• Title, Summary, Keyword: ACE inhibitory

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Evaluation of Angiotensin -I- Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity and Protein Changes of Enzymatic Hydrolysate Extracted from Hanwoo Loin and Round Myosin B (한우 등심과 우둔에서 추출한 Myosin B의 효소적 가수분해물의 단백질 변화와 Angiotensin -I- Converting Enzyme(ACE) 저해효과)

  • Kim, Y.J.;Chin, Koo-Bok
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.129-136
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    • 2007
  • This study was performed to determine the protein profiles using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Angiotensin-I-converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitory activity (IC50) as affected by the various meat cuts, digestion times with pepsin. Hydrolysates having the protein concentration of 10 ug/mL had approximately 36∼39% ACE inhibitory activities, regardless of meat cut and digestion time. Protein concentration and ACE inhibitory activity of the diluted hydrolysate increased after 1-hr digestion. In original hydrolysates, ACE inhibitory activities of loin had higher than those of round (P<0.05). In addition, non-heated hydrolysates had higher ACE inhibitory activities than heated counterparts. When myosin B was digested by pepsin more than 1 hr, improved ACE inhibitory activities were observed as compared to the non-digested control.

Separation and Purification of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Peptides Derived from Goat's Milk Casein Hydrolysates

  • Lee, K.J.;Kim, S.B.;Ryu, J.S.;Shin, H.S.;Lim, J.W.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.741-746
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    • 2005
  • To investigate the basic information and the possibility of ACE-inhibitory peptides for antihypertension materials, goat's caisin (CN) was hydrolyzed by various proteolytic enzymes and ACE-inhibitory peptides were separated and purified. ACE-inhibition ratios of enzymatic hydrolysates of goat's CN and various characteristics of ACE-inhibitory peptides were determined. ACE-inhibition ratios of goat's CN hydrolysates were shown the highest with 87.84% by pepsin for 48 h. By Sephadex G-25 gel chromatograms, Fraction 3 from goat's CN hydrolysates by pepsin for 48 h was confirmed the highest ACE-inhibition activity. Fraction 3 g and Fraction 3 gh from peptic hydrolysates by RP-HPLC to first and second purification were the highest in ACE-inhibition activity, respectively. The most abundant amino acid was leucine (18.83%) in Fraction 3 gh of ACE-inhibitory peptides after second purification. Amino acid sequence analysis of Fraction 3 gh of ACE-inhibitory peptides was shown that the Ala-Tyr-Phe-Tyr, Pro-Tyr-Tyr and Tyr-Leu. IC$_{50}$ calibrated in peptic hydrolysates at 48 h, Fraction 3, Fraction 3 g and Fraction 3 gh from goat's CN hydrolysates by pepsin for 48 h were 29.89, 3.07, 1.85 and 0.87 g/ml, respectively. Based on the results of this experiment, goat's CN hydrolysates by pepsin were shown to have ACE-inhibitory activity.

The Novel Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Peptide from Rainbow Trout Muscle Hydrolysate

  • Kim, Sung-Rae;Byun, Hee-Guk
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.183-190
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was the purification and characterization of an angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptide purified from enzymatic hydrolysates of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss muscle. After removal of lipid, the approximate composition analysis of the rainbow trout revealed 24.4%, 1.7%, and 68.3% for protein, lipid, and moisture, respectively. Among six hydrolysates, the peptic hydrolysate exhibited the highest ACE inhibitory activity. We attempted to purify ACE inhibitory peptides from peptic hydrolysate using high performance liquid chromatography on an ODS column. The $IC_{50}$ value of purified ACE inhibitory peptide was $63.9{\mu}M$. The amino acid sequence of the peptide was identified as Lys-Val-Asn-Gly-Pro-Ala-Met-Ser-Pro-Asn-Ala-Asn, with a molecular weight of 1,220 Da, and the Lineweaver-Burk plots suggested that they act as a competitive inhibitor against ACE. Our study suggested that novel ACE inhibitory peptides purified from rainbow trout muscle protein may be beneficial as anti-hypertension compounds in functional foods.

