• Title/Summary/Keyword: Al-Mg alloy

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The Study on the Wear-Corrosion Behavior of Al-Mg Alloy in the Coast (연안해안에서 Al-Mg 합금재 프로펠러의 마멸-부식거동에 관한 연구)

  • Park Hee-Ok;Lim Uh-Joh;Park Dong-Gi
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.97-101
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    • 2004
  • This paper reports the studies on the wear-corrosion behavior of Al-Mg alloy in various pH environments. In various pH of sea water, corrosion and wear-corrosion loss of Al-Mg alloy were investigated. Also, the polarization test of Al-Mg alloy using potentiostat/galvanostat was carried out. And the rubbed surface of Al-Mg alloy using scanning electron micrographs after wear-corrosion test was examined in various pH values of sea water. The main results are as following : The polarization resistance of Al-Mg alloy in pH 4 solution is higer than that in pH 6.7 solution, and the corrosion current density in pH 4 is controlled than in pH 6.7 solution. The wear-corrosion loss of Al-Mg alloy with lowering pH becomes sensitive. As the oxide product of Al-Mg alloy appears granular structure and exholiation phenomenon, wear-corrosion loss of Al-Mg alloy increases.

A Study on the Corrosion of Al-Alloy Propeller Used for a Coasting Vessel (연안 선박용 Al합금 프로펠러의 부식에 관한 연구)

  • LIM, Uh-Joh;PARK, Hee-Ok;YUN, Byoung-Du
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.176-183
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    • 2003
  • Recently, with the tendency of lightening, high-strength and high-speed in the marine industries such as marine structures, ships and propellers, it is rapidly enlarged the use of the aluminium alloy. Therefore, there occurs much interest in the study on corrosion characteristics of aluminium alloy. This paper was studied on the corrosion characteristics of Al-Mg alloy propeller used for a coasting vessel. Under the various pH of marine environment, the corrosion test of Al-Mg alloy was carried out. And thus polarization resistance, corrosion potential, and current density behavior of Al-Mg alloy and galvanic corrosion behavior of Al-brass and Al-Mg alloy coupled Al 5086 and SS 400 for hull were investigated. The main results are as following: 1. The corrosion potential of Al-brass propeller is more nobel than materials for hull, but that of Al-Mg alloy propeller is low or similar to materials for hull. Therefore, the galvanic corrosion of hull due to Al-Mg propeller don't occur. 2. The polarization resistance of Al-Mg alloy in sea water of pH 4 is highest, and corrosion current density of Al-Mg propeller is the most controlled. 3. As pH value decreases, potential showed Evans polarization diagram approaches cathodic potential. The corrosion current density of Al-Mg alloy is controlled to anodic reaction rate, therefore, the corrosion reaction of Al-Mg alloy is anodic control.

Difference in Solidification Process between Al-Mg Alloy and Al-Si Alloy in Die-Casting (Al-Mg계 합금과 Al-Si계 합금의 다이캐스팅 응고과정의 차이)

  • Choi, Se-Weon;Kim, Young-Chan;Cho, Jae-Ik;Kang, Chang-Seog;Hong, Sung-Kil
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.82-85
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    • 2012
  • The effect of the alloy systems Al-Mg alloy and Al-Si alloy in this study on the characteristics of die-casting were investigated using solidification simulation software (MAGMAsoft). Generally, it is well known that the casting characteristics of Al-Mg based alloys, such as the fluidity, feedability and die soldering behaviors, are inferior to those of Al-Si based alloys. However, the simulation results of this study showed that the filling pattern behaviors of both the Al-Mg and Al-Si alloys were found to be very similar, whereas the Al-Mg alloy had higher residual stress and greater distortion as generated due to solidification with a larger amount of volumetric shrinkage compared to the Al-Si alloy. The Al-Mg alloy exhibited very high relative numbers of stress-concentrated regions, especially near the rib areas. Owing to the residual stress and distortion, defects were evident in the Al-Mg alloy in the areas predicted by the simulation. However, there were no visible defects observed in the Al-Si alloy. This suggests that an adequate die temperature and casting process optimization are necessary to control and minimize defects when die casting the Al-Mg alloy. A Tatur test was conducted to observe the shrinkage characteristics of the aluminum alloys. The result showed that hot tearing or hot cracking occurred during the solidification of the Al-Mg alloy due to the large amount of shrinkage.

