• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ankle fracture

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Checkrein Deformity Due to Flexor Digitorum Longus Adhesion after Comminuted Calcaneus Fracture: A Case Report (종골 분쇄 골절 후 장족지 굴곡건 유착에 의해 발생한 Checkrein 변형: 증례 보고)

  • Kim, Jin Su;Lee, Han Sang;Young, Ki Won;Lee, Keun Woo;Cho, Hun Ki;Lee, Sang Young
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.35-38
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    • 2015
  • The checkrein deformity describes tethering of the flexor hallucis longus tendon, which mainly occurs after fracture of the distal tibia. The deformity increases with dorsiflexion of the ankle and decreases or disappears with plantarflexion of the ankle. In some cases, the deformity may occasionally include the second and third toes. In the current study, the authors experienced secondary checkrein deformity of all lesser toes after open reduction and plate fixation for comminuted fracture of the calcaneus. As a treatment, plate and screws were removed, followed by an additional medial incision which showed a partially ruptured flexor digitorum longus tendon with severe adhesion. Resection of the adhesed tendon and tenodesis of its distal portion to the flexor hallucis longus was performed for correction of the checkrein deformity. Then the lessor toe checkrein deformity recovered immediately. The authors report on this rare lessor toe checkrein deformity after calcaneal fracture fixation with a review of literature.

Medial Malleolar Fracture Combined with Deltoid Ligament Rupture - one case report - (삼각 인대 파열을 동반한 족근 관절 내과 골절 - 1예 보고 -)

  • Chu, In-Tak;Park, Seong-Jin;Kim, Yang-Soo;Kim, Young-Hoon;Lee, Jun-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.178-180
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    • 2002
  • Authors report one patient of concurrent fracture of medial malleolus and rupture of deltoid ligament. To the author's knowledge, combined failure of both structures has not been previously reported in Korea. Injury mechanism was classified into pronation -abduction type according to Lauge-Hansen classification. Plain radiograph revealed trimalleolar fracture and posterior ankle dislocation. MRI showed complete rupture of both deep and superficial layer of the deltoid ligament. In conclusion, therefore, concurrent rupture of deltoid ligament should be considered for the surgical treatment in trimalleolar ankle fracture with posterior ankle dislocation resulted from pronation-adduction injury.

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Is an Arthroscopically Assisted Reduction and Fixation Necessary in the Medial Malleolar Fracture of the Ankle? (족관절 내과 골절시 보조적 관절경적 정복 및 내고정술이 필요한가?)

  • Shin, Dong Min;Ju, Pyong
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.93-96
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    • 1998
  • We treated 10 cases of the medial malleolar fracture of the ankle by open reduction and internal fixation from June 1997 to December 1997. After the rigid internal fixation, we measured the gap of the fracture site and the step off of the articular surface by special instrument under the ankle arthroscopy whether it was reduced anatomically or not. And we tried to know the necessity of the arthroscopically assisted reduction and fixation in the medial malleolar fracture of the ankle. Under the arthroscopic view, all 10 cases were anatomically reduced as less than 1 mm of gap of the fracture site and less than 1mm of step off of the articular surface after open reduction and internal fixation in the medial malleolar fractures. In conclusion, through the arthroscopic management, it has advantage in finding and treating the accompanying intraarticular lesion, but also has disadvantage in setting the arthroscope and prolonging the operation time.

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Avulsion Fracture of the Talar Attachment of the Anterior Talofibular Ligament in Pediatric Patient (A Case Report) (소아에서 발생한 전거비 인대 거골 부착부 견열 골절(1예 보고))

  • Cho, Hyung-Lae;Hwang, Tae-Hyok;Wang, Tae-Hyun;Kim, Keun-Young
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.175-178
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    • 2011
  • Inversion injury of the lateral ankle ligaments is very common. Few studies, however, have focused on avulsion fracture of the lateral ankle ligaments. A fracture producing a small fragment usually avulsed from lateral malleolus and may be easily misdiagnosed as a sprain because the fragment is superimposed on the lateral malleolus and goes undetected on early radiographs, especially in skeletally immature patients. We present a case of isolated avulsion fracture of the talar attachment of the anterior talofibular ligament in 13-year-old male patient. Diagnosis was confirmed by computed tomography and avulsed fragment was fixed to original talar footprint with suture anchors. A high level of suspicion must be maintained to obtain an accurate diagnosis of avulsion fracture in inversion ankle injury because of the high incidence in children and to prevent recurrent instability.