Separation and Purification of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Peptides derived from Goat's Milk Whey Hydrolysates (산양유 Whey로부터 ACE 억제 Peptide의 분리 및 정제)

  • Lee, K.J.;Kim, S.B.;Ryu, J.S.;Shin, H.S.;Lim, J.W.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2005
  • ACE-inhibitory peptides derived from goat's whey hydrolyzed by various proteolytic enzymes were separated and purified for antihypertension materials. The highest ACE-inhibitory activity of goat's whey hydrolysates was 85.5 % by pepsin for 72 hrs. Also the highest ACE-inhibitory activity of goat's whey hydrolysates was F-4 by pepsin for 72 hrs by Sephadex G-25 gel chromatograms. F-4e and F-4ed from F-4 by RP-HPLC to first and second purification were the highest in ACE-inhibitory activity, respectively. The most abundant amino acid was leucine(I 8.54 %) in F-4ed of ACE-inhibitory peptides after second purification. Amino acid sequence of F-4ed of ACE-inhibitory peptides showed Leu-Lys-Asp-Tyr-Gly-GlyVal- Ser-Leu and Leu-Gly-Asp-Gly-Ala-Gly- Asp-Val-Ala-Phe. $IC_{50}$ calibrated in peptic hydrolysates(72 hrs), F-4, F-4e and F-4ed from goat's whey hydrolysates by pepsin for 72 hrs were 33.93, 28.75, 11.74 and 1.09 mg/ml, respectively. From the results of this experiment, goat's whey hydrolysate by pepsin was shown to have ACE-inhibitory activity.

Effect of phlorotannins isolated from Ecklonia cava on angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity

  • Wijesinghe, W.A.J.P.;Ko, Seok-Chun;Jeon, You-Jin
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.93-100
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    • 2011
  • Inhibition of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity is the most common mechanism underlying the lowering of blood pressure. In the present study, five organic extracts of a marine brown seaweed Ecklonia cava were prepared by using ethanol, ethyl acetate, chloroform, hexane, and diethyl ether as solvents, which were then tested for their potential ACE inhibitory activities. Ethanol extract showed the strongest ACE inhibitory activity with an $IC_{50}$ value of 0.96 mg/ml. Five kinds of phlorotannins, phloroglucinol, triphlorethol-A, eckol, dieckol, and eckstolonol, were isolated from ethanol extract of E. cava, which exhibited potential ACE inhibition. Dieckol was the most potent ACE inhibitor and was found to be a non-competitive inhibitor against ACE according to Lineweaver-Burk plots. Dieckol had an inducible effect on the production of NO in EAhy926 cells without having cytotoxic effect. The results of this study indicate that E. cava could be a potential source of phlorotalnnins with ACE inhibitory activity for utilization in production of functional foods.

Purification of Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Peptide from Squid Todarodes pacificus Skin (오징어(Todarodes pacificus) 껍질로부터 Angiotensin I 전환효소 저해 펩티드의 분리 정제)

  • Lee, Jung-Kwon;Jeon, Joong-Kyun;Byun, Hee-Guk
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.118-125
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    • 2011
  • In this study, an angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor from squid skin was purified and characterized. Squid (Todarodes pacificus) skin protein isolates were hydrolyzed using six commercial proteases: alcalase, ${\alpha}$-chymotrypsin, neutrase, papain, pepsin, and trypsin. The peptic hydrolysate had the highest ACE inhibitory activity. The ACE inhibitory peptide was purified using Sephadex G-25 column chromatography and reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with a $C_{18}$ column. The purified ACE inhibitory peptide was identified and sequenced, and found to consist of seven amino acid residues: Ser-Ala-Gly-Ser-Leu-Val-Pro (657Da). The $IC_{50}$ value of the purified ACE inhibitory peptide was 766.2 ${\mu}M$, and Lineweaver-Burk plots suggested that the purified peptide acts as a noncompetitive ACE inhibitor. These results suggest that the ACE inhibitory peptide purified from the peptic hydrolysate of squid skin may be of benefit in developing antihypertensive drugs and functional foods.

ACE Inhibitory Materials from Raja kenojei (홍어의 항고혈압 활성물질)

  • 임현수
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.668-674
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to investigate the ACE inhibitory materials of Raja kenojei. Raja kenojei was sperated to fillet and viscera, and these were extracted with hot water. Antihypertensive activity was examined by mesearing angiotensin converting enzyme ACE inhibitory activity. ACE inhibitory activity of viscera at the concentration of 2% for Day 0 showed the highest value by 71.0%. But ACE inhibitory activity of fillet at 2% showed by 29%, which was lower antihypertensive activity than viscera. The protein content of viscerial hot water extracts in proximate composition showed the highest. And also, there was a large amount of aromatic and branched aliphatic amino acids in viscera than those in fillet. For the purification of antihypertensive material in visceral hot water extracts, it was separated and collected by Sephadex G-25 gel chromatography. The fraction (B) of 111 to 160 showed the highest ACE inhibitory activity by 65.1% at the concentration of 0.05%. But the other fractions (A and C) showed lower activity than B. These results demonstrate that crude hot water extracts of viscera from Raj kenojei may be useful as functional food ingredient with antihypertensive property.

