• Title/Summary/Keyword: Adult orthodontics

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CLINICAL USE OF CORTICOTOMIES IN ADULT ORTHODONTICS (성인 교정치료를 위한 피질골절단술(Corticotomy)의 임상 적용)

  • Lee, Baek-Soo;Hwang, Hye-Wook;Chung, Kyu-Rhim
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.303-311
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    • 1999
  • In adult patients, the corrections of their malocclusion may be more difficult and require longer treatment time due to thicker layer of cortical bone and reduced blood supply. Recently, various methods such as surgery, implant for anchorage and corticotomy have been tried to overcome these problems. Corticotomy is a surgical technique in which a fissure is made through the cortical bone that surrounds a tooth so that the tooth is embedded within a block of bone that is connected to adjacent blocks through only the medullary bone. Technique of corticotomy has been widely used for correction of maxillary transverse deficiency, but hasn't actively in other fields of orthodontics. We applied corticotomies in many types of orthodontic treatment and had satisfactory results. We suggested clinical application of corticotomy in adult orthodontics to reduce treatment period and to achieve better stability after orthodontic treatment.

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Mandibular Symphysis Transverse Widening (임상가를 위한 특집 2 - 하악골의 외과적 확장)

  • Oh, Sung-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.313-321
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    • 2013
  • The most common orthodontic methods of treating mandibular transverse deficiencies is extractions, interdental stripping, and other dento-alveolar compensation but it can not addressesd about skeletal problem This study assessed the treatment outcomes after surgically assisted rapid tooth orthodontics using the symphysis osteotomy and dentoalveolar distraction osteogenesis technique. The applications of distraction osteogenesis in mandibular widening, by symphysis osteotomy, has emerged as a definitive, predictable and better stability. The most important factors in mandibular widening is performed with simple surgical technique and devices. As a results, these techniques are very useful and effective in cases of difficult tooth movement in adult orthodontics transverse problems There were few intraoperative or postoperative complications and were not clinically significant.

Case Reports of Elderly Patients in Aging Society (성이 교정환장의 치험 예)

  • Park, Yang-Ho;Cheon, Se-Hwan;Lee, Kyu-Hong;Hwang, Yong-In;Kim, Yoon-Ji;Kim, Seon-Ah
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.45 no.12 s.463
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    • pp.753-760
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    • 2007
  • Recently orthodontics in elderly people is continually increasing due to aging of the society arising from decrease of birth rate as well as death rate. As the elderly population grows, needs for oral health care increases, and elderly patients with poor teeth alignment need more attention with orthodontic treatment. Our study analyzes various treatment protocols for different cases of aged orthodontic patients, and following are considerations in orthodontic treatment of elderly patients. 1. Periodontal treatment should be preceded before orthodontic treatment. 2. Periodontal condition should be considered when selecting teeth for extraction 3. In dealing with the residual prosthesis, condition of prosthesis, anchorage availability, and need for size reduction, patient seconomic status should be taken into consideration. 4. Fixed retainers are recommended for retention.

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Oral Status of Middle-aged Orthodontic Patients and Their Treatment Modality; Comparison with Young-aged Adult Patients (지상보수교육강좌 1 - 중장년 성인교정환자의 구강상태 및 치료양태에 관한 연구; 젊은 성인교정환자와의 비교분석)

