• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ankle-Hindfoot score

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The Comparison Study between Different Interventions for Treating Acute Ankle Sprain - Using Dry Needle, Bee Venom Acupuncture, Hwangryunhaedoktang Herbal Acupuncture - (급성기 족관절 염좌 환자에 대한 치료방법에 따른 효과 비교 연구 - 체침, 봉약침, 황련해독탕 약침액을 통해 -)

  • Kang, In;Moon, Ja-Young;Lim, Myung-Jang;Cho, Jae-Hee;Lee, Hyo-Eun
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.89-95
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : This study was aimed at comparing clinical effectiveness among dry needle, Bee Venom Acupuncture, Hwangryunhaedoktang Herbal Acupuncture for treating acute ankle sprain. Methods : The subjects in this study were sixty patients with lateral ankle pain who came to Jaseng Hospital of Oriental medicine from Oct. 28. 2007 to Jul. 14. 2008. Among them, the number of patients after 3 session of each treatment was 17 with dry needle, 18 with Bee Venom Acupuncture, 17 with Hwangryunhaedoktang Herbal Acupuncture, and they were evaluated with Numerical Rating Scale(NRS), and Ankle-Hindfoot Scale(AHS) before and after every session of treatment. Results : 1. Each group had significant decrease in NRS(P<0.05) and increase in AHS score(P>0.05) after 3 session of each treatment. 2. There was no significant difference among 3 groups after 3 session of each treatment. Conclusions : When treating patients with acute ankle pain, Acupuncture, Bee Venom Acupuncture, Hwangryunhaedoktang Herbal Acupuncture each has clinical effect.

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Effects of Acupuncture Treatment and Taping Therapy After Lisfranc Joint Injuries: A Case Report

  • Kim, Shin-Ae;Kang, Su-Woo;Lee, Eun-Ji;Kwak, Min-Kyung;Jeong, Hui-Gyeong;Sul, Jae-Uk
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.197-200
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    • 2017
  • The effects of acupuncture treatment and taping therapy on a 22-year-old man who suffered from left foot pain due to Lisfranc joint injury were examined. Fractures of the first, second, and third metatarsal bones and a cuneiform bone were treated with acupuncture and taping therapy from March 24, 2017 to May 4, 2017. The patient was evaluated using the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society's Ankle-Hindfoot Scale. His Ankle-Hindfoot Score increased from 27 points pre-treatment to 65 points post-treatment. There were no side effects. While the improvement observed in this patient is encouraging, no definitive conclusion on the effects of acupuncture treatment and taping therapy on Lisfranc joint injuries can be reached without further large-scale study.

Postoperative Rehabilitation of Korean Medicine for Ankle Fractures Treated by Open Reduction with Internal Fixation: 2 Case Reports with 5 Months Follow-Up (개방적 내고정술을 시행한 발목 골절환자 2례에 대한 수술 후 한의 재활치료: 증례보고 및 5개월 추적관찰)

  • Kwon, Min-Goo;Jo, Hee-Geun;Park, Hye-Rin;Sul, Jae-Uk
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.167-173
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to report the effect of Korean medicine rehabilitation therapies in two patients with ankle fractures who underwent Open Reduction with Internal Fixation (ORIF). Two patients with fractures who received ORIF received acupuncture, electroacupuncture, herbal medicine, and physical therapy during hospitalization. Patients were evaluated for AOFAS score, NRS, ROM, and ankle circumference. Case 1 was improved from 30 points to 62 points on the AOFAS score, from 8 to 2 on the NRS, and from 33 cm to 30 cm on the ankle perimeter. ROM was improved in all directions. Case 2 showed an AOFAS score of 64 to 90 points, frome 5 to 2 on the NRS, and from 25 cm to 23.5 cm on the ankle perimeter. ROM was improved in all directions. The results of this study suggest that the treatment of Korean medicine has a meaningful effect on improvement and rehabilitation of ankle fracture patients who have received ORIF.

