• Title, Summary, Keyword: Acer tegmentosum Maxim

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A Study of the Inhibitory Effect of Acer tegmentosum Max. on Fibrogenesis in Hepatic Stellate Cell Line T6 (산청목(山靑木)이 간섬유화 진행 억제에 미치는 효과에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Bo;Woo, Hong-Jung
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.346-355
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was performed in order to investigate the anti-fibrogenic effect of Acer tegmentosum Maxim. on r at hepatic stellate cell line T6. Materials and Methods : Hepatic stellate Cells (T6) were treated with various concentrations of distilled water Acer teg mentosum Maxim. extract for 24, 48, 72 hours. After the treatment, cell viability, proliferation, procollagen levels, mRNA of AS MA, MMP-2, collagen type 1a2 and IL-6 production were measured using MTT assay, BrdU assay, RT-PCR, procollagen typ e 1 C-peptide EIA kit and murine IL-6 ELISA development kit. Results : Cell viability of HSC-T6 decreased significantly in both 24 hours and 48 hours groups in a dose-dependant man ner. Proliferation of HSC also decreased in the same way. In the RT-PCR, mRNA expression of collagen type 1a2 and ASMA decreased in the groups which were treated with Acer tegmentosum Maxim. for 24 hours. The production of procollagen tended to decrease in a dose-dependant manner in the 24 hours treated group. IL-6 production increased under Acer tegmentosum trea tment in a dose-dependant manner in both 24 and 48 hours groups. Conclusion : These results show the possibility that Acer tegmentosum Maxim. can be an effective remedy for liver fibrosi s and liver cirrhosis.

Antioxidant activity and improvement effect of Acer tegmentosum Maxim of dietary fatty liver in rat fed on a high-fat diet (벌나무(Acer tegmentosum Maxim) 추출물의 항산화 활성 및 고지방식이를 급이한 흰쥐의 지방간 개선 효과)

  • Lee, Soo-Jung;Cho, Hang Hee;Song, Yuno;Jang, Sun-Hee;Cho, Jae-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 2019
  • The effects on the radical scavenging activities and hepatic lipid levels in rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD) in the 70% ethanolic extract from Acer tegmentosum Maxim (ATM) were evaluated. Total phenol content of ATM was 168.60 mg catechin/g in the 70% ethanolic extract of Acer tegmentosum. The DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities were 18.32 mM TE/g and 32.25 mM TE/g, respectively. Food efficiency ratio was lower significantly in supplemented group with 150 mg/kg BW/day during 5 weeks (HFD+ATM) compared to HFD. Total cholesterol and triglyceride contents in liver tissue of HFD+ATM were lower significantly compared to those of the HFD. Supplementation of ATM significantly decreased lipid peroxide contents and increased radical scavenging activity in the liver tissue compared with that of HFD group. Moreover, the hepatocytes of HFD rats showed a typical fatty liver morphology showing the presence of cytoplasmic lipid droplets, whereas administration of ATM attenuated the number and the size of lipid droplets. In the liver tissue of ATM administrated HFD group, the mRNA levels of SREBP-1c, $PPAR{\gamma}$, and FAS were decreased. Therefore, these results suggest that Acer tegmentosum extracts could have antioxidant activities and the hypolipidemic effects in liver tissue by its phenolic compounds.

Anti-adipogenic Activity of Acer tegmentosum and its Constituent, Catechin in 3T3-L1 Cells

  • Liu, Qing;Shin, Eun-Jin;Ahn, Mi-Jeong;Hwang, Bang-Yeon;Lee, Mi-Kyeong
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.212-215
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    • 2011
  • In the course of screening anti-adipogenic activity of natural products employing the preadipocyte cell line, 3T3-L1 as an in vitro assay system, the EtOAc fraction of the stem barks of Acer tegmentosum Maxim (Aceraceae) showed significant inhibitory activity on adipocyte differentiation as assessed by measuring fat accumulation using Oil Red O staining. Activity-guided fractionation led to the isolation of active constituent, (+)-catechin. (+)-Catechin showed inhibitory activity on adipocyte differentiation in dose-dependent manner. Further studies with interval treatment demonstrated that (+)-catechin exerted inhibitory activity on adipocyte differentiation via acting on early stage of adipogenesis. Our present study also showed that (+)-catechin significantly inhibited the preadipocyte proliferation. Taken together, these results suggest that (+)-catechin, a constituent of A. tegmentosum might contribute the anti-adipogenic activity of A. tegmentosum.

