• 제목/요약/키워드: Aged

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A Study on efficient application of elderly human resource through the aged for start business (고령자창업을 통한 고령인적자원의 효율적 관리방안에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Lee-Sang
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.25
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    • pp.143-169
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this paper is to propose alternatives to help for the aged to implement start business as a method to recreate the aged population for their second life. There are three considerations that supports start business for the elderly. The first is to reinforce educational support system for the aged. Through the lifelong education, the aged require easy start business' information. This is not only goverment's job, a local autonomous entity is to support in the form of organic organization. The second is the maintenance of financial support system. Besides start business education, various financial support system must serve for the aged to challenge their start business enthusiastically. The last consideration is formation of start business network that joins the aged efficiently. Based on these aspects, the application for increasing elderly human resource is to consider both employment program of the aged and also start business program for them.

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Positive Analysis for the Aged Volunteering Activation (노인자원봉사의 활성화를 위한 실증적인 분석연구 : 안양시 노인들을 중심으로)

  • Park, Yong-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.46
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    • pp.89-117
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    • 2001
  • Owing to the increase of the aged, a positive analysis was carried out for developing the aged volunteering program. This study aiming at planning for the aged volunteering activation, desirable leasure activity in the dimension of social welfare, by assaying the real states of the aged making the use of the leasure and especially aiming at surveying the aged need in relation with the aged volunteering activity on which to present the revolving method and qualitative advance. The method of study was interview the aged over 60 with the questionnaire of the general features of the participants, the motive, the career, the participation method, the satisfaction degree, the cost necessity, the participation degree, the pre-education, and the desirable program of the volunteering and what is got from the volunteering, etc. The collected data were statistical-processed through Spss Win (Ver 8.0) and chi-square verified. As the result of this study, there are the needs for developing various program, the motivation for the participation and maintenance, and the suitable places for volunteering. The poly-dimensional social welfare approaches are presented for the above needs.

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The Urgency of Reforming the Healthcare System for the Aged Society (고령사회에 대응한 보건의료체계 개편의 시급성)

  • Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.105-106
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    • 2018
  • Korea, which entered the aged society in 2018, is accelerating the progress of the aged society due to the rapid decrease in birth. Although the low birth rate is the important issue, comprehensive measures to cope with the aged society should be established. In particular, the reform of the healthcare system in response to the aged society is very urgent. The reorganization of the healthcare system in response to the aged society should focus on improving the functional abilities of the elderly and should be transformed into integrated older person-centered health service. The benefit package of National Health Insurance should be diversified and appropriate payment of each benefit package should be applied. The ageism should be overcame, and it is important to recognize that the measures for the older person are investments in future society. The reform of healthcare system for older person are very urgent in Korea, which is advancing into a rapidly aged society.

Survey of Consumer Perception for Derivation of Superior Factors in Various Korean Traditional Foods (한국 전통음식의 우수 요인 발굴을 위한 소비자 인식 조사)

