this paper, in order to generate the clutter map, the respective beat signal at every range bin is generated in the case of only the surface without FOD, and then the beat signal accumulated 100 times. And also, Weibull distribution is applied to the RCS value to take the scattering distribution of clutter into consideration. The simulation results show that FOD can be well detected by applying the generated clutter map to the FOD FMCW radar.

Development of the Rubber Removal Primer to Reduce Pavement Damage for Removal of Rubber Deposits in Runways (활주로 고무 퇴적물 제거를 위한 포장 파손 저감형 사전처리제 개발 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Ung;You, Kwang-Ho;Cho, Nam-Hyun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.695-704
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    • 2016
  • Rubber deposited during aircraft landing is known as the main cause of reducing surface friction force on wet surfaces. Thus, rubber deposits are removed at regular intervals for sae airplane landing. The high-pressure waterblast method, widely used for the removal of rubber deposits, is regarded as the main cause for the loss of surface material because in this method, water hits the surface directly at a high pressure. In this study, a rubber removal primer is developed to reduce surface damage by lowering the pressure of waterblast relatively during the removal of rubber deposits such that the deposits are removed efficiently even with a lower water pressure. To achieve this, basic materials appropriate for the primer were selected and their performance, penetration rate, and site applicability were evaluated. Based on the evaluations, the proportion of additive required for improving the performance of the basic materials was first determined. Then, the optimum mix ratio was derived through the evaluation of the effect on pavements, and the development of the rubber removal primer was completed.

A Case Study on Application of Obstacle Limitation Criteria for Specific Conditions of Airports (특정 조건의 비행장에서 장애물제한규정 적용 사례연구)

  • Kim, DoHyun;Kim, Woong Yi
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 2016
  • Obstacle defines all fixed and mobile objects, or parts thereof, that are located on an area intended for the surface movement of aircraft or extend above a defined surface intended to protect aircraft in flight or stand outside those defined surfaces and that have been assessed as being a hazard to air navigation. The airspace around airports are maintained free from obstacles so as to permit the intended aeroplane operations at the airports to be conducted safely and to prevent the airports from becoming unusable by the growth of obstacles around the airports. This is achieved by establishing a series of obstacle limitation surfaces or airspace imaginary surfaces that define the limits to which objects may project into the airspace. This is a case study that shows an application of obstacle limitation criteria, which must be maintained free from an critical obstacle, for specific conditions of two airports. For the purpose of the application, aeronautical studies/flight safety influence assessments were used to identify possible solutions and select a solution that is acceptable without degrading aviation safety.