• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ankle-Hindfoot score

Search Result 67, Processing Time 0.039 seconds

Arthroscopic Treatment of Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Talus (거골 박리성 골 연골염의 관절경적 치료)

  • Choi, Chong-Hyuk;Cheon, Yong-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.161-170
    • /
    • 2002
  • Purpose : To investigate arthroscopic simple excision for the treatment of osteochondritis dissecans of the talus and to examine gross change and histological evaluation of the defect through second look arthroscopy. Materials and Methods : This study included twenty-two patients who had osteochondritis dissecans of the talus that was treated with excision of arthroscopic loose body and necrotic bone tissue, leaving bleeding bed. In 7 cases, we performed second look arthroscopic examination for the evaluation of gross change of defects and histologic findings. Final results were evaluated with two clinical and functional protocols. Average follow up period was 42 months from 14 months to 8 years. Results : Ankle-hindfoot score (100 point) was improved significantly (p<0.003). Subjective and functional scores (100 points) averaged 82 points. The defect of lesion had a tendency of filling with fibrous tissue and fibrocartilage. Although the defect was filled with fibrocartilage, specific secondary lesion was not detected through second look arthroscopic examination. Conclusion : Arthroscopic debridement was an effective method for the treatment of osteochondritis dissecans of the talus without progression of secondary lesion even though the defect was filled with fibrocartilage.

  • PDF

Surgical Treatments and Clinical Outcomes for Idiopathic Osteoarthritis of the Tarsometatarsal Joints (족근 중족 관절의 특발성 골관절염에 대한 수술적 치료 및 임상적 결과에 대한 분석)

  • Jung, Hong-Geun;Byun, Woo-Sup;Myerson, Mark S.;Schon, Lew C.
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-38
    • /
    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify the subtypes of idiopathic osteoarthritis of the tarsometatarsal joints based on accompanying hindfoot, midfoot, or foot deformities and their corresponding surgical options and also to evaluate the overall clinical results. Materials and Methods: The study included 59 patients (67 feet) with idiopathic tarsometatarsal joint osteoarthritis. Tarsometatarsal fusion was performed for tarsometatarsal joint and accompanied secondary change was divided into subtypes and various bony reconstruction was carried out. The patients were evaluated with the AOFAS midfoot score and FFI. The average patient age was 60.2 years with 40.6 months follow-up. Fifty-four feet (80.6%) had been treated with realignment fusion. Twenty-six feet had first and second tarsometatarsal joint fusion, and 20 feet had first tarsometatarsal fusion only. Six subtypes were identified based on associated foot deformities: 1) in-situ without deformities (18%), 2) pes planovalgus (45%), 3) rockerbottom (15%), 4) cavus foot (1%), 5) hallux valgus (12%), and 6) hallux valgus with pes planovalgus or rockerbottom (9%). Plantar-medial closing-wedge resection was used in 10 feet to correct rockerbottom. For pes planovalgus, a medial sliding calcaneal osteotomy was done. Lateral column lengthening with medial sliding calcaneal osteotomy was done for severe pes planovalgus, and triple arthrodesis was done for rigid pes planovalgus. Hallux valgus was corrected with the Lapidus procedure (85.7%). Results: AOFAS midfoot scores improved from preoperative 34.1 points to postoperative 83.9 points (p<0.05). The Foot Function Index postoperatively also showed significant improvement (p<0.05), with a high satisfaction rate (86.6%). There were 29 complications, most commonly sesamoid pain. Conclusion: Idiopathic tarsometatarsal OA feet can be classified into six categories. Pes planovalgus feet should be treated with medial sliding calcaneal osteotomy, lateral column lengthening, or triple arthrodesis in addition to tarsometatarsal joint realignment fusion. Rockerbottom and hallux valgus deformities should also be addressed.