  • Jang Dai-la;Kim Suna;Kim Sang-Hee;Lee Kyoung Kae;Lee Hae lung
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.21 no.6 s.90
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    • pp.800-812
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    • 2005
  • This study selected and classified the representative foods for diversifying Korean traditional foods in the globa1 market and derived the superior factor of each food by consumer survey (n=744). The superiority of Korean traditional foods was generally recognized as being in the order of 'Nutritional value' > 'Dietary culture' > 'Material' > 'Taste.' Kimchi, Tteok/Hangwa, and grilled foods were regarded as potent Korean traditional foods for global consumers. The survey about the superior factors of representative Korean traditional foods produced the following results. The superior factor of Bibimbap, Mandu, Jangachi, Joeotgal, Namul muchim Salad, Naengchae, and Ganjang was 'Variety of material or cuisine', that of Bap, Jut Samguetang, Seolleongtang, Kimchi, Doenjang, and Sikcho was 'Nutritional value', that of Naengmyeon, Kalguksu, Bulgogi, Pyeonyuk, Jeongol, Gochujang, Tteot and Sjkhae/Sujeonggwa was Taste', and that of Hangwa, Hwachae, Gujulpan, and Sinsunro was 'Appearance'. The superior factors of representative Korean traditional foods showed the following differences by age and gender, The superior factor in Mandu was 'Taste' by the subjects aged below 30 but 'Variety' by the subjects aged above 30; that in Pyeonyuk and Jeongol was 'Variety' in 31-40 year olds and those aged above 51, while it was 'Taste' in others. The superior factor of Kimchi was 'Nutritional value' by the subjects aged below 40,'Taste'in 41-50 year. olds, and 'Variety' by the subjects aged above 50, that of Namul muchim was 'Nutritional value' by the subjects aged below 20 and 'Variety'by the subjects aged above 20, and that of Naengchae was' Taste'by the subjects aged below 20 and 'Variety' by the subjects aged above 20. The superior factor of Gochujang was 'Taste' by the subjects aged below 50 and 'Variety 'by the subjects aged above 50, that of Ganjang was 'Variety' by the subjects aged below 30 and 'Taste' by the subjects aged above 30, that of Sikcho was 'Variety' by the subjects aged below 30 and 'Nutritional value' by the sutjects aged above 30. The superior factor of Doenjang was 'Nuttritional value' in all ages. The superior factors of Hangwa and Sikhae/Sujeonggwa were 'Appearance' and 'Taste' in all ages, and that of Hwachae was 'Taste' by the subjects aged below 30 and' Appearance' by the subjects aged above 30. The perception by gender was statistically differed for traditional foods such as Bap, Bibimbap, Kalguksu, Bulgogi, Pyeonyuk Jangachi, Gochujang, Ganjang, Sikhae/Sujeonggwa, Hwachae, and Gujulpan.

The Relationships of Blood Pressure with Dietary Habit and Level of Physical Fitness of Middle-aged Male Workers by Age (사업장 중년기 남성근로자의 연령에 따른 식생활 습관, 체력, 혈압과의 관련성)

  • Park, Kyung-Min;Park, Jeong-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.105-116
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship of blood pressure with dietary habit and level of physical fitness of middle-aged male workers by age. The study subjects included 511 male employees who have worked at a company in C City, whose age was more than 40 years old. Between April 10 and May 30. 1998, all of the study subjects measured physical fitness (Balance, strength, power, agility, flexibility and endurance) and blood pressure. A questionnair was administered for dietary habit and socio-demographic characteristics. The average age (SD) of the study subjects was 46.61(3.98) years. The study subjects were classified by age into 3 groups; 40-44 aged group(34.6%), 45-49 aged group(41.3%), and 50-54 aged group (24.1%). The score of dietary habit of 40-44 aged group was $69.77{\pm}5.82$. that of 45-49 aged group was $69.77{\pm}5.83$, and that of 50-54 aged group was $71.85{\pm}6.82$(p=0.005). But age of health physical fitness tend to weaken in the age of 40-44. Systolic(p=.011) and Diastolic blood pressure (p= .011) were significantly increased with age increment. Diastolic blood pressure and dietary habit of 45-49 aged group showed the significant negative-correlation(r= .280. P<0.05). and Diastolic blood pressure and age of health physical fitness of 40-44 aged group showed the significant positive-correlation(r= .182. P<0.05). On the basis of the results of this study. I hope occupational nurses should play an active role to improve dietary habit and physical fitness for prevention of hypertension with increase of age in middle-aged male workers.

