• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ankle fracture

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Irreducible Ankle Fractures by Locked Posterior Malleolar Fragment: Case Report (포착된 후과 골편에 의한 비정복성 족관절 골절: 증례 보고)

  • Kang, Jong-Hoon;Park, Hong-Gi
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.125-130
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    • 2005
  • Irreducible fracture dislocation of the ankle associated with comminuted displaced fracture of posterior malleolus is rare. Locked posterior malleolar fragments interfere with reduction of fibula or talus in ankle fractures. Prompt recognition and appropriate surgical approaches are necessary to achieve anatomical reduction of the ankle fractures.

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The Clinical Study of Ankle Fracture and Dislocation (족관절의 골절-탈구에 대한 임상적 고찰)

  • Kim, Ji Hoon;Song, Jae Gwang;Suh, Jin Soo
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.182-188
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: We evaluate clinical manifestations and radiologic features of ankle fracture & dislocation, as well as the usefulness of computed tomography on posterior ankle fracture & dislocation to study factors contributing to ankle fracture & dislocation. Material and Methods: Ankle dislocation was defined as the center of talar body being translated over the cortex of tibia on AP or lateral view on simple X-ray. Surgical treatments of 30 patients from January 2007 to March 2012 were categorized according to the injury mechanism, the direction of dislocation and fracture site. Joint involvement of posterior malleoalr fracture was evaluated through simple x-ray and computed tomography. We treated surgically if posterior malleolus fracture involves more than 25% of dital tibial articular surface. Thereafter, clinical outcomes were identified through radiographs and by using the AOFAS score. Results: The mean age was 42(13-78) years old, and slip down was the most common injury mechanism (13 cases). Car accident (6 cases) and fall accident (4 cases) were the next frequently found injury mechanisms. As for the types of ankle fracture, posterior fracture and dislocation (21 cases, 43.3%) was most commonly found. Out of these 21 cases, 15 cases involved trimalleolar fracture, and 19 cases were associated with posterior malleolar fracture. Danis-weber type B and C patients were 11 cases and 10 cases respectively. Articular involvement of posterior malleolar fracture turned out to be average 27.9%(5.1%~49.1%) on simple x-ray. The rate was evaluated as average 31.7%(12.6%~55.3%) on computed tomography which was conducted 15 times, and led us to more meaningful data. Conclusion: Anterolateral fracture and dislocation often accompanied open dislocation. Posterior fracture dislocation was most commonly found. Posterior malleolus was an important factor that ensures posterior stability of the ankle joint. Computed tomograph is useful to evaluate the articular involvement of posterior malleolar fracture.

Tillaux Fracture in an Adolescent with a Trimalleolar Ankle Fracture (족관절 삼과 골절과 동반된 청소년기 Tillaux 골절)

  • Park, Seok Kyun;Chae, Soo Uk
    • Journal of Trauma and Injury
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.280-283
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    • 2015
  • The adolescent Tillaux fracture is an avulsion fracture of the anterolateral corner of the distal tibial epiphysis caused by external rotation of the foot. This type of fracture occurs during epiphyseal fusion in adolescence. A difficult to detect Tillaux fracture was discovered on a preoperative radiograph, such fractures have rarely been reported to accompany a predominantly adult-type ankle fracture. Especially, to the best of our knowledge, no case of a trimalleolar ankle fracture in an adolescent with a Tillaux fracture has been reported. Thus, we present a case of a trimalleolar ankle fracture in a 15-year-old adolescent with a Tillaux fracture who was successfully treated surgically.

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Achilles Tendon Rupture Associated With Ipsilateral Medial Malleolar Fracture (A Case Report) (아킬레스 건 파열과 동반된 동측 족관절 내과 골절(1예 보고))

  • Chae, Soo-Uk;Yang, Jung-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.36-38
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    • 2011
  • Ankle fracture and Achilles tendon rupture are common as an isolated injury. However, Achilles tendon rupture with ipsilateral ankle fracture is uncommon, and occurs by a different injury mechanism with a risk of negligence. We report a case of Achilles tendon rupture with ipsilateral medial malleolar fracture.