  • PDF

Tibiotalocalcaneal Arthrodesis Using Ipsilateral Distal Fibula Buttress (동측 원위 비골 지주를 이용한 경-거-종골 관절 유합술)

  • Cho, Se-Hyun;Lee, Jung-Su;Jeong, Seon-Taek;Park, Hyung-Bin;Hwang, Sun-Chul;Jeong, Jae-Hyon;Cha, Min-Suok
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.213-217
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiological results of tibio-talo-calcaneal arthrodesis using ipsilateral distal fibula buttress which had advantages of extended operative field and release of contracted soft tissue. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 4 postraumatic compartment syndrome, 2 residual poliomyelitis, 1 posttraumatic osteoarthritis with subtalar joint infection and 1 posttarumatic sciatic nerve palsy patients who underwent a tibio-talo-calcaneal arthrodesis from April, 1996 to March, 2002. Each of the cases was notable for a severe rigid equinovarus, persistent pus drainage of calcaneal area and paralytic foot. The mean duration of follow up was 18 months (range, $13{\sim}42$ months). The pain, function and alignment were evaluated by the modified ankle hindfoot scale of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and patients satisfaction clinically. The radiological union were evaluated by plain AP and lateral radiographs. Results: The AOFAS score improved from 58 points (range, $47{\sim}78$) preoperatively to 82 (range, $60{\sim}89$) postoperatively. Patents satisfaction checked at 12 months after operation had favorable results (excellent and good 80%). Union rate was 100% radiographically and the mean duration of union was 12.5 weeks (range $8{\sim}22$ weeks). There was 2 cases of superficial pin tract infection and one protrusion of screw. Conclusion: Tibio-talo-calcaneal arthrodesis using ipsilateral distal fibula buttress was good modality of arthrodesis which provides wide operative field and release of contracted soft tissue in some cases of contracted foot.

  • PDF

The Operative Treatment using Mini-open Sinus Tarsi Approach for Displaced Intraarticular Calcaneal Fractures (전위성 관절내 종골 골절에서 최소 침습적 족근동 도달법 및 압박나사 내고정술을 이용한 수술적 치료)

  • Kim, Yong-Min;Cho, Byung-Ki;Shon, Hyun-Chul;Park, Ji-Kang;Jeong, Ho-Seung
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.247-256
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of operative treatment using mini-open sinus tarsi approach for displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures. Materials and Methods: We studied 18 cases (16 patients) of intraarticular calcaneal fractures who were treated with sinus tarsi approach by same surgeon. The mean age of patients was 44.8 years, and mean follow-up period was 17.2 months. The measurement of B$\ddot{o}$hler angle, Gissane angle, the degree of articular surface depression, and the period to union were performed through preoperative and postoperative radiographs. The clinical evaluation was performed according to hindfoot score of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and scale of the Creighton-Nebraska health foundation (CNHF). Results: B$\ddot{o}$hler angle and Gissane angle had improved significantly from preoperative average $9.8^{\circ}$, $117.6^{\circ}$to average $22.4^{\circ}$, $113.4^{\circ}$ immediate postoperatively, and had maintained to average $21.8^{\circ}$and $114.2^{\circ}$ at the last follow-up. The degree of articular surface depression had improved significantly from preoperative average 5.2 mm to 1.2 mm at the last follow-up. All cases achieved bone union, and the period to union was average 10.5 weeks. AOFAS score was average 86.2 points at the last follow-up. There were 7 excellent, 9 good, and 2 fair results according to the CNHF scale. Therefore, 16 cases (88.8%) achieved satisfactory results. Conclusion: The minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach using headless compression screw seems to be an effective surgical method for displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures, because of the possibility of accurate restoration of articular surface and the low risk of postoperative soft tissue complications.

The Operative Treatment using Porous Hydroxyapatite for Intraarticular Calcaneal Fractures of Joint Depression Type (관절함몰형 종골 골절에 대한 다공성 하이드록시 아파타이트를 이용한 수술적 치료)

  • Choi, Eui-Sung;Kim, Yong-Min;Kim, Dong-Soo;Shon, Hyun-Chul;Park, Kyoung-Jin;Cho, Byung-Ki;Park, Ji-Kang;Yoo, Jun-Il
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.58-65
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of operative treatment using porous hydroxyapatite for intraarticular calcaneal fracture of joint depression type. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with intraarticular calcaneal fracture were followed up for more than 1 year. The period to union was calculated to evaluate the osteoconductivity of porous hydroxyapatite used as bone graft substitute. The measurement of Bohler angle, Gissane angle and the degree of articular surface depression was performed through preoperative and postoperative radiographs. The clinical evaluation was performed according to hindfoot score of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and scale of the Creighton-Nebraska health foundation (CNHF). Results: Bohler angle and Gissane angle had improved significantly from preoperative average $10.4^{\circ}$, $117.8^{\circ}$ to average $22.6^{\circ}$, $113.5^{\circ}$ immediate postoperatively, and had maintained to average $21.2^{\circ}$ and $114.4^{\circ}$ at the last follow-up. The degree of articular surface depression had improved significantly from preoperative average 4.8 mm to 1.5 mm at the last follow-up. All cases achieved bone union, and the interval to union was average 12.8 weeks. AOFAS score was average 85.2 points at last follow-up. There were 7 excellent, 10 good, and 3 fair results according to the CNHF scale. Therefore, 17 cases (85%) achieved satisfactory results. Conclusion: Plate fixation using porous hydroxyapatite seems to be one of effective treatment methods for intraarticular calcaneal fracture of joint depression type, because of supporting the reduction of subtalar articulation by augmenting bony defect and facilitating bone formation. Further evaluation about long-term radiological changes and histological analysis on hydroxyapatite implantation site should be required.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy for Postoperative Pain after Ankle Surgery (족관절 수술 후 발생한 통증에 대한 체외충격파의 치료 효과)