  • Lee, Hyeon-Jung;Kim, Jin-Young;Cho, Jin-Hyoung;Hwang, Hyeon-Shik
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.391-406
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    • 2010
  • Orthodontic treatment for middle-aged patients has become more commonplace with various reasons including improved socioeconomic status. Understanding of oral status and treatment modalities of middle-aged patients is mandatory for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment planning. This study investigated 100 consecutive patients aged 40s and 50s and 100 aged 20s who had been examined and diagnosed at the Department of Orthodontics, Chonnam National University Dental Hospital. The results were obtained as follows; 1. Gender distribution showed female outnumbered male patients in young-aged adult patients, but middle-aged patients showed similar male and female distribution. 2. The major concern seeking orthodontic treatment was esthetics not only in young-aged but also in middle-aged adult patients, and a number of middle-aged patients were concerned about oral health as well. 3. Considerable number of middle-aged patients were referred by other dental specialties while young-aged adult patients were more self-motivated for orthodontic treatment. 4. Middle-aged adult patients had more missing teeth and periodontal disease than young-aged adults. 5. The most frequently-observed problem was dental spacing in middle-aged patients while dental crowding in young-aged adult patients. Middle-aged patients showed higher prevalence of deep overbite and overjet while most of young-aged adults presented opposite direction of problem in overbite and overjet. 6. Limited orthodontic treatment was required rather than comprehensive treatment in middle-aged patients, and the most common tooth moving area was anterior part of dentition in case of limited treatment. Need of interdisciplinary therapy with other dental specialties was more common in middle-aged patients. 7. Intervention of specific technique such as invisible TP, passive bracketing, passive wire bonding, and lingual orthodontics was more required in middle-aged patients. Considering that middle-aged patients have different characteristics than young-aged adults, the results of the present study suggest that different treatment modalities are required in middle-aged orthodontic patients in order to manage them properly and efficiently.

CEPHALOMETRIC APPRAISAL OF THE OPEN-BITE CASES WITH THE DEGENERATIVE JOINT DISEASE OF THE TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT (측두하악관절 퇴행성관절질환을 동반한 전치부개교환자의 측모두부방사선계측학적 연구)

  • Kim, Tae-Woo
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.23 no.4 s.43
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    • pp.455-474
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    • 1993
  • Degenerative joint disease(DJD) has hun known as one of the diseases which affect the middleor old-aged people. But as orthodontists are getting interested in the adult orthodontics, it is not rare for them to meet the open-bite patients with the TMJ DJD in their clinics. The purpose of this article is to investigate the cephalometric characteristics of the open-bite cases with TMJ DJD. Twelve TMJ DJD patients($15.1\~39.5$ years old) were selected from the patients who visited Department of Orthodontics, Seoul National University Hospital. Cephalograms were taken and means from 60 measurements were compared by t-test with those of the fifty four healthy adults($20.0\~26.7$ years old) who have normal occlusion and TMJ. In this study male and female are compared respectively, for in the normal samples 26 measurements showed significant differences between the male and the female. The results and conclusions axe as follows: 1 In DJD group, ANB and Angle of convexity decreased, which means the retruding of the mandible. The interincisal angle was smaller than that of the normal group. The means of the overbite were -2.1mm in male and -3.0mm in female, and the means of the overjet were 5.6mm in male and 6.7mm in female. The profile was similar to that of Angle's Class II div.1 open-bite. 2. SN-GoMe and FMA increased in DJD but SN-PP and FH-PP did not show any significant difference. In TMJ DJD open-bite cases, the bony structure lower than the palatal plane seemed to play an important role in developing open-bite. 3. In DJD group, PH-ArGo, SArGo and Y-sxis angle increased significantly, but genial angle showed no significant difference. The means of hか were 50.1mm in male and 40.2mm in female, which were significantly smaller than those of the normal(56.5mm in male, 50.9mm in female). These findings seemed to indicate the posterior rotation of mandible resulted from the shortening of the ramus height. 4. Anterior faical height(AFH), upper anterior facial height(UAFH) and lower anterior facial height (LAEH) of DJD showed no significant increase as compared with those of the noraml group. There was no significant difference in the ratio of upper anterior facial height to lower anterior facial height(UAFH/LAFH). But, lower posterior facial height(LPFH) was significantly smaller than that of the normal group. 5. It was thought that the peculiar profile of the TMJ DJD open-bite was resulted from the posterior rotation of mandible as the ramus became short following the degerative destruction of of the condylar head and neck.

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