With or without Acupuncture Treatment on Peroneus Muscles for the Treatment in Patients with Acute Inversion Sprain of Ankle : A Comparative Trial (급성 족관절 내반염좌의 비골근 자침에 대한 효과의 비교 연구)

  • Yim, Jun-Hyok;Yoon, Seok-Hoon;Jung, Woo-Seok;Sin, Hyun-Seung;Cho, Song-Hyun;Kim, Sung-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.289-297
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study was planned to show the influences of acupuncture treatment on peroneus muscles of acute inversion ankle sprain patients. Methods : This study was carried out on the 24 patients who had been treated for their acute inversion ankle sprain from July 1 to December 31, 2010 in the department of oriental rehibilitaion medicine, Dongsuwon oriental medicine hospital. And we divided those 24 patients into 2 groups; group A took near acupuncture point needling treatment on the peroneus muscles along with common treatment, group B took common treatment only. To evaluate the efficiency of each treatment, all patients were examined with visual analogue scale(VAS) and ankle-hindfoot scale(AHS) score before treatment and after the 3rd treatment. Results : On the AHS scores, there's no significant difference between the two groups after the treatment. And on the VAS scores, group A who took near acupuncture point needling treatment on the peroneus muscles along with common treatment showed higher change of VAS than group B who took common treatment only, but it did not show statistical significance in VAS score. Conclusions : In this study, there is no significant effect between common treatment only and near acupuncture point needling treatment on the peroneus muscles along with common treatment for acute ankle sprain.

Subtalar Arthrodesis Using the Cannulated Compression Screw (유관 압박나사를 이용한 거골하 관절유합술)

  • Lee, Sung-Chul;Jung, Hong-Geun;Chun, Ji-Yong;Yu, Je-Wook
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.52-58
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: To analyze the overall clinical outcome, overall assessment, and patient's satisfaction rate of subtalar arthrodesis using the cannulated compression screw. Materials and Methods: This study is based on 17 patients, 17 feet who underwent subtalar arthrodesis using the cannulated compression screw from March, 1997 to March, 2004 with at least 1 year follow-up. The average follow-up period was 33.0 months (12 to 72 months). Functional results were assessed using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot (AOFAS) score, and Visual Analysis Scale (VAS) pain score, patients' returning to previous occupation and patients' satisfaction rate were also evaluated. Results: The mean AOFAS scores at final follow-up were 80.4 points (range $66{\sim}92$). The satisfactory rates were as follow. Thirteen patients (76.4%) were at least satisfied with surgical result at final follow-up. Patients' VAS pain score was average 2.8 points ($1{\sim}6$). Fourteen (82.3%) patients returned to previous job at mean postoperative period of 11.3 months (range 3-18 months). Patients' work efficiency after returning to previous occupation was 68.7% (range $33{\sim}100%$). There were 9 complications which were 3 cases of sural nerve injury, 1 case of valgus malunion, and 5 cases of the hindfoot residual pain. Conclusion: We obtained the satisfactory functional results with relatively high patient satisfaction rate of 76%. So we conclude that subtalar arthrodesis using the cannulated compression screw is a reliable method for addressing the painful end-stage subtalar osteoarthritis and unreconstructible comminuted calcaneal fractures. However we also found out that average 11 months were necessary for patients to return to their job.

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Retained Range of Motion of the Foot after Arthrodesis of the Ankle Joints (족근 관절 유합술 후 족부 잔여 운동범위)

  • Cho, Hyoun-Oh;Kwak, Kyoung-Duck;Shon, Soo-Min;Jung, Woo-Keun;Choi, Jong-Cheong
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study Is to assess the retained range of motion[RROM] of the foot after arthrodesis of the ankle joint, which might help designing the angle of arthrodesis. We reviewed the results including the RROM in 14 cases of ankle arthrodesis. Underlying causes included trauma group(six posttraumatic arthritis) and disease group(three osteoarthritis, three Charcot joints, one chronic synovitis and one pyogenic arthritis). We measured the RROM on the lateral roentgenograms of the ankle in full dorsiflexion and plantarflexion, The results were assessed by the AOFAS hindfoot scale[score]. The RROM in sagittal plane was $23.4{\pm}5.3$ degrees and the score was 71.5 points on average. The RROM and the score were $26.8^{\circ}{\pm}2.1$, 81.2 points respectively in trauma group and $20.8^{\circ}{\pm}5.6$, 64.3 points in disease group; $26.6^{\circ}{\pm}2.3$, 83.4 points in cases younger than 40 years of age and $21.6^{\circ}{\pm}5.7$, 64.9 points in the older. The mean score was 77.3 points in cases whose RROM were $24^{\circ}$ or more and 61 points in cases of less RROM; 69.6 and 73.4 points in cases with and without adjacent degenerative arthritis respectively. The score was 69.7, 73.3 and 71.5 points in cases whose angle of arthrodesis was in dorsiflexion, neutral, plantarflexion respectively. In conclusion, after ankle arthrodesis RROM of the foot was $23.4^{\circ}$, and the more the RROM, the higher the score. In cases with sufficient amount of RROM, the angle of fusion on sagittal plane might not influence the result significantly.