Broden photographing method for Calcaneus Subtentaculum tali observation of Ankle plaster patient (발목부상을 당한 석고환자의 발꿈치뼈·목말받침돌기 관찰을 위한 Broden 촬영법 연구)

  • An, Byeongju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2013
  • There is an Ankle Oblique(Broden' low) as an examination for the patient whose ankle was encased in orthopedic plaster. Some types of Ankle Joint coalition - Calcaneonavicular coalition, Talocalcaneal coalition and Naviculocuneiform coalition. This study is focused on the relation between Ankle Joints and the structural change of soft tissues, also finding the most proper angle to obtain good images of Ankle Joint from the patient who wore a plaster on his ankle, when we x-ray with Harris-Beath View($30^{\circ}{\sim}55^{\circ}$) - for observing Subtalar joint, Calcaneus Fracture, Subtentaculum, Tali Fracture and Talocalcaneal coalition. We intend to get the angle which makes us achieve the good image that shows Calcaneus Fracture, Subtentaculum, and Tali Fracture by changing internal angles of the patient's ankle. We evaluated the images obtained from 51 patients with PACS monitor. The result of the evaluation, subtalar joint was not seperated but opened, and Subtentaculum Tali Fracture was seen overlaid. at the angle 30, we could observe Calcaneus Fracture, Subtentaculum Tali Frature and the front part of behind side of subtalar joint well. And Calcaneo Navicularcoalition, Talocal Canealcoalition, Naviculo Cuneiform coalition condition were clearly seen at that angle. At the angle 35, we could achieve the clear images of subtalar comminuted fracture, talus, the behind joint of heel bone and get the high definition image on the degree of talocalcaneal joint separation. In addition to, We could obtain the good wide image of Sinus Tarsi. At the area of 45, We can distinguish the soft tissues from gyps separation. The outer-talus and density of the bone were definitely seen and Calcaneus is more separated than that of at the angle of 35, but this image is distorted. Calcaneus, Subtentaculum Tali show $1.20{\pm}0.414$ at the angle 25, $2.47{\pm}0.516$ at the angle 30, $2.27{\pm}0.458$ at the angle 45. This difference is statistically meaningful. (p<0.05). Including the degree of distortion, The distortion appears less at the area of $30^{\circ}$ but at the area of 40, there is heavy distortion. So, We could get the best image for making a diagnosis. At the $30{\sim}35^{\circ}$ degree for X-raying ankle. and at the $30{\sim}40^{\circ}$ for Calcaneus Fracture, Subtentaculum Tali Fracture.

Results of Syndesmotic Screw Fixation versus Posterior Malleolus Fixation in Syndesmotic Injury at Pronation External Rotation Stage IV Ankle Fracture with Posterior Malleolus Fracture: Postoperative One Year Follow-up (후과 골절을 동반한 Lauge-Hansen 회내-외회전형 4단계 족관절 골절에서 원위 경비인대 결합 손상에 대한 원위 경비 나사 고정술과 후과 고정술의 결과 비교: 수술 1년째 추시 결과)