  • Young, Ki Won;Kim, Jin Su;Jeon, Sung Han;Lee, Do Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Ultrasound Society
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.6-10
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for postoperative pain after surgery around ankle. Materials and Methods: We included 21 patients who performed an operation around ankle from 2009 to 2013. 4 times ESWT were applied to the patients who have tenderness more than visual analog scale (VAS) point 4. We evaluated the VAS at each sessions and final follow-up, and American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot score (AFOAS) was checked at preoperative and final follow-up. Patient's satisfaction and complications were surveyed. Results: Preoperative VAS was mean 4.7, postoperative pain VAS was mean 6.0 at 4.5 months follow-up. The VAS after ESWT each session at 1, 2, 3 weeks and final follow-up were 4.8, 3.2, 2.3, 2.9, respectively. Mean final follow-up period was 9.4 months. Final VAS were significantly decreased (p<0.001). Final VAS were increased from VAS at last session of ESWT, however, not significant (p=0.189). AOFAS significantly improved from preoperative 60 to final follow-up 86 (p<0.001). Excellent was 12 patients (57%), good was 4 patients (19%), no change was 3 patients (14%) and poor was 2 patients (9%). 1 patient complained a dizziness and nausea during ESWT. Conclusion: ESWT for postoperative pain after ankle surgery shows satisfactory pain reduction in 76% of all patients without severe complication.

  • PDF

Risk Factors for the Treatment Failure of Antibiotic-Loaded Cement Spacer Insertion in Diabetic Foot Infection (당뇨병성 족부 감염에서 항생제 혼합 시멘트 충전물 사용의 치료 실패 위험 인자 분석)

  • Park, Se-Jin;Song, Seungcheol
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.58-66
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of antibiotic-loaded cement spacers (ALCSs) for the treatment of diabetic foot infections with osteomyelitis as a salvage procedure and to analyze the risk factors of treatment failure. Materials and Methods: This study reviewed retrospectively 39 cases of diabetic foot infections with osteomyelitis who underwent surgical treatment from 2009 to 2017. The mean age and follow-up period were $62{\pm}13years$ and $19.2{\pm}23.3months$, respectively. Wounds were graded using the Wagner and Strauss classification. X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging (or bone scan) and deep tissue cultures were taken preoperatively to diagnose osteomyelitis. The ankle-brachial index, toe-brachial index (TBI), and current perception threshold were checked. Lower extremity angiography was performed and if necessary, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was conducted preoperatively. As a surgical treatment, meticulous debridement, bone curettage, and ALCS placement were employed in all cases. Between six and eight weeks after surgery, ALCS removal and autogenous iliac bone graft were performed. The treatment was considered successful if the wounds had healed completely within three months without signs of infection and no additional amputation within six months. Results: The treatment success rate was 82.1% (n=32); 12.8% (n=5) required additional amputation and 5.1% (n=2) showed delayed wound healing. Bacterial growth was confirmed in 82.1% (n=32) with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus being the most commonly identified strain (23.1%, n=9). The lesions were divided anatomically into four groups; the largest number was the toes: (1) toes (41.0%, n=16), (2) metatarsals (35.9%, n=14), (3) midfoot (5.1%, n=2), and (4) hindfoot (17.9%, n=7). A significant difference in the Strauss wound score and TBI was observed between the treatment success group and failure group. Conclusion: The insertion of ALCSs can be a useful treatment option in diabetic foot infections with osteomyelitis. Low scores in the Strauss classification and low TBI are risk factors of treatment failure.