Anticytotoxic and Radical Scavenging Activities of Acer tegmentosum Maxim Stem Extracts (산겨릅나무 줄기 추출물의 세포독성 억제 및 라디칼 소거 활성)

  • Rhim, Tae-Jin
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.1315-1329
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    • 2015
  • The objective of this study was to investigate anticytotoxic and antioxidatative capacities of ethanol extracts from Acer tegmentosum Maxim (A. tegmentosum) stem in vitro. The extract at concentration of 200 ug/mL inhibited 10 and 20 ug/mL arsenic trioxide-induced cytotoxicity of HepG2 cells by 79.3 and 57.5%, respectively. The extract at concentration of 200 ug/mL inhibited 0.2 and 0.5 mM t-BHP-induced cytotoxicity of HepG2 cells by 66.3 and 35.7%, respectively. Antioxidative effects of the extract were examined via measurement of ABTS, superoxide, and peroxyl radical scavenging activities. ABTS radical scavenging activity of the extract was higher than that of ${\alpha}$-tocopherol. Superoxide scavenging activity of the extract was higher than that of catechin. Oxygen radical absorbance capacity of the extract was higher than that of ascorbic acid. Cupric reducing antioxidant capacity of the extract was higher than that of ${\alpha}$-tocopherol. The extract at concentrations of 100 and $500{\mu}g/mL$ inhibited 10 mM t-BHP-induced lipid peroxidation of HepG2 cells by 38.2 and 80.7%, respectively. The extract prevented supercoiled DNA strand breakage induced by hydroxyl or peroxyl radical. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents of the extract at concentration of $100{\mu}g/mL$ were 71.3 nmol/mL gallic acid and 18.8 nmol/mL catechin equivalents, respectively. Thus, strong cytoprotective and antioxidant effects of A. tegmentosum stem extract seem to be due to, at least in part, the prevention from free radicals-induced oxidation as well as high levels in polyphenolic contents.

Effects of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver in Rats by Acer tagmentosum Maxim. Extract (산겨릅나무 추출물을 이용한 비알콜성 지방간 개선 효과)

  • Seo, Yoonhee;Lee, Sang-Hwa;Hwang, Hyung Seo;Choe, Soo Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.307-312
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    • 2016
  • This study was performed to investigate the effects of Acer tegmentosum Maxim. extract (ATE) on non-alcoholic fatty liver in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. During oral administration of ATE, non-alcoholic fatty liver was induced by treatment with DL-ethionine. The lipid, total cholesterol (T-CHO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the liver tissue of ATE-fed rats showed lower levels, as compared to ATE-unfed rats. In ATE-fed rats, the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and ${\gamma}$-glutamyl transferase (GGT) were lower than the case of ATE-unfed rats. Oil red staining of the liver showed that the lipid deposits were decreased by feeding ATE. These results strongly indicated that ATE has positive effects of protection against non-alcoholic fatty liver formation.

Effects of Mixture with Hovenia dulcis Thunb and Acer tegmentosum Maxim on Liver Failure Induced by D-galactosamine in Rats (지구자(枳椇子) 산청목(山靑木) 배합(配合)이 D-galactosamine 유발 백서의 간손상에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Seon-A;Moon, Goo
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.11-24
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was carried out to investigate the hepatoprotective effects of mixture with Hovenia dulcis Thunb (HDT) and Acer tegmentosum Maxim(ATM) on D-galactosamine-induced liver failure in rats. Methods : The animals were divided into 4 groups: control, with liver failure and no treatment; H1A1, with liver failure and oral treatment with HDT 1 and ATM 1; H1A2, with liver failure and oral treatment with HDT 1 and ATM 2; H1A4, with liver failure and oral treatment with HDT 1 and ATM 4. The animals were treated for 3 weeks and then examinations of change of body weight, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), gamma glutamyl transpeptidase ($\gamma$-GTP), total cholesterol, triglyceride, total bilirubin, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, histopathologic change, and complete blood count (CBC) were performed. Results : All experimental groups had significantly decreased AST in serum and markedly increased activity of SOD as compared with the control group. H1A1, and H1A4 significantly decreased ALT in serum and H1A4 at 2 weeks was significantly higher on the change of body weight as compared with the control group. In histopathologic change of liver tissue by light microscopy, all experimental groups showed recovery effects of liver cells which were damaged by D-galactosamine. Conclusions : Based upon these results, it could be assumed that a mixture of HDT and ATM has hepatoprotective and antioxidative effects on D-galactosamine-induced liver failure. Therefore, a mixture of HDT and ATM might be utilized as a protective agent in therapy for liver diseases.

Effect of Acer tegmentosum Maxim. extract on differentiation of osteoblastic Primary calvarial osteoblasts cells (조골세포의 분화에 산겨릅나무 추출물이 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Tae Woo;Shim, Ki-Shuk;Kim, Kwang-Youn;Cho, Won-Kyung;Park, Kwang Il;Ma, Jin Yeul
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.527-536
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : The present study, to confirm the osteoblast differentiation effects of Acer tegmentosum Maxim. (AT) extract. Methods : In this experiment, cell viability, Alizarin red S assay, and Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity with AT extract (50, $100{\mu}g/m{\ell}$). Also, we studied the expression of differentiation regulator with AT extract in primary calvarial osteoblasts cells (pOB). Results : As a result of AT treatment, we determined that AT extract stimulates ALP activity and alizarin red activities in the pOB cells for mineralization for 18 days. Moreover, these factors increasing osteogenic markers such as Runt-related transcription factor2 ($Run{\times}2$), osteocalcin (OC), osteopontin, osterix, smad1, smad5, activating transcription factor4 (ATF4) and collagen type I alpha 1. Conclusions : These results indicate that AT extract have effect on bone through the promotion of osteoblastic differentiation, suggesting that it could be used for the treatment of bone diseases.