  • Park, Se-Jin;Jeong, Hwa-Jae;Shin, Hun-Kyu;Seo, Dong-Seok;Choi, Young-Min;Kim, Eugene
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the radiologic and clinical results of syndesmotic screw fixation and posterior malleolar fixation for syndesmotic injury in Lauge-Hansen classification pronation-external rotation (PER) stage IV ankle fractures with posterior malleolus fracture. Materials and Methods: We designed a retrospective study that included patients with Lauge-Hansen classification PER stage IV ankle fracture with posterior malleolus fracture. Of 723 patients who underwent ankle fracture surgery from March 2005 to November 2012, 29 were included in this study. In this study, syndesmotic injury was treated with syndesmotic screw fixation or posterior malleolus fixation. There were 15 cases of syndesmotic screw fixation and 14 cases of posterior malleolar fixation. We compared the radiologic and clinical results at one year postoperatively. Posterior malleolus fragment size on a pre-operative computed tomographic image, and tibiofibular overlap, medial clear space, articular step-off, Kellgren-Lawrence grade, and Takakura classification on a postoperative one year followup radiograph were used for comparison of the radiologic results. The clinical results were assessed using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score, visual analogue scale score, and patient subjective satisfaction score. Results: Posterior malleolar fragment size was $12.62%{\pm}3.01%$ of the joint space in the syndesmotic screw fixation group and $27.04%{\pm}4.34%$ in the posterior malleolar fixation group. A statistical difference was observed between the two groups. However, other results, including tibiofibular overlap, medial clear space, articular step-off, Kellgren-Lawrence grade, Takakura classification, and clinical scores showed no statistical difference. Conclusion: In the Lauge-Hansen classification PER stage IV ankle fracture with posterior malleolus fracture, if the posterior malleolus fracture can be reduced anatomically and fixated rigidly, syndesmotic screw fixation, which can cause several complications, is usually not required for achievement of a satisfactory syndesmotic stability; this would be a recommendable option for treatment of syndesmotic injury.

Treatment of Distal Tibia Fracture using MIPPO Technique with Locking Compression Plate: Comparative Study of the Intraarticular Fracture and Extraarticular Fracture (잠김-압박 금속판을 사용하여 MIPPO 수기를 적용한 원위부 경골 골절의 치료: 관절내 골절과 관절외 골절의 비교)

  • Chung, Soo-Tae;Kim, Hyung-Soo;Cha, Seung-Do;Yoo, Jeong-Hyun;Park, Jai-Hyung;Kim, Joo-Hak;Jung, Jin-Ha
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.162-168
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: To evaluate the efficiency of the minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) with locking compression plate (LCP) for distal tibial metaphyseal intra-articular fracture compared with extra-articular fracture. Materials and Methods: From February 2006 to June 2008, 21 patients with distal tibia metaphyseal intra-articular fracture and 20 patients with extra-articular fracture were treated operatively by MIPPO technique with LCP and followed for at least one year. In the group with intra-articular fracture, mean age was 48.85 years old and a mean follow-up was 15 months. In the other group with extra-articular fracture, mean age was 52.35 years old and a mean follow-up was 14.5 months. The type of fracture was evaluated using the AO/OTA classification and open-fractures were according to the Gustilo-And gron classification. Radiologic evaluation with fracture healing and tibial alignment, clinical evaluation with Olerud and Molander ankle score and restriction of motion were done for treatment. Results: According to AO/OTA classification, There were 21 type A, 15 type B, 5 type C. Average union time of the intra-articular fracture (type B, C) was 18.7 weeks. Average union time of the extra-articular fracture (type A) was 17.1 weeks. All fractures were healed without malunion. There were no difference of mean restriction angle between intra-articular fracture (ankle dorsiflexion was 3.57 degree, plantar-flexion was 5.95 degree) and extra-articular fracture (ankle dorsiflexion was 3 degree, plantar-flexion was 3.75 degree). There were no difference of Olerud and Molander ankle score between them as a mean score of intra-articular and extra-articular was 89.25, 91.25 each other. As a complication, there were 3 case of skin necrosis, 8 case of discomfortable skin tenting by plate and 1 superficial infection, but could be healed by conservative care. Conclusion: MIPPO technique, combined articular reduction, with LCP of distal tibial metaphyseal fracture was a good method with high functional recovery.