Treatment of Anteroinferior Tibiofibular Ligament Avulsion Fracture Accompanied with Ankle Fracture (족관절 골절과 동반된 전하 경비 인대 견열 골절의 치료)

  • Chung, Hyung-Jin;Bae, Su-Young;Kim, Man-Young
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.13-17
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: To evaluate the clinical results of anteroinferior tibiofibular ligament avulsion fracture accompanied ankle fractures treated with anatomical reduction and internal fixation. Materials and Methods: From January 2007 to April 2010, 30 cases with anteroinferior tibiofibular ligament avulsion fracture that treated with anatomical reduction and internal fixation were analyzed. The average follow-up period was 26 months (minimum 6 months). We have reviewed the bony union, complication and subjective satisfaction according to the fracture classification and method of internal fixation. Results: Among 30 cases, 28 cases were occurred in Lauge-Hansen classification supination-external rotation type, one case was fracture-dislocation and one case was Maisonneuve fracture. We have performed internal fixation with Mini screw in 11 cases, K-wire in 10 cases, repair in six cases and Mini screw & K-wire in three cases. In all cases bony union was completed. two cases in Mini screw, one case in K-wire, two cases in repair and one case in Mini screw & K-wire revealed LOM of ankle joint. Skin irritation and superficial peroneal nerve irritation happened in one case each. Other cases show good subjective satisfaction. Conclusion: Anteroinferior tibiofibular ligament avulsion fracture accompanied with ankle fracture is a good clinical outcome with internal fixation. So we should not miss out the anteroinferior tibiofibular ligament avulsion fracture in radiologic evaluation or operation room.

A Irreducible Ankle Fracture and Dislocation Due to Injured Tibialis Posterior Tendon Interposition: A Case Report (손상된 후경골건 감입에 의한 족관절 골절 및 탈구의 정복 실패: 증례 보고)

  • Lee, Jun Young;Bak, Yi Gyu;Jang, Hyun Woong
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.70-74
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    • 2017
  • Fractures and fracture-dislocations of the ankle are caused by a variety of mechanisms. In addition to fractures, injuries of soft tissue, such as ligaments, tendons, nerves, and muscles may also occur. Among these, a tibialis posterior tendon injury is difficult to be identified due to swelling and pain at the fracture site. It is difficult to observe tibialis posterior tendon injury on a simple radiograph; it is usually found during surgery by accident. There are some studies regarding irreducible ankle fracture-dislocations due to interposition of the tibialis posterior tendon; however, to the best of our knowledge, there has not been any report about interposition of injured tibialis posterior tendon. Herein, we report a case of an irreducible fracture-dislocation of the ankle due to injured tibialis posterior tendon interposition that was observed intraoperatively, interrupting the reduction of ankle fracture-dislocation. We obtained satisfactory clinical result after reduction of the trapped tendon, fracture reduction, and internal fixation; therefore, we are willing to report this case with the consent of the patient. This study was conducted with an approval from the local Institutional Ethics Review Board.

Anterior Compartment Syndrome after Surgery of Bosworth Fracture-Dislocation of the Ankle - A Case Report - (족관절의 Bosworth 골절-탈구 발생한 전방 구획 증후군 -증례 보고-)

  • Chung, Hyung-Jin;Park, Se-Jin;Choi, Yun-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.221-223
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    • 2004
  • Bosworth fracture-dislocation of ankle is very rare, occurred by eversion and external rotation force. It is known as irreducible fracture by closed method. Also, compartment syndrome after ankle fracture are exceedingly rare. There are only a few reported cases of compartment syndrome after ankle fracture and compartment syndrome are involved commonly deep posterior compartment. We present a case in which a patient had a Bosworth fracturedislocation of the ankle underwent open reduction with internal fixation and subsequently occurred an anterior compartment syndrome of the leg.