The effect of lanthanum on the solidification curve and microstructure of Al-Mg alloy during eutectic solidification

  • Xie, Shikun;Yi, Rongxi;Guo, Xiuyan;Pan, Xiaoliang;Xia, Xiang
    • Advances in materials Research
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.77-85
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    • 2015
  • The influence of rare earth lanthanum (La) on solidification cooling range, microstructure of aluminum-magnesium (Al-Mg) alloy and mechanical properties were investigated. Five kinds of Al-Mg alloys with rare earth content of La (i.e., 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 wt.%) were prepared. Samples were either slowly cooled in furnace or water cooled. Results indicate that the addition of the rare earth (RE) La can significantly influence the solidification range, the resultant microstructure, and tensile strength. RE La can extend the alloy solidification range, increase the solidification time, and also greatly improve the flow performance. The addition of La takes a metamorphism effect on Al-Mg alloy, resulting in that the finer the grain is obtained, the rounder the morphology becomes. RE La can significantly increase the mechanical properties for its metamorphism and reinforcement. When the La content is about 1.5 wt.%, the tensile strength of Al-Mg alloy reaches its maximum value of 314 MPa.

Corrosion Behavior of Aluminium Coupled to a Sacrificial Anode in Seawater (희생양극 하에서 알루미늄의 해수 부식 거동)

  • Kim Jong-Soo;Kim Hee-San
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2006
  • Al-Mg alloy, an open rack vaporizer(ORV) material was reported to be corroded in seawater environments though the ORV material was coupled to thermally sprayed Al-Zn alloy functioning a sacrificial anode. In addition, the corrosion behavior based on the calculated corrosion potential did not match the observed corrosion behavior. Hence, the goal of this study is to get better understanding on Al or Al-Mg alloy coupled to Al-Zn alloy and to provide the calculated corrosion potential representing the corrosion behavior of the ORV material by immersion test, electrochemical tests, and calculation of corrosion and galvanic potential. The corrosion potentials of Al and Al alloys also depended on alloying element as well as surface defects. The corrosion potentials of Al and Al-Mg alloy were changed with time. In the meantime, the corrosion potentials of Al-Zn alloys were not. The corrosion rates of Al-Zn alloys were exponentially increased with zinc contents. The phenomena were explained with the stability of passive film proved by passive current density depending on pH and confirmed by the model proposed by McCafferty. Dissimilar material crevice corrosion (DMCC) test shows that higher content of zinc caused Al-Mg alloy corroded more rapidly, which was due to the fact that higher corrosion rate of Al-Zn makes [$H^+$] and [$Cl^-$] more concentrated within pit solution to corrode Al-Mg alloy. Considering electrochemical reactions within pit as well as bulk in the calculation gives better prediction on the corrosion behavior of Al and Al-Mg alloy as well as the capability of Al-Zn alloy for corrosion protection.

PbSCC of Ni-base Alloys in PbO-added Pure Water

  • Kim, Joung Soo;Yi, Yong-Sun;Kwon, Oh Chul;Kim, Hong Pyo
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.316-321
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    • 2007
  • The effect of annealing on the pitting corrosion resistance of anodized Al-Mg alloy (AA5052) processed by equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) was investigated by electrochemical techniques in a solution containing 0.2 mol/L of $AlCl_3$ and also by surface analysis. The Al-Mg alloy was annealed at a fixed temperature between 473 and 573 K for 120 min in air after ECAP. Anodizing was conducted for 40 min at $100-400A/m^2$ at 293 K in a solution containing 1.53 mol/L of $H_2SO_4$ and 0.0185 mol/L of $Al_2(SO_4)_3$. The internal stress generated in anodic oxide films during anodization was measured with a strain gauge to clarify the effect of ECAP on the pitting corrosion resistance of anodized Al-Mg alloy. The time required to initiate the pitting corrosion of anodized Al-Mg alloy was shorter in samples subjected to ECAP, indicating that ECAP decreased the pitting corrosion resistance. However, the pitting corrosion resistance was greatly improved by annealing after ECAP. The time required to initiate pitting corrosion increased with increasing annealing temperature. The strain gauge attached to Al-Mg alloy revealed that the internal stress present in the anodic oxide films was compressive stress, and that the stress was larger with ECAP than without. The compressive internal stress gradually decreased with increasing annealing temperature. Scanning electron microscopy showed that cracks occurred in the anodic oxide film on Al-Mg alloy during initial corrosion and that the cracks were larger with ECAP than without. The ECAP process of severe plastic deformation produces large internal stresses in the Al-Mg alloy; the stresses remain in the anodic oxide films, increasingthe likelihood of cracks. It is assumed that the pitting corrosion is promoted by these cracks as a result of the higher internal stress resulting from ECAP. The improvement in the pitting corrosion resistance of anodized AlMg alloy as a result of annealing appears to be attributable to a decrease in the internal stresses in anodic oxide films

Effect of Annealing on the Pitting Corrosion Resistance of Anodized Aluminum-Magnesium Alloy Processed by Equal Channel Angular Pressing