The Relationshin between ACE Inhibitory Activity and Degradations of Sulfur Containing Materials in Dolsan Leaf Mustard Juice

  • Yoo Eun-Jeong;Choi Myeong-Rak;Lim Hyun-Soo
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.400-404
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    • 2004
  • This Study was tarried out to investigate the relationship ACE inhibitory activity and degradations of sulfur containing materials in Dolsan leaf mustard juice (DLMJ). The changes of sulfur containing materials which were treated with autolysis, myrosinase, ascorbate and papain were studied, as well as the changes of ACE inhibitory activity in DLMJ. At $37^{\circ}C$, sulfur contain-ing materials by autolysis decreased most rapidly from $0.43\%$ to $0.13\%$ in the second day. Conversely. ACE inhibitory activity increased most from $66\%$ to $87\%$. in the second day at $37^{\circ}C$. As myrosinase concentrations increased more, sulfur containing materials in DLMJ decreased more. The ACE inhibitory activities at 0, 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 Units of myrosinase for 240 min later were 70, 74, 75, 82, and $85\%$, respectively. At 1 mM ascorbate. concentrations of Sulfur containing materials in DLMJ decreased more significantly on the second day than on the other days. At 1 mM ascorbate for 6 days, ACE Inhibitory activity reached a maximum of about $92\%$. And, an increase of papain concentration was noted in accordance with a decreased sulfur containing materials. The maximum rate of AEC inhibitory activity at control, 3, 6, and 12 Units of papains treatments was shown as 70, 70, 75, and $78\%$ at 60 min, respectively. These results suggested that the degradation of sulfur containing materials led to the increase of ACE inhibitory activity. Consequently, it was suggested that ACE inhibiting was significantly related to the degradatives of sulfur containing materials.

Angiotensin I Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity of Krill (Euphausia superba) Hydrolysate

  • Kim Dong-Soo;Park Douck-Choun;Do Jeong-Ryong
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.21-27
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    • 2002
  • Angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitory activities of shelled krill (Euphausia superba) hydrolysates by autolysis and by hydrolysis with commercial proteases were analyzed. Among the proteases, Alcalase was the most effective protease for the hydrolysis of krill considering the degree of hydrolysis $(87.5\%)$ and the ACE inhibitory activity $(60\%)$. Four hour hydrolysis suggested as the most suitable and economic. In order to establish the optimum hydrolysis condition of krill, degree of hydrolysis and ACE inhibitory activity as affected by Alcalase concentration and water amount added were statistically analyzed by response surface methodology (RSM). The optimum hydrolysis condition was $2.0\%$ Alcalase hydrolysis in 2 volumes (v/w) of water at $55\% for 4 hr. The hydrolysate prepared from the optimum hydrolysis condition was fractionated by molecular weight. The lower molecular weight fraction showed the higher ACE inhibitory activity. $IC_{50}$ of the fraction under 500 Da was 0.57mg protein/mL.

Antioxidant and ACE Inhibitory Activities of Soybean Hydrolysates: Effect of Enzyme and Degree of Hydrolysis

  • Lee, Ji-Soo;Yoo, Mi-Ae;Koo, Seung-Hyun;Baek, Hyung-Hee;Lee, Hyeon-Gyu
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.873-877
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    • 2008
  • Native soy protein isolate (SPI) was hydrolyzed with 4 different proteolytic enzymes, including bromelain, papain, Neutrase, and Flavourzyme. SPI hydrolysates with the degree of hydrolysis (DH) in range of 6 to 15% were prepared by each enzyme. The angiotensin 1 converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory and the antioxidant activities of the SPI hydrolysates, such as superoxide dismutase-like activity and inhibition of the linoleic acid autoxidation, were evaluated. Overall, as the DH increased, all evaluated bioactivities of the SPI hydrolysates significantly increased. The significantly highest ACE inhibitory and antioxidant activities were found in hydrolysates made with papain and bromelain, respectively. SPI hydrolysates by Flavourzyme showed the significantly lowest activity in all tested bioactivities. The results suggested that ACE inhibitory and antioxidant activities of SPI hydrolysates were determined by the DH and by the enzyme used.