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Financial Status of Elderly Households -to make a Financial Plan for Retirement Preparation- (재무계획 수립을 위한 노인가계의 재정상태 분석)

  • 김순미
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.10
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    • pp.179-196
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the financial status of Korean elderly households to make a financial plan for retirement preparation. The sample obtained from 1997 KHPS, consisted of 326 households of 55-64 aged and 210 households of 65 and over aged. Statistics employed for the analysis were frequencies, percentile, univariate analysis and logistic analysis. And Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient were used to compare the financial status. The results could be summarized as follows. First, total income, total expenditure, total debt and net worth of 55-64 aged group were higher than those of 65 and over group, while total asset of 55-64 aged group was similar to 65 and over group's Second, total expediture to total imcome ratio(R1) and total asset to total debt ratio(R4) of 55-64 aged group were higher than 65 and over group's, but net worth to minimum cost of living ratio(R2) and financial asset to monthly expenditure ratio(R3) of 65 and over group were higher than 55-64 aged group's . Third, R4's Gini coefficient was the highest and R1's Gini coefficient was the lowest among all Gini coefficients. Also, R1's and R4's Gini coefficients of 55-64 aged group were greater than 65 and over group's. ourth, variables affecting R1's stability of 55-64 aged group were household head's age, educatonal attainment and family type, while those of 65 and over group were household head's age, past economic experience and the number of children. There was no significant variable affecting R2's stability of 55-64 aged group, but there was only household head's pst economic experience affecting those of 65 and over group. The variable contributing to R3's stability of 55-64 aged group was residence while the variables of 65 and over group were household head's educational attainment, past economic experience and the number of children. The variables contributing to R4's stability of 55-64 aged group were the number of children and residence, and the number of children was one variable of contributing to R4's stability of 65 and over aged group.

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A Research on the Types of Middle Aged Women's Body Figures (중년 여성의 체형에 관한 연구 - 직접계측을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.677-687
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    • 2007
  • This research aims to classify the physical characteristics of middle aged women. The characteristics are esteemed to be adopted for the formalisation of the types of their body figures and their characteristics for each type. For this purpose, middle aged women in the significant change of their body shapes were sampled for body measurement which would be used for the comparison between each measured figure. A group of sample for this research was constructed with 154 middle aged women who is currently living in Seoul and its Metropolitan area and being in their age of $35{\sim}59$. Particularly, the analysis on the girth of belly shows a significant difference subject to each age group so that a distinguished change in the girth of belly is observed as the age gets older. With the SPSS programme, the physical characteristics of middle aged women were analysed by the variation analysis and correlation analysis. In terms of the analysis on the body mass index and the flatness index, the observed result that there is a significant difference between the indices for late middle aged women and early and mid middle aged women shows far more different result from Yu-Kyung Choi(1997) that the body figures of middle aged women tend to start rapidly to change from their ages of 49. This can be explained to some extent in that the increased interest in much healthier and slimmer body shapes beginning from widely-spread so called "well-being" syndrome results in the increase in the number of middle aged women taking care of their health management so that the ages starting their body shape to become obese tend to be deferred. Another explanation is also feasible to partly extent that the middle aged women living in Seoul and Kyung-Gi area are much more looking after their health management than those living in other areas. However, this research has a limitation in that the physical measurement for this research has been conducted focusing on the women living in Seoul and Kyung-Gi area. Hence, it is further expected going forward that the physical measurement for middle aged women living in other areas should follow for the comparison purpose.

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The Effect Factors on Stress in Middle-Aged Women (중년여성의 스트레스에 미치는 영향요인)

  • Park, Hyesun;Ma, Ryewon;Lim, Sunyoung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.241-251
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    • 2019
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the depression, self-efficacy, and stress level of middle-aged women and to identify the factors affecting on stress, and to provide base line data for the development of nursing intervention for stress reduction of middle-aged women. Methods : Participants were 200 middle-aged women aged 40 to 60 who live in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. Data collection period was from March 1, 2019 to April 15. In this study, the questionnaire of life events-stress, depression scale, self-efficacy was used. Data were analyzed by average, standard deviation, minimum, maximum, correlation and regression using the SPSS Program 21.0. Results : The results of this study, the correlation between depression, self-efficacy and stress in middle-aged women, depression and self-efficacy (r=-.264, p<.001), self-efficacy and stress (r=-.279, p<.001) had a significant negative correlation, depression and stress (r=.268, p<.001) had a significant positive correlation. Depression and self-efficacy were the factors affecting the stress of middle-aged women. Depression was β =.207 (p<.001) and self-efficacy β =-.222 (p=.003). Depression had the greatest influence on stress, followed by self-efficacy. Conclusion : Middle-aged women are an important time to prepare for a successful old age. Considering that the current middle-aged women are the subjects of the future aging society, their physical, psychological, and social problems are very important in preventing the elderly problems of the aging society. Therefore, effective nursing interventions should be developed that to reduce the depression and stress in middle-aged women and to improve self-efficacy and improve the quality of life of middle-aged women.