Quantitative Analysis of the Ten Phytochmicals in Acer tegmentosum Maxim by UPLC-MS/MS (UPLC-MS/MS를 이용한 산천목 중 10종 성분의 함량 분석)

  • Hwang, Youn-Hwan;Li, Wei;Yang, Hye Jin;Ma, Jin Yeul
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 2018
  • Acer tegmentosum Maxim (ATM) has been used to treat hepatic disorders in traditional oriental medicine. However, there is little information about phytochemical constituents for quality control of ATM. In this study, we developed and established a simultaneous analytical method of the 10 marker compounds (three coumarins, 3 flavonoids, 1 lignan, 3 phenolics) in ATM using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Chromatographic separation of ten target analytes was achieved with a Waters Acquity UPLC BEH $C_{18}$ analytical column ($2.1{\times}100mm$, $1.7{\mu}m$), using a mobile phase of 0.1% (v/v) formic acid in water and acetonitrile with gradient elution. Identifications and quantitation of all analytes were performed using a Q-Exactive UPLC-MS/MS system. Correlation coefficients of the calibration curve for all analytes were ${\geq}0.9986$. The values of limits of detection and quantification of all analytes were 0.5-10.0 and 5.0-50.0 ng/mL, respectively. The established UPLC-MS/MS method successfully identified all target analytes in ATM, and the phytochemicals were 0.01-67.98 mg/g in its lyophilized water extract.

Acer tegmentosum Maxim Prevents Bone Loss by Inhibiting Osteoclastogenesis and Promoting Osteoblast Mineralization in Ovariectomized Mice

  • Oh, Tae Woo;Park, Kwang-Il;Do, Hyun Ju;Kim, Kyungho;Yang, Hye Jin;Cho, Won Kyung;Ma, Jin Yeul
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 2020
  • Osteoporosis is a worldwide disease leading to significant economic and societal burdens globally. Osteoporosis is caused by unbalanced bone remodeling between the rate of osteoclast bone resorption and osteoblast bone formation. Acer tegmentosum Maxim (AT) is a traditional herbal medicine containing multiple biological activities such as anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory purposes. However, its role in osteoporosis has not been fully studied. Therefore, we investigated whether AT has a potent inhibitory effect on osteoporosis and its mechanism through a systemic evaluation in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. OVX mice were orally administrated with the AT at doses of 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg for 10 weeks. Histological images and histomorphometry analyses were performed by H&E and Toluidine blue satin, and the expression levels of receptor activator for nuclear factor-kB ligand (RANKL), nuclear factor of activated T cells cytoplasm 1 (NFATc1), c-Fos, and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) related to the osteoclast differentiation were investigated using immunohistochemical analysis. Administration of AT prevented bone loss and the alternations of osteoporotic bone parameters at the distinct regions of the distal femur and spongiosa region in OVX mice. Further, administration of AT increased periosteal bone formation in a dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, AT inhibited not only the expression of NFATc1 and c-Fos, which are two major regulators of osteoclastogenesis but also reduced bone resorbed encoding expression of MMP9 and RANKL. Our results indicated that administration of AT prevented bone loss and the alternations of osteoporotic bone parameters at the distinct regions of the distal femur and spongiosa region in OVX mice. Also AT has the bone protective effect through the suppression of osteoclast and promotion of osteoblast, suggesting that it could be a preventive and therapeutic candidate for anti-osteoporosis.

Cytotoxic Phenolic Constituents of Acer tegmentosum Maxim

  • Park, Ki-Myun;Yang, Min-Cheol;Lee, Kyu-Ha;Kim, Kyung-Ran;Choi, Sang-Un;Lee, Kang-Ro
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.29 no.12
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    • pp.1086-1090
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    • 2006
  • The chromatographic separation of the MeOH extract from the twigs of Acer tegmentosum led to the isolation of ten phenolic compounds. The structures of these compounds were determined using spectroscopic methods as 3,7,3',4'-tetramethyl-quercetin (1), 5,3'-dihydroxy-3,7,4'-trimethoxy flavone (2), 2,6-dimethoxy-p-hydroquinone (3), (-)-catechin (4), morin-3-O-${\alpha}$-L-lyxoside (5), p-hydroxy phenylethyl-O-${\beta}$-D-glucopyranoside (6), 3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxy phenyl-1-O-${\beta}$-D-glucoside (7), fraxin (8), 3,5-dimethoxy-benzyl alcohol 4-O-${\beta}$-D-glucopyranoside (9) and 4-(2,3-dihydroxy propyl)-2,6-dimethoxy phenyl ${\beta}$-D-glucopyranoside (10). The compounds were examined for their cytotoxic activity against five cancer cell lines. Compound 3 exhibited good cytotoxic activity against five human cancer cell lines with $ED_{50}$ values ranging from $1.32\;to\;3.85\;{\mu}M$.