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Diagnostic efficacy of specialized MRI & clinical results of arthroscopic treatment in ankle soft tissue impingement syndrome (족근 관절 연부조직 충돌 증후군에서 MRI의 진단적 의의 및 관절경적 치료 결과)

  • Lee, Jin-Woo;Moon, Eun-Su;Kim, Sung-Jae;Hahn, Soo-Bong;Kang, Eung-Shick
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.208-217
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    • 2003
  • Introduction: Soft-tissue impingement syndrome is now increasingly recognized as a significant cause of the chronic ankle pain. As a method to detect soft-tissue ankle impingement, a characteristic history and physical examination, routine MR imaging, and direct MR arthrography were used. The efficacy of routine MR imaging has been controversial for usefulness because of low sensitivity and specificity. Direct MR artrhography was recommaned for diagnosis because of the highest sensitivity, specificity and accuracy, but it requires an invasive procedure. The purpose of this study is to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of Fat suppressed, contrast enhanced, three-dimensional fast gradient recalled acquisition in the steady state with rediofrequency spoiling magnetic resonance imaging(CE 3D-FSPGR MRI) and to evaluate the clinical outcome of the arthroscopic treatment in assessing soft-tissue impingement associated with trauma of the ankle. Materials and Methods: We reviewed 38 patients who had arthroscopic evaluations and preoperative magnetic resonance imaging studies(3D-FSPGR MRI) for post-traumatic chronic ankle pain between January 2000 and August 2002. Among them, 24 patients had osteochondral lesion, lateral instability, loose body, malunion of lateral malleoli, and peroneal tendon dislocation. The patient group consisted of 23 men and 15 women with the average age of 34 years(16-81 years). The mean time interval from the initial trauma to the operation was 15.5 months(3 to 40 months), The mean follow-up duration of the assessment was 15.6months(12-48 months). MRI was simultaneously reviewed by two radiologists blinded to the clinical diagnosis. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRI was obtained from radiologic and arthroscopic finding. Arthroscopic debridement and additional operation for associated disease were performed. We used a standard protocol to evaluate patients before the operation and at follow-up which includes American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Score. Results: For the assessment of the synovitis and soft tissue impingement, fat suppressed CE 3D-FSPGR MR imaging had the sensitivity of 91.9%, the specificity of 84.4 and the accuracy of 87.5%. AOFAS Ankle-Hindfoot Score of preoperative state was 69.2, and the mean score of the last follow-up was 89.1. These were assessed as having 50% excellent(90-100) and 50% good(75-89). The presence of other associated disease didn't show the statistically significant difference(>0.05). Conclusion: Fat suppressed CE 3D-FSPGR MR imaging is useful method comparable to MR arthrography for diagnosis of synovitis or soft-tissue impingement, and arthroscopic debridement results in good clinical outcome.

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Chronic Lateral Ankle Instability: Efficacy of Combination of Ankle Arthroscopic Exploration and Modified Brostrom Operation (족관절 외측 불안정성 재건 시 시행하는 탐험적 관절경의 유용성)

  • Lee, Kyung-Tai;Kim, Jin-Su;Young, Ki-Won;Park, Young-Uk;Kim, Jun-Beom;Kim, Tae-Won;Jo, Jae-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.123-129
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of the arthroscopic exploration combined with modified Brostrom operation (MBO) for the treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability (CAI). Materials and Methods: Sixty patients who diagnosed a CAI were performed MBO. We divided to 2 groups, whether simultaneously inspected by arthroscopy (group B) or not (group A). The both group's results were compared according to American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-hindfoot score (AOFAS), functional ankle score and visual analog scale (VAS) at preoperative and final follow-up period. Results: There were no significant differences of AOFAS, functional ankle score and VAS between both groups at final follow-up. However, in group A, 2 cases associated with medial ankle instability and syndesmotic injuries were did not diagnosed preoperatively, showed poor prognosis. In group B, one case had a permanent peroneal nerve symptom. The match rate of intra-articular lesions between preoperative diagnosis and postoperative arthroscopic diagnosis was 30% in group B. Conclusion: Combination of arthroscopic exploration and MBO is effective strategy for intra-operatively discrimination of intra-articular associated lesions for CAI.