  • Son, In-Joon;Nakano, Hiroaki;Oue, Satoshi;Kobayashi, Shigeo;Fukushima, Hisaaki;Horita, Zenji
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.275-281
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    • 2007
  • The effect of annealing on the pitting corrosion resistance of anodized Al-Mg alloy (AA5052) processed by equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) was investigated by electrochemical techniques in a solution containing 0.2 mol/L of $AlCl_3$ and also by surface analysis. The Al-Mg alloy was annealed at a fixed temperature between 473 and 573 K for 120 min in air after ECAP. Anodizing was conducted for 40 min at $100-400A/m^2$ at 293 K in a solution containing 1.53 mol/L of $H_2SO_4$ and 0.0185 mol/L of $Al_2(SO_4)_3$. The internal stress generated in anodic oxide films during anodization was measured with a strain gauge to clarify the effect of ECAP on the pitting corrosion resistance of anodized Al-Mg alloy. The time required to initiate the pitting corrosion of anodized Al-Mg alloy was shorter in samples subjected to ECAP, indicating that ECAP decreased the pitting corrosion resistance. However, the pitting corrosion resistance was greatly improved by annealing after ECAP. The time required to initiate pitting corrosion increased with increasing annealing temperature. The strain gauge attached to Al-Mg alloy revealed that the internal stress present in the anodic oxide films was compressive stress, and that the stress was larger with ECAP than without. The compressive internal stress gradually decreased with increasing annealing temperature. Scanning electron microscopy showed that cracks occurred in the anodic oxide film on Al-Mg alloy during initial corrosion and that the cracks were larger with ECAP than without. The ECAP process of severe plastic deformation produces large internal stresses in the Al-Mg alloy; the stresses remain in the anodic oxide films, increasingthe likelihood of cracks. It is assumed that the pitting corrosion is promoted by these cracks as a result of the higher internal stress resulting from ECAP. The improvement in the pitting corrosion resistance of anodized AlMg alloy as a result of annealing appears to be attributable to a decrease in the internal stresses in anodic oxide films

Bi-materials of Al-Mg Alloy Reinforced with/without SiC and Al2O3 Particles; Processing and Mechanical Properties

  • Chang, Si-Young;Cho, Han-Gyoung;Kim, Yang-Do
    • Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.354-361
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    • 2007
  • The bi-materials with Al-Mg alloy and its composites reinforced with SiC and $Al_2O_3$ particles were prepared by conventional powder metallurgy method. The A1-5 wt%Mg and composite mixtures were compacted under $150{\sim}450\;MPa$, and then the mixtures compacted under 400 MPa were sintered at $773{\sim}1173K$ for 5h. The obtained bi-materials with Al-Mg/SiCp composite showed the higher relative density than those with $Al-Mg/Al_2O_3$ composite after compaction and sintering. Based on the results, the bi-materials compacted under 400 MPa and sintered at 873K for 5h were used for mechanical tests. In the composite side of bi-materials, the SiC particles were densely distributed compared to the $Al_2O_3$ particles. The bi-materials with Al-Mg/SiC composite showed the higher micro-hardness than those with $Al-Mg/Al_2O_3$ composite. The mechanical properties were evaluated by the compressive test. The bi-materials revealed almost the same value of 0.2% proof stress with Al-Mg alloy. Their compressive strength was lower than that of Al-Mg alloy. Moreover, impact absorbed energy of bi-materials was smaller than that of composite. However, the bi-materials with Al-Mg/SiCp composite particularly showed almost similar impact absorbed energy to $Al-Mg/Al_2O_3$ composite. From the observation of microstructure, it was deduced that the bi-materials was preferentially fractured through micro-interface between matrix and composite in the vicinity of macro-interface.

Evolution of grains to relieve additional compressive stress developed in Al-Mg alloy films during thermal annealing (Al-Mg 합금 박막의 압축응력 완화를 위한 어닐링 공정상의 입자 발달)

  • Lee, Jun-Seong;Yang, Ji-Hun;Jeong, Jae-In;Jeong, Yong-Hwa;Gwak, Yeong-Jin;Kim, Sang-Seop
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 2014
  • In this work, a possible mechanism for grain evolution in Al-Mg alloy films during thermal annealing is suggested on the basis of the phase transition and the related residual stress. Al-Mg alloy films with compositions of 14.0 and 18.0 wt% Mg content were deposited on cold-rolled steel substrates by the direct current co-sputtering method using Al and Mg targets. After the deposition, the samples were thermally annealed at $400^{\circ}C$ for 10 min. The featureless, dense cross-sectional microstructure of the as-deposited films turned into a grainy microstructure after the thermal annealing. According to the residual stress evaluated by using the $XRD-sin2{\psi}$ technique and the phase analysis by XRD, it is likely that grains were created in order to relieve the additional accumulation of residual stress originating from the phase transition from face-centered cubic Al (${\alpha}$) to Al3Mg2 (${\beta}$) and Mg (${\delta}$) phases, suggesting interplay between the microstructure and residual stress.

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