Quality Characteristics of Pound Cakes Containing Various Levels of Aged Garlic during Storage (흑마늘을 첨가한 파운드 케이크의 저장 중 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Hee;Lee, Jeong-Ok;Paek, Seung-Han;Yook, Hong-Sun
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.238-246
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    • 2009
  • The principal objective of this study was to develop a processed food using aged garlic. Pound cake samples were prepared with semi-solid aged garlic at levels of 0, 5, 10 and 15% ($25^{\circ}C$, 7 days). The pH of the batter prepared with the aged garlic ranged between 6.79 and 7.01 and the control pH was 7.21. The specific loaf volume of the pound cake prepared with the addition of 5~15% aged garlic decreased, from 2.78 to 2.51 cm3/g. The baking loss rate of the pound cake prepared with 0~15% added aged garlic also decreased by 6.91~6.42%. The lightness, redness, and yellowness values of the pound cake decreased with increases in the percentage of aged garlic. The adhesiveness, gumminess, and chewiness of the samples did not differ significantly with differing amounts of added aged garlic. DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity, however, was improved significantly via the addition of aged garlic. In the sensory evaluations, the pound cake prepared with 10% added aged garlic received higher acceptance scores for the properties of smell, taste, softness, moistness, adhesiveness and overall acceptability. Consequently, the optimal quality achieved in this set of experiments was with a pound cake to which 10% aged garlic had been added.

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A Study on the Factors Influencing Alienation of the Aged (노인의 소외감에 영향을 미치는 관련변인 연구 - 서울시 거주 노인들을 대상으로)

  • 박의연;유영주
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.199-212
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    • 1989
  • The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors which affect the alienation of the aged, and to study the relative importance of these factors. This study focused on the following research questions: 1) How do the demographic variables(sex, marital status, family structure, religion, economics, prior occupation, education level) affect the alienation of the aged? 2) How the alienation of the aged is affected by their involvement in social activities? 3) Does the degree of satisfaction with family relationship have a perceivable impact on the alienation of the aged? 4) How does the self-rated senescence affect the alienation of the aged? The research was practiced from the 18th Sept. 1999 to the 30th Sept. 1988, through individual interviews with 300 elderly people, all living in Seoul area. Among them only 285 were used in the analysis. The major findings of the study are as follows; 1) The sex of the respondents makes no difference in the alienation of the age . 2) Marital status is found to be relatively significant in determining the alienation. The degree of alienation of old people with spouse is substantially lower than that of those without spouse. 3) Family structure was found to have no significantly effect on the alienation of the aged. 4) Involvement in religion was found to significantly reduce the alienation of the aged. 5) Econimic factors seems to be critical in defermining the aged. The amount of pocket money avaliable for daily use has direct relationship with alienation. 6) Prior occupation was found to be another significant factor affecting alienation professionals experience far lower alienation than nonprofessionals. 7) The higher is education level, the lower is the alienation of the aged. 8) Active participation in social activities and good relationship with other family members were founded to contribute to lowering the alienation of the aged. Whereas, too much concern over one's senescence appears to hav negative effects on the alienation. The regression analysis shows that the satisfaction with the family relationship has the most important influence upon the alienation of the aged. Following are the factors of self-rated senescence, pocket money in a descending order. All these factors, which explain 42.65% of the total variance of alienation variable are statistically significant(p<.001)

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