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Ruptured Posterior Tibialis and Flexor Digitorum Longus Tendon in Closed Ankle Fracture (폐쇄성 족관절 골절에 동반된 후경골건 및 장족지 굴건 파열)

  • Park, In-Heon;Lee, Kee-Byoung;Song, Kyung-Won;Lee, Jin-Young;Choi, Min
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.93-96
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    • 1998
  • A tibialis posterior and flexor digitorum longus tendon rupture associated with a closed bimalleolar ankle fracture occured in a 30 years old man due to traffic accident. The tendon injury was not recognized before surgery but was diagnosed at the time of operation. The treatment was open reduction and internal fixation of the ankle fracture with primary repair of the ruptured tendons. one year postoperatively, he had a nearly full range of ankle and toes motion without pain and a radiologic normal longitudinal arch. This associated tendon injury, although rare, maybe first time in reviewed similar reports, should be considered in the management of ankle fracture because the tendon rupture could easily have been overlooked.

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Comparison of the Results after the Surgical Treatments of the Trimalleolar Ankle Fractures (족관절 삼과 골절에 대한 치료 후 결과 비교)

  • Rha, Jong-Deuk;Park, Hyun-Soo;Lim, Chang-Suk;Jang, Yeung-Soo;Park, Sang-Won;Chung, Tae-Won;Jeon, Yong-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.86-91
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: To evaluate the methods and results of the surgical treatment in the trimalleolar fracture of the ankle. Materials and Methods: We analysed the results of the ankle trimalleolar fracture which were treated with open reduction and internal fixation from January 1999 till September 2003. There were 45 patients who had at least six months follow up, 16 men, and 29 women. We have analysed the mechanism of injury, methods of operation and postoperative complications. Results: The results were assessed on ankle AP, lateral and mortise X-rays and retrospective chart review. There were 30 supination-external rotation, 13 pronation-external rotation, 2 pronation-abduction in the mechanism of injury by Lauge-Hansen classification. Cases of the posterior malleolar fracture which involved more than 25% of the weight bearing surface were 7 (15.6%). Medial malleolar mono-fixation was done in 5 cases, fibular mono-fixation in 2 cases, bimalleolar fixation in 32 cases, trimalleolar fixation in 6 cases. 38 cases (84.4%) were good or excellent in clincal assessment and 39 cases (86.7%) were good or excellent in radiological assessment according to the criteria of the Meyer. There was no difference of results among the surgical treatment methods. Conclusion: The results of our study indicate that the rigid fixation with early ankle motion and weight bearing is needed in ankle trimalleolar fracture. But minimal fixation is not bad in slight displaced fracture. Both anterior approach and posterior approach were useful methods to stabilization the posterior malleolar fracture. And pre-operative evaluation to detect the hidden soft tissue injuries and fracture mechanism is very important to avoid the failure.

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Ultrasound-guided Femorosciatic Nerve Block by Orthopaedist for Ankle Fracture Operation (족관절 골절 수술을 위한 정형외과 의사의 초음파 유도 대퇴좌골 신경 차단)

  • Kang, Chan;Hwang, Deuk-Soo;Kim, Young-Mo;Kim, Pil-Sung;Jun, You-Sun;Hwang, Jung-Mo;Han, Sun-Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.90-96
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the usefulness of ultrasound-guided femorosciatic nerve block by orthopaedist to operate the fracture around ankle. Materials and Methods: Twenty-two patients, who had an operation for fracture around the ankle under a ultrasound-guided femorosciatic nerve block from January to April 2010, were the targets of this study. We measured the time spent for the ultrasound-guided femorosciatic nerve block, the time taken to start the operation after the nerve block, the time taken to deflate the tourniquet because of a tourniquet pain, the time passed until feeling a postoperative pain after the operation, etc. We also studied the complications and satisfaction of the anesthesia. Results: It took 6.2 (3 to 12) minutes for the nerve block, 46.1 (28 to 75) minutes to start the operation, 52.5 (22 to 78) minutes until feeling a tourniquet pain and 11.5 (7.5 to 19) hours until starting to feeing a postoperative pain. There was no complication by anesthesia and 21 people (95.5%) were satisfied with anesthesia by ultrasound-guided femorosciatic nerve block. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided femorosciatic nerve block by orthopaedist in the fracture around ankle reduces anesthetic and nerve injury complication, and leads to high anesthetic success rate. Also it is considered as an effective method to alleviate postoperative pain.