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Achilles Tendon Rupture Associated with Ipsilateral Bimalleolar Fracture (A Case Report) (아킬레스건 파열과 동반된 동측 족관절 양과 골절(1예 보고))

  • Chung, Hyung-Jin;Bae, Su-Young;Min, Byoung-Kwon;Song, Min-Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.107-109
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    • 2011
  • We report here on a case of Achilles tendon rupture associated with ipsilateral bimalleolar fracture that was caused by ski injury. The association of an ankle fracture with rupture of the Achilles tendon is even more infrequent, although both injuries alone are extremely common. We treated as a operation of Achilles tendon repair with Krackow method and open reduction with Tension-band wiring technique for bimalleolar fracture.

Contribution of Lateral Ankle Instability Evaluation with MRI to Proximal Fifth Metatarsal Fracture (제5 중족골 근위부 골절 환자의 자기공명영상 검사를 통한 족관절 외측 불안정성 평가의 기여도)

  • Yoo, Jong-Min;Chu, In-Tak;Lee, Kyu-Jo
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.119-122
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: One of the main contributors to proximal fifth metatarsal fracture is ankle inversion and the incidence of recurrence may increase in patients with ankle instability. So, the authors confirmed the patients of proximal fifth metatarsal fracture with ankle instability by checking the history and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and assessed the value of MRI as therapeutic prognosis and clinical indicators for prevention of recurrence. Materials and Methods: Patients with proximal fifth metatarsal fractures visited our hospital during recent five years were reviewed. 35 patients with suspected damage by ankle inversion had been identified a history of ankle instability and checked the hindfoot malalignment through hindfoot alignment view and MRI was performed prospectively. The patients was devided to three groups on the location of fracture site and the groups were compared each other. Results: The mean time from injury to checking MRI was 10.7 days. There was no structural abnormality and was no significant difference according to the location of fracture. The patients with history of ankle inversion were 31(88.6%) and the patients with history of chronic or recurrent injury were 22 patients (62.9%). The lesion of MRI related to lateral ankle instability were identified in all patients. Conclusion: This study noted a high incidence of lateral ankle instability that was identified by MRI in the patients of proximal fifth metatarsal fracture. Aggressive treatment for lateral ankle instability should be needed for complications as proximal fifth metatarsal fracture to reduce the recurrence and occurrence.

Operative Treatment of the Ankle Fracture with Dislocation: Minimum 2-year Follow Up Results (탈구를 동반한 족관절 골절에서 수술적 치료 후 최소 2년 추시 결과)

  • Jo, Sueng-Hwan;Lee, Jun-Young;Cho, Sung-Won;Pak, Chi-Hyoung
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.28-33
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: In previous study, the frequency of osteoarthritis and discomfort were high in ankle fracture-dislocation but detail results about ankle fracture-dislocation has rarely been investigated. In this study, we retrospectively analyze the outcome of the operative treatment of ankle fracture with dislocation for over-2 years follow up. Materials and Methods: There were 47 cases of ankle fracture-dislocation in our hospital from March 2007 to May 2010. We investigated 20 patients who underwent operation and were possible for over-2 years follow up. The result was estimated with the direction of dislocation, fracture type, the time of bone union and post-traumatic osteoarthritis with plain radiologic images. In clinical assessment, we statistically evaluated the function and pain through AOFAS score and Olerud & Molander scoring system. Results: By Lauge-Hansen classification, there were 13 cases(65%) of pronation-external rotation and 6 cases(30%) of supination-external rotation, 1 case(5%) of supination-adduction. AOFAS score was 85.5, and Olerud & Molander score was "excellent" in 8 cases, "good" in 5 cases, "fair" in 3 cases and "poor" in 4 cases. Postoperative complications in 4 cases revealed post-traumatic arthritis. All kinds of lateral dislocation of ankle fracture was 15 cases and the most common. Of these, all 3 cases, anterolateral dislocation showed post-traumatic osteoarthritis. Conclusion: In ankle fracture-dislocation, post-traumatic osteoarthritis occurred in 4 of 20 patient(20%). Especially, the possibility of post-traumatic osteoarthritis was more in cases of anterolateral or lateral dislocation. So, it must be needed that deliberate examination, for example, preoperative MRI and sufficient explanation to patient. Also, we have to follow up the patients carefully.