Surgical Treatment of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome (족근관 증후군의 수술적 치료)

  • Ahn, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Kap-Jung;Kim, Ha-Yong;Choy, Won-Sik;Yang, Dae-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.187-191
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The authors intended to analyze the operative results of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one patients with tarsal tunnel syndrome were followed for more than 1 year after operation. The mean age was 44 years, and the mean follow up period was 2 years and 9 months. Clinically preoperative and postoperative AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score and visual analogue scale for pain were analyzed. Radiologically the cause of disease was investigated, and the size of mass was measured, if possible. The duration of symptom, the presence of space occupying lesion (SOL), the effect of epineurolysis were statistically analyzed to see the relation with the operative results. Results: Operative release of tarsal tunnel was done in all cases, and epineurolysis was done in 11 cases. The causes of the disease were 10 soft tissue masses, 7 talocalcaneal coalitions, 1 nonunion of medial talar process fracture, and 1 pes planovalgus, and 3 idiopathic cases. The masses were subdivided into 7 ganglions, 2 neurilemmomas, and 1 lipoma. There was 1 case of combined talocalcaneal coalition and ganglion. Clinically AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score was increased from 62.7 points preoperatively to 84.3 points postoperatively. Visual analogue scale was improved from 6.5 preoperatively to 2.2 postoperatively. Two cases were graded as unsatisfactory. One was severe pes planovalgus, and the other was idiopathic case. The duration of symptom and the epineurolysis were not related with the results. However the presence of space occupying lesion was significantly related with the good results. Conclusion: Early operative release of tarsal tunnel appears to be important for the improvement of symptom. However the prognosis is limited in case that there is no SOL.

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Efficacy of Ilizarov External Fixation and Autologous Bone Grafting for Performing Arthrodesis on the Ankle Arthropathy with Risk Factors (불유합의 위험 인자를 가진 족관절 병변에 시행한 족관절 유합술로서 Ilizarov 외고정 기구 장착술 및 자가골 이식술의 유용성)

  • Lee, Yong-Sik;Nam, Il-Hyun;Lee, Tae-Hun;Ahn, Gil-Yeong;Lee, Yeong-Hyeon;Lee, Hee-Hyung;Hwang, Sung-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.189-195
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate if the Ilizarov external fixation procedure with axial compression can help to obtain fusion across the ankle joint in patients with a high risk of nonunion. Materials and Methods: From January 2006 to December 2015, the study reviewed 17 patients who underwent ankle arthropathy with a high risk of nonunion and who underwent ankle fusion using the Ilizarov external fixator with axial compression and auto bone grafting. After the lateral surface of the ankle joint was exposed through a lateral trans-fibular approach, massive removal of the articular cartilage and excision of any loose or avascular bone were done. With the cortical bone harvested from the pelvis as corticocancellous bone blocks, we inserted the two cortical blocks longitudinally into the anterior and posterior part of the free ankle space from lateral to medial to make the rectangular chamber to fill the cancellous bones. After the Ilizarov external fixator was equipped, we tightened the frame by 5 mm to compress the bone graft space. We accessed the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) AnkleHindfoot score both preoperatively and postoperatively. Results: The average age at the time of operation was 63.4 years (range, 47~78 years). The mean frame time was 17.4 weeks (range, 15~23 weeks). The average follow-up period was 3.7 years (range, 2~6 years). Osseous fusion was obtained in 15 patients (88.2%). There were two stable pseudarthroses among the rheumatoid arthritis patients, and we continued their follow-up. The mean AOFAS AnkleHindfoot score improved from 48.5 to 73.7 points. Conclusion: Ankle arthrodesis using the Ilizarov external fixation with axial compression and auto bone grafting on the ankle arthropathy that had difficult conditions to achieve union is considered one of the useful methods with a correspondingly